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To Charles Lyell   [5 and 7 October 1842]

Summary

Cancelled: same as DCP-LETT-649. Discusses growth of various species of coral. Explains significance of dead reefs.

Describes meeting of the Council of the Geological Society; the controversy involving Edward Charlesworth.

Mentions conversations with William Lonsdale about Lonsdale’s work on corals and the financial support for his work.

Murchison’s views on glaciation in Wales.

Agassiz’s observations at Glen Roy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 and 7 Oct 1842
Classmark:  CUL DAR 146: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [5 and 7 October 1842] …
  • … CUL DAR 146: 149 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Oct 1842 7 …
  • … Oct 1842 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …

To Charles Lyell   [5 and 7 October 1842]

Summary

Discusses growth of various species of coral. Explains significance of dead reefs.

Describes meeting of the Council of the Geological Society; the controversy involving Edward Charlesworth.

Mentions conversations with William Lonsdale about Lonsdale’s work on corals and the financial support for his work.

Murchison’s views on glaciation in Wales.

Agassiz’s observations at Glen Roy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 and 7 Oct 1842
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-649

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [5 and 7 October 1842] …
  • … American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.28) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Oct 1842 7 …
  • … Oct 1842 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … by Louis Agassiz and James David Forbes. L.  Agassiz 1842, pp.  236–7 and plate 4. …
  • … Darwin. Philosophical Magazine 3d ser. 21 (1842): 180–8. [ Shorter publications , pp. 140– …
  • … 1837 , n.  9). See letter to Anne Susan Horner, [4 October 1842] , n.  4. See letter to …
  • … W.  H. Fitton, 23 June 1842 . For R.  I. Murchison’s disbelief in Welsh glaciers see …

To Charles Lyell   [September–December 1842]

Summary

Discusses relationship of subsidence to the formation of coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [Sept–Dec 1842]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-605

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [September–December 1842] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 [Sept–Dec 1842] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … for CD’s coral theory. See CD’s letter to Charles Maclaren, [15 November–December 1842]. …
  • … Charles Maclaren, [15 November – December 1842] , and Journal of researches, 2d ed. , p.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Lyell had returned from America (August 1842) and had discussed CD’s Coral reefs with him. …
  • … Charles Maclaren, [15 November–December 1842], and makes it probable that CD revised his …

To Charles Lyell   [November–December 1842]

Summary

Believes "absurd letter" hastily read at last Geological Society Council meeting was from Charlesworth’s solicitor. Suggests that it may have been sent to entrap the Council and that it should be read over carefully.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [Nov–Dec 1842]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 7381(i))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-653

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [November–December 1842] …
  • … RP 7381(i)) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [Nov–Dec 1842] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, [5 and 7 October 1842] for CD’s account of Charlesworth’s efforts …
  • … the letter to Austen mentioned in the letter to Charles Lyell, [5 and 7 October 1842] . …

To Charles Lyell   18 [June 1858]

Summary

Encloses MS by A. R. Wallace. CD has been forestalled. " . . . if Wallace had my MS sketch written out in 1842 he could not have made a better short abstract!" Wallace does not say if he wishes CD to publish MS, but CD will offer to send it to journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 [June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.152)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2285

Matches: 4 hits

  • … if Wallace had my MS sketch written out in 1842 he could not have made a better short …
  • … of the Origin of Species. Two essays written in 1842 and 1844 by Charles Darwin. Edited by …
  • … if Wallace had my M.S.  sketch written out in 1842 he could not have made a better short …
  • … theory of natural selection, written in 1842, was expanded into a longer version in 1844 ( …

To Charles Lyell   14 August [1863]

Summary

Congratulates CL on finding Arctic shells.

Comments on paper by E. B. Hunt ["On the origin, growth, substructure and chronology of the Florida reef", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 197–210].

Mentions J. D. Dana’s health.

George Bentham’s statement on species [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1863): xi–xxix].

Praises Bates’s book [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.296)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4267

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin. Philosophical Magazine 3d ser. 21 (1842): 180–8. [ Shorter publications , pp. 140– …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … had pursued fieldwork on Moel Tryfan in 1842 but had not found shells ( ‘Ancient glaciers …
  • … Coral reefs . Coral reefs was published in 1842. See also Correspondence , vol.  2. Dana’s …
  • … Wales on eight occasions between 1818 and 1842 ( Freeman 1978 ). On 8 October 1863, Emily …

To Charles Lyell   [9 March 1841]

Summary

Defends his theory [in "Parallel roads of Glen Roy" (1839), Collected papers 1: 87–137] against the view that the "roads" were formed by glacial action.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [9 Mar 1841]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-594

Matches: 3 hits

  • … produced the beaches (see L.  Agassiz 1842). Channels at the heads of the valleys marked …
  • … outlets were blocked by ice (L.  Agassiz 1842, pp.  237–8). Agassiz had argued that the …
  • … to repeated elevation (L.  Agassiz 1842, p.  237). However, Lyell in Scandinavia, and CD …

From Charles Lyell   30 September 1861

Summary

Asks for copy of CD’s paper ["Ancient glaciers of Caernarvonshire", Collected papers 1: 163–71]. Gathers that drift of Moel Tryfan is glacial.

Believes Glen Roy roads formed later than submergence of Scotland.

Asks CD’s opinion concerning relative chronology of various glacial deposits, particularly a flint tool find in the Ouse River near Bedford.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Sept 1861
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.112/2813-16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3270

Matches: 3 hits

  • … s last—vol.  33 Edinb. Phil. Journ.  1842    if you have I shall be very glad of it— if …
  • … Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 33 (1842): 352–63. The paper originally appeared in …
  • … Magazine and Journal of Science 21 (1842): 180–8 ( Collected papers 1: 163–71). Thomas …

To Charles Lyell   25 June [1856]

Summary

Criticises at length the concept of submerged continents attaching islands to the mainland in the recent period. Notes drastic alteration of geography required, the dissimilar species on opposite shores of continents, and differences between volcanic islands and mountains of mainland areas. Admits sea-bed subsidence, but not enough to engulf continents. Denies that theory can explain island flora and fauna.

Considers Edward Forbes’s idea a check on study of dissemination of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.132)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1910

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Charles Lyell, [September – December 1842]). He also commented on the subsidence required …
  • … Charles Maclaren, [15 November – December 1842] ( Correspondence vol.  2). Andrew Crombie …

From Charles Lyell   25 September 1860

Summary

Returns "excellent" MS in which CD favours hybrid origin of domestic dog, which CL believes strengthens case for common progenitor of wild species.

Doubts CD’s authorities for antiquity of dingo.

Variation will raise many points for investigation.

"Leporine" hare–rabbit hybrid should be investigated.

Has re-read passages in Origin that CD suggested.

Annals of Natural History would probably reprint Gray’s review of Origin at their own expense.

CD’s thought that modern reptiles could not develop into existing Mammalia but only into another high form is a "grand notion" compatible with "the infinite capacity of the creative power".

Comments on New Guinea marsupials.

Still thinks that the Australian genera and species are so well fitted for extraordinary droughts that they would get the better of the dingo.

Suggests that once there were more races of man, though from common stock. Competition and then hybridity checked divergence.

Falconer’s views on elephant classification. CL attaches little value to Falconer’s objection that mastodons and elephants do not come in chronologically, as they should in CD’s view.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 3–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2927A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Lyell, 23 [September 1860] . Göppert 1842 . See Anca 1860 . Falconer was engaged in an …
  • … 1858): 81–4. Göppert, Heinrich Robert. 1842. Beobachtungen über das sogenannte Ueberwallen …
  • … by Göppert Überwallung der Tannenstöche, Bonn 1842, where silver fir borrows from roots of …

From Charles Lyell   30 November 1860

Summary

Satisfied that CD finds his conjectured rate of elevation and long periods of stasis reasonable, even if these periods cannot be estimated. Explaining upheaval by subterranean lava flow makes these pauses plausible. Suspects that mountainous areas move more than lowland and coastal areas. General upheavals or subsidence in Europe in glacial period are unlikely. Believes with Jamieson that there was glacial action in Scotland before its submergence and that it was equally mountainous then. Subterranean upheaval visits different countries by turn. Horizontal Silurian strata must have been submerged and upheaved. Rest has always been the general surface character. Believes, however, that the quantity of late Tertiary movement is against CD’s belief in the constancy of continents and oceans: perhaps since the Miocene period, but not since the Cretaceous.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 49–57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3001A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … CD’s Coral reefs was published in 1842. For his discussion with Lyell of the growth of …

To Charles Lyell   [19 February 1840]

Summary

Remarks on his illness and treatment.

Discusses MS [of Coral reefs] and changes in his view of coral reefs since Journal of researches. Mentions C. G. Ehrenberg’s observations on coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [19 Feb 1840]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-554

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. 1834. …
  • … 539–69. Coral reefs was not published until May 1842. C.  Lyell 1840. Christian Gottfried …

From Charles Lyell   [1 July 1856]

Summary

To cast doubt on CD’s view that volcanic action is associated with elevation of land, CL suggests that local oscillations in strata underlying volcanoes could also explain how active volcanoes have uplifted fossil deposits of marine shells. Overall he is more inclined to believe that recent volcanoes belong to areas of subsidence rather than of elevation.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 July 1856]
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1915A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in Wilson ed. 1970, pp.  110–14. Coral reefs (1842), pp.  140–2, ‘On the absence of active …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Lyell, Charles. 1830–3. Principles of …

From Charles Lyell   [9 April 1843]

Summary

Spoke to Henry Warburton, W. H. Fitton, and E. B. Greenough on CD’s idea of a Government grant for publication [not identified].

Will read at next meeting his paper on erect Nova Scotia fossil trees [Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond. 4 (1843–5): 176–8].

E. P. Halstead reports on shores rising off Burma and Bay of Bengal.

Unpacking his U. S. fossils.

Phillips looked at beds below coal in Pennsylvania. Result is the usual different species found but with complete representation of forms.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 Apr 1843]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 81, 205.9: 393
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-670

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Halsted, Edward Pellew. 1841. Report on …
  • … Pellew Halsted spent the years 1839 to 1842 in the East Indies and China. See also Halsted …

To Charles Lyell   10 September [1861]

Summary

Absence of organic remains in many deposits.

Discusses presence of marine animals near icebergs.

Comments on former geological state of England.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.263)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3249

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Magazine and Journal of Science 21 (1842): 180–8 ( Collected papers 1: 163–71). The …
  • … Geological Society of London 2d ser.  6 (1842): 415–31 ( Collected papers 1: 145–63). In …

From Charles Lyell   17 June 1856

Summary

CD forgets an author [CD himself in Coral reefs] "who, by means of atolls, contrived to submerge archipelagoes (or continents?), the mountains of which must originally have differed from each other in height 8,000 (or 10,000?) feet".

CL begins to think that all continents and oceans are chiefly post-Eocene, but he admits that it is questionable how far one is at liberty to call up continents "to convey a Helix from the United States to Europe in Miocene or Pliocene periods".

Will CD explain why the land and marine shells of Porto Santo and Madeira differ while the plants so nearly agree?

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June 1856
Classmark:  DAR 146: 475
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1905

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … floor of the ocean subsided ( Coral reefs (1842)). Adam Sedgwick. The faluns of Touraine …

From Charles Lyell   18 September 1860

Summary

It is strange that Agassiz, who is for the "sanctity of species", should favour Pallas’s view of hybrid origin of domestic dog.

CL has not meant to advocate successive creation of types but to question assumption that all mammals descended from single stock. Why should a Triassic reptile or bird not move towards mammalian form because an ancestral marsupial has appeared? Believes recent appearance of rodents and bats in Australia explains their lack of development.

Can CD supply a reference on plant extinction on St Helena?

Believes marsupials better adapted for surviving drought in Australia than higher mammals.

Will not press argument about lack of development of mammalian forms on islands, but CD should note objection.

Does CD’s belief in multiple origin of dogs affect faith in single primates in different regions?

Does time lapse between putative independently descended mammalian forms mean first form will "keep down" later incipient one? Thus Homo sapiens has prevented improvement of other anthropomorphs; bats and rodents on islands would prevent improvement of lower forms into mammalian.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Sept 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VI, pp. 187–95d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2920C

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Göppert, Heinrich Robert. 1842. Beobachtungen über das sogenannte …
  • … Owen 1846a, p.  197. Lyell refers to Göppert 1842 . See the letter to Charles Lyell, 23 [ …

To Charles Lyell   4 December [1849]

Summary

Discusses J. D. Dana’s Geology [1849]. Pleased that the part on corals confirms his views [Coral reefs (1842)]. Discusses Dana’s observation that in Sandwich Islands lava streams often join dikes at right angles with no cone. Retracts earlier denial of this possibility. Criticises Dana’s view of Australian valleys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 Dec [1849]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.85)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1275

Matches: 1 hit

  • … on corals confirms his views [ Coral reefs (1842)]. Discusses Dana’s observation that in …

To Charles Lyell   [25 June 1858]

Summary

Everything in Wallace’s sketch also appears in CD’s sketch of 1844. A year ago CD sent a short sketch of his views to Asa Gray. Can CD honourably publish his sketch now that Wallace has sent outline of his views? "I would far rather burn my whole book than that he or any man shd. think that I had behaved in a paltry spirit." Does not believe Wallace originated his views from anything CD wrote to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [25 June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.153)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2294

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Origin of Species. Two essays written in 1842 and 1844 by Charles Darwin. Edited by …

To Charles Lyell   [3 November 1869]

Summary

Takes "much to heart" solar evidence for short age of the earth. Cites evidence for "long endurance of our existing continents". Comments on process of denudation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [3 Nov 1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.346)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5974

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Herbert, Sandra. 2005. Charles Darwin, …
Document type
letter (38)
Correspondent
Date
1840 (1)
1841 (2)
1842 (4)
1843 (2)
1845 (1)
1847 (1)
1849 (1)
1856 (4)
1858 (3)
1859 (2)
1860 (7)
1861 (4)
1863 (1)
1866 (1)
1867 (1)
1869 (2)
1874 (1)
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Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 16 miles off.— To E. C. Darwin,  [24 July 1842] Charles and Emma Darwin, with …
  • … of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of …
  • … To his sister, Catherine Darwin,  [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and writing from home. Although when he moved to Downe in 1842 he described this part of Kent as …
  • … death of a baby daughter only a few weeks after her birth in 1842 had a far more limited impact on …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ever geological field trip, a return visit to North Wales in 1842, Darwin wrote that the signs of …
  • … [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, [c. 28 June 1842] To Charles Lyell, [5 and …

Natural Selection: the trouble with terminology Part I

Summary

Darwin encountered problems with the term ‘natural selection’ even before Origin appeared.  Everyone from the Harvard botanist Asa Gray to his own publisher came up with objections. Broadly these divided into concerns either that its meaning simply wasn’t…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … heading in the earliest outline of his theory written in 1842 , and, as he told Asa Gray in …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … Illustrations of the Domestic animals of Gt. Britain [D. Low 1842].— 23  must be read carefully. …
  • … Erasmus—— Lavater. Life & Correspondence [?Heisch 1842] Coleridge. Literary …
  • … Cicero [Middleton 1741] W. Meister’s Life [Goethe 1842].— Malcolm’s History of Persia …
  • … [DAR *119: 15] Zanoni by Bulwer [Bulwer-Lytton 1842]. Life of D. of Marlborough [A. …
  • … organs read A. Alison on Population. 2 vols. Feb. 1842 [A. Alison 1840].— Youatt in …
  • … 1836]: worth looking at. Low has probably told all [D. Low 1842] Madras Journal [ Madras …
  • … Soc. appears to be good Papers on Sewalik Fossils in 1842 [Cautley 1840 and Cautley and Falconer …
  • … Read “Bronn’s Geschicte der Natur.” [Bronn 1842–3] Kingdons translat …
  • … Jussieus introduct to Bot. price 6 s  [Jussieu 1842] [DAR *119: 20v.] …
  • … Cerealia [Loiseleur Deslongchamps 1842–3] Phytologist [ …
  • … (List from Muller & Bronn [Müller 1837–42 and Bronn 1842–3] in this Book) 52 Royle …
  • … . Smollets William & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs …
  • … —— 17 th  Laing notes of a Traveller 1 vol [Laing 1842] —— Finished Wordsworth 6 vols. …
  • … such  instincts .— [DAR 119: 12b] 1842 March. 26 th  Holcroft’s Memoirs …
  • … [Hyde 1704] Feb. Vol. of Madame D’Arblay [Burney 1842–6] Mar 1. Lieut. Eyres Narrative …
  • … nothing —— Doubleday on Population [Doubleday 1842] —— Ramond’s voyage in Pyrenees …
  • … 1774] —— F. Bremer’s little novels [Bremer 1842, 1843b, 1844a, 1844c] March 7 th  M …
  • … 1839] 14 th  Arnolds lectures on History [Arnold 1842] —— History of Civilization by …
  • … very poor Oct 1 Owen on Mylodon Robustus [R. Owen 1842]. References at end. 7 th . …
  • … June 8 th  Wilson Voyage Round Scotland [J. Wilson 1842] (poor) M. Gerard sur l’Espece …
  • … [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 d . Vol [DAR 119: 16b] …
  • … [M. G. Lewis 1834] Nov 7. Life of Lavater [?Heisch 1842] —— 25. M rs . Meredith. N.S …
  • … April VI & VII. vol. of Madame d’Arblay [Burney 1842–6]. —— 15 th . Phillip’s life of W …
  • … —— Jussieu. Cours Elementaire Botanique [Jussieu 1842] —— Transactions of Amer. Philosoph Soc …
  • … des Naturalistes de Moscou ]. Vols for 1833, 1837, 1838, 1842, 43, 44—not all these latter vols: …
  • … 17 th  Thompson’s Birds of Ireland [W. Thompson 1842] Part I. Sept. 17. Sir J. Ross. Voyage …
  • … Nov. 15 th  Wilson Voyage. Scotland [J. Wilson 1842] —— Southey. Book of the Church [R. W. …
  • … Keppell. 1853 [Keppel 1853] Dickens America [Dickens 1842] Thackerays Lectures on …
  • … et exp. pages 248. 8 vo [Loiseleur Deslongchamps 1842–3] Linn. Soc.? must be read.— not in Royal. …
  • … of Indies [Acosta 1604].— Report, Brit. Assoc.  1842 . Richardson N.Z. Fish [J. Richardson …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … their first child, William Erasmus, was born. In September 1842, the family, now increased by a …
  • … and explore new avenues of thought, and by the summer of 1842 he felt that his research had …
  • … of species  was published, but the general outline of 1842 is, to a surprising degree, present in …
  • … far from their original locations. The following year, 1842, having heard of evidence of glaciation …
  • … research required. The trip to North Wales in June 1842 was his last field trip: thereafter his …
  • … stays at Shrewsbury and Maer during the summers of 1841 and 1842 show that he was making botanical …
  • … obvious relevance to the theory of descent (Pencil sketch of 1842, in  Foundations , p. 74). …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between 1842 and his death in 1882, Darwin was …
  • … Image: Charles Darwin and William Darwin, c. 1842, attributed to Antoine François Jean Claudet (1797 …

Darwin & coral reefs

Summary

The central idea of Darwin's theory of coral reef formation, as it was later formulated, was that the islands were formed by the upward growth of coral as the Pacific Ocean floor gradually subsided. It overturned previous ideas and would in itself…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … theory,  The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs  (1842) was based on intensive reading and …
  • … his book on coral reefs: letter to Leonard Jenyns [9 May 1842] .   Suggestions …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … his mouth to do so.—[35] 25v.  Feb. 20 th . 1842. Anny (, same age) has learned to shake …
  • … 28v. [39] Anny was to day March 1 st  1842 rather amused, at a wafer sticking first to one hand …
  • … case of my watch.— 29v.  March 1 st  1842— Anny says Papa pretty clearly—[40] A few days …
  • … pretty & Papa for a week past perfectly clear Feb 1842 I have long observed that the …
  • … for their feelings— 31 [42] In Jan ry . 1842 it was first perceived that Willy began to …
  • … “bub my crumps” & 31v.  March 29 th . 1842.— I have some months remarked how much …
  • … gabble nonsense words,— 33  March 20: th .— 1842 Doddy is a great adept at throwing …
  • … the eyes & is a full face.— 36  March 26 th  1842 2 years & 3 mth— Doddy was …
  • … not the “beast in house”.— 37v. [50] May 1. 1842. 14 months old It is curious to see how …
  • … down the corners of his mouth[51] June 1 st . 1842 Observed the first day I put on a new …
  • … stuck to it, “no Doddy did not”. Aug 26 th .. 1842 About a fortnight ago, I met Willy …
  • … at Upper Gower Street between 12 February and 16 March 1842. [43] Stammering ran in the …
  • … [51] Emma Darwin and the children went to Maer on 3 May 1842; CD joined them on 18 May (Emma Darwin …
  • … of bees in pollination, made in the summers between 1840 and 1842, are in DAR 46.2 and DAR 205.5: 53 …

Species theory outlined

Summary

Darwin writes a 32-page outline of his ideas on species change, known as 'the pencil sketch' 

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin writes a 32-page outline of his ideas on species change, known as 'the pencil sketch'  …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of the Geological Society of London  2nd ser. 6 (1842): 415-31.  [ Shorter publications , pp. 147 …
  • … to 1836 . By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842.  [F271.] —Notes on the …
  • … by floating ice.  Philosophical Magazine  21 (1842): 180-8.   [ Shorter publications , pp.  140 …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 5 hits

  • … obst. doct. 35 Den Haag 20 december 1842 Rotterdam 23 …
  • … Assistant lecturer   Almelo 1842 Hoorn 5 january 1915 …
  • … School.   Dordrecht 11 oktober 1842 Tiel 9 august 1920 …
  • … Civil Engineer.   Arnhem 8 january 1842 Deventer 11 December …
  • … School.   Haarlem 2 september 1842 Amsterdam 10 may 1915 …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … had also completed two outlines of his ‘species theory’ (1842 Pencil sketch and 1844 Essay). …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … obst. doct. 35 Den Haag 20 December 1842 Rotterdam 23 …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … should be denied him. After prolonged illnesses in 1841 and 1842, years poorly represented in the  …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in …
  • … coincidence. if Wallace had my M.S. sketch written out in 1842 he could not have made a better short …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … settled at Down House in Kent, where he and Emma moved in 1842, he worked constantly surrounded by …

Begins 'Natural Selection'

Summary

Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but later formed the basis for On the Origin of Species

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but …

Moves to Down, Kent

Summary

The Darwins move to Down House, in the village of Down (later 'Downe'), Kent.  Darwin, who spent the rest of his life there, described it as a "good, very ugly house".

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins move to Down House, in the village of Down (later 'Downe'), Kent.  Darwin, who spent …
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