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To J. D. Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854]

Summary

Has received JDH’s book [Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 or 16] Feb 1854
Classmark:  Oliver N. Hooker (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1552F

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854] …
  • … Oliver N. Hooker (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Feb 1854 16 …
  • … Feb 1854 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … received JDH’s book [ Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to …
  • … read’ in his reading notebooks on 23 March 1854 (see Correspondence 4, Appendix IV, 128: …
  • … date is established by the publication date of Hooker 1854 (see n.  2, below), and by the …
  • … letter and the letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] ( Correspondence vol.  5), in …
  • … which there is a reference to the dedication in Hooker 1854. …
  • … In 1854, 9 and 16 February were Thursdays. …
  • … Hooker’s Himalayan journals (Hooker 1854) was published …
  • … in mid-February 1854 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular 1854). An annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 392–3). …
  • … read’ in his reading notebooks on 7 March 1854 (see Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … Volumes are Dedicated, by his affectionate friend, J.  D. Hooker. Kew, Jan.  12th, 1854’ ( …
  • … Hooker 1854, 1: [v]). Emma Darwin. CD may refer …
  • … from Donkia Pass’, in volume 2 of Hooker 1854, facing page 124. CD recorded Stansbury  …

To J. D. Hooker   7 September [1854]

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Summary

On individuality.

Huxley’s review exquisite, but too severe on Vestiges; sorry for ridicule of Agassiz’s embryonic fishes.

Stonesfield mammals.

J. O. Westwood deserves Royal Society Medal.

Will begin species work in a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1588

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   7 September [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 124 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Sept [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Nunn, John. 1850. Narrative of the wreck of …
  • … Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , which is now incomplete. CD refers to several …
  • … the missing section of the letter. Living Cirripedia (1854) . Braun 1853b. See letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , n.  13. When CD began work on his ‘first cirripede’ in …
  • … vol.  5, Appendix I) for 9 September 1854 reads: Finished packing up all my cirripedes. …
  • … orders, as discussed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  565: The whole case seems to me very …
  • … 1854a (see letter to Huxley, 2 September [1854]). CD refers to George Robert Waterhouse …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , n.  11, and also Correspondence vol.  2, …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. In the summer of 1854, Hooker had been appointed to the medical …
  • … directed against Hooker ( Lancet , 19 August 1854, pp.  152–3): These appointments are …
  • … Charles Wood continued for the rest of the year (see the Lancet , 2 September 1854, pp.   …
  • … 197–8; 9 September 1854, p.   …
  • … 220; 16 December 1854, pp.  512–13). …
  • … The host city of the September 1854 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement …

From J. D. Hooker   [3 November 1854]

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Summary

JDH’s contempt for R. I. Murchison.

There is a Cyperus species and a Pteris species endemic to hot volcanoes of Ischia. Why are there no other migrators?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 214–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1629

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [3 November 1854] …
  • … DAR 104: 214–15 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [3 Nov 1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … for several days at the end of October 1854. They visited the Crystal Palace at Sydenham …
  • … botanist and palaeobotanist. Murchison 1854 . Unger’s work on the fossil flora of Europe ( …
  • … Paris. 1824–44. Murchison, Roderick Impey. 1854. Siluria; the history of the oldest known …
  • … John C. 1981. R. I. Murchison’s Siluria (1854 and later). Archives of Natural History 10: …
  • … letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  2. J.  D. Hooker 1854b. Hooker had …
  • … 14 November 1844 , n.  2). CD had been elected a fellow on 7 March 1854 and admitted …
  • … on 2 May 1854 ( Gage 1938 , p.  52). Thomas Bell had been elected president of the society …
  • … the Mediterr: see Hookers Jour. Bot for Nov 1854. p.  351. (it is on Athenæum table—) now …
  • … account of the publication of Murchison 1854 . David Lyall had been assistant surgeon in …
  • … s visit to Down at the end of October 1854 (see n.  12, below), CD had evidently asked …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] ). A note in DAR 114.4: 222a may be the text …

From J. D. Hooker   25 August 1854

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Summary

JDH and F. W. Binney identify Calamites specimens as pith casts. They are cryptogams related to, but higher than, Lycopodiaceae and contradict progression.

Insects found in coal.

Lyell says Stonesfield slate marsupials are actually placentals.

JDH reading Alexander Braun on individuality ["Das Individuum der Pflanze in seinem Verhältniss zur Species", Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (Phys. Kl.) (1853): 19–122].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Aug 1854
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 384
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1581

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   25 August 1854
  • … DAR 205.9: 384 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 25 Aug 1854 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Royal College of Surgeons. Owen, Richard. 1854. On some fossil reptilian and mammalian …
  • … remains from the Purbecks. [Read 7 June 1854. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological …
  • … 10: 420–33. Westwood, John Obadiah. 1854. Contributions to fossil entomology. Quarterly …
  • … James Clark (not Clarke). In the autumn of 1854, through Sir James’s influence, Hooker was …
  • … botaniques. Paris. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Meneghini, Giuseppi. 1853. On the animal …
  • … Hooker 1855). It was read on 14 December 1854 at the Royal Society. In their paper, Binney …
  • … Hooker 1855, p.  151). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] , concerning the subject of ‘high and low’ development in the …
  • … at a meeting of the Geological Society on 10 May 1854 in which he noted the difficulty in …
  • … some fossils of vegetable origin ( Westwood 1854 , pp.  382, 386–7). The nature of certain …
  • … had recently read a paper ( R.  Owen 1854 ) describing Spalacotherium , a new mammalian …
  • … Bonney 1919 , p.  6). See letter to Fanny Mackintosh Wedgwood, 18 [August 1854] . …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854) , available for distribution in early September ( letter to T.   …
  • … H. Huxley, 2 September [1854] ). Possibly a reference to Hooker’s application to the East …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 November 1854]

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Summary

Fossil leaves from Disko Island.

JDH to begin working out the botanical geography of the polar sea.

Has not forgotten CD’s request on aberrant species.

Has taken a house on Richmond Hill.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 385
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1600

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [6 November 1854] …
  • … DAR 205.9: 385 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [6 Nov 1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … for whom CD was seeking a place at Kew (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] ). …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 November [1854] . Disko Island, off the west coast of Greenland …
  • … of the Philosophical Club on 23 November 1854 ( Bonney 1919 , p.  126). The Arctic fossils …
  • … Tertiary period. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [3 November 1854] , n.  4. J.  D. Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [3 November 1854] , n.  7. George Bentham. When Bentham …
  • … Montague Villas, Richmond Hill, in December 1854 (L.  Huxley ed. 1918, 1: 352). According …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 November [1854] , n.  5). Joachim Barrande and Edward Forbes. …

To J. D. Hooker   27 [June 1854]

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Summary

CD gives his definition of "highness" and "lowness" as "morphological differentiation" from a common embryo or archetype. JDH’s view, with which CD agrees when it can be applied, is the same as Milne-Edwards’, i.e., the physiological division of labour. There is little agreement among zoologists and CD admits his own lack of clarity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1573

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   27 [June 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 121 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [June 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 4, letter to W.  D. Fox, [17 January 1850] and n.  3. [Brodie] 1854 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [24 June 1854] , and letter to Josiah …
  • … Wedgwood III, 1 May [1854] , n.  2. Henri Milne-Edwards advanced the principle of the ‘ …
  • … University Press. [Brodie, Benjamin Collins]. 1854. Psychological inquiries: in a series …
  • … were discussed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  19–20. He specifically mentioned James Dwight …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Milne-Edwards, Henri. 1844. Considérations …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1854]

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Summary

JDH on "highness" of Coniferae: they are genuine Dicotyledons, not a link to cryptogams; that is a geologists’ fallacy. Thus they are highest plants in Carboniferous.

Does not agree with CD’s "elastic" species theory. Long correspondence with Lyell on this.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 383
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1576

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [29 June 1854] …
  • … DAR 205.9: 383 Joseph Dalton Hooker Hitcham [29 June 1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … ibid . , pp.  95–117). See also letter to S.  P. Woodward, 6 May 1854 , n.  4. J.  D. …
  • … Hooker 1855 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] ). …
  • … after letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [June 1854] . The use of chloroform as a general …
  • … chloroform. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [24 June 1854] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 27 [June 1854] . Vegetable kingdom. Forbes and Hanley [1848–]1853, 1: xi. The …
  • … Bibliography Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1854. Principles of comparative physiology. 4th …
  • … Jones 1845–52 , 1: 50, 53, 59. Carpenter 1854 , pp.  16–20, 59. An annotated copy is in …

To J. D. Hooker   5 November [1854]

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Summary

Congratulates JDH on receipt of Royal Medal.

CD gathering facts on aberrant genera of insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1597

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 November [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 152 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hooker, [4 November 1853] ). See letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 . For the …
  • … meeting of the Linnean Society on 7 November 1854 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 3 November [1854] ). According to Emma Darwin’s diary, Fanny Mosley Wedgwood …
  • … took place at the meeting of 30 November 1854. Hooker was recognised, among other things, …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 261). CD had been awarded the Royal …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 June 1854]

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Summary

Birth of JDH’s second child.

Asks CD’s view of "highness" and "lowness" in animals. Gives his own for plants; extent of deviation from type, e.g., floral parts deviating from leaf.

Reading B. C. Brodie’s Psychological inquiries [1854].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 202–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1572

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [24 June 1854] …
  • … DAR 104: 202–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Hitcham [24 June 1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography [Brodie, Benjamin Collins]. 1854. Psychological inquiries: in a series of …
  • … floral parts deviating from leaf. Reading B. C. Brodie’s Psychological inquiries [1854]. …
  • … see n.  2, below). The Hookers’ second child, Harriet Anne, born on 23 June 1854. [ …
  • … Brodie] 1854 . After ‘great’, Hooker had written and then deleted: ‘*deviation from [ …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [June 1854] . CD had been in London 21 to 23 June. He …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [May 1854]

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Summary

CD "lectures" JDH on taking care of his health.

CD’s pleasure in London trip.

CD and Emma have taken season tickets to Crystal Palace.

Edward Forbes’s "Introductory Lecture" is the best CD ever read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [May 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1575

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   29 [May 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 122 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 [May 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854  and n.  20. Hooker’s wife was expecting …
  • … in Turnham Green, Chiswick, on 3 June 1854 ( Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural …
  • … Gazette , no. 22, 3 June 1854, p.  359). See Correspondence vol.  4, letter from J.  D. …
  • … House MS) records the purchase on 28 May 1854 of season tickets for the Crystal Palace at …
  • … at Sydenham, Kent, took place on 10 June 1854. Emma Darwin noted the opening in her diary …
  • … Edinburgh, published in the Scotsman , 17 May 1854. Forbes succeeded Robert Jameson, who …
  • … from 1804 until his death on 19 April 1854. CD’s opinion of Jameson as a dull lecturer …
  • … Forbes’s anniversary address as president of the Geological Society, 17 February 1854. See …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] , n.  9. The gardens of the Royal …

From J. D. Hooker   [after 11 December 1854]

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Summary

List of most anomalous Leguminosae [from George Bentham].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 11 Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 391
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1546

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [after 11 December 1854] …
  • … DAR 205.9: 391 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [after 11 Dec 1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 [December 1854] ). The numbers in the column indicate the …
  • … represented by very few species. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] and …
  • … 11 [December 1854] . …

To J. D. Hooker   11 [December 1854]

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Summary

Debates aberrant species, e.g., Ornithorhynchus and Echidna, with JDH. CD argues they are result of extinction having removed intermediate links to allied forms.

Studying effects of disuse in wings of tame and wild ducks.

Tabulations showing that number of species in a genus is not correlated with number of genera in an order.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 [Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1612

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 [December 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 148 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 [Dec 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … The Monday following the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . J.  D. …
  • … letter from J.  D Hooker, 5 December [1854], n.  4). CD made this point again in Natural …
  • … in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . The genus Erythroxylon , which at that …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] , Hooker proposed giving CD a copy of J.  D. …
  • … CUL. It is lightly annotated by CD. See letters from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] and …
  • … 5 December [1854] . See CD’s memorandum attached to the letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . CD was speaking from experience. In his paper ‘ …
  • … Bentham’s list, see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [after 11 December 1854] . Athenæum , no. …
  • … 1415, 9 December 1854, p.  1496: ‘a meeting of friends and admirers was held at King’s …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] , n.  5. CD later described his experiences …

To J. D. Hooker   10 March [1854]

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Summary

More praise for Himalayan journals.

How remote was glacial action in Himalayas?

Implies Himalayas were birthplace of many plants.

Final volume of Cirripedia to be printed in two or three months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1558

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   10 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 119 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … CD recorded having finished on 7 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Stansbury, Howard. 1852. An expedition to …
  • … finished reading Stansbury 1852  on 23 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … recorded having read this work on 6 February 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … According to his ‘Journal’, CD finished the final revision of Living Cirripedia 1854  on …
  • … 15 July 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  5, Appendix I). Hooker had expressed surprise that the …

To J. D. Hooker   26 March [1854]

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Summary

CD welcomes the prospect of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society as means for seeing old acquaintances and making new ones. Will try to go up to London regularly.

Admits that the warning from JDH and Asa Gray (that more harm than good will come from combat over the species issue) makes him feel "deuced uncomfortable".

Reflects upon the complexity of Agassiz; how singular that a man of his eminence and immense knowledge "should write such wonderful stuff & bosh".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1562

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   26 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 120 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … at the anniversary meeting in November 1854 due to continuing bad relations with members …
  • … 28 May 1847]. CD was elected on 24 April 1854 and remained a member until his resignation …
  • … See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [ c . 25 March 1854], n.  3. Henry Holland, physician in …
  • … of conifers and gymnosperms generally, see letters from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] and …
  • … 25 August 1854 . The introduction to Flora Indica (J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855). John …
  • … letter to which CD refers, dated 21 February 1854 (Archives, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), …
  • … reviewed in the American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser.  17 (1854): 241–52, 334–50. …
  • … s notes about the letter, dated 26 March 1854, are in DAR 205.2: 102. They refer to Gray’s …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 21 February 1854, Gray wrote: ‘I confine myself to trying to …
  • … 176). In his letter to Hooker, 21 February 1854, Gray referred to the ‘inevitable mingling …

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1854]

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Is Bentham’s list of aberrant genera biased by exclusion of genera with many species?

JDH’s belief that Aquilegia varieties are one species is consistent with their great interfertility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1610

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   4 December [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 159 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Dec [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Gazette , no. 48, 2 December 1854, pp.  771–2: ‘[Forbes] was beloved and admired beyond …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] ). See CD’s memorandum attached to letter …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] , n.  4. See letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural …

To J. D. Hooker   15 November [1854]

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Calculating small number of species in aberrant genera of insects and plants.

Joachim Barrande’s "Colonies", Élie de Beaumont’s "lines of Elevation", Forbes’s "Polarity" make CD despair, as these theories lead to conclusions opposite to CD’s from the same classes of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1601

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   15 November [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 156 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Nov [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, [6 November 1854] , n.  10. …
  • … Agricultural Gazette , no. 45, 11 November 1854, pp.  727–8, carried a short extract from …
  • … Edward Forbes. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] , n.  9. See letter from …
  • … letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  1. Waterhouse 1845, p.  19 n. There …
  • … See letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  2, for CD’ s purpose in studying …

From J. D. Hooker   5 December [1854]

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Summary

Bentham’s list of aberrant genera: CD’s worry that he eliminated large genera a priori is half right. He eliminated those large, anomalous genera that virtually constitute natural orders. JDH criticises CD’s tabulations of aberrants.

Difficulty of distinguishing affinity and analogy in plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 388–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1611

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   5 December [1854] …
  • … Dalton Hooker London, Montagu Villas, Richmond, 3 5 Dec [1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] , enclosing Bentham’s list, and letter to …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] . It is not clear whether Hooker is making a literal …
  • … 1846 ), as mentioned in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] . J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855, introductory essay, pp.   …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 [December 1854] . The memorandum is preserved with Hooker’ …
  • … here in the letter to Hooker, 11 [December 1854]. CD discussed the scarcity of individual …

To J. D. Hooker   1 March [1854]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for dedication of Himalayan journals. CD praises the work and suggests stylistic revisions.

Lyell’s remarks on lava beds in letter from Madeira are not original – they refer exclusively to Élie de Beaumont’s data.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1556

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 118 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … active service in the Baltic. Sulivan sailed on 25 March 1854 (Sulivan ed. 1896, p.  126). …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] . Roderick Impey Murchison was known to be ‘not …
  • … to Charles Lyell’s letter to Leonard Horner dated January 1854 from Madeira (see letter …
  • … to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] , n.  2, and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] , n.  5). Bartholomew James Sulivan had requested a return …
  • … 65–70. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] . A favourable review of J.  D. …
  • … 1854a was published in the Athenæum , no. 1374, 25 February 1854, pp.  237–9. See letter …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1853 22 Aug 1853 22 Sept 1853 22 Oct 1853 22 Nov 1853 22 Dec 1853 22 Jan 1854 22 …
  • … Feb 1854 22 …
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  • … Dec 1854 22 Jan 1855 22 Feb 1855 22 Mar 1855 22 Apr 1855 22 May 1855 22 June 1855 22 July …

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1854]

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Summary

JDH’s "grand speech" on receiving the Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1609

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   2 December [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 158 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 November [1854] ). CD attended the meeting but not the dinner ( …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 261– 2). August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 262). Lord Rosse was an astronomer. …
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 June 1854 Middelburg 13 October …
  • …   Deventer 11 September 1854 Deventer 8 March 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 July 1854 Batavia 8 March 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 April 1854 Amsterdam 4 January 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 April 1854 Amsterdam 4 January …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 August 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …
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