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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To Charles Lyell   25 August [1845]

Summary

Discusses the power of land covered with snow to radiate heat.

Criticises CL’s discussion of slavery [in Travels in North America (1845)]. A review of CL’s book is in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Mentions John Lindley’s views on carbonic acid gas and extinction;

refers to the discussion of multiple and single creations in Humboldt’s Kosmos.

The origin of volcanic craters of elevation.

There is a popular demand for a new edition of Principles.

Praises palaeobotanical work of C. J. F. Bunbury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Aug [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-905

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   25 August [1845] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.45) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Aug [1845] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … See letter from Charles Lyell, [after 2 August 1845] , n.  6, for CD’s meetings with him. …
  • … Bibliography Humboldt, Alexander von. 1845–62. Kosmos. Entwurf einer physischen …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Lyell, Charles. 1847. Principles of geology; …
  • … of slavery [in Travels in North America (1845)]. A review of CL’s book is in Gardeners’ …
  • … acid-gas theory. See letter to Charles Lyell, [30 July – 2 August 1845], n.  9. Gardeners’ …
  • … Agricultural Gazette , no. 33, 16 August 1845, p.  563. The discussion of the causes of …
  • … of researches 2d ed. , pp.  173–6. See letter to Charles Lyell, [5 July 1845] , n.   …
  • … 5. Humboldt 1845–62 . Volcanic islands , pp.  93–6; Journal of researches 2d ed. , pp.   …
  • … Agricultural Gazette , no. 34, 23 August 1845, p.  578. John Lindley, the editor, upheld …

To Charles Lyell   [5 July 1845]

Summary

Sends the first part of Journal of researches [2d ed.]. Explains his dedication of book to CL. Describes revisions.

Has received CL’s book [Travels in North America, 2 vols. (1845)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [5 July 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-882

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [5 July 1845] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.43) Charles Robert Darwin Down [5 July 1845] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … Describes revisions. Has received CL’s book [ Travels in North America , 2 vols. (1845)]. …
  • … of Journal of researches 2d ed. on 3 July (see letter to John Murray, [3 July 1845] ). See …
  • … letter to John Murray, [31 May 1845] , n.  2. Journal of researches , pp.  268–98; 2d …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal of researches …
  • … The Lyells were to depart on 2 September 1845 for a second visit to the United States. …

From Charles Lyell   [after 2 August 1845]

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Summary

CD’s criticism of his book [Travels in North America (1845)].

Compares invertebrate animals of Tasmania and England.

Mentions views of C. J. F. Bunbury on climate of the Carboniferous period.

Robert Brown says Australian flora has the widest range.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 2 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 281
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-901

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Charles Lyell   [after 2 August 1845] …
  • … 205.3: 281 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet unstated [after 2 Aug 1845] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of his book [ Travels in North America (1845)]. Compares invertebrate animals of Tasmania …
  • … the home of Leonard Horner, on 23 November 1845. Bunbury records: “He avowed himself to …

To Charles Lyell   8 October [1845]

Summary

Discusses American Negroes and their parasitic lice. Henry Denny’s need for lice specimens.

Discusses effects of racial crosses in man.

Describes his trip to Yorkshire.

Comments on Sedgwick’s review [of Vestiges of creation].

Mentions Humboldt’s Kosmos. Criticises Humboldt’s geology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-919

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   8 October [1845] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.46) Charles Robert Darwin Shrewsbury 8 Oct [1845] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … which was completed in 1840. Sedgwick 1845, an attack on the transformist views put …
  • … is analysed in Egerton 1970–1 . Humboldt 1845–8 , translated by Augustin Prichard. Volume …
  • … 1: 176–83. Humboldt, Alexander von. 1845–8. Kosmos; a general survey of the physical …

To Charles Lyell   [8 February 1845]

Summary

Remarks on fossils described in A. D. d’Orbigny’s Voyage dans l’Amérique méridionale.

Asks CL whether he has talked with John Murray concerning 2d ed. [of Journal of researches].

Mentions conversation with Hugh Cuming about South American shells. Has had G. B. Sowerby (elder) look at some specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [8 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-824

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [8 February 1845] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.42) Charles Robert Darwin Down [8 Feb 1845] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … account for Journal of researches 2d ed. , see letter to G.  B. Sowerby, [May 1845] . …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal of researches …

To Charles Lyell   [30 July – 2 August 1845]

Summary

Comments extensively on CL’s book [Travels in North America (1845)]. Lyell’s views on slavery, the clergy, education, and coalfields. Has difficulty in tracing Lyell’s course. Comments on geological portions, especially CL’s comparisons of living and fossil organisms to those of South America and Tasmania; animal formation of carbonic acid and effects of vegetable decay; Indians’ use of lumber. Discusses water-borne transportation of wood, fruit, and seeds. Notes distribution of Arctic flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [30 July – 2 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-899

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [30 July – 2 August 1845] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.44) Charles Robert Darwin Down [30 July – 2 Aug 1845] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … on CL’s book [ Travels in North America (1845)]. Lyell’s views on slavery, the clergy, …
  • … wrote ‘(Saturday)’. Saturday, 2 August 1845, seems to be the date that the second number …
  • … July. See letter to Charles Lyell, [5 July 1845] . C.  Lyell 1845a. Though he criticised …
  • … RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. …

To Charles Lyell   21 April [1856]

Summary

Speculates about cause of inclination in unusual columns of lava. Suggests CL check with William Hopkins about sliding movements in viscid matter.

Comments on CL’s expedition to Madeira.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.126)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1855

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Forbes, James David. 1845. Travels through the Alps of Savoy and …
  • … several diagrams similar to the one in this letter in J.  D. Forbes 1845 , pp.  368–436. …
  • … the physical properties of glaciers in 1845 and considered that they moved primarily …

To Charles Lyell   12 September [1860]

Summary

Additional response, at length, to CL’s criticisms of natural selection. Comments on failure of rodents to develop in Australia. Argues that most species become extinct and do not develop. Discusses variability, especially variability of rudimentary organs. Extinction among ammonites. Survival of Ornithorhynchus. Descent of marsupials and placentals. Emphasises embryological argument for descent of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.226)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2915

Matches: 3 hits

  • … John Murray. 1859. White, Joseph Blanco. 1845. The life of the Rev. Joseph Blanco White. …
  • … Blanco White’s autobiography ( White 1845 ): I would advise every scientific man who is …
  • … aunt Jessie de Sismondi, dated 27 August 1845; it is printed in Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 96. …

To Charles Lyell   [7 March 1847]

Summary

Has received copy of CL’s Principles [7th ed.].

Comments on reading Annales des sciences naturelles.

David Milne’s and Robert Chambers’ views on Glen Roy.

Mentions sales of South America.

Describes visit to his father at Shrewsbury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [7 Mar 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1070

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 4, Appendix IV), he recorded on 25 December 1845: Annales des Sciences Nat Tom 1. to 30 (1 …
  • … visit to the United States of America during 1845 and 1846. David Milne had read the first …

To Charles Lyell   [2 June 1847]

Summary

Comments on correspondence between CL and Whewell [concerning university reform].

Criticises S. G. Morton’s "Hybridity in animals" [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 3 (1847): 39–50, 203–12].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [2 June 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.60)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1093

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 2d ed. 4 vols. Paris. Whewell, William. 1845. Of a liberal education in general; and with …
  • … universities in his Travels in North America (C.  Lyell 1845). William Whewell, master …
  • … Cambridge, published a reply ( Whewell 1845 , ch. 2, sec. 2) and wrote a letter of …

To Charles Lyell   8 [September 1847]

Summary

Discusses David Milne’s Glen Roy paper ["On the parallel roads of Lochaber", Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 16 (1849): 395–418]. Rejects Milne’s theory that outlet of Glen Roy is blocked by detritus. Impressed by Milne’s discovery of an outlet at the level of the second shelf. Believes this strengthens theory that lakes were formed by glacier blocking Glen Roy. Offers arguments against glacier theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 [Sept 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 50: C3–C6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1116

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Bravais, Auguste. 1845. On the lines of ancient level of the sea in Finmark. …
  • … and Collected papers 1: 111–13. Bravais 1845 , in which Auguste Bravais stated the need …
  • … 1849, p.  396, which refers to Bravais 1845 . James Clark, physician to Queen Victoria and …

To Charles Lyell   [1 September 1844]

Summary

Asks about CL’s new book [Travels in North America (1845)].

Discusses views of A. D. d’Orbigny on elevation.

Mentions reading W. H. Prescott [History of the conquest of Mexico (1843)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [1 Sept 1844]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-773

Matches: 1 hit

  • … CL’s new book [ Travels in North America (1845)]. Discusses views of A. D. d’Orbigny on …

To Charles Lyell   [November–December 1851]

Summary

Detailed critique of CL’s A manual of elementary geology [3d ed. (1851), used in editing 4th ed. (1852)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [Nov–Dec 1851]
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1384

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal of researches …
  • … in Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845, 1: 297–324. On the letter Lyell inserted ‘5 …
  • … to Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845 and Murchison 1854  but did not add to his …

To Charles Lyell   27 [December 1859]

Summary

Mentions William Clift ["Report in regard to the fossil bones found in New Holland", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 10 (1830–1): 394–6].

Discusses relations between fossil and living types.

Discusses Hooker’s introductory essay [in Flora Tasmaniae]. Criticises Hooker’s views on flora of rising and sinking islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  27 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.187)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2608

Matches: 2 hits

  • … CD cited both the first (1839) and second (1845) editions of Journal of researches . Owen …
  • … are diag Large 8 vo Edit 1839 Murrays Edit. 1845. — p.  210 … … . p 173 On Succession p.   …

To Charles Lyell   21 February [1865]

Summary

Belated thanks to CL for copy of Elements. Praises CL’s work. Notes especially Atlantic continents, the Weald, the Purbeck beds, glacial action, and the formation of lake-basins.

Also mentions account of Heer’s work

and CD’s disagreement with J. D. Forbes.

Suggests that CL have Murray print a two-volume edition [of the Elements].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.306)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4775

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Forbes, Edward. 1845. On the distribution of endemic plants, more …
  • … of plants and animals (see E.  Forbes 1845  and 1846, and Browne 1983 , pp.  115–17). …

From Charles Lyell to T. H. Huxley   17 June 1859

Summary

Extended discussion of their respective difficulties with the definition and status of species and with the extent to which the theory of transmutation may be applied.

Has rediscovered S. S. Haldeman’s 1844 paper defending the transmutation theory with great skill.

Asks for reference to Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire’s first enunciation of the progressive development and transmutation theory.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  17 June 1859
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 6: 20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2469A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … second visit to North America, from September 1845 to June 1846 (K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: …
  • … of his two Essays— I knew Haldeman in 1845 a good conchologist— Do look at his paper—“on …

From Charles Lyell   23 April 1855

Summary

CL would like to put Joachim Barrande on the Royal Society’s foreign list. Of French geologists and palaeontologists, he is the man who has made the greatest sacrifices and produced the greatest results.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1855
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 6: 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1672

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Histoire des progrès de la géologie de 1834 à 1845. 8 vols. Paris. Barrande, Joachim, et …

To Charles Lyell   [16 June 1848]

Summary

Comments on Ann Susan Horner’s escape in a dangerous incident at sea.

Compares addresses by William Buckland and CL, delivered at recent meeting of the Geological Society.

Discusses the views on Glen Roy in Chambers’ Ancient sea-margins [1848].

Speculates that Chambers wrote Vestiges [of creation (1844)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [16 June 1848]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.73)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1186

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 28). See Correspondence vol.  3, letters to J.  D. Hooker, [7 January 1845], and to W.   …
  • … D. Fox, [24 April 1845], for CD’s response to the book; for his guess that Chambers was …

To Charles Lyell   [11 October 1847]

Summary

Discusses enclosed figures on elevation of terraces in several Scottish glens as surveyed by William Kemp and David Stevenson. Comments on Robert Chambers’ view of the terraces. Mentions a letter on the terraces, originally written for publication, which he has asked Robert Jameson [editor of the Edinburgh New Philos. J.] to destroy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [11 Oct 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.64)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1126

Matches: 1 hit

  • … by Robert Jameson. Probably Hall and Wyman 1845–7, on the geological position in which the …

From Robert Bastard James to Charles Lyell   [c. 10 March 1838]

Summary

Sends four samples of dust blown on board his ship from the coast of Africa, nearly 400 miles away, during four days in March 1838. Gives careful descriptions and relates the tests he made of it [see Collected papers 1: 200].

Author:  Robert Bastard James
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [c. 10 Mar 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 168: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-405

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in the Atlantic Ocean’, read on 4 June 1845 at the Geological Society ( Collected papers …
Document type
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Correspondent
Date
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1842 (1)
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1845 (6)
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1847 (6)
1848 (1)
1849 (3)
1851 (1)
1855 (1)
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1859 (4)
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20 Items

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Species theory In November 1845, Charles Darwin wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph …
  • …  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the ‘little zoology’ …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845, having already provided corrections in …
  • … vice-presidents in 1844 and remaining on the council from 1845 onwards; he was a conscientious …
  • … attacked the work vehemently in the  Edinburgh Review  (1845), while other colleagues like Edward …
  • … his cousin William Darwin Fox in a letter of [24 April 1845] , he felt he ought to be both …
  • … of his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845. At Lyell’s recommendation, …
  • … the original publisher, to John Murray, and throughout 1845 Darwin worked hard to provide manuscript …
  • … on board the Beagle  back to Tierra del Fuego. By 1845, Darwin was in full command of a …
  • … Distribution’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 February 1845] ) and quick to make use of the young …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). Although Darwin did not usually …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … on Instinct [F. G. Cuvier 1822] read Flourens Edit [Flourens 1845] read L. Jenyns paper on …
  • … 1834–9] Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle 1845] (read) Keppells(?) voyage to Borneo …
  • … Exploring Expedition towards the Rocky Mountains [Frémont 1845]. (amusing extracts). perhaps for …
  • … America  by A. Downing Wiley & Putnam. 14 s . [Downing 1845] (Brit. Museum) (read) good …
  • … [DAR *119: 22] Eyeres Travels [E. J. Eyre 1845] very amusing Tschudi’s Travels in …
  • … Campbells Lives of Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] last vol. Ludlows Memoirs …
  • … Murchisons Russia [Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845] (read) Agassiz’s Works …
  • … Wilkes Expedition.  £ 3. 3 s  [Wilkes 1845] order at L. Library. read Botanical Soc. of …
  • … Soc. of Neuchatel on Jura. 1846, or 7, or 8 [?Marcou 1845]. 46   Morris  good for me.— …
  • … 1853] Vol. V of Campbells Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays …
  • … [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1832–7] Wilkes [Wilkes 1845]. Voyage Vol I. to V Apr …
  • … May. Blanco White. Auto-biography [Blanco y Crespo 1845].— 24 Improvisatore [Andersen 1845] …
  • … Aug. 5 th  Lyells Travels in N. America [Lyell 1845] Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. …
  • … Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845].— 20 D r  Badham insect Life …
  • … Feb 6 Explanations by Author of Vestiges [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 …
  • … [Twamley 1844] —— Whewell on Education [Whewell 1845–52]. Dec: 26. Watson History of …
  • … [Heber 1828] —— 31 Kitto on Deafness [Kitto 1845] —— the French in Algiers [Lamping …
  • … 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] (half through) —— 24 Steenstrup …
  • … th  Elie de Beaumont Lecons Geologie [Élie de Beaumont 1845] skimmed. June 17 th . Downing …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 3, letter to Charles Lyell, 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … hundred letters from Darwin, from his first negotiations in 1845 until his final years. Although …
  • … came to discuss a second edition, probably at the end of 1845, Darwin was not happy with Colburn’s …
  • … Colonial Library in three monthly parts (July to September 1845) before being reissued in a single …
  • … you have transacted the business with me’ (27 August [1845] Letter 908 ). Thus began the business …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … character), determined to stay with the Fuegians’ (Darwin 1845, p. 223). When all seemed well the …
  • … just in time to save his life’, Darwin recorded (Darwin 1845, p. 226). Matthews was back on …
  • … death in 1893. References: Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … interest in the problem, and had experienced the 1845 potato blight that destroyed much of the …
  • … vol. 3, letter to J. S. Henslow, 28 October [1845] ). He was aware of Torbitt’s ambitions, having …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … often visit Darwin and say ‘Poor, poor fellow!’ (Darwin 1845, p. 207). When Orundellico …
  • … lamented ‘so complete and grievous a change ’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228). The clean, stout lad was now ‘ …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a penny from Colburn, Darwin had few scruples when, in 1845, at Lyell’s suggestion, he asked whether …
  • … were issued separately between late June and late August 1845, with the slightly amended title …

George Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born …

Second species sketch

Summary

Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842 …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … bears a double interpretation) some days on board’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228 n.).  Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

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  • … In the course of discussions about species in the autumn of 1845, his close friend Joseph Dalton …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

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  • … family had increased by five: George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July 1847; Francis, …
  • … her familiar name. [64] George Howard Darwin, born 1845. [65] Joseph Parslow, butler …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Bartholomew James Sulivan

Summary

On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to his old friend, Charles Darwin, commiserating on shared ill-health, glorying in the achievements of their children, offering to collect plant specimens, and…

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  • … distinguished. He saw action at the siege of Montevideo in 1845 when British and French naval forces …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

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  • … of New Zealand in 1843, but was relieved of this post in 1845 after he worsened (through his support …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

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  • … and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In 1980, two …