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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From H. C. Watson to George Gordon   27 June 1861

Summary

Regrets he cannot assist the fulfilment of CD’s request for a specimen of the orchid Corallorhiza.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  George Gordon
Date:  27 June 1861
Classmark:  Elgin Museum (Gordon Archive 61.9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3197F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a believer in the transmutation of species since 1845, had responded enthusiastically …
  • … to Origin (see Watson 1845 and Correspondence vol.  7, letter from H.  C.  Watson, 21  …

From T. F. Jamieson   3 September 1861

Summary

Observations from a fortnight in Lochaber. Found the entrance to Loch Treig to present the clearest evidence of intense glacial action. States, in contradiction of David Milne-Home, that there is glacial scoring in Glen Spean, as Louis Agassiz described, and moraine around the mouth of Loch Treig. There is little sign of water erosion on the rocks crossed by the lines in Glen Roy. Believes the smoothed rocks at the eastern end of Loch Laggan are due to flow from the lake and not tidal action. The lines in Glen Roy are too neat for a lake shore subject to tides. Given the glacial scoring sweeping round from Glen Spean into Glen Treig, and all the boulders, TFJ is astonished that anyone could deny that there had been glaciers there. [See 3247.]

Author:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept 1861
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 75–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3242A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Education 21: 19–28. Bravais, Auguste. 1845. On the lines of ancient level of the sea in …
  • … Milne (later Milne-Home) visited Glen Roy in 1845. His paper on the parallel roads, read …
  • … Journal of the Geological Society ( Bravais 1845 ), did not include the diagrams. CD had …

To John Lubbock   6 June [1861]

Summary

Arrangements for a meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  6 June [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.7: 3 (EH 88205928)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3177

Matches: 1 hit

  • … directory, yearbook and diary. London: Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. …

From Thomas Francis Jamieson   13 June 1861

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Summary

Will look for botanical specimens CD requested.

Tells of a kestrel with a broken leg which apparently was forced to change its diet to worms and snails because of the injury.

Author:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 June 1861
Classmark:  DAR 47: 171–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3180

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the following may be worth sending. In 1845 when attending college in Aberdeen I was more …
  • … I used to keep, authenticates the fact. “1845, November 26 th . Stuffed the Kestrel. Its …

To John Lubbock   [8 June 1861]

Summary

Asks to meet JL for a final talk about the banking partnership for William Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [8 June 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.7: 2 (EH 88205927)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3179

Matches: 1 hit

  • … directory, yearbook and diary. London: Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. …

To Charles Lovegrove   9 July [1861?]

Summary

Regrets he does not have pedigree of CL’s "pretty pony", but assures him information was very useful, "more especially as it confirms what I heard from Norway & did not know whether fully to believe".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lovegrove
Date:  9 July [1861?]
Classmark:  Barton L. Smith
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13823

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. Variation : The variation of animals …

To W. E. Darwin   17 [October 1861]

Summary

Discusses business matters relating to WED and the bank.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  17 [Oct 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3287

Matches: 1 hit

  • … directory, yearbook and diary. London: Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. …

To John Lubbock   9 August [1861]

Summary

JL’s kindness has laid William and himself "under an enduring obligation". One clause in the partnership agreement seems harsh but will probably never signify.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  9 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 48 (EH 88206492)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3228

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

To W. E. Darwin   15 November [1861]

Summary

Discusses stock-brokers; hopes to be able to see WED at Christmas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  15 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3319

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. Beckett, Ian Frederick William. 1982. …

To W. E. Darwin   6 [June 1861]

Summary

Writes regarding the possibility of banking partnership for WED; second note arranges a meeting between the involved parties in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  6 [June 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3178

Matches: 1 hit

  • … directory, yearbook and diary. London: Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. …

To H. W. Bates   25 September [1861]

Summary

Recommends publisher for HWB; admires J. van Voorst but suggests Murray.

In reply to HWB’s letter [missing], comments on neuters and mimicry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  25 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3266

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of researches , see Correspondence vol.  3, letters to John Murray, 17 March [1845] and …
  • … 12 April [1845]. Murray had issued a new printing of the work, the tenth thousand, in …

To Richard Kippist   7 January [1861]

Summary

Orders journal volume [Mémoires présentées par divers savans à l’Académie des Sciences 4] from librarian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Librarian
Date:  7 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3044

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. Roulin, François Désiré. 1835. Recherches sur …

To W. E. Darwin   [25 May 1861]

Summary

Has heard, through Lubbock, of a gentleman who is offering a partnership in a bank.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [25 May 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3157

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

From W. E. Darwin   [17 November 1861]

Summary

Describes in detail his day at home and at the bank in Southampton.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17 Nov 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3320

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919. Collected papers : The collected papers …

From H. W. Bates   30 September 1861

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Summary

Discusses the mimicry of the Volucella flies, and the bees and wasps they mimic. Compares it with the different object of mimicry in butterflies.

Refers to incompleteness of Cuthbert Collingwood’s paper [? "On homophormism, or organic representative forms", Proc. Liverpool Lit. & Philos. Soc. 14 (1860): 181–216].

Thanks CD for help in selecting a publisher for his book [The naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)].

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Sept 1861
Classmark:  DAR 205.10 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3271

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal of researches …

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   5 June [1861]

Summary

Gives directions to Down. Would be happy to see SPW but regrets they "have no attractions".

Agrees about colonisation of Arctic region.

CD thought that his St Helena land shells had quite recently become embedded; his specimens are at the Geological Society.

Can SPW ask A. Günther for any references to Silurus escaping from the Danube?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  5 June [1861]
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS. 42579, ff. 230–32b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3043

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From William Branwhite Clarke   [August 1861]

Summary

Evidence of glacial action in Australia. [See Origin, 4th ed., p. 443.]

Author:  William Branwhite Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Aug 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 161.2: 171
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3222

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the Geological Society of London on 4 June 1845 ( Collected papers 1: 199–203), CD cited …

To W. E. Darwin   [27 October 1861]

Summary

Discusses affairs at Down and Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [27 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3302

Matches: 1 hit

  • … viz. , Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78. …

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 14 May 1861]

Summary

Asks D. Beaton whether varieties of the same species of Compositae frequently cross by insect agency or other means. Do the raisers of hollyhocks have to keep each variety separate for raising seed?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 14 May 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman, n.s. 1 (1861): 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3147

Matches: 1 hit

  • … as dean of Manchester, on 15 September 1845 ( ibid . , vol.  3, ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …

To W. E. Darwin   [26 May 1861]

Summary

Discusses the opportunity for WED to become a partner in a bank.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [26 May 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3160

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DNB ). Following the Banking Acts of 1844 and 1845, no new banks were allowed to form, but …
Document type
letter (23)
Date
1861
01 (1)
02 (1)
05 (3)
06 (6)
07 (1)
08 (2)
09 (3)
10 (3)
11 (3)
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Search:
1845 in keywords
20 Items

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Species theory In November 1845, Charles Darwin wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph …
  • …  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the ‘little zoology’ …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845, having already provided corrections in …
  • … vice-presidents in 1844 and remaining on the council from 1845 onwards; he was a conscientious …
  • … attacked the work vehemently in the  Edinburgh Review  (1845), while other colleagues like Edward …
  • … his cousin William Darwin Fox in a letter of [24 April 1845] , he felt he ought to be both …
  • … of his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845. At Lyell’s recommendation, …
  • … the original publisher, to John Murray, and throughout 1845 Darwin worked hard to provide manuscript …
  • … on board the Beagle  back to Tierra del Fuego. By 1845, Darwin was in full command of a …
  • … Distribution’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 February 1845] ) and quick to make use of the young …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). Although Darwin did not usually …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … on Instinct [F. G. Cuvier 1822] read Flourens Edit [Flourens 1845] read L. Jenyns paper on …
  • … 1834–9] Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle 1845] (read) Keppells(?) voyage to Borneo …
  • … Exploring Expedition towards the Rocky Mountains [Frémont 1845]. (amusing extracts). perhaps for …
  • … America  by A. Downing Wiley & Putnam. 14 s . [Downing 1845] (Brit. Museum) (read) good …
  • … [DAR *119: 22] Eyeres Travels [E. J. Eyre 1845] very amusing Tschudi’s Travels in …
  • … Campbells Lives of Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] last vol. Ludlows Memoirs …
  • … Murchisons Russia [Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845] (read) Agassiz’s Works …
  • … Wilkes Expedition.  £ 3. 3 s  [Wilkes 1845] order at L. Library. read Botanical Soc. of …
  • … Soc. of Neuchatel on Jura. 1846, or 7, or 8 [?Marcou 1845]. 46   Morris  good for me.— …
  • … 1853] Vol. V of Campbells Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays …
  • … [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1832–7] Wilkes [Wilkes 1845]. Voyage Vol I. to V Apr …
  • … May. Blanco White. Auto-biography [Blanco y Crespo 1845].— 24 Improvisatore [Andersen 1845] …
  • … Aug. 5 th  Lyells Travels in N. America [Lyell 1845] Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. …
  • … Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845].— 20 D r  Badham insect Life …
  • … Feb 6 Explanations by Author of Vestiges [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 …
  • … [Twamley 1844] —— Whewell on Education [Whewell 1845–52]. Dec: 26. Watson History of …
  • … [Heber 1828] —— 31 Kitto on Deafness [Kitto 1845] —— the French in Algiers [Lamping …
  • … 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] (half through) —— 24 Steenstrup …
  • … th  Elie de Beaumont Lecons Geologie [Élie de Beaumont 1845] skimmed. June 17 th . Downing …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 3, letter to Charles Lyell, 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … hundred letters from Darwin, from his first negotiations in 1845 until his final years. Although …
  • … came to discuss a second edition, probably at the end of 1845, Darwin was not happy with Colburn’s …
  • … Colonial Library in three monthly parts (July to September 1845) before being reissued in a single …
  • … you have transacted the business with me’ (27 August [1845] Letter 908 ). Thus began the business …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … character), determined to stay with the Fuegians’ (Darwin 1845, p. 223). When all seemed well the …
  • … just in time to save his life’, Darwin recorded (Darwin 1845, p. 226). Matthews was back on …
  • … death in 1893. References: Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … interest in the problem, and had experienced the 1845 potato blight that destroyed much of the …
  • … vol. 3, letter to J. S. Henslow, 28 October [1845] ). He was aware of Torbitt’s ambitions, having …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … often visit Darwin and say ‘Poor, poor fellow!’ (Darwin 1845, p. 207). When Orundellico …
  • … lamented ‘so complete and grievous a change ’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228). The clean, stout lad was now ‘ …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a penny from Colburn, Darwin had few scruples when, in 1845, at Lyell’s suggestion, he asked whether …
  • … were issued separately between late June and late August 1845, with the slightly amended title …

George Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born …

Second species sketch

Summary

Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842 …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … bears a double interpretation) some days on board’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228 n.).  Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In the course of discussions about species in the autumn of 1845, his close friend Joseph Dalton …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … family had increased by five: George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July 1847; Francis, …
  • … her familiar name. [64] George Howard Darwin, born 1845. [65] Joseph Parslow, butler …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Bartholomew James Sulivan

Summary

On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to his old friend, Charles Darwin, commiserating on shared ill-health, glorying in the achievements of their children, offering to collect plant specimens, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … distinguished. He saw action at the siege of Montevideo in 1845 when British and French naval forces …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of New Zealand in 1843, but was relieved of this post in 1845 after he worsened (through his support …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In 1980, two …