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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To the London Library   1 February [1843 or later]

Summary

Orders John Pye Smith’s book [Relations between the Holy Scriptures and some parts of geological science (1839)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  London Library
Date:  1 Feb [1843 or later]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (Corbett Autograph Collection MS21/3/1/39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13821

Matches: 2 hits

  • … book [ Relations between the Holy Scriptures and some parts of geological science (1839)]. …
  • … Bibliography Pye Smith, John. 1839. On the relation between the Holy Scriptures and some …

To John Edward Davis   15 September [1843]

Summary

Thanks him for specimens collected.

Comments on JED’s voyage [on H.M.S. Terror, 1839–43].

Mentions activities of old Beagle crew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Edward Davis
Date:  15 Sept [1843]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 374
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-695

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Comments on JED’s voyage [on H.M.S. Terror , 1839–43]. Mentions activities of old Beagle …
  • … the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …
  • … commanded by Captain James Clark Ross from 1839 to 1843 (see Ross 1847 , 1: xix). See …

To Ernst Dieffenbach    4 July [1843]

Summary

CD gratified that ED wants to translate his Journal. Will send a copy of Coral reefs, which contains a fuller treatment of topic. Perhaps ED would insert a note to this effect. Can lend woodcuts from Coral reefs if ED wants. CD will send a few corrections; he wants to amend way he criticised Agassiz’s glacier theory.

He is also enclosing a questionnaire concerning differences between races or varieties and species, about which he intends to publish sometime.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  4 July [1843]
Classmark:  Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt (Nachlass Künzel Br./3/VII/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-680A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the breeding of animals’, drawn up in 1839, see Correspondence vol.  3, Appendix IV.   …
  • … Henry Colburn had issued both Journal and remarks (1839) and the retitled version, Journal …
  • … from Alexander von Humboldt, 18 September 1839 . See also Correspondence vol.  3, letter …
  • … of researches , also published in 1839. The work contained two plates; CD refers to the …
  • … had lived in New Zealand between 1839 and 1841, acting as surgeon and naturalist to the …

From Francis Walker   10 December 1843

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Summary

Chalcidites collected by CD are all similar to those of Europe. Mentions other specimens quite different from European forms.

Author:  Francis Walker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Dec 1843
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 294
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-721

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Magazine 5: 469–77. Walker, Francis. 1839. Monographia Chalciditum. London: Hyppolitus …
  • … Walker 1838 ), in a monograph ( F.  Walker 1839 ), and in several articles that appeared …

To Gardeners’ Chronicle    [late August 1843]

Summary

Sends some examples of Gentiana that he thinks may shed light on the origin of double flowers. Since specimens grew in sterile soil their double flowering cannot be attributed to excess food. CD advances the hypothesis that some change in natural conditions causes sterility, which then causes compensatory development of petals, the organs closest in morphology to those whose functions have been checked.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [late Aug 1843]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, no. 36, 9 September 1843, p. 628
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-693

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1839–40. Vegetable organography; or an …
  • … way of Mr. Darwin’s speculation. ’ Candolle 1839–40 , 1: 272. At this point an editorial …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   [13 or 20 November 1843]

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Summary

Congratulations on JDH’s safe return.

Henslow has sent CD’s S. American plants to JDH for examination.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [13 or 20] Nov 1843
Classmark:  DAR 114: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-714

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to James Clark Ross’s Antarctic expedition (1839–43). He returned home in September 1843. …
  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …

To G. R. Waterhouse   [26 July 1843]

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Summary

Classification consists of grouping beings according to descent from common stocks. Analogies are resemblances between forms not inherited from common stocks. Neither number of species nor grade of organisation should be considered in classification. Admits that caution is necessary in admitting a few species to form a group of rank equal to one containing many species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  [26 July 1843]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-684

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. Westwood, John Obadiah. 1839–40. An introduction to the modern …
  • … with which we are acquainted’ ( Westwood 1839–40 , 2: 288). The order was one of William …

To the Royal Geographical Society    February 1843

Summary

George Suttor’s paper not worthy of publication in the Journal of the society. It contains no new facts worth insertion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Geographical Society
Date:  Feb 1843
Classmark:  Royal Geographical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-662A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of cultivating orchard trees andvines. In 1839 he visited England and was elected a fellow …

From J. D. Hooker   28 November 1843

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Summary

Thanks for use of CD’s collection.

Comments and queries on the botany of the Southern Hemisphere.

Looks forward to seeing CD’s Galapagos plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1843
Classmark:  DAR 100: 1–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-717

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1843 – 11 January 1844]

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Summary

Henslow has sent him CD’s Galapagos plants along with Macrae’s. JDH impressed by the island endemism, which "overturns all our preconceived notions" on centres of radiation. Describes the extent, and the sharp demarcation at longitude 60° W, of the American and European Northern Hemisphere floras. CD’s plants among those he is using to do Antarctic flora. Drimys winteri shows a graded series of states down the length of the South American continent.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Dec 1843 – 11 Jan 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 206–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-723

Matches: 1 hit

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …

From B. J. Sulivan   [10 May 1843]

Summary

Describes siege [of Montevideo].

Reports on appearance and habits of horses and cattle of Falkland Islands; wild rabbits and pigs. Geology of the Falklands, especially of West Island. Discusses supposed discovery of coal. Has sent fossil specimens to CD.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1843]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 26–7, 39: 66–7, 46.1: 70–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-675

Matches: 3 hits

  • … After his government was overthrown in 1839 by a revolt led by Rivera, he returned with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … as commander of H.M.S. Arrow in March 1839, and subsequently surveyed in South America. CD …

To J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1843]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for short sketch of botanical geography of Southern Hemisphere. Comments on his own S. American collections and observations; notes other Galapagos collections.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [12 Dec 1843]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-722

Matches: 1 hit

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …

To J. S. Henslow   [22 January 1843]

Summary

Comments on JSH’s botanical work with his parishioners. Lyell will be pleased that he has done some fossil botanical work.

Describes a Geological Society meeting about Edward Charlesworth’s complaints.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [22 Jan 1843]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-660

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from Alexander von Humboldt, 18 September 1839 . The work was eventually done by Joseph …

To Charles Lyell   [16 December 1843]

Summary

Description and defence of his view of the tosca in Banda Oriental, along the Rio Uruguay and at the Rio Negro, taking issue with A. D. d’Orbigny. Refers to the pumice in the Patagonian Territory. Two tables show the layered tosca formation along the Uruguay.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [16 Dec 1843]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.33)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-724

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Orbigny, Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines …

From Charles Lyell   [9 April 1843]

Summary

Spoke to Henry Warburton, W. H. Fitton, and E. B. Greenough on CD’s idea of a Government grant for publication [not identified].

Will read at next meeting his paper on erect Nova Scotia fossil trees [Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond. 4 (1843–5): 176–8].

E. P. Halstead reports on shores rising off Burma and Bay of Bengal.

Unpacking his U. S. fossils.

Phillips looked at beds below coal in Pennsylvania. Result is the usual different species found but with complete representation of forms.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 Apr 1843]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 81, 205.9: 393
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-670

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1843. Edward Pellew Halsted spent the years 1839 to 1842 in the East Indies and China. See …

To Ernst Dieffenbach   19 July [1843]

Summary

Says Colburn will allow German publisher to use copperplate and woodcuts [for Journal of researches]. Has been delayed in corrections owing to death of a relative [Josiah Wedgwood II].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  19 July [1843]
Classmark:  Historical Society of Pennsylvania (Gratz collection, case 12, box 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-682

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To Ernst Dieffenbach   15 August [1843]

Summary

CD sends off his notes [corrections and additions to his Journal of researches] which he hopes ED will introduce [in German translation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  15 Aug [1843]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-689

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …
Document type
letter (17)
Date
1843
01 (1)
02 (2)
04 (1)
05 (1)
07 (3)
08 (2)
09 (1)
11 (2)
12 (4)
Search:
1839 in keywords
45 Items
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

To celebrate Darwin's 210th birthday, we present a new section on Darwin's works in letters, featuring Journal of researches, Living and fossil cirripedia, Descent of man, and Expression of emotions. And here is a song with lyrics based on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …
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