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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter?   2 [October 1842 – March 1882]

Summary

Requests some carbonate of ammonia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  2 [Oct 1842 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Dept of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation, University of Rochester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8132

Matches: 12 hits

  • … June 1844 2 July 1844 2 Aug 1844 2 Sept 1844 2 Oct 1844 2 Nov 1844 2 Dec 1844 2 Jan 1845 2 …
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  • … Dec 1845 2 Jan 1846 2 Feb 1846 2 Mar 1846 2 Apr 1846 2 May 1846 2 June 1846 2 July 1846 2 …

To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter   24 October [1842–5 or 1853 or 1855–68?]

Summary

Sends enclosed order for two bottles [of unspecified chemical].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  24 Oct [1842-5, 1853 or 1855-68]
Classmark:  University of California Berkeley, Bancroft Library (BANC MSS 74/78 z)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1768

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 24 Oct 1842 24 Oct 1843 24 Oct 1844 24 Oct 1845 24 Oct 1853 24 Oct 1855 24 Oct 1856 24 Oct …

To John Price    29 November [1842–55]

Summary

Not able to assist JP as he knows no schoolmaster in the area.

Cannot answer zoological question but thinks the two Serpulae are distinct.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  29 Nov [1842-55]
Classmark:  University of California Berkeley, Bancroft Library (BANC MSS 74/78 z)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1786

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 29 Nov 1842 29 Nov 1843 29 Nov 1844 29 Nov 1845 29 Nov 1846 29 Nov 1847 29 Nov 1848 29 Nov …

To J. S. Henslow   16 September [1842]

Summary

CD gives JSH Fuegian paints and spears and a Pacific dolphin hook for his museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  16 Sept [1842]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-642

Matches: 1 hit

  • … its composition see Correspondence vol.  3, letter from C.  G. Ehrenberg, 13 March 1845 . …

To Charles Edward and Mary Kingford Mudie   10 December [1842–5 or 1855–68]

Summary

Declines invitation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Edward Mudie; Mary Kingsford Mudie
Date:  10 Dec [1842-5 or 1855-68]
Classmark:  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Charles E. Mudie Collection, 1816–1897: Correspondence, B29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13828

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 10 Dec 1842 10 Dec 1843 10 Dec 1844 10 Dec 1845 10 Dec 1855 10 Dec 1856 10 Dec 1857 10 Dec …

To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter   8 December [1842–81]

Summary

Orders large pot of spermaceti ointment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  8 Dec [1842-81]
Classmark:  University of Otago, Special Collections (MS 49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11271F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 8 Dec 1842 8 Dec 1843 8 Dec 1844 8 Dec 1845 8 Dec 1846 8 Dec 1847 8 Dec 1848 8 Dec 1849 8 …

To G. R. Waterhouse   [4 or 11 September 1842]

Summary

Thanks GRW for collection [of insects] he has made up for CD’s nephew.

Leaves decision to GRW as to which institutions should receive CD’s Beagle insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  [4 or 11] Sept 1842
Classmark:  Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-641

Matches: 1 hit

  • … descriptive articles appeared in 1843 and 1845 and Waterhouse’s son, Frederick Herschel …

To Charles Lyell   [September–December 1842]

Summary

Discusses relationship of subsidence to the formation of coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [Sept–Dec 1842]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-605

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 3, letter to C.  H. Smith, 26 January [1845] . Fiji. This was the position suggested by …
Document type
letter (8)
Author
Date
1842
09 (3)
10 (2)
11 (1)
12 (2)
Search:
1845 in keywords
20 Items

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Species theory In November 1845, Charles Darwin wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph …
  • …  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the ‘little zoology’ …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845, having already provided corrections in …
  • … vice-presidents in 1844 and remaining on the council from 1845 onwards; he was a conscientious …
  • … attacked the work vehemently in the  Edinburgh Review  (1845), while other colleagues like Edward …
  • … his cousin William Darwin Fox in a letter of [24 April 1845] , he felt he ought to be both …
  • … of his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845. At Lyell’s recommendation, …
  • … the original publisher, to John Murray, and throughout 1845 Darwin worked hard to provide manuscript …
  • … on board the Beagle  back to Tierra del Fuego. By 1845, Darwin was in full command of a …
  • … Distribution’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 February 1845] ) and quick to make use of the young …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). Although Darwin did not usually …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … on Instinct [F. G. Cuvier 1822] read Flourens Edit [Flourens 1845] read L. Jenyns paper on …
  • … 1834–9] Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle 1845] (read) Keppells(?) voyage to Borneo …
  • … Exploring Expedition towards the Rocky Mountains [Frémont 1845]. (amusing extracts). perhaps for …
  • … America  by A. Downing Wiley & Putnam. 14 s . [Downing 1845] (Brit. Museum) (read) good …
  • … [DAR *119: 22] Eyeres Travels [E. J. Eyre 1845] very amusing Tschudi’s Travels in …
  • … Campbells Lives of Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] last vol. Ludlows Memoirs …
  • … Murchisons Russia [Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845] (read) Agassiz’s Works …
  • … Wilkes Expedition.  £ 3. 3 s  [Wilkes 1845] order at L. Library. read Botanical Soc. of …
  • … Soc. of Neuchatel on Jura. 1846, or 7, or 8 [?Marcou 1845]. 46   Morris  good for me.— …
  • … 1853] Vol. V of Campbells Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays …
  • … [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1832–7] Wilkes [Wilkes 1845]. Voyage Vol I. to V Apr …
  • … May. Blanco White. Auto-biography [Blanco y Crespo 1845].— 24 Improvisatore [Andersen 1845] …
  • … Aug. 5 th  Lyells Travels in N. America [Lyell 1845] Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. …
  • … Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845].— 20 D r  Badham insect Life …
  • … Feb 6 Explanations by Author of Vestiges [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 …
  • … [Twamley 1844] —— Whewell on Education [Whewell 1845–52]. Dec: 26. Watson History of …
  • … [Heber 1828] —— 31 Kitto on Deafness [Kitto 1845] —— the French in Algiers [Lamping …
  • … 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] (half through) —— 24 Steenstrup …
  • … th  Elie de Beaumont Lecons Geologie [Élie de Beaumont 1845] skimmed. June 17 th . Downing …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 3, letter to Charles Lyell, 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … hundred letters from Darwin, from his first negotiations in 1845 until his final years. Although …
  • … came to discuss a second edition, probably at the end of 1845, Darwin was not happy with Colburn’s …
  • … Colonial Library in three monthly parts (July to September 1845) before being reissued in a single …
  • … you have transacted the business with me’ (27 August [1845] Letter 908 ). Thus began the business …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … character), determined to stay with the Fuegians’ (Darwin 1845, p. 223). When all seemed well the …
  • … just in time to save his life’, Darwin recorded (Darwin 1845, p. 226). Matthews was back on …
  • … death in 1893. References: Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … interest in the problem, and had experienced the 1845 potato blight that destroyed much of the …
  • … vol. 3, letter to J. S. Henslow, 28 October [1845] ). He was aware of Torbitt’s ambitions, having …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … often visit Darwin and say ‘Poor, poor fellow!’ (Darwin 1845, p. 207). When Orundellico …
  • … lamented ‘so complete and grievous a change ’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228). The clean, stout lad was now ‘ …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a penny from Colburn, Darwin had few scruples when, in 1845, at Lyell’s suggestion, he asked whether …
  • … were issued separately between late June and late August 1845, with the slightly amended title …

Second species sketch

Summary

Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842 …

George Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … bears a double interpretation) some days on board’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228 n.).  Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In the course of discussions about species in the autumn of 1845, his close friend Joseph Dalton …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … family had increased by five: George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July 1847; Francis, …
  • … her familiar name. [64] George Howard Darwin, born 1845. [65] Joseph Parslow, butler …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Bartholomew James Sulivan

Summary

On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to his old friend, Charles Darwin, commiserating on shared ill-health, glorying in the achievements of their children, offering to collect plant specimens, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … distinguished. He saw action at the siege of Montevideo in 1845 when British and French naval forces …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of New Zealand in 1843, but was relieved of this post in 1845 after he worsened (through his support …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In 1980, two …