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To J. D. Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854]

Summary

Has received JDH’s book [Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 or 16] Feb 1854
Classmark:  Oliver N. Hooker (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1552F

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854] …
  • … Oliver N. Hooker (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Feb 1854 16 …
  • … Feb 1854 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … received JDH’s book [ Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to …
  • … read’ in his reading notebooks on 23 March 1854 (see Correspondence 4, Appendix IV, 128: …
  • … date is established by the publication date of Hooker 1854 (see n.  2, below), and by the …
  • … letter and the letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] ( Correspondence vol.  5), in …
  • … which there is a reference to the dedication in Hooker 1854. …
  • … In 1854, 9 and 16 February were Thursdays. …
  • … Hooker’s Himalayan journals (Hooker 1854) was published …
  • … in mid-February 1854 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular 1854). An annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 392–3). …
  • … read’ in his reading notebooks on 7 March 1854 (see Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … Volumes are Dedicated, by his affectionate friend, J.  D. Hooker. Kew, Jan.  12th, 1854’ ( …
  • … Hooker 1854, 1: [v]). Emma Darwin. CD may refer …
  • … from Donkia Pass’, in volume 2 of Hooker 1854, facing page 124. CD recorded Stansbury  …

To J. D. Hooker   7 September [1854]

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Summary

On individuality.

Huxley’s review exquisite, but too severe on Vestiges; sorry for ridicule of Agassiz’s embryonic fishes.

Stonesfield mammals.

J. O. Westwood deserves Royal Society Medal.

Will begin species work in a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1588

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   7 September [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 124 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Sept [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Nunn, John. 1850. Narrative of the wreck of …
  • … Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , which is now incomplete. CD refers to several …
  • … the missing section of the letter. Living Cirripedia (1854) . Braun 1853b. See letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , n.  13. When CD began work on his ‘first cirripede’ in …
  • … vol.  5, Appendix I) for 9 September 1854 reads: Finished packing up all my cirripedes. …
  • … orders, as discussed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  565: The whole case seems to me very …
  • … 1854a (see letter to Huxley, 2 September [1854]). CD refers to George Robert Waterhouse …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854 , n.  11, and also Correspondence vol.  2, …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. In the summer of 1854, Hooker had been appointed to the medical …
  • … directed against Hooker ( Lancet , 19 August 1854, pp.  152–3): These appointments are …
  • … Charles Wood continued for the rest of the year (see the Lancet , 2 September 1854, pp.   …
  • … 197–8; 9 September 1854, p.   …
  • … 220; 16 December 1854, pp.  512–13). …
  • … The host city of the September 1854 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement …

To J. D. Hooker   27 [June 1854]

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Summary

CD gives his definition of "highness" and "lowness" as "morphological differentiation" from a common embryo or archetype. JDH’s view, with which CD agrees when it can be applied, is the same as Milne-Edwards’, i.e., the physiological division of labour. There is little agreement among zoologists and CD admits his own lack of clarity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1573

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   27 [June 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 121 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [June 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 4, letter to W.  D. Fox, [17 January 1850] and n.  3. [Brodie] 1854 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [24 June 1854] , and letter to Josiah …
  • … Wedgwood III, 1 May [1854] , n.  2. Henri Milne-Edwards advanced the principle of the ‘ …
  • … University Press. [Brodie, Benjamin Collins]. 1854. Psychological inquiries: in a series …
  • … were discussed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  19–20. He specifically mentioned James Dwight …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Milne-Edwards, Henri. 1844. Considérations …

To J. D. Hooker   5 November [1854]

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Summary

Congratulates JDH on receipt of Royal Medal.

CD gathering facts on aberrant genera of insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1597

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 November [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 152 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hooker, [4 November 1853] ). See letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 . For the …
  • … meeting of the Linnean Society on 7 November 1854 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 3 November [1854] ). According to Emma Darwin’s diary, Fanny Mosley Wedgwood …
  • … took place at the meeting of 30 November 1854. Hooker was recognised, among other things, …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 261). CD had been awarded the Royal …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [May 1854]

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Summary

CD "lectures" JDH on taking care of his health.

CD’s pleasure in London trip.

CD and Emma have taken season tickets to Crystal Palace.

Edward Forbes’s "Introductory Lecture" is the best CD ever read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [May 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1575

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   29 [May 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 122 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 [May 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854  and n.  20. Hooker’s wife was expecting …
  • … in Turnham Green, Chiswick, on 3 June 1854 ( Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural …
  • … Gazette , no. 22, 3 June 1854, p.  359). See Correspondence vol.  4, letter from J.  D. …
  • … House MS) records the purchase on 28 May 1854 of season tickets for the Crystal Palace at …
  • … at Sydenham, Kent, took place on 10 June 1854. Emma Darwin noted the opening in her diary …
  • … Edinburgh, published in the Scotsman , 17 May 1854. Forbes succeeded Robert Jameson, who …
  • … from 1804 until his death on 19 April 1854. CD’s opinion of Jameson as a dull lecturer …
  • … Forbes’s anniversary address as president of the Geological Society, 17 February 1854. See …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] , n.  9. The gardens of the Royal …

To J. D. Hooker   11 [December 1854]

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Summary

Debates aberrant species, e.g., Ornithorhynchus and Echidna, with JDH. CD argues they are result of extinction having removed intermediate links to allied forms.

Studying effects of disuse in wings of tame and wild ducks.

Tabulations showing that number of species in a genus is not correlated with number of genera in an order.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 [Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1612

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 [December 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 148 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 [Dec 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … The Monday following the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . J.  D. …
  • … letter from J.  D Hooker, 5 December [1854], n.  4). CD made this point again in Natural …
  • … in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . The genus Erythroxylon , which at that …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] , Hooker proposed giving CD a copy of J.  D. …
  • … CUL. It is lightly annotated by CD. See letters from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] and …
  • … 5 December [1854] . See CD’s memorandum attached to the letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . CD was speaking from experience. In his paper ‘ …
  • … Bentham’s list, see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [after 11 December 1854] . Athenæum , no. …
  • … 1415, 9 December 1854, p.  1496: ‘a meeting of friends and admirers was held at King’s …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] , n.  5. CD later described his experiences …

To J. D. Hooker   10 March [1854]

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Summary

More praise for Himalayan journals.

How remote was glacial action in Himalayas?

Implies Himalayas were birthplace of many plants.

Final volume of Cirripedia to be printed in two or three months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1558

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   10 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 119 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … CD recorded having finished on 7 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Stansbury, Howard. 1852. An expedition to …
  • … finished reading Stansbury 1852  on 23 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … recorded having read this work on 6 February 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … According to his ‘Journal’, CD finished the final revision of Living Cirripedia 1854  on …
  • … 15 July 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  5, Appendix I). Hooker had expressed surprise that the …

To J. D. Hooker   26 March [1854]

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Summary

CD welcomes the prospect of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society as means for seeing old acquaintances and making new ones. Will try to go up to London regularly.

Admits that the warning from JDH and Asa Gray (that more harm than good will come from combat over the species issue) makes him feel "deuced uncomfortable".

Reflects upon the complexity of Agassiz; how singular that a man of his eminence and immense knowledge "should write such wonderful stuff & bosh".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1562

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   26 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 120 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … at the anniversary meeting in November 1854 due to continuing bad relations with members …
  • … 28 May 1847]. CD was elected on 24 April 1854 and remained a member until his resignation …
  • … See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [ c . 25 March 1854], n.  3. Henry Holland, physician in …
  • … of conifers and gymnosperms generally, see letters from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] and …
  • … 25 August 1854 . The introduction to Flora Indica (J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855). John …
  • … letter to which CD refers, dated 21 February 1854 (Archives, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), …
  • … reviewed in the American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser.  17 (1854): 241–52, 334–50. …
  • … s notes about the letter, dated 26 March 1854, are in DAR 205.2: 102. They refer to Gray’s …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 21 February 1854, Gray wrote: ‘I confine myself to trying to …
  • … 176). In his letter to Hooker, 21 February 1854, Gray referred to the ‘inevitable mingling …

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1854]

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Summary

Is Bentham’s list of aberrant genera biased by exclusion of genera with many species?

JDH’s belief that Aquilegia varieties are one species is consistent with their great interfertility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1610

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   4 December [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 159 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Dec [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Gazette , no. 48, 2 December 1854, pp.  771–2: ‘[Forbes] was beloved and admired beyond …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] ). See CD’s memorandum attached to letter …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] , n.  4. See letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural …

To J. D. Hooker   15 November [1854]

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Summary

Calculating small number of species in aberrant genera of insects and plants.

Joachim Barrande’s "Colonies", Élie de Beaumont’s "lines of Elevation", Forbes’s "Polarity" make CD despair, as these theories lead to conclusions opposite to CD’s from the same classes of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1601

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   15 November [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 156 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Nov [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, [6 November 1854] , n.  10. …
  • … Agricultural Gazette , no. 45, 11 November 1854, pp.  727–8, carried a short extract from …
  • … Edward Forbes. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] , n.  9. See letter from …
  • … letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  1. Waterhouse 1845, p.  19 n. There …
  • … See letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  2, for CD’ s purpose in studying …

To J. D. Hooker   1 March [1854]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for dedication of Himalayan journals. CD praises the work and suggests stylistic revisions.

Lyell’s remarks on lava beds in letter from Madeira are not original – they refer exclusively to Élie de Beaumont’s data.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1556

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 118 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … active service in the Baltic. Sulivan sailed on 25 March 1854 (Sulivan ed. 1896, p.  126). …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] . Roderick Impey Murchison was known to be ‘not …
  • … to Charles Lyell’s letter to Leonard Horner dated January 1854 from Madeira (see letter …
  • … to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] , n.  2, and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] , n.  5). Bartholomew James Sulivan had requested a return …
  • … 65–70. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] . A favourable review of J.  D. …
  • … 1854a was published in the Athenæum , no. 1374, 25 February 1854, pp.  237–9. See letter …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1853 22 Aug 1853 22 Sept 1853 22 Oct 1853 22 Nov 1853 22 Dec 1853 22 Jan 1854 22 …
  • … Feb 1854 22 …
  • … Mar 1854 22 …
  • … Apr 1854 22 …
  • … May 1854 22 …
  • … June 1854 22 …
  • … July 1854 22 …
  • … Aug 1854 22 …
  • … Sept 1854 22 …
  • … Oct 1854 22 …
  • … Nov 1854 22 …
  • … Dec 1854 22 Jan 1855 22 Feb 1855 22 Mar 1855 22 Apr 1855 22 May 1855 22 June 1855 22 July …

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1854]

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Summary

JDH’s "grand speech" on receiving the Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1609

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   2 December [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 158 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 November [1854] ). CD attended the meeting but not the dinner ( …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 261– 2). August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 262). Lord Rosse was an astronomer. …

To J. D. Hooker   [November–December 1854]

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Summary

[Recto:] CD defines "aberrant genus".

[Verso:] JDH’s list of families, [presumably] with aberrant genera, and [presumably] the number of species in each genus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [Nov–Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1596

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J. D. Hooker   [November–December 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 222a Charles Robert Darwin Down [Nov–Dec 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   7 July [1854]

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Summary

CD’s view requires only that ancient organisms resemble embryological stages of existing ones. Thus "highness" in plants is difficult to evaluate because they have no larval stages. Would compare highest members of two groups, rather than archetype, to determine which group was higher. Against Forbes’s polarity and parallelism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 July [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1577

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   7 July [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 123 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 July [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Petitpierre. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1854. Principles of comparative physiology. 4th …
  • … number was incorrect. In Living Cirripedia (1854): 528 n. , CD quoted a passage from this …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] ). For CD’s view of archetypes, see letter …
  • … Carpenter addressed this issue in Carpenter 1854 . On a slip attached to his copy of this …

To J. D. Hooker   5 November [1853]

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Summary

Edward Sabine’s official letter announcing CD’s receipt of Royal Society Medal left him cold. JDH’s informal one moved him.

Applauds JDH for supporting John Lindley.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Nov [1853]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1540

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Hooker, [4 November 1853] . CD received his first proofs for Living Cirripedia (1854) in …
  • … February 1854 (‘Journal’; Appendix I). …

To J. D. Hooker   [2 October 1846]

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Summary

Hopes to start looking over his species notes in about a year.

Very much enjoyed Southampton [meeting of BAAS, 9–12 Sept].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [2 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1003

Matches: 6 hits

  • … eight-year study of the whole sub- class, see Living Cirripedia ( 1851 , 1854 ) and Fossil …
  • … Cirripedia ( 1851 , 1854 ). Ghiselin 1969 , Winsor 1976 , Crisp 1983 , and Southward …
  • … Society. 1851. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Ghiselin, Michael T. 1969. The triumph …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Southward, A. J. 1983. A new look at …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [July 1855]

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Summary

CD experiments: sowing seeds in fields; "breaking" seeds’ constitution with coloured light; plant hybridisation. Compiling works on hybridism.

Respect for W. B. Carpenter.

Note on "nectar secreting" to Gardeners’ Chronicle [Collected papers 1: 258–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [July 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1717

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1854. Principles of comparative physiology. 4th …
  • … of the Gardeners’ Chronicle . R.  Hunt 1854 . CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. The …
  • … London (1836): 149–75. Hunt, Robert. 1854. Researches on light in its chemical relations; …
  • … at Oxford University, 1822–55. R.  Hunt 1854 , pp.  216–17, alluded to Daubeny’s memoir on …
  • … was printed in the appendix of R.  Hunt 1854 , pp.  375–6. Charles Lawson was the son of …
  • … of Edinburgh. CD refers to R.  Hunt 1854 , p.  239, which describes Hunt’s commission to …
  • … and the origin of variation in Carpenter 1854 , pp.  632–40. CD recorded that he finished …

To J. D. Hooker   30 July [1866]

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Summary

His reasons for rejecting Atlantis hypothesis connecting Madeira and Canary Islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 July [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 294, 294b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5167

Matches: 8 hits

  • … 1856 , p.  83; see also T.  V.  Wollaston 1854 , p.  xiii), no specific proportion was …
  • … John Murray. 1859. Wollaston, Thomas Vernon. 1854. Insecta Maderensia; being an account of …
  • … 1857): paper 2. Lowe, Richard Thomas. 1854. Catalogus Molluscorum pneumonatorum Insularum …
  • … Porto Santo to be very different ( Lowe 1854 ; see also Correspondence vol.  5). For the …
  • … letters from R.  T.  Lowe, 19 September 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  5). In his letter of [ …
  • … 1866 ). CD refers to T.  V.  Wollaston 1854 , p.  xii, and T.  V.  Wollaston  1856 , pp.   …
  • … CD’s detailed abstract of T.  V.  Wollaston 1854 , with his additional calculations of the …
  • … of Insecta Maderensia ( T.  V.  Wollaston 1854 ), CD pasted his own estimate of the number …

To J. D. Hooker   [26 October 1846]

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Summary

Many thanks for JDH’s beautiful cirripede drawing. Questions on JDH’s observations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [26 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1012

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … below), which CD used in Living Cirripedia (1854), see p.  566 n. Hooker’s drawings have …
  • … eventually published in Living Cirripedia (1854):  563–86. Burmeister 1834 . Possibly an …
  • … of Cryptophialus (see Living Cirripedia (1854) , plate 23, figure 3), which resemble …
Document type
letter (69)
Addressee
Hooker, J. D.[X]
Date
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 June 1854 Middelburg 13 October …
  • …   Deventer 11 September 1854 Deventer 8 March 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 July 1854 Batavia 8 March 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 April 1854 Amsterdam 4 January 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 April 1854 Amsterdam 4 January …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 August 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …
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