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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To Lawson Tait   24 April 1876

Summary

The Royal Society have returned RLT’s Nepenthes paper and will not have it read because of unfavourable reports from referees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  24 Apr 1876
Classmark:  DAR 202: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10470

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Korthals, Pieter Willem. 1839–44. Over het geslacht Nepenthes. In …
  • … are to Pieter Willem Korthals, Korthals 1839–44 , William Griffith, and Griffith and …

From J. H. Kidder   5 June 1876

Summary

Sends his papers ["Contributions to the natural history of Kerguelen Island", U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 1, nos. 2, 3 (1876)], which are inspired by Journal of researches.

Author:  Jerome Henry Kidder
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 169: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10533

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Kidder, Jerome Henry. 1875–6. Contributions …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 April [1876]

Summary

Asks for titles of papers on structure of Nepenthes for use by R. L. Tait. Mentions paper by RLT.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 62–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10477

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Korthals, Pieter Willem. 1839–44. Over het geslacht Nepenthes. In …
  • … 1876] . Pieter Willem Korthals, Korthals 1839–44 , William Griffith, and Griffith and …

To Lawson Tait   29 April [1876]

Summary

Sends Thiselton-Dyer’s suggestions for references to Nepenthes,

and gives his opinion on what will influence the Royal Society’s Council in considering RLT’s candidacy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  29 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10484

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Korthals, Pieter Willem. 1839–44. Over het geslacht Nepenthes. In …
  • … Nepenthes’ (On the genus Nepenthes; Korthals 1839–44 ) was part of the larger Dutch work …

To John Tyndall   5 June [1876]

Summary

CD has quite given up the marine theory [of Glen Roy] and has accepted glacier lakes. "Nothing makes me gnash my teeth so much as that confounded paper of mine." It is a lesson "never in science to infer one explanation is right because no other one seems possible".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  5 June [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 25 (EH 88205963)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10532

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Appendix II)). In a paper published in 1839 ( ‘Parallel roads of Glen Roy’ ), CD argued …
  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …

To Fritz Müller   11 December 1876

Summary

FM’s new position in Rio.

CD interested in nature of surface deposits at Rio.

Sends a copy of Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  11 Dec 1876
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 40) (EH 88205870)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10709

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances …

To W. H. Flower   24 September [1876]

Summary

Sends photographs received from Mr Van der Weyde who is working with associates in Montevideo collecting fossil bones. Asks WHF’s opinion of a specimen about which they are curious.

CD intends urging them to search the Tertiary bed beneath the Pampean formation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  24 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) 15 July 2004
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10615

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. Geological observations 2d ed. : Geological …

From Thomas Moore to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   15 February 1876

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Summary

Responds to CD’s request for the names of species from which Cineraria varieties supplied to him have sprung. [Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 335 n.]

Author:  Thomas Moore
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  15 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 76: B186–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10394

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vi.  409— See Bot. Mag.  t 3215, Bot. Mag.  1839 t. 7. For the last 30 years or more cross …

From Asa Gray   22 December 1876

Summary

Discusses some dimorphic plants.

Sends specimens of Rhamnus but his few specimens of Leucosmia are very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 110: B36–7, B74–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10731

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, under the command of …

From H. N. Moseley   3 November 1876

Summary

Sends a Japanese book illustrating the expression of emotions.

Author:  Henry Nottidge Moseley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 254
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10661

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Michener, James A. 1959. The Hokusai sketch- …

From W. H. Flower   27 September 1876

Summary

Identifies South American fossils in photographs sent by John Van der Weyde.

Author:  William Henry Flower
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Sept 1876
Classmark:  DAR 164: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10620

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Owen. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 September 1876]

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Summary

JDH again expresses his condolences.

The Glasgow BAAS meeting was good, except for Tait’s shameful attack on Tyndall.

Immensely impressed on Scottish geological and glacial features. Is CD aware that the earth beneath Glen Roy roads was found to contain freshwater diatoms?

Recounts the itinerary of his honeymoon in Scotland.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Sept 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 62–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10605

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …

From Robert Bell   28 March 1876

Summary

Encloses letter printed in the Toronto Globe about the discovery on Prince Edward Island of a skeleton of a tailed man.

Author:  Robert Bell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1876
Classmark:  DAR 160: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10432

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Introduction to the Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle

Summary

'a humble toadyish follower…': Not all pictures of Darwin during the Beagle voyage are flattering.  Published here for the first time is a complete transcript of a satirical account of the Beagle’s brief visit in 1836 to the Cocos Keeling islands…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (1839), was written by John Clunies Ross, …
  • … in the Beagle , and especially the works published in 1839 by her captain, Robert FitzRoy and his …
  • … are marked in roman numerals. Others relate to Darwin’s 1839 or 1845 volumes and Belcher’s …
  • … star in the scientific world, and had copies of both the 1839 Narrative and the 1845 second edition …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle voyage in 1831, Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington kept an illustrated journal of his observations and experiences on the voyage, noting wildlife, landscapes, buildings and people and,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … duties, until Darwin’s marriage to Emma Wedgwood in 1839.    Covington then decided to …
  • … Darwin wrote a letter of recommendation for him in 1839, stating that he had ‘ good reason to …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

Within two months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with distributing his specimens among specialists for description, and more interested in working on his geological research, turned his mind to the task of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

George James Stebbing

Summary

George James Stebbing (1803—1860) travelled around the world with Charles Darwin on board HMS Beagle and helped him with measuring temperature on at least one occasion. However, Stebbing barely registers in Darwin’s correspondence. The only mention omits…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … told Alexander von Humboldt, in a letter of 1 November 1839, that he had been assisted in measuring …
  • …   References [FitzRoy, Robert] 1839.  Narrative of the surveying voyages of His …

Elleparu (York Minster)

Summary

Elleparu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Yokcushlu (Fuegia Basket)

Summary

Yokcushlu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Orundellico (Jemmy Button)

Summary

Orundellico was one of the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

Another present for Darwin's birthday: five new pages are added to our Works in letters section on the 'big book' before Origin, Origin itself, the subsequent editions of Origin, Orchids, and the Life of Erasmus Darwin. These complement…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …
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