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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Hugh Falconer   8 March [1845?]

Summary

Has written down what he gathered from HF on Tibetan dogs. Would welcome a few more details at any time, as he knows of nothing parallel to it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  8 Mar [1845?]
Classmark:  Raab Collection (dealer) (2 October 2013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1839

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1839

To J. D. Hooker   28 October [1845]

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Summary

Would like to see JDH’s testimonials.

Disappointed with Kosmos.

Has visited Dean of Manchester, who is very heterodox on species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-922

Matches: 4 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … Dean of Manchester, on plant breeding in 1839 (see Correspondence vol.  2). Baillies are …
  • … Clark Ross on the Antarctic expedition of 1839–43, and was at this time publishing the …
  • … the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …

From J. D. Hooker   [2–6 April 1845]

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Summary

A Tasmanian Cyttaria is same species as CD’s Fuegian fungus. Did the species originate on the beeches of Fuegia or of Tasmania?

JDH gives interpretation of Vestiges.

John McCulloch, J. F. Schouw, and Lamarck on the species question.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2–6 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 219–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-850

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Ross commanded on the Antarctic voyage of 1839–43; on board were Francis Rawdon Moira …
  • … Edinburgh. Hinds 1845 . A.  P. de Candolle 1839–40 . Saint-Hilaire 1841. Jussieu 1842. …
  • … Bibliography Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1839–40. Vegetable organography; or an …

To J. D. Hooker   [15 or 22 August 1845]

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Summary

Sorry to hear about condition of JDH’s grandfather.

Sends proofs of Galapagos chapter of Journal of researches.

Grieves to hear labels are displaced on his plants.

May he annotate [F. Gérard’s] L’espèce [(1844), extracted from Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle, ed. C. D. d’Orbigny (1839–49)]?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [15 or 22] Aug 1845
Classmark:  DAR 114: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-900

Matches: 2 hits

  • … from Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle , ed. C. D. d’Orbigny (1839–49)]? …
  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …

From J. D. Hooker   [19 November 1845]

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Summary

Answers CD’s queries arising from Flora Antarctica.

Would like CD to come to town and go over Galapagos plants with him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Nov 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-928

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …

To J. D. Hooker   [27 June 1845]

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Summary

Busy correcting proofs. Thanks for JDH’s remarks; asks him to send any other corrections soon; goes to press with second part of Journal of researches in less than a week.

Urges collections of all kinds on any isolated islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 June 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-880

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To J. D. Hooker   [16 April 1845]

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Summary

Thanks for information about books.

Murray is publishing CD’s Journal of researches. Would be grateful for a sentence on Galapagos plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [16 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-849

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Murray, 17 [April 1845]. A.  P. de Candolle 1839–40 . Jussieu 1842. Hayes 1844 , in which …
  • … Bibliography Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1839–40. Vegetable organography; or an …

From J. D. Hooker   14 September 1845

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Summary

Thanks for Journal of researches.

Puzzled over pea flower from Cape Tres Montes.

Thinks species a fair and most profitable subject for discussion, but has no formed opinion of his own.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Sept 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 55–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-916

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … ed. , pp.  202–3. In the first edition (1839) CD had linked this idea to the possibility …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Wiltshear, F. G. 1913. The botany of the …

To Charles Lyell   [8 February 1845]

Summary

Remarks on fossils described in A. D. d’Orbigny’s Voyage dans l’Amérique méridionale.

Asks CL whether he has talked with John Murray concerning 2d ed. [of Journal of researches].

Mentions conversation with Hugh Cuming about South American shells. Has had G. B. Sowerby (elder) look at some specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [8 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-824

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. Journal of researches 2d ed. : Journal of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Orbigny, Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines …

From J. D. Hooker   5 July 1845

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Summary

Raises some points for revision of CD’s Journal of researches.

Southern island floras. "The more I ponder upon Insular Floras the less inclined I am to admit the mutation of species to any very great amount."

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 51–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-887

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Sprengel, Christian Konrad. 1793. Das …

From the principal inhabitants of Down to the secretary of the Post Office   [1845–51?]

Summary

Complain about the postal service to Down and urgently request improvement.

Author:  Down, principal inhabitants of
Addressee:  Secretary, Post Office
Date:  [1845–51?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3359

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to its receipt has been found in the Postmaster general’s minutes between 1839 and 1865. …

To J. D. Hooker   [10 December 1845]

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Summary

CD’s enjoyment of JDH’s visit and "all our raging discussions".

Would like to compare insects from Kerguelen Islands with those from Tierra del Fuego.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10 Dec 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-935

Matches: 1 hit

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …

To John Murray   [6 June 1845]

Summary

Has sent off MS of first part [of Journal of researches, 2d ed.]. Has so much to add about Fuegians [at beginning of second part] and so much to condense and rewrite in scientific part that he may not have second part ready at end of month; it depends on his health, which is good lately.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [6 June 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 29–30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-876

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Narrative : Narrative of the surveying …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. D. Hooker   [28 April 1845]

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Summary

First part of "Galapagos flora" ["Plants of the Galapagos Archipelago", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 (1851): 163–233] finished but not printed.

Details of distribution of Galapagos flora. Peculiarity of island floras.

Leaves for Edinburgh on Wednesday.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-862

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. D. Hooker   [after 12 July 1845]

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Summary

Answers CD’s questions relating to the flora of the Galapagos. [See 889.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12 July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 43–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-883

Matches: 1 hit

  • … sur la frégate La Vénus, pendant les années 1836–1839. Relation. 4 vols. and atlas. Paris. …

From J. D. Hooker   [4–9 September 1845]

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Summary

The most experienced botanists argue for the "validity of species in nature". Against taxonomic "splitters".

CD’s Cape Tres Montes plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–9 Sept 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 208–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-914

Matches: 1 hit

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …

To G. B. Sowerby   [May 1845]

Summary

Asks for list of the Bahia Blanca fossil shells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Brettingham Sowerby
Date:  [May 1845]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-860

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. South America : Geological observations on …

To John Murray   [31 May 1845]

Summary

Will send MS of first part [of Journal of researches] on Thursday morning, enclosing suggested title and dedication. Urges inclusion of map. Requests another £50 for copyright, as offer of £100 was made when only two parts were planned.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [31 May 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.24–25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-872

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Gould. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. …

To C. G. Ehrenberg   21 May [1845]

Summary

CGE’s account of Pampas mud confirms CD’s view of its origin. Will send Patagonian specimens. Discusses dust-carrying winds in the Atlantic.

Was not referring to F. J. F. Meyen’s voyage.

Corrects error concerning samples.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  21 May [1845]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-870

Matches: 1 hit

  • … CD was referring to a voyage which took place in 1839–40; Franz Julius Ferdinand Meyen was …

To Ernst Dieffenbach   6 April 1845

Summary

With thanks for ED’s publication. "I consider your having made my work known in Germany a full & ample recompense to such exertions as I made during our Voyage".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  6 Apr 1845
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-852

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

To celebrate Darwin's 210th birthday, we present a new section on Darwin's works in letters, featuring Journal of researches, Living and fossil cirripedia, Descent of man, and Expression of emotions. And here is a song with lyrics based on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …
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