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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Albany Hancock   24 August [1854]

Summary

Can AH spare Alcippe specimens for British Museum?

C. S. Bate has found Alcippe off Plymouth.

Discusses returning specimens to AH.

Owes to AH the discussion of powers of excavation of Verruca in Living Cirripedia [vol. 2 (1854)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  24 Aug [1854]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1580

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Albany Hancock   24 August [1854] …
  • … of the New York Botanical Garden Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Aug [1854] Albany Hancock …
  • … AH the discussion of powers of excavation of Verruca in Living Cirripedia [vol. 2 (1854)]. …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … from Hancock’s collection was Balanus porcatus ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  256–9). …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  529–63. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18. CD prefaced this section by stating: ‘My attention was …

To Albany Hancock   30 March [1853]

Summary

Thanks AH for assistance. Compares Alcippe to South American boring cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  30 Mar [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1509

Matches: 5 hits

  • … called ‘protruberant buttons or cushions’. Living Cirripedia (1854):  577–8. …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … order, Abdominalia ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  563–6). Alcippe lampas was classified as a …
  • … complete gut, respectively. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  543–4. The ‘bosses’ are there …

To Albany Hancock   12 February [1853]

Summary

Describes anatomy and growth stages of Alcippe in close detail.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  12 Feb [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1501

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Hancock, 10 February [1853] , n.  4, and Living Cirripedia (1854):  526–9 and 554–5. …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … of Alcippe lampas is in Living Cirripedia (1854):  529–63. For CD’s use of homology to …
  • … description of the generative system of Alcippe in Living Cirripedia (1854): 547–8, 555. …
  • … This statement was repeated in Living Cirripedia (1854):  556. …
  • … in greater detail in Living Cirripedia (1854):  552. Because Anelasma possessed highly …

To Albany Hancock   29 January [1853]

Summary

Discusses Alcippe. Asks to borrow specimens. Would like to hire fishermen to collect specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  29 Jan [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1498

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes. For a discussion of their differences, see Living Cirripedia (1854):  563–6. …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … A.  Hancock 1849. Living Cirripedia (1854):  538–9. CD was apparently beginning to suspect …
  • … attached to them. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  555. See letter to Albany Hancock, 10  …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To Albany Hancock   25 February [1853]

Summary

Asks at what depth Alcippe is found and on what date the shell with Alcippe specimens that AH sent was taken.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  25 Feb [1853]
Classmark:  J. Hancock 1886, p. 275
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1504

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … to CD’s description in Living Cirripedia (1854):  530, Alcippe specimens were taken by …
  • … ready for impregnation ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  561). Letter to Albany Hancock, 12  …

To Albany Hancock   [31 March or 7 April 1850]

Summary

AH may keep CD’s MS as long as he likes.

Comments on various cirripede species. "I mean now to continue at Systematic Part till I have finished."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  [31 Mar or 7 Apr] 1850
Classmark:  The New York Public Library. Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations. The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1316

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin Library–CUL. A synonym for Balanus perforatus ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  231). …
  • … Balanus balanoides ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  267). Living Cirripedia (1851):  133. See …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To Albany Hancock   10 February [1853]

Summary

Has found plenty of male Alcippe on specimens. Would eventually like more specimens. Did not recognise males at first. Has found Alcippe difficult to make out.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  10 Feb [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1500

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … January [1853] . In Living Cirripedia (1854) , CD stated he had actually thrown the males …
  • … of this genus. ’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  527). CD finally decided to place Alcippe …

To Albany Hancock   25 December [1852]

Summary

Discusses capacity of some cirripedes to bore into rock.

Mentions Alcippe specimens borrowed from AH.

Relation of sexes in Ibla and Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  25 Dec [1852]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1495

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 2d ser. 2: 225– 48. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, …
  • … Verruca are described in Living Cirripedia (1854):  512. John Thomas Quekett was professor …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Porter, Duncan M. 1985. The Beagle collector …
  • … mia, described in Living Cirripedia (1854):  314. Hancock apparently gave a cautionary …
  • … 10 January [1853] ). In Living Cirripedia (1854): 512–18, CD repeated the arguments he had …
  • … specimens of Verruca ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  514). CD had requested specimens of the …

To Albany Hancock   10 January [1853]

Summary

Grateful for AH’s long letter and suggestions. Delighted at what he says about "complemental males". CD feared no one would believe in them but now that Owen, Dana, and AH accept them, he is content.

Agrees with AH on cross-impregnation; has collected facts on this head but has done nothing with them.

AH’s paper on Alcippe [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 4 (1849): 305–14] caused him to lose sleep over its anomalous structure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  10 Jan [1853]
Classmark:  Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1497

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Notebooks : Charles Darwin’s notebooks, …
  • … upon calcareous surfaces. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18. Charles Spence Bate (see …
  • … and hybridism. In Living Cirripedia (1854):  101–2, 271, CD described an apparent example …

To Albany Hancock   [29 or 30 October 1849]

Summary

Thanks him for specimens of Alcippe.

Comments on sketches by AH and on cirripede paper by Lovén.

Discusses Lithotrya and its burrowing habits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  [29 or 30] Oct 1849
Classmark:  Maine Historical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1262

Matches: 4 hits

  • … papers 1: 250–1). In Living Cirripedia (1854):  512, CD adopted this chemical means of …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … known cirripede ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  563–6). CD generally noted the derivation of …

From Albany Hancock   25 February 1853

Summary

Discusses taxonomic relations of Alcippe.

Author:  Albany Hancock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb 1853
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1505

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … for Alcippe . See Living Cirripedia (1854):  563–4, where Alcippe is contrasted with …

To Albany Hancock   29 September [1849]

Summary

Thanks AH for specimens of Alcippe.

Discusses capacity of Lithotrya to bore its own hole. Believes Arthrobalanus also makes cavities this way.

Asks to see paper on cirripedes by Sven Lovén.

Comments on paper by AH [see 1253].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  29 Sept [1849]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1256

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 21 September 1849]. In Living Cirripedia (1854):  527, CD thanked Hancock, ‘to whose very …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Lovén, Sven. 1844. Ny art af Cirripedia [ …
  • … 25 December [1850] ). Living Cirripedia (1854):  568, 570. CD’s original description of …
  • … cirripedes. In Living Cirripedia (1854):  439, CD related his dismay when, believing the …
  • … analogically similar ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  445–6). See also letter to J.  J. S. …

To Albany Hancock   [26 January – March 1850]

Summary

Discusses mollusc specimens and related notes sent to AH. Thanks him for cirripede specimens. Discusses various cirripede species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  [26 Jan – Mar 1850]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1311

Matches: 4 hits

  • … using a solvent ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18). Goodsir 1843 . See also letters to …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Porter, Duncan M. 1985. The Beagle collector …
  • … as Verruca strö mia ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 496, 512, 518–20). See CD’s letters to …

To Albany Hancock   [21 September 1849]

Summary

Describes his research on cirripedes.

Comments on paper by AH ["Notice of a burrowing barnacle", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 4 (1849): 305–14]. Asks to borrow specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  [21 Sept 1849]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1253

Matches: 3 hits

  • … examined it in 1853 (see Living Cirripedia (1854):  526–9, and the correspondence between …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To Albany Hancock   12 May [1850]

Summary

Mentions AH’s ["On the boring of the Mollusca into rocks", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 2 (1848): 225–48]. Discusses anatomy and habits of Lithotrya.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  12 May [1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.93)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1327

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by means of a solvent excreted by the cement ducts ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18). …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To Albany Hancock   25 December [1850]

Summary

Discusses capacity of some cirripedes to bore into rock. Describes progress of his research.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  25 Dec [1850]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1378

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Reinhardt, Johannes Theodor. 1850. Om …
  • … by mechanical means ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  568, 570; 549). In Clisia (renamed …

To Albany Hancock   15 [April 1850]

Summary

Thanks AH for specimens of cirripedes. Believes all species of Lithotrya bore.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  15 [Apr 1850]
Classmark:  J. Hancock (1886): 258–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1321

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL. Living Cirripedia (1854):  256. Here CD called it Balanus porcatus , …

To Albany Hancock   25 December [1849]

Summary

Discusses the new genus, Alcippe, described by AH ["Notice of the occurrence on the British coast of a burrowing barnacle", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 4 (1849): 305–14]. Comments on Lithotrya, Clitia, and Anatifa. Discusses cirripede larvae. Asks which Mollusca specimens AH wishes to borrow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  25 Dec [1849]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1280

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mia) is discussed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18. CD concluded that, unlike other …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
Document type
letter (18)
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (18)
Hancock, Albany[X]
Date
1849 (4)
1850 (5)
1852 (1)
1853 (7)
1854 (1)
Search:
1854 in keywords
32 Items
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

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  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

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  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

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  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

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  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

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  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

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  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

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  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

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  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …
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