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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To the Geological Society of London   22 January 1840

Summary

W. B. Clarke’s paper on ashes falling at sea off Cape Verde Islands [Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1839): 145–6] need not be published in Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  22 Jan 1840
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/COM/P/4/2/38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-551

Matches: 5 hits

  • … William Branwhite Clarke. Clarke 1839 . …
  • … Islands [ Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1839): 145–6] need not be published in Transactions . …
  • … Bibliography Clarke, William Branwhite. 1839. A notice of showers of ashes which fell …
  • … on board the Roxburgh, at sea, off the Cape de Verd islands, February, 1839. [ …
  • … Read 6 November 1839. ] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 3 (1838–42): 145– …

To William C. Redfield   24 February [1840]

Summary

Much interested in WCR’s paper on "Whirlwinds excited by fire" [Am. J. Sci. 36 (1839): 50–9; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 27 (1839): 369–79].

Sends a summary account of circular clouds and waterspouts formed during volcanic eruption in the Azores [S. Tillard, "Eruption of a volcano in sea off St Michael", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (1812): 152–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William C. Redfield
Date:  24 Feb [1840]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinicke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Letters to William C. Redfield vol. 2 Scientific 1831-41 (z117 00151 2) pp. 335–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-556

Matches: 4 hits

  • … American Journal of Science and Arts (Silliman’s Journal) . Tillard 1812 . Oersted 1839 . …
  • … Bibliography Oersted, Hans Christian. 1839. On water-spouts. Edinburgh New Philosophical …
  • … paper on "Whirlwinds excited by fire" [ Am. J. Sci. 36 (1839): 50–9; Edinburgh New Philos. …
  • … J. 27 (1839): 369–79]. Sends a summary account of circular clouds and waterspouts formed …

From Charles Maclaren to Thomas Walker   30 March 1840

Summary

CD has asked CM whether he can supply William Kemp’s address, and CM passes the enquiry to TW.

Author:  Charles Maclaren
Addressee:  Thomas Walker
Date:  30 Mar 1840
Classmark:  Ruth Cramond and David Cramond (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-562G

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Parallel roads of Glen Roy’. The Eildon Hills are in Melrose, Scotland. Maclaren 1839. …

To T. C. Eyton   [6 January 1840]

Summary

Has been unwell.

Thanks TCE for his descriptions [of specimens for Birds]. Has already expended a high proportion of Government grant on birds, but if TCE thinks engravings are needed, he shall have them. He may keep the bones.

CD has become a father.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  [6 Jan 1840]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-549

Matches: 2 hits

  • … by Eyton appeared in the volume. William Erasmus Darwin was born 27 December 1839. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The …

From W. C. Redfield   6 May 1840

Summary

Thanks CD for information about Captain Tillard’s account of the volcanic eruption in the Azores in 1811.

Author:  William C. Redfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1840
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (William C. Redfield’s outbound letter book 1835–41 (z117 00151 2), pp. 179–80)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-565H

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Silliman, 26 February 1840). In Oersted 1839, Hans Christian Oersted suggested that …
  • … published as Journal of researches in 1839. CD acknowledged these gifts in December 1840 ( …
  • … for the State of New York dated 27 February 1839 and 24 January 1840, and inscribed by …

To David Milne   20 [February 1840]

Summary

About earthquakes: the shock of February 1835 in Chile; possible connection between shocks occurring coincidentally in different parts of the world, and between earthquakes and the weather; DM’s collection of accounts of earthquakes in Scotland.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Milne Home
Date:  20 [Feb 1840]
Classmark:  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Charles E. Mudie Collection, 1816–1897: Correspondence Post-1650 MS 0112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-560

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Bischof, Carl Gustav Christoph. 1839. On the natural history of volcanos and …
  • … in Kamchatka and at Bogota (see Bischof 1839 , p.  347). Eventually published as Milne …
  • … statement was somewhere in L’Institut for 1839. — I was myself anxious to see the list of …

To Robert FitzRoy   [20 February 1840]

Summary

Poor health has made him give up all geological work.

Profits on their volumes [of Narrative] seem absurdly small.

Looks back on Beagle voyage as the most fortunate circumstance in his life.

Finds marriage a great happiness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert FitzRoy
Date:  [20 Feb 1840]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-555

Matches: 4 hits

  • … William was born on Friday, 27 December 1839. The Thursday on which this letter was …
  • … Advancement of Science held at Birmingham in 1839, Transactions of the sections, pp.  11– …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …
  • … the sort frequently mentioned by CD after 1839. Henry Colburn, publisher of the Narrative …

To the Geological Society of London   18 November [1840]

Summary

Recommends that Consul Chatfield’s communication on an earthquake in San Salvador [read 5 Feb 1840; Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1840): 179] not be published in Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  18 Nov [1840]
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/COM/P/4/2/35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-580

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Chatfield’s dispatch, dated 10 October 1839 ( Proceedings of the Geological Society 3 ( …

To Richard Owen   [March? 1840]

Summary

Sends a proof title page and asks RO to send a list of plates and contents [of Fossil mammalia] to the printer, Mr Stewart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [Mar? 1840]
Classmark:  Christie’s, New York (dealers) (29 October 1993)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-559F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Robert Waterhouse, is Part II of Zoology ; it was completed in 1839, before Part I.   …
  • … page of Mammalia , issued in September 1839 with the last number of the part, omitted the …
  • … the fourth number of Birds in November 1839. See Freeman 1977, p.  29. On the published …

To G. R. Gray   [20 November – 11 December 1840]

Summary

Thanks GRG for his gift [A list of the genera of birds (1840)] and trusts that now GRG will be able to finish John Gould’s MS for Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Gray
Date:  [20 Nov – 11 Dec 1840]
Classmark:  British Library (Egerton 2348: 237–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-581

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Correspondence : The correspondence …

To Leonard Jenyns   [27 February 1840]

Summary

Has been unwell. Publication of two numbers [of Zoology] has been delayed. Thought first Fish number good.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  [27 Feb 1840]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-558

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Fish : Pt IV of The zoology of the …

From Benjamin Silliman   7 April 1840

Summary

Thanks CD for a copy of his Journal of researches which is "not second in interest and instruction to any work of the kind I have ever read".

Author:  Benjamin Silliman, Sr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1840
Classmark:  DAR 204: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-565

Matches: 1 hit

  • … s geological work in one volume (see letter to William Shoberl, [21 March 1839] , n.  3). …

To Benjamin Silliman   26 February 1840

Summary

Asks that a letter on tornados be forwarded to W. C. Redfield. Hopes Silliman received a copy of Journal of Researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Silliman, Sr
Date:  26 Feb 1840
Classmark:  Gallery of History (4 December 1996)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-557F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of researches was first published in 1839  as volume 3 of Narrative , with the title …

To Emma Darwin   [5 April 1840]

Summary

An amusing description of his railway journey to Shrewsbury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [5 Apr 1840]
Classmark:  DAR 210.19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-564

Matches: 1 hit

  • … having lost 10 lb 6 oz since 13 September 1839 (‘Weighing Account’ book, Down House MS). A …

To John Gould   [after 1 December 1840]

Summary

Feels he cannot keep the gift of Gould’s "magnificent work" or take out a subscription now that he is a married man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Gould
Date:  [after 1 Dec 1840]
Classmark:  Profiles in History (dealers) (12 December 2012)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-578F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … his cousin Emma Wedgwood on 29 January 1839. The first number of J. Gould 1840–8 was based …

From David Milne   28 March 1840

Summary

Comments on CD’s paper on South American volcanoes [Trans. of the Geol. Soc. of London, 2d ser., pt 3, 5 (1840): 601–31]. Jets of steam or flame issuing from the side of a hill in Glen Almond.

Author:  David Milne Home
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1840
Classmark:  Milne Home 1891, pp. 69–72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-562F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of earthquake shocks at Comrie, Perthshire, in 1839, and had written to CD in early 1840 ( …

To William Buckland   [November 1840 – 17 February 1841]

Summary

He encloses an unidentified paper received from R. I. Murchison the previous day.

Is unable to provide information about Dr Du Gard.

Appreciates the maps of Glen Roy sent by WB. Would welcome the opinions of WB and Louis Agassiz concerning the parallel roads but cannot give up the idea of their marine origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Buckland
Date:  [Nov 1840 – 17 Feb 1841]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Buckland papers, Glaciation /4 (iv)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-641A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Parallel roads of Glen Roy’ appeared in 1839. On CD’s theory about the parallel roads, in …

To Basil Hall   15 March 1840

Summary

Discussion of the geology of Coquimbo, Chile.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Basil Hall
Date:  15 Mar 1840
Classmark:  Musée royal de Mariemont, Belgium (Aut. 1061/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-558F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Parallel roads of Glen Roy’ was published in 1839 in the Philosophical Transactions of the …
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …

William Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to record observations on his behaviour and development. Years later these are published in the journal Mind.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …
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