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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To R. F. Cooke   17 December [1875]

Summary

Discusses payment of £10 owed by Italians.

"No corrections for Voyage of Beagle [Journal of researches]."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  17 Dec [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 292
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10304

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …
  • … of Journal of researches was published in 1839 by Henry Colburn; the second edition was …

To ?   22 June [1875–81]

Summary

Sends signed photo of himself.

Has published only one paper in Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society, "Parallel roads of Glen Roy" [Collected papers 1: 87–137]. His conclusions have proved erroneous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  22 June [1875-81]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10544

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …

From Fritz Müller   25 December 1875

Summary

"Sambaquis", or shell mounds accumulated by former inhabitants of the coast, contain shells of some animals that FM has never seen living.

Ants that live on imbauba trees (Cecropia) are attracted by small bodies at base of each petiole.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Dec 1875
Classmark:  Nature, 17 February 1876, pp. 304–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10324

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Westwood, John Obadiah. 1839–40. An introduction to the modern classification …
  • … John Obadiah Westwood; see Westwood 1839–40 2: 162. An obtect pupa, which is generally …

To Osbert Salvin   22 August [1875]

Summary

Obliged for his memoir ["On the avifauna of the Galapagos", Trans. Zool. Soc. (April 1875)]. His surprise that the birds from the different islands prove so similar. Comparison of the habits, nests, eggs of the commonest species of each island would throw a flood of light upon variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Osbert Salvin
Date:  22 Aug [1875]
Classmark:  Mrs Sybil Rampen (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10132A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Salvin, Osbert. 1875. On the avifauna of …

To J. V. Carus   14 October [1875]

Summary

Sends sheets of Climbing plants [2d ed.], which will be published in November. Suggests JVC have someone translate it under his supervision,

since he has not yet finished Insectivorous plants.

Admires the appearance of [German ed. of] Journal of researches.

Discusses other publication prospects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  14 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 135–136)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10198

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances …

From J. V. Carus   28 June 1875

Summary

Thinks Insectivorous plants must be translated and published in Germany.

Journal of researches nearly finished.

A new [German] edition of Origin is wanted.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10033

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …

From Thomas Burgess   21 April [1875]

Summary

Thanks for letter of 15th and book. Recollects many sights of Tierra del Fuego described by CD.

Author:  Thomas Burgess
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 376
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9943

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. V. Carus   5 February 1875

Summary

New [3d] German edition of Descent will soon be out.

Will begin translating Journal of researches, which will be first volume of CD’s collected works.

JVC has proposed bringing out all CD’s botanical papers in one or two volumes.

Errata in Descent enclosed.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9841

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

From Thomas Burgess   13 April 1875

Summary

Sends CD an account of his career since leaving the Beagle.

Author:  Thomas Burgess
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 106: D17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9925

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. V. Carus   21 December 1875

thumbnail

Summary

Sends list of misprints in first edition of Insectivorous plants for the German collected works.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1875
Classmark:  DAR 86: B6–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10315

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …

From George Cupples   1 March 1875

Summary

Thanks for presentation copy of Descent, 2d ed.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9877

Matches: 1 hit

  • … for Edinburgh and was elected in June 1839 ( ODNB ). In his letter of 25  February 1875 , …

To J. V. Carus   25 December 1875

Summary

Thanks for errata in Insectivorous plants.

Sends spare copies of his papers, but thinks several are not worth publishing.

Has only one copy, which he will lend JVC, of the best one, on "Erratic boulders of South America" [Collected papers 1: 145–63].

Has not sent "Parallel roads of Glen Roy" [Collected papers 1: 87–137], as he is sure he was wrong.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  25 Dec 1875
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 137–138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10323

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …

To Chauncey Wright   13 March 1875

Summary

Discusses function of the eyebrows in protecting the eyes from sweat.

Mentions notices in the Nation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chauncey Wright
Date:  13 Mar 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9886

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. V. Carus   17 April 1875

Summary

Sends concluding part of his Zoologie [see 8531].

Enjoys translating Journal of researches. Questions several passages.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9937

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From Gustavus Fritsche   23 October 1875

Summary

About a Polish edition of Variation.

Author:  Gustavus Fritsche
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 164: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10221

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals …
Document type
letter (15)
Date
1875
02 (1)
03 (2)
04 (3)
06 (2)
08 (1)
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1839 in keywords
51 Items
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Introduction to the Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle

Summary

'a humble toadyish follower…': Not all pictures of Darwin during the Beagle voyage are flattering.  Published here for the first time is a complete transcript of a satirical account of the Beagle’s brief visit in 1836 to the Cocos Keeling islands…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (1839), was written by John Clunies Ross, …
  • … in the Beagle , and especially the works published in 1839 by her captain, Robert FitzRoy and his …
  • … are marked in roman numerals. Others relate to Darwin’s 1839 or 1845 volumes and Belcher’s …
  • … star in the scientific world, and had copies of both the 1839 Narrative and the 1845 second edition …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle voyage in 1831, Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington kept an illustrated journal of his observations and experiences on the voyage, noting wildlife, landscapes, buildings and people and,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … duties, until Darwin’s marriage to Emma Wedgwood in 1839.    Covington then decided to …
  • … Darwin wrote a letter of recommendation for him in 1839, stating that he had ‘ good reason to …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

Within two months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with distributing his specimens among specialists for description, and more interested in working on his geological research, turned his mind to the task of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

George James Stebbing

Summary

George James Stebbing (1803—1860) travelled around the world with Charles Darwin on board HMS Beagle and helped him with measuring temperature on at least one occasion. However, Stebbing barely registers in Darwin’s correspondence. The only mention omits…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … told Alexander von Humboldt, in a letter of 1 November 1839, that he had been assisted in measuring …
  • …   References [FitzRoy, Robert] 1839.  Narrative of the surveying voyages of His …

Elleparu (York Minster)

Summary

Elleparu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Yokcushlu (Fuegia Basket)

Summary

Yokcushlu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Orundellico (Jemmy Button)

Summary

Orundellico was one of the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

William Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to record observations on his behaviour and development. Years later these are published in the journal Mind.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …

Orchids

Summary

Why Orchids? Darwin  wrote in his Autobiography, ‘During the summer of 1839, and, I believe, during the previous summer, I was led to attend to the cross-fertilisation of flowers by the aid of insects, from having come to the conclusion in my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … wrote in his Autobiography , ‘During the summer of 1839, and, I believe, during the previous …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …
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