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From Trenham Reeks   8 February 1845

Summary

Sends results of chemical tests on specimens [of salt, see South America, pp. 73–5].

Encloses abstract from Justus Liebig on composition of bones and their ability to withstand decay.

Author:  Trenham Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 43–4, 49–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-825

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Trenham Reeks   8 February 1845
  • … 39: 43–4, 49–50 Trenham Reeks Museum of Economic Geology 8 Feb 1845 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Liebig, Justus von. 1842. Chemistry in its …
  • … of Economic Geology 8 th . February 1845. Dear Sir, I have great pleasure in forwarding …
  • … to Trenham Reeks, [before 8 February 1845] . For the use CD made of these replies see …
  • … and Agricultural Gazette , no. 6, 8 February 1845, p.  93. Cited by CD in Journal of …
  • … see letter from Trenham Reeks, 14 March 1845 ). Henry Thomas De la Beche, director of the …
  • … crossed ink Top of first page of letter : ‘1845 Gardeners Chronicle p.  93—on salt very [ …
  • … letter from Trenham Reeks, 25 February 1845 . CD had apparently requested this reference …
  • … letter to Reeks, [before 8 February 1845]. CD cites Reeks and Liebig in his description of …

To John Murray   [10 April 1845]

Summary

Is certain he never signed any paper with Henry Colburn or he would have kept a copy as he did of FitzRoy’s agreement. Wishes JM success in his negotiations with Colburn; asks him to remind Colburn that the copperplate has been left with editor of German edition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [10 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.10–11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-855

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   [10 April 1845] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.10–11) Charles Robert Darwin Down [10 Apr 1845] John Murray …
  • … MS) recording that he paid for a trip to London on 10 April 1845. This was the only trip …
  • … recorded between the dates of letters to John Murray, [5 April 1845] and …
  • … 12 April [1845]. It seems that CD now sent his original copy of the agreement between …
  • … having first sent a transcript to Murray in his letter of 20 March [1845]. For the text of …
  • … the agreement see letter to John Murray, 20 March [1845] . Ernst Dieffenbach. …

To John Murray   [23 June 1845]

Summary

Asks JM to look at William Clowes’s arrangement of the title. CD had intended Journal to stand alone, so scientific part would be less prominent. His health is poor.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [23 June 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.21–22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-878

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   [23 June 1845] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.21–22) Charles Robert Darwin Down [23 June 1845] John Murray …
  • … RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. …
  • … of researches 2d ed. See also CD’s subsequent letters to Murray of [26 June 1845] and [ …
  • … 28 June 1845]. The British Association …
  • … met in Cambridge from 19 to 23 June 1845. …

From the principal inhabitants of Down to the secretary of the Post Office   [1845–51?]

Summary

Complain about the postal service to Down and urgently request improvement.

Author:  Down, principal inhabitants of
Addressee:  Secretary, Post Office
Date:  [1845–51?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3359

Matches: 10 hits

  • … DAR 96: 6 Down, principal inhabitants of unstated [1845–51? ] Secretary, Post Office …
  • … From the principal inhabitants of Down to the secretary of the Post Office    [1845–51? ] …
  • … directory of the six home counties for 1845, and six in 1851, including, at both dates, CD …
  • … arrangements for Down and Farnborough in 1845 (see nn.  5 and 6, below). The end of the …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1845, mail was dispatched from Down at 2 P.M. It …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1845; see n.  4, below). From 1851 at the latest …
  • … by the same mail. It appears that in 1845 London mail was being delivered separately. …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties for 1845 and 1851, letters were arriving at Down …
  • … during both these years. ( Post Office directory of the six home counties 1845, 1851. ) …
  • … A foot-messenger was appointed in March 1845 to take letters to and from Bromley to …

To J. D. Hooker   [May 1845]

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Summary

Returns notes on Confervae.

Has had information from Ehrenberg on organic forms in Atlantic dust.

Thanks for sketch of Galapagos flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [May 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-863

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [May 1845] …
  • … DAR 114: 33 Charles Robert Darwin Down [May 1845] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Bibliography Berkeley, Miles Joseph. 1845. On an edible fungus from Tierra del Fuego, and …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [28 April 1845] . Cape Leeuwin, Journal of researches , …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2–6 April 1845] , in which Miles Joseph Berkeley’s previous …
  • … identical species is cited. See Berkeley 1845  for his final conclusions. Jean François de …
  • … Urville [1841–54] ), see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 [January 1845] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [late February 1845] . …

To J. D. Hooker   [22 July – 19 August 1845]

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Summary

Thanks for facts on solitary islands having several species of peculiar genera; "it knocks on the head some analogies of mine".

Has long been trying to discover in how many flowers crossing is probable, but finds it difficult to show "even a vague probability of this".

Will JDH proof-read Galapagos chapter of Journal of researches?

Gives information on his Galapagos collection; explains why it differs from others.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 July – 19 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-892

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [22 July – 19 August 1845] …
  • … DAR 114: 37 Charles Robert Darwin Down [22 July – 19 Aug 1845] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … relationship to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [mid-July 1845] , and the letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [15 or 22 August 1845] . Probably E.  Forbes 1843 . Forbes discusses the …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [11–12 July 1845] , in which CD claims he does not believe in …
  • … that CD is referring to E.  Forbes 1845 , since this was available only in abstract form …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [11–12 July 1845] , n.  15). C.  Lyell 1830–3 , 3: 115–16. In …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Knight, Thomas Andrew. 1799. An account of …
  • … Journal 36: 318–27. Forbes, Edward. 1845. On the distribution of endemic plants, more …

To J. D. Hooker   [15 or 22 August 1845]

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Summary

Sorry to hear about condition of JDH’s grandfather.

Sends proofs of Galapagos chapter of Journal of researches.

Grieves to hear labels are displaced on his plants.

May he annotate [F. Gérard’s] L’espèce [(1844), extracted from Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle, ed. C. D. d’Orbigny (1839–49)]?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [15 or 22] Aug 1845
Classmark:  DAR 114: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-900

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [15 or 22 August 1845] …
  • … DAR 114: 38 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Aug 1845 22 …
  • … Aug 1845 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hooker was teaching, died on 7 August 1845. Hooker became the Crown’s official nominee for …
  • … 2 and 7, below. Joseph Hooker died on 24 August 1845. CD’s Galápagos chapter ( Journal of …
  • … RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. …

To J. D. Hooker   [5 or 12 November 1845]

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Summary

Thanks for Antarctic flora [Flora Antarctica (1844–7)].

Agrees geographical distribution will be "the key which will unlock the mystery of species".

Could JDH look over a rough sketch on species?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [5 or 12] Nov 1845
Classmark:  DAR 114: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-924

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [5 or 12 November 1845] …
  • … DAR 114: 45 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov 1845 12 …
  • … Nov 1845 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … recommenced work on this book on 29 October 1845 and finished correcting the last proof on …
  • … numbers of part one were available by May 1845 ( Wiltshear 1913 ) Hooker had not sent it …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 1 September [1845] ). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … to the Caledonian Mercury , 27 October 1845, on the subject of the Edinburgh elections. …

To J. D. Hooker   28 October [1845]

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Summary

Would like to see JDH’s testimonials.

Disappointed with Kosmos.

Has visited Dean of Manchester, who is very heterodox on species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-922

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   28 October [1845] …
  • … DAR 114: 44 Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Oct [1845] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, 1 September [1845] , n.  3). Adam Black. There is no account of …
  • … John Hutton Balfour’s election was announced in the issue of 18 October 1845 (p.  704). …
  • … CD was perhaps referring to the account in the Scotsman , 8 October 1845. …
  • … Humboldt 1845–8 , 1: 302, 319. CD had corresponded with William Herbert, Dean of …
  • … Gray, and quoted in the Scotsman , 8 October 1845. Hooker had accompanied James Clark Ross …
  • … Reeve Brothers. Humboldt, Alexander von. 1845–8. Kosmos; a general survey of the physical …

Youatt, William. 1845. The dog. London.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Youatt, William. 1845. The dog. London. 6 …

Stengel, E. M. (1845–1935)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Edmund Max Stengel 1845–1935 German philologist. …

Conta, Vasile (1845–82)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Vasile Conta 1845–82 Romanian materialist philosopher. …

To Ernst Dieffenbach   [before 9 July 1845]

Summary

"It is evident that you have not time now to pay me a visit, & indeed as Mrs Darwin is in daily expectation of her confinement I could hardly have asked you … When I saw your name & that of many other naturalists at Cambridge, I wished much to have been there; but my strength so often fails me, that I expected more mortification than pleasure …

I should have liked to have heard the Crater-of-Elevation discussion; after having read both sides, I cannot subscribe to that view; but I think there remains something unexplained about those many vast circular volcanic ruins …

I presume it is very unprobable [sic] that there will ever be a second German Edition of my Journal … I have largely condensed, corrected & added to the Second English Edition, & I am sure have considerably improved & popularised it".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  [before 9 July 1845]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-888

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Ernst Dieffenbach   [before 9 July 1845] …
  • … Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13 Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 9 July 1845] Ernst Dieffenbach …
  • … George Howard Darwin was born on 9 July 1845. The …
  • … British Association met in Cambridge in June 1845. Dieffenbach read a paper on the geology …
  • … the Advancement of Science held at Cambridge in 1845 Transactions of the sections, p.  50. …
  • … discussion see Athenæum , no. 923, 5 July 1845, pp.  675–6. A new translation by Julius …

From G. R. Waterhouse   [c. June 1845]

Summary

Discusses his paper on CD’s Galapagos beetles ["Coleopterous insects … in the Galapagos Islands", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 16 (1845): 19–41] which he will forward when printed. Has drawn up descriptions of several other insects from CD’s collections.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. June 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-874

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From G.  R. Waterhouse   [ c . June 1845] …
  • … DAR 181: 18 George Robert Waterhouse British Museum [ c . June 1845] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Islands", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 16 (1845): 19–41] which he will forward when printed. Has …
  • … letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, [ c . June 1845], n.  3 (calendar number 873 ). Waterhouse …
  • … RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1844 22 Aug 1844 22 Sept 1844 22 Oct 1844 22 Nov 1844 22 Dec 1844 22 Jan 1845 22 …
  • … Feb 1845 22 …
  • … Mar 1845 22 …
  • … Apr 1845 22 …
  • … May 1845 22 …
  • … June 1845 22 …
  • … July 1845 22 …
  • … Aug 1845 22 …
  • … Sept 1845 22 …
  • … Oct 1845 22 …
  • … Nov 1845 22 …
  • … Dec 1845 22 Jan 1846 22 Feb 1846 22 Mar 1846 22 Apr 1846 22 May 1846 22 June 1846 22 July …

From J. D. Hooker   [2–6 April 1845]

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Summary

A Tasmanian Cyttaria is same species as CD’s Fuegian fungus. Did the species originate on the beeches of Fuegia or of Tasmania?

JDH gives interpretation of Vestiges.

John McCulloch, J. F. Schouw, and Lamarck on the species question.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2–6 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 219–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-850

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [2–6 April 1845] …
  • … DAR 104: 219–20 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [2–6 Apr 1845] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Harry S.  Goodsir from Edinburgh. Hinds 1845 . A.  P. de Candolle 1839–40 . Saint-Hilaire …
  • … John Churchill. Hinds, Richard Brinsley. 1845. Memoirs on geographic botany. Annals and …
  • … J. Berkeley to J.  D. Hooker of 1 April 1845: ‘The Cyttaria is I think the same with the …
  • … was in London, see letter to Ernst Dieffenbach, 8 April [1845] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [16 April 1845] . See n.  1, above. Ronald Campbell Gunn collected plants, …
  • … a north-west passage left Britain on 19 May 1845. The vessels were the Erebus and Terror , …

To J. D. Hooker   19 March [1845]

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Summary

Would like to borrow the pamphlet on variation [Frédéric Gérard, "De l’espèce dans les corps organisés" (1844), extract from Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle, ed. C. D. d’Orbigny].

Glad to hear Humboldt’s views on migration. CD believes we cannot "put any limit to the possible and even probable migration of plants".

Wants good book on plant morphology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 Mar [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-842

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   19 March [1845] …
  • … DAR 114: 28 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Mar [1845] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Wilkes 1845. J.  D. …
  • … finished reading this work by 25 March 1845 (DAR 119; Vorzimmer 1977 , p.  133). Dumont d’ …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL. But Hooker was probably referring to Hinds 1845 , see letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [late February 1845] , n.   10. Ehrenberg 1844c. Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg …
  • … 2 vols. London. Hinds, Richard Brinsley. 1845. Memoirs on geographic botany. Annals and …

To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter?   2 [October 1842 – March 1882]

Summary

Requests some carbonate of ammonia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  2 [Oct 1842 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Dept of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation, University of Rochester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8132

Matches: 12 hits

  • … June 1844 2 July 1844 2 Aug 1844 2 Sept 1844 2 Oct 1844 2 Nov 1844 2 Dec 1844 2 Jan 1845 2 …
  • … Feb 1845 2 …
  • … Mar 1845 2 …
  • … Apr 1845 2 …
  • … May 1845 2 …
  • … June 1845 2 …
  • … July 1845 2 …
  • … Aug 1845 2 …
  • … Sept 1845 2 …
  • … Oct 1845 2 …
  • … Nov 1845 2 …
  • … Dec 1845 2 Jan 1846 2 Feb 1846 2 Mar 1846 2 Apr 1846 2 May 1846 2 June 1846 2 July 1846 2 …

To C. G. Ehrenberg   29 October [1845]

Summary

Sends specimens. Asks for information about specimens from Rio Gallegos.

What does CGE mean by the term "Fluthgebiete"?

French translation gives impression that Ehrenberg attributes Pampas deposit to debacle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  29 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-923

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To C.  G. Ehrenberg   29 October [1845] …
  • … Ehrenberg Nr. 43) Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Oct [1845] Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg …
  • … See letters from B.  J. Sulivan, 13 January – 12 February 1845 and …
  • … 4 July 1845. See letter from C.   …
  • … G. Ehrenberg, 8 April 1845 , and Ehrenberg 1845b. His eventual reply to CD’s query ( …

To J. D. Hooker   31 March [1845]

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Summary

Hopes JDH will enjoy Edinburgh.

Has just finished Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire on animal monsters [Anomalies de l’organisation chez l’homme et les animaux (1832–7)], "and a nasty curious subject it is".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Mar [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-847

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   31 March [1845] …
  • … DAR 114: 30 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Mar [1845] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s list of ‘Books Read’ (DAR 119; Vorzimmer 1977 , p.  133) in an entry dated March 1845. …
  • … Wilkes 1845, 4: 282–3. L’ …
  • … Institut 1ère sect. 13 (1845): 120. James David Forbes. Instead of making this tour, CD …
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1845 in keywords
20 Items

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Species theory In November 1845, Charles Darwin wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph …
  • …  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the ‘little zoology’ …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845, having already provided corrections in …
  • … vice-presidents in 1844 and remaining on the council from 1845 onwards; he was a conscientious …
  • … attacked the work vehemently in the  Edinburgh Review  (1845), while other colleagues like Edward …
  • … his cousin William Darwin Fox in a letter of [24 April 1845] , he felt he ought to be both …
  • … of his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845. At Lyell’s recommendation, …
  • … the original publisher, to John Murray, and throughout 1845 Darwin worked hard to provide manuscript …
  • … on board the Beagle  back to Tierra del Fuego. By 1845, Darwin was in full command of a …
  • … Distribution’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 February 1845] ) and quick to make use of the young …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). Although Darwin did not usually …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … on Instinct [F. G. Cuvier 1822] read Flourens Edit [Flourens 1845] read L. Jenyns paper on …
  • … 1834–9] Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle 1845] (read) Keppells(?) voyage to Borneo …
  • … Exploring Expedition towards the Rocky Mountains [Frémont 1845]. (amusing extracts). perhaps for …
  • … America  by A. Downing Wiley & Putnam. 14 s . [Downing 1845] (Brit. Museum) (read) good …
  • … [DAR *119: 22] Eyeres Travels [E. J. Eyre 1845] very amusing Tschudi’s Travels in …
  • … Campbells Lives of Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] last vol. Ludlows Memoirs …
  • … Murchisons Russia [Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845] (read) Agassiz’s Works …
  • … Wilkes Expedition.  £ 3. 3 s  [Wilkes 1845] order at L. Library. read Botanical Soc. of …
  • … Soc. of Neuchatel on Jura. 1846, or 7, or 8 [?Marcou 1845]. 46   Morris  good for me.— …
  • … 1853] Vol. V of Campbells Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays …
  • … [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1832–7] Wilkes [Wilkes 1845]. Voyage Vol I. to V Apr …
  • … May. Blanco White. Auto-biography [Blanco y Crespo 1845].— 24 Improvisatore [Andersen 1845] …
  • … Aug. 5 th  Lyells Travels in N. America [Lyell 1845] Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. …
  • … Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845].— 20 D r  Badham insect Life …
  • … Feb 6 Explanations by Author of Vestiges [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 …
  • … [Twamley 1844] —— Whewell on Education [Whewell 1845–52]. Dec: 26. Watson History of …
  • … [Heber 1828] —— 31 Kitto on Deafness [Kitto 1845] —— the French in Algiers [Lamping …
  • … 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] (half through) —— 24 Steenstrup …
  • … th  Elie de Beaumont Lecons Geologie [Élie de Beaumont 1845] skimmed. June 17 th . Downing …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 3, letter to Charles Lyell, 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … hundred letters from Darwin, from his first negotiations in 1845 until his final years. Although …
  • … came to discuss a second edition, probably at the end of 1845, Darwin was not happy with Colburn’s …
  • … Colonial Library in three monthly parts (July to September 1845) before being reissued in a single …
  • … you have transacted the business with me’ (27 August [1845] Letter 908 ). Thus began the business …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … character), determined to stay with the Fuegians’ (Darwin 1845, p. 223). When all seemed well the …
  • … just in time to save his life’, Darwin recorded (Darwin 1845, p. 226). Matthews was back on …
  • … death in 1893. References: Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … interest in the problem, and had experienced the 1845 potato blight that destroyed much of the …
  • … vol. 3, letter to J. S. Henslow, 28 October [1845] ). He was aware of Torbitt’s ambitions, having …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … often visit Darwin and say ‘Poor, poor fellow!’ (Darwin 1845, p. 207). When Orundellico …
  • … lamented ‘so complete and grievous a change ’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228). The clean, stout lad was now ‘ …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a penny from Colburn, Darwin had few scruples when, in 1845, at Lyell’s suggestion, he asked whether …
  • … were issued separately between late June and late August 1845, with the slightly amended title …

Second species sketch

Summary

Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842 …

George Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … bears a double interpretation) some days on board’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228 n.).  Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In the course of discussions about species in the autumn of 1845, his close friend Joseph Dalton …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … family had increased by five: George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July 1847; Francis, …
  • … her familiar name. [64] George Howard Darwin, born 1845. [65] Joseph Parslow, butler …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Bartholomew James Sulivan

Summary

On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to his old friend, Charles Darwin, commiserating on shared ill-health, glorying in the achievements of their children, offering to collect plant specimens, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … distinguished. He saw action at the siege of Montevideo in 1845 when British and French naval forces …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of New Zealand in 1843, but was relieved of this post in 1845 after he worsened (through his support …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In 1980, two …