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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Auguste Forel   19 June 1876

Summary

Asks how the Coleoptera that inhabit the nests of ants colonise a new nest. Wallace has suggested their ova become attached to winged female ants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  19 June 1876
Classmark:  Universität Zürich, Archiv für Medizingeschichte (AfM ZH PN 31.2:794)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10539

Matches: 2 hits

  • … des sciences vol. 26. ] Newport, George. 1845–7. On the natural history, anatomy and …
  • … function and instinct. [Read 18 November 1845 and 19 January 1847 .Transactions of the …

From Robert Shaw   28 November 1876

Summary

Encloses printed letter from Land and Water in which he proposes a hypothesis that explains how soaring birds can stay aloft by expelling air from their lungs.

Author:  Robert James (Robert) Shaw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 177: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10690

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Newton, Alfred. 1893–6. A dictionary of …

To W. E. Darwin   29 September [1876]

Summary

Discusses the purchase of some land;

plans to visit Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  29 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10625

Matches: 1 hit

  • … viz. , Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. …

From H. N. Moseley   3 November 1876

Summary

Sends a Japanese book illustrating the expression of emotions.

Author:  Henry Nottidge Moseley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 254
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10661

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal of researches …

To John Murray   15 November 1876

Summary

Is satisfied with sales of his books.

Did not expect Orchids to sell more than 600 or 700 copies.

Only bad item is Expression, which astonishes him, since it sells well in Germany.

Asks size of printing of Cross and self-fertilisation; thinks 1500 would be ample.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Nov 1876
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 306–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10672

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …

From J. V. Carus   20 November 1876

Summary

Thanks CD for [2d English edition of] Volcanic islands and South America [1876].

Is at work on Cross and self-fertilisation. Asks about some doubtful points.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10681

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Shorter publications : Charles Darwin’s …

To Francis Darwin   16 September [1876]

Summary

Forwards chapter [of Orchids (1877)] for correction.

Sadness at the death of Amy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  16 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10604

Matches: 1 hit

  • … viz. , Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. …

From J. H. Kidder   5 June 1876

Summary

Sends his papers ["Contributions to the natural history of Kerguelen Island", U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 1, nos. 2, 3 (1876)], which are inspired by Journal of researches.

Author:  Jerome Henry Kidder
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 169: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10533

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal of researches …

To W. H. Flower   24 September [1876]

Summary

Sends photographs received from Mr Van der Weyde who is working with associates in Montevideo collecting fossil bones. Asks WHF’s opinion of a specimen about which they are curious.

CD intends urging them to search the Tertiary bed beneath the Pampean formation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  24 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) 15 July 2004
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10615

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Owen, Richard. 1837. A description of the …

To A. R. Wallace   25 June 1876

Summary

Has finished Geographical distribution; sends his comments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  25 June 1876
Classmark:  British Library (Add 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10550

Matches: 1 hit

  • … RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. …

To J. D. Hooker   17 October [1876]

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Summary

Frank, who has been reclusive and very hardworking, is returning from Wales after a period of mourning for Amy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Oct [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 423–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10644

Matches: 1 hit

  • … viz. , Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. …

To W. E. Darwin   11 September [1876]

Summary

Reports the death of Francis’ wife, Amy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  11 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10593

Matches: 1 hit

  • … viz. , Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 September 1876]

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Summary

JDH again expresses his condolences.

The Glasgow BAAS meeting was good, except for Tait’s shameful attack on Tyndall.

Immensely impressed on Scottish geological and glacial features. Is CD aware that the earth beneath Glen Roy roads was found to contain freshwater diatoms?

Recounts the itinerary of his honeymoon in Scotland.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Sept 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 62–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10605

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. Tait, Peter Guthrie. 1876. Lectures on …
Search:
1845 in keywords
20 Items

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Species theory In November 1845, Charles Darwin wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph …
  • …  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the ‘little zoology’ …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845, having already provided corrections in …
  • … vice-presidents in 1844 and remaining on the council from 1845 onwards; he was a conscientious …
  • … attacked the work vehemently in the  Edinburgh Review  (1845), while other colleagues like Edward …
  • … his cousin William Darwin Fox in a letter of [24 April 1845] , he felt he ought to be both …
  • … of his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845. At Lyell’s recommendation, …
  • … the original publisher, to John Murray, and throughout 1845 Darwin worked hard to provide manuscript …
  • … on board the Beagle  back to Tierra del Fuego. By 1845, Darwin was in full command of a …
  • … Distribution’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 February 1845] ) and quick to make use of the young …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). Although Darwin did not usually …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … on Instinct [F. G. Cuvier 1822] read Flourens Edit [Flourens 1845] read L. Jenyns paper on …
  • … 1834–9] Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle 1845] (read) Keppells(?) voyage to Borneo …
  • … Exploring Expedition towards the Rocky Mountains [Frémont 1845]. (amusing extracts). perhaps for …
  • … America  by A. Downing Wiley & Putnam. 14 s . [Downing 1845] (Brit. Museum) (read) good …
  • … [DAR *119: 22] Eyeres Travels [E. J. Eyre 1845] very amusing Tschudi’s Travels in …
  • … Campbells Lives of Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] last vol. Ludlows Memoirs …
  • … Murchisons Russia [Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845] (read) Agassiz’s Works …
  • … Wilkes Expedition.  £ 3. 3 s  [Wilkes 1845] order at L. Library. read Botanical Soc. of …
  • … Soc. of Neuchatel on Jura. 1846, or 7, or 8 [?Marcou 1845]. 46   Morris  good for me.— …
  • … 1853] Vol. V of Campbells Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays …
  • … [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1832–7] Wilkes [Wilkes 1845]. Voyage Vol I. to V Apr …
  • … May. Blanco White. Auto-biography [Blanco y Crespo 1845].— 24 Improvisatore [Andersen 1845] …
  • … Aug. 5 th  Lyells Travels in N. America [Lyell 1845] Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. …
  • … Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845].— 20 D r  Badham insect Life …
  • … Feb 6 Explanations by Author of Vestiges [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 …
  • … [Twamley 1844] —— Whewell on Education [Whewell 1845–52]. Dec: 26. Watson History of …
  • … [Heber 1828] —— 31 Kitto on Deafness [Kitto 1845] —— the French in Algiers [Lamping …
  • … 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] (half through) —— 24 Steenstrup …
  • … th  Elie de Beaumont Lecons Geologie [Élie de Beaumont 1845] skimmed. June 17 th . Downing …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 3, letter to Charles Lyell, 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … hundred letters from Darwin, from his first negotiations in 1845 until his final years. Although …
  • … came to discuss a second edition, probably at the end of 1845, Darwin was not happy with Colburn’s …
  • … Colonial Library in three monthly parts (July to September 1845) before being reissued in a single …
  • … you have transacted the business with me’ (27 August [1845] Letter 908 ). Thus began the business …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … character), determined to stay with the Fuegians’ (Darwin 1845, p. 223). When all seemed well the …
  • … just in time to save his life’, Darwin recorded (Darwin 1845, p. 226). Matthews was back on …
  • … death in 1893. References: Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … interest in the problem, and had experienced the 1845 potato blight that destroyed much of the …
  • … vol. 3, letter to J. S. Henslow, 28 October [1845] ). He was aware of Torbitt’s ambitions, having …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … often visit Darwin and say ‘Poor, poor fellow!’ (Darwin 1845, p. 207). When Orundellico …
  • … lamented ‘so complete and grievous a change ’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228). The clean, stout lad was now ‘ …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a penny from Colburn, Darwin had few scruples when, in 1845, at Lyell’s suggestion, he asked whether …
  • … were issued separately between late June and late August 1845, with the slightly amended title …

George Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born …

Second species sketch

Summary

Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842 …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … bears a double interpretation) some days on board’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228 n.).  Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In the course of discussions about species in the autumn of 1845, his close friend Joseph Dalton …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … family had increased by five: George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July 1847; Francis, …
  • … her familiar name. [64] George Howard Darwin, born 1845. [65] Joseph Parslow, butler …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Bartholomew James Sulivan

Summary

On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to his old friend, Charles Darwin, commiserating on shared ill-health, glorying in the achievements of their children, offering to collect plant specimens, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … distinguished. He saw action at the siege of Montevideo in 1845 when British and French naval forces …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of New Zealand in 1843, but was relieved of this post in 1845 after he worsened (through his support …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In 1980, two …