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From J. G. Malcolmson   [after 7 October 1839]

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Summary

Comments on the discussion of erratic blocks in Journal of researches [pp. 619, 621–2].

Author:  John Grant Malcolmson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 7 Oct 1839]
Classmark:  DAR 50: C24–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-559

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  G. Malcolmson   [after 7 October 1839] …
  • … DAR 50: C24–5 John Grant Malcolmson unstated [after 7 Oct 1839] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …
  • … after he wrote his letter of 7 October 1839, in which he said that he was expecting it …

From J. S. Henslow   7 February 1839

Summary

Writes to CD as "Brother Benedick" and sends hearty good wishes for health and happiness in marriage. They are sending a little silver candlestick for a wax taper.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1839
Classmark:  DAR 204: 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-495

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  S. Henslow   7 February 1839
  • … DAR 204: 167 John Stevens Henslow Cambridge 7 Feb 1839 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge 7 Feb. 1839 My dear Brother Benedict, Whewell assures me that you are certainly …

To John Lubbock   [September 1854]

Summary

Sends beetle he cannot identify.

Reading J. O. Westwood [Introduction to the modern classification of insects (1839–40)] has reawakened his passion for entomology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [Sept 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 8 (EH 88206457)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1585

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the modern classification of insects (1839–40)] has reawakened his passion for entomology. …
  • … Dated on the basis of CD’s reference to Westwood 1839–40 (see n.   …
  • … 2, below). Westwood 1839–40 . CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. He …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Westwood, John Obadiah. 1839–40. An introduction to the modern …

To John Washington   1 November [1839]

Summary

CD thinks report of a rock imbedded in an iceberg is remarkable; wants to write a note for the [Journal] about it. Asks for location of the sighting and a chart of the Antarctic Sea. [See "Rock seen on an iceberg", Collected papers 1: 137–9.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Washington; Royal Geographical Society
Date:  1 Nov [1839]
Classmark:  Royal Geographical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-544

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Washington   1 November [1839] …
  • … Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 1 Nov [1839] John Washington Royal Geographical Society …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From Emma Wedgwood   [3 January 1839]

Summary

Emma is surprised how quickly CD has moved into the new house and understands his feeling of triumph. Wants him and Fanny [Mrs Hensleigh] Wedgwood to settle on hiring a cook.

Is reading Mansfield Park [Jane Austen (1814)], which she finds "very suitable".

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Jan 1839]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-482

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Emma Wedgwood   [3 January 1839] …
  • … DAR 204: 158 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Maer [3 Jan 1839] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Wedgwood, [31 December 1838 –] 1 January 1839. Covington often acted as CD’s copyist. The …

From Jean Baptiste Armand Louis Léonce Élie de Beaumont   31 July 1839

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of CD’s gift of the Journal of researches. Praises CD’s "ingenious" views.

Author:  Jean-Baptiste-Armand-Louis-Léonce (Léonce) Elie de Beaumont
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 July 1839
Classmark:  DAR 204: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-529

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Jean Baptiste Armand Louis Léonce Élie de Beaumont    31 July 1839
  • … Armand-Louis-Léonce (Léonce) Elie de Beaumont Paris 31 July 1839 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris, le 31 juillet 1839 Monsieur, je viens de recevoir avec la lettre que vous avez bien …
  • … Paris 31 July 1839 Sir, I have just received, with the letter of 11 June which you have …

To A. Y. Spearman   4 February 1839

Summary

Submits the account of Smith, Elder & Co. for the third number of part two and second number of part three of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  4 Feb 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-494A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To A.  Y. Spearman   4 February 1839
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 4 Feb 1839 Alexander Young Spearman …

To A. Y. Spearman   27 May 1839

Summary

Presents the account of Smith, Elder & Co. for the now published second and third numbers of the first part of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  27 May 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-512A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To A.  Y. Spearman   27 May 1839
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 27 May 1839 Alexander Young Spearman …

To A. Y. Spearman   13 July 1839

Summary

Transmits, as on former occasions, the Smith, Elder & Co. account for the now published third number of the third part of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  13 July 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-525A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To A.  Y. Spearman   13 July 1839
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 13 July 1839 Alexander Young Spearman …

To A. Y. Spearman   14 October 1839

Summary

Presents the Smith, Elder & Co. account for the fourth number now published of the second part of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  14 Oct 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-538A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To A.  Y. Spearman   14 October 1839
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 14 Oct 1839 Alexander Young Spearman …

To A. Y. Spearman   27 November 1839

Summary

Encloses the Smith, Elder & Co. account for the fourth number now published of the third part of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  27 Nov 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-546A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To A.  Y. Spearman   27 November 1839
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 27 Nov 1839 Alexander Young Spearman …

To Emma Wedgwood   [26 January 1839]

Summary

He has the wedding ring. Agrees to coming straight home after the wedding, if that is what she prefers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [26 Jan 1839]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-493

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Emma Wedgwood   [26 January 1839] …
  • … DAR 210.8: 13 Charles Robert Darwin Shrewsbury [26 Jan 1839] Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …

To Charles Babbage   [October 1839 – August 1842]

Summary

Regrets he cannot accept invitation. "My health will not at present stand going out in the evenings."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Babbage
Date:  [Oct 1839– Aug 1842]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 37191: 296)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-474

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Charles Babbage   [October 1839 – August 1842] …
  • … 296) Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 [Oct 1839– Aug 1842] Charles Babbage …

To William Sharp MacLeay   29 May 1839

Summary

Introduces Syms Covington and recommends him for employment in Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharp Macleay
Date:  29 May 1839
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-513

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To William Sharp MacLeay   29 May 1839
  • … London Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 29 May 1839 William Sharp Macleay …
  • … 12 Upper Gower St May 29 th . —1839 My dear Macleay The bearer of this letter, Syms …

Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1839. Principles of general and comparative physiology. London: John Churchill.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1839. Principles of general and comparative physiology. …

Malcolmson, John Grant. 1839, 1859. On the relations of the different parts of the Old Red Sandstone, in which organic remains have recently been discovered, in the counties of Murray, Nairn, Banff, and Inverness. [Read 5 June 1839.] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 3 (1838–42): 141–4 and Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 15 (1859): 336–52.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Malcolmson, John Grant. 1839, 1859. On the relations of the different parts of the Old Red …
  • … Nairn, Banff, and Inverness. [Read 5 June 1839. ] Proceedings of the Geological Society of …

Nordmann, Alexander von. 1839. Polype nouveau de la Mer-Noire (extrait abrégé). L’Institut 7: 95.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Nordmann, Alexander von. 1839. Polype nouveau de la Mer-Noire (extrait abrégé). L’Institut …

To Charles Stokes   [1839 – September 1842]

Summary

Sends observations he made on Fungia during Beagle voyage. Asks CS to make corrections in style or names of parts as he sees fit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Stokes
Date:  [1839 – Sept 1842]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-478

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Charles Stokes   [1839 – September 1842] …
  • … Library Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 [1839 – Sept 1842] Charles Stokes …

From Emma Wedgwood   [9 January 1839]

Summary

Glad to have his letter; supposes she will receive only two or three more from him in her life.

Thinks he should leave the curtains for her.

Discusses Mungo Park and Sir Walter Scott’s Life.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 Jan 1839]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 160
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-486

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Emma Wedgwood   [9 January 1839] …
  • … DAR 204: 160 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Maer [9 Jan 1839] Charles Robert Darwin …

From John Grant Malcolmson   24 July 1839

Summary

Detailed evidence for and against geological elevation along coast of the Indian subcontinent, South Asia, and Arabia. Extensive references to geological literature about these areas.

Describes coral sand-dune and salt-marsh formation.

Author:  John Grant Malcolmson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1839
Classmark:  DAR 39: 7–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-528

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Grant Malcolmson   24 July 1839
  • … DAR 39: 7–10 John Grant Malcolmson Forres 24 July 1839 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1837 . See Coral reefs, p.  134. Malcolmson 1839, 1859. T.  M. Ward 1830 . Low 1836 . John …
  • … this letter and his letter of 31 August 1839 is used in Coral reefs, chapter 6, where CD …
  • … Forres (N.  B. ) July 24 th . 1839 My Dear Sir, I am sorry that I can only spare a few …
  • … 1830 . Madras Quarterly Medical Journal 1839. Burnes 1828 . Lyell cites Burnes to confirm …
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

To celebrate Darwin's 210th birthday, we present a new section on Darwin's works in letters, featuring Journal of researches, Living and fossil cirripedia, Descent of man, and Expression of emotions. And here is a song with lyrics based on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …
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