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To J. D. Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854]

Summary

Has received JDH’s book [Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 or 16] Feb 1854
Classmark:  Oliver N. Hooker (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1552F

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854] …
  • … Oliver N. Hooker (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Feb 1854 16 …
  • … Feb 1854 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … received JDH’s book [ Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to …
  • … read’ in his reading notebooks on 23 March 1854 (see Correspondence 4, Appendix IV, 128: …
  • … date is established by the publication date of Hooker 1854 (see n.  2, below), and by the …
  • … letter and the letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] ( Correspondence vol.  5), in …
  • … which there is a reference to the dedication in Hooker 1854. …
  • … In 1854, 9 and 16 February were Thursdays. …
  • … Hooker’s Himalayan journals (Hooker 1854) was published …
  • … in mid-February 1854 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular 1854). An annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 392–3). …
  • … read’ in his reading notebooks on 7 March 1854 (see Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … Volumes are Dedicated, by his affectionate friend, J.  D. Hooker. Kew, Jan.  12th, 1854’ ( …
  • … Hooker 1854, 1: [v]). Emma Darwin. CD may refer …
  • … from Donkia Pass’, in volume 2 of Hooker 1854, facing page 124. CD recorded Stansbury  …

To J. D. Hooker   7 September [1854]

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Summary

On individuality.

Huxley’s review exquisite, but too severe on Vestiges; sorry for ridicule of Agassiz’s embryonic fishes.

Stonesfield mammals.

J. O. Westwood deserves Royal Society Medal.

Will begin species work in a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1588

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   7 September [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 124 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Sept [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Nunn, John. 1850. Narrative of the wreck of …
  • … Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , which is now incomplete. CD refers to several …
  • … the missing section of the letter. Living Cirripedia (1854) . Braun 1853b. See letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , n.  13. When CD began work on his ‘first cirripede’ in …
  • … vol.  5, Appendix I) for 9 September 1854 reads: Finished packing up all my cirripedes. …
  • … orders, as discussed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  565: The whole case seems to me very …
  • … 1854a (see letter to Huxley, 2 September [1854]). CD refers to George Robert Waterhouse …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , n.  11, and also Correspondence vol.  2, …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. In the summer of 1854, Hooker had been appointed to the medical …
  • … directed against Hooker ( Lancet , 19 August 1854, pp.  152–3): These appointments are …
  • … Charles Wood continued for the rest of the year (see the Lancet , 2 September 1854, pp.   …
  • … 197–8; 9 September 1854, p.   …
  • … 220; 16 December 1854, pp.  512–13). …
  • … The host city of the September 1854 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   15 April [1853]

Summary

Discusses the development and morphology of Verruca.

Would be proud to receive memoir ["Les crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  15 Apr [1853]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1515

Matches: 15 hits

  • … Verruca . Would be proud to receive memoir ["Les crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)]. …
  • … the Greek derivation of the name. A copy of Bosquet 1854  is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … Society. 1851. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …
  • … letter to J.  A. H. de Bosquet, 17 December [1852]). Living Cirripedia (1854):  496–526  …
  • … and Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  41–4. The diagrams were not …
  • … by the copyist. Living Cirripedia (1854):  Plate XXI has figures of five species of …
  • … s misreading of ‘terga’. Living Cirripedia (1854):  518–20, 520–1. Bosquet apparently …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … adopted CD’s manuscript name. See Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  43 and …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  525–6, both of which cite Bosquet’s Monographie des Crustacés …
  • … but the work did not actually appear until 1854. Bosquet sent CD specimens of some of the …
  • … no adductor ridge. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  526. In Living Cirripedia (1851) , the …

To John Price   26 [August 1854]

Summary

Discusses specimen of Balanus crenatus.

Sorry JP’s children are ill.

Will come to Liverpool if well [for meeting of BAAS].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  26 [Aug 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1582

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To John Price    26 [August 1854] …
  • … DAR 147: 272 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 [Aug 1854] John Price …
  • … and to having his second volume ( Living Cirripedia (1854) ) ‘printed off’. CD recorded …
  • … final revision of the proofs on 15 July 1854 (‘Journal’; Correspondence vol.  5, Appendix …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … coast, was referred to in Living Cirripedia (1854) as the ‘great Balani’. It was described …
  • … of these regions ‘as a delicious article of food’. ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  208, 209). …
  • … in his descriptions in Living Cirripedia (1854):  135–43, 145–6, and 390–2. Because these …
  • … as to the downward growth of the Coronula. ’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  411–12). See the …
  • … of the attachment of Chelonobia caretta in Living Cirripedia (1854):  390–2. There is a …
  • … of £3 to Miss Meek recorded on 16 November 1854 in CD’s Account book (Down House MS). The …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   13 August [1854]

Summary

Thanks JAHdeB for his present of two volumes [Description des Entomostracés fossiles des terrains tertiaires de la France et de la Belgique (1852) and "Les Crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)]. CD was interested in the remarks on geographical distribution of the Entomostraca.

CD’s second volume for the Ray Society [Living Cirripedia] is finished but not yet published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  13 Aug [1854]
Classmark:  Lucy T. Eisenberg (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1578

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  A. H. de Bosquet   13 August [1854] …
  • … collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Aug [1854] Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet …
  • … and "Les Crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)]. CD was interested in the remarks on …
  • … Bosquet 1852  and 1854. Both volumes are in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … the final revision of Living Cirripedia (1854) on 15 July (‘Journal’; Correspondence …
  • … copies for both Living Cirripedia (1851) and Living Cirripedia (1854) (MS attached to CD’ …
  • … s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To Charles Lyell   18 February [1854]

Summary

Comments on CL’s plan to visit Tenerife.

Discusses inclination of strata on islands and around mountains.

Personal affairs of several scientists.

Visit by Henslow.

Notes publication by Hooker [Himalayan journals (1854)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 Feb [1854]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.108)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1553

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   18 February [1854] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.108) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Feb [1854] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … scientists. Visit by Henslow. Notes publication by Hooker [ Himalayan journals (1854)]. …
  • … the first proofs of Living Cirripedia (1854) (see ‘Journal’; Correspondence vol.  5, …
  • … to visit the Canary Islands in February 1854, returning to England in April. Extracts from …
  • … Collins Harvill. Ramsay, Andrew Crombie. 1854. On the geology of the gold-bearing district …
  • … 2: 192). A later letter to Horner, 21 February 1854 ( ibid . , pp.  193–6), contains more …
  • … deposits had been discovered by the Geological Survey in Wales (see Ramsay 1854 ). In his …
  • … to the Geological Society (17 February 1854), Forbes reported that areas of the Permian …
  • … of the Geological Society of London 10 (1854): xl). Of the Académie des Sciences. Urbain …
  • … Society. At the meeting of 18 January 1854, Prestwich read a paper ‘On the origin of the …
  • … Journal of the Geological Society 10 (1854): 241). Jones may have believed that Prestwich …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   13 October [1853]

Summary

Discusses publication of Fossil Cirripedia.

Comments on paper by JAHdeB ["Les crustacés fossiles du terrain Crétacé du Limbourg", Verh. Uitg. Comm. Geol. Beschrijving & Kaart Ned. 2 (1854): 11–137].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  13 Oct [1853]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1537

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Crétacé du Limbourg", Verh. Uitg. Comm. Geol. Beschrijving & Kaart Ned. 2 (1854): 11–137]. …
  • … Spauwen, Belgium, in Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  29 n.  1. CD thanked Bosquet for specimens …
  • … of B.  unguiformis ) and for the variety erisma ( Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  29, 30). …
  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and …
  • … Verrucidæ of Great Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. …
  • … Bosquet 1854 . See letter to J.  A. H. de Bosquet, 15 April [1853] , n.  6. …
  • … systematicus specierum’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  631, 637). CD began working on the …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all the …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   24 December 1853

Summary

Comments on MS of JAHdeB’s work ["Crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  24 Dec 1853
Classmark:  DAR 143: 129
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1543

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Comments on MS of JAHdeB’s work ["Crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)]. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  296. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  293. Referring to CD, Bosquet wrote: ‘Ce Naturaliste distingué …
  • … et solides du Genre Verruca. ’ ( Bosquet 1854 , p.  13 n. ). See letter to J.  A. H. de …
  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … The manuscript of Bosquet 1854 . See Fossil Cirripedia (1851):  10. See letter to J.  A. …
  • … Synopsis et index systematicus specierum’ of Living Cirripedia (1854):  626, 631, and 637. …

To J. D. Hooker   27 [June 1854]

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Summary

CD gives his definition of "highness" and "lowness" as "morphological differentiation" from a common embryo or archetype. JDH’s view, with which CD agrees when it can be applied, is the same as Milne-Edwards’, i.e., the physiological division of labour. There is little agreement among zoologists and CD admits his own lack of clarity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1573

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   27 [June 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 121 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [June 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 4, letter to W.  D. Fox, [17 January 1850] and n.  3. [Brodie] 1854 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [24 June 1854] , and letter to Josiah …
  • … Wedgwood III, 1 May [1854] , n.  2. Henri Milne-Edwards advanced the principle of the ‘ …
  • … University Press. [Brodie, Benjamin Collins]. 1854. Psychological inquiries: in a series …
  • … were discussed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  19–20. He specifically mentioned James Dwight …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Milne-Edwards, Henri. 1844. Considérations …

To Albany Hancock   24 August [1854]

Summary

Can AH spare Alcippe specimens for British Museum?

C. S. Bate has found Alcippe off Plymouth.

Discusses returning specimens to AH.

Owes to AH the discussion of powers of excavation of Verruca in Living Cirripedia [vol. 2 (1854)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  24 Aug [1854]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1580

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Albany Hancock   24 August [1854] …
  • … Charles Finney Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Aug [1854] Albany Hancock …
  • … AH the discussion of powers of excavation of Verruca in Living Cirripedia [vol. 2 (1854)]. …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … from Hancock’s collection was Balanus porcatus ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  256–9). …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  529–63. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18. CD prefaced this section by stating: ‘My attention was …

To T. H. Huxley   2 September [1854]

Summary

Second Living Cirripedia volume published. Asks THH’s advice on presentation copies for continental naturalists.

THH’s review of Vestiges of creation in [Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)]. CD is almost as unorthodox on species as the author of Vestiges, but hopes not quite so unphilosophical.

Hopes L. Agassiz was sounder on embryological stages than THH thinks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  2 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1587

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  H. Huxley   2 September [1854] …
  • … embryonic fish’ in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 September [1854] , and in Origin , p.  338. …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Sept [1854] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … in [ Br. & Foreign Med. -Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)]. CD is almost as unorthodox on species as …
  • … London: Blond & Briggs. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … history at the School of Mines in July 1854; the position had been made vacant by Edward …
  • … MS attached to CD’s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). …

To J. D. Hooker   5 November [1854]

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Summary

Congratulates JDH on receipt of Royal Medal.

CD gathering facts on aberrant genera of insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1597

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 November [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 152 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hooker, [4 November 1853] ). See letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 . For the …
  • … meeting of the Linnean Society on 7 November 1854 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 3 November [1854] ). According to Emma Darwin’s diary, Fanny Mosley Wedgwood …
  • … took place at the meeting of 30 November 1854. Hooker was recognised, among other things, …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 261). CD had been awarded the Royal …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [May 1854]

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Summary

CD "lectures" JDH on taking care of his health.

CD’s pleasure in London trip.

CD and Emma have taken season tickets to Crystal Palace.

Edward Forbes’s "Introductory Lecture" is the best CD ever read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [May 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1575

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   29 [May 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 122 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 [May 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854  and n.  20. Hooker’s wife was expecting …
  • … in Turnham Green, Chiswick, on 3 June 1854 ( Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural …
  • … Gazette , no. 22, 3 June 1854, p.  359). See Correspondence vol.  4, letter from J.  D. …
  • … House MS) records the purchase on 28 May 1854 of season tickets for the Crystal Palace at …
  • … at Sydenham, Kent, took place on 10 June 1854. Emma Darwin noted the opening in her diary …
  • … Edinburgh, published in the Scotsman , 17 May 1854. Forbes succeeded Robert Jameson, who …
  • … from 1804 until his death on 19 April 1854. CD’s opinion of Jameson as a dull lecturer …
  • … Forbes’s anniversary address as president of the Geological Society, 17 February 1854. See …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] , n.  9. The gardens of the Royal …

To John Higgins   5 October [1854]

Summary

Discusses lost investment opportunity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  5 Oct [1854]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/82)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1594

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Higgins   5 October [1854] …
  • … Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/82) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Oct [1854] John Higgins …
  • … of £10,100. He had previously, on 5  July 1854, purchased ‘B stock’ in the same company to …
  • … See letters to John Higgins, 18 March [1854] and …
  • … 9 April [1854] , for CD’s initial plans to buy another farm. CD’s Investment …
  • … MS), p.  43, has an entry dated 19 July 1854 recording that the sum of £5000 was: ‘Lent to …

To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 May [1854]

Summary

About share transfers, involving JW as a trustee of CD/Emma marriage trust.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  1 May [1854]
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 1028)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1568

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 May [1854] …
  • … Collection (MS W/M 1028) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 May [1854] Josiah Wedgwood, III …
  • … Bibliography [Brodie, Benjamin Collins]. 1854. Psychological inquiries: in a series of …
  • … trust). The capital was paid on 11 July 1854 (Investment account book, Down House MS). …
  • … s consultation with Brodie. Brodie’s book Psychological inquiries ( [Brodie] 1854 ) was …
  • … published in 1854; there is an annotated copy in the Darwin Library– …
  • … that CD recorded having read on 3 July 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: …

To John Higgins   9 April [1854]

Summary

Discusses his investments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  9 Apr [1854]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1566

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Higgins   9 April [1854] …
  • … Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/79) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Apr [1854] John Higgins …
  • … See letter to John Higgins, 18 March [1854] and n.  1. Fear that the influx of gold from …
  • … in CD’s Account book (Down House MS) dated 8 July 1854 recording a payment of £5 5 s . …
  • … to Higgins. See letter to John Higgins, 5 October [1854] . …
  • … During the first few months of 1854 there was much public discussion over the terms of a …
  • … the price of railway stock fell appreciably ( Railway Times 17 (1854): 308–9, 336–7). …

To William Robert Grove   26 April [1854]

Summary

Is honoured by his election to the Philosophical Club [of the Royal Society].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Robert Grove
Date:  26 Apr [1854]
Classmark:  Royal Institution of Great Britain (Grove Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1567

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To William Robert Grove    26 April [1854] …
  • … Great Britain (Grove Papers) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Apr [1854] William Robert Grove …
  • … Royal Society until the meeting of 24 April 1854, when Joseph Dalton Hooker was elected to …
  • … 1919 , pp.  39, 259). CD was elected on 24 April 1854 ( Bonney 1919 , p.  39). See letter …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 26 March [1854] , in which CD asked Hooker to propose him for membership …

To Mrs Stutchbury    22 August 1854

Summary

Arranges to return a collection of cirripedes which belongs to her husband [Samuel Stutchbury].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hannah Louisa Stutchbury
Date:  22 Aug 1854
Classmark:  Matthews 1982, p. 262
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1579A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Mrs Stutchbury    22 August 1854
  • … Matthews 1982, p. 262 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Aug 1854 Hannah Louisa Stutchbury …
  • … Down | Farnborough | Kent Aug.  22 d 1854 Madam I have at last finished with the valuable …
  • … Geological Survey (Matthews 1982, p.  264). Living Cirripedia (1854) was distributed …
  • … in September 1854 (see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 2 September [1854] ). CD sent Stutchbury presentation copies of both volumes ( …

To J. D. Hooker   11 [December 1854]

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Summary

Debates aberrant species, e.g., Ornithorhynchus and Echidna, with JDH. CD argues they are result of extinction having removed intermediate links to allied forms.

Studying effects of disuse in wings of tame and wild ducks.

Tabulations showing that number of species in a genus is not correlated with number of genera in an order.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 [Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1612

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 [December 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 148 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 [Dec 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … The Monday following the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . J.  D. …
  • … letter from J.  D Hooker, 5 December [1854], n.  4). CD made this point again in Natural …
  • … in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . The genus Erythroxylon , which at that …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] , Hooker proposed giving CD a copy of J.  D. …
  • … CUL. It is lightly annotated by CD. See letters from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] and …
  • … 5 December [1854] . See CD’s memorandum attached to the letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . CD was speaking from experience. In his paper ‘ …
  • … Bentham’s list, see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [after 11 December 1854] . Athenæum , no. …
  • … 1415, 9 December 1854, p.  1496: ‘a meeting of friends and admirers was held at King’s …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] , n.  5. CD later described his experiences …

To J. D. Hooker   10 March [1854]

thumbnail

Summary

More praise for Himalayan journals.

How remote was glacial action in Himalayas?

Implies Himalayas were birthplace of many plants.

Final volume of Cirripedia to be printed in two or three months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1558

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   10 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 119 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … CD recorded having finished on 7 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Stansbury, Howard. 1852. An expedition to …
  • … finished reading Stansbury 1852  on 23 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … recorded having read this work on 6 February 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … According to his ‘Journal’, CD finished the final revision of Living Cirripedia 1854  on …
  • … 15 July 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  5, Appendix I). Hooker had expressed surprise that the …
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 June 1854 Middelburg 13 October …
  • …   Deventer 11 September 1854 Deventer 8 March 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 July 1854 Batavia 8 March 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 April 1854 Amsterdam 4 January 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 April 1854 Amsterdam 4 January …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 August 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …
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