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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Emma Wedgwood   [31 December 1838 –] 1 January 1839

Summary

Has moved into the Gower Street house. Is pleased with it and its location.

Hopes to be able to finish his Glen Roy paper soon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [31 Dec 1838 –] 1 Jan 1839
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-466

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Emma Wedgwood   [31 December 1838 –] 1 January 1839
  • … Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 [31 Dec 1838 –] 1 Jan 1839 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …
  • … 1 January 1839 was a Tuesday. As the letter makes clear, CD began it on the evening of …
  • … by Emma Wedgwood, see letter from Emma Wedgwood, [3 January 1839] , and letter to Emma …
  • … Wedgwood, [6–7 January 1839] . The four sets of      in the transcription indicate …
  • … 12 Upper Gower St t !! Monday January 1 st . 1839 | And the first of Our Marriage My dear …

From B. J. Sulivan   [November 1838 – April 1839]

Summary

Observations on the geology of the Falkland Islands.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Nov 1838 – Apr 1839]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 20–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13847

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From B.  J. Sulivan   [November 1838 – April 1839] …
  • … 5 Bartholomew James Sulivan Falkland Islands [Nov 1838 – Apr 1839] Charles Robert Darwin …

To Emma Wedgwood   [30 November – 1 December 1838]

Summary

His search for a London house. He visits the Lyells, who give solemn advice to choose their London acquaintances carefully.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [30 Nov - 1 Dec 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-448

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Birds, No. 2, was published January 1839. …

From William Yarrell   [December 1838]

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Summary

A "Zoological memorandum" for CD with an extract from L. Hindmarsh, "On the wild cattle of Chillingham Park" [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2 (1838): 274–84].

Author:  William Yarrell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Dec 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 205.7: 286
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-467

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Hindmarsh, Luke. 1839. On the wild cattle of Chillingham Park. Annals of …
  • … Hindmarsh 1839 . Chillingham Park was the estate of the Earl of Tankerville. See Variation …
  • … Annals and Mag. of Nat. Hist. ,” vol ii. , 1839, p.  274. ’ In L’Institut, 1st Section, …

To John Frederick William Herschel   2 [November 1838]

Summary

Requests information for W. S. Macleay on JFWH’s method of catching pelagic animals while ship is under way.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Frederick William Herschel, 1st baronet
Date:  2 [Nov 1838]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (HS6: 10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-430

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By 29 May 1839, CD had heard of William Sharp MacLeay’s safe arrival at Rio de Janeiro ( …
  • … see letter to W.  S. MacLeay, 29 May 1839). ‘Friday 2 d ’ occurred in February, March, and …

From Robert FitzRoy   26 February 1838

Summary

His work [on vol. 2 of Narrative] is going slowly.

Has no objection to anything in CD’s excellent volume. CD should "entertain no further scruple on that subject".

Author:  Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Feb 1838
Classmark:  DAR 204: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-403

Matches: 3 hits

  • … finished his volume and its appendix in 1839. Presumably proofs were being sent to Captain …
  • … letter from Robert FitzRoy, [20 March 1839] ). See letter to J.  S. Henslow, 21 January …
  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

To George Robert Gray   [4 December 1838]

Summary

Sends GRG a few pages of proofs [of Birds]. Asks him to make any observations that might occur to him and to check passages in French and Latin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Gray
Date:  [4 Dec 1838]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 December 1976)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-451

Matches: 2 hits

  • … No. 2, which was published in January 1839. Gray completed Birds following John Gould’s …
  • … Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Orbigny, Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines …

Questions for Mr Wynne   [February–July 1838]

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Summary

Questions on breeding and habits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  [–] Wynne
Date:  [Feb–July 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 206: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-399

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which CD distributed in the spring of 1839 ( Correspondence vol.  2, Appendix V; see …
  • … 1977 , pp.  54–6, and letters from Richard Sutton Ford, 6 May 1839, and from George …
  • … Tollet, [10 May 1839]). The ‘Questions for M r Wynne’ have been transcribed and printed in …

To W. D. Fox   [15 June 1838]

Summary

Has not been well.

Plans a geological trip to Glen Roy in Scotland.

Thanks WDF for remembering the crossing of animals, CD’s "prime hobby". "I really think some day I shall be able to do something on that most intricate subject species and varieties."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [15 June 1838]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-419

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Fossil Mammalia : Pt 1 of The zoology of the …
  • … by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. Mammalia : Pt 2 of The zoology of …

To Charles Lyell   9 August [1838]

Summary

Comments on receiving copy of Lyell’s Elements [of geology]. Much is new to CD, and he is copying out notes and references.

Criticises geological work of John Phillips.

Describes expedition to Glen Roy, about which he is writing a paper ["Parallel roads of Glen Roy" (1839), Collected papers 1: 87–137].

Enjoys the Athenaeum Club.

Criticises entomological work of F. W. Hope.

Asks Lyell to obtain for him a copy of barometric readings made at Leith.

Asks him to ascertain altitude of several Scottish lochs.

Comments on FitzRoy’s character.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  9 Aug [1838]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-424

Matches: 3 hits

  • … a paper ["Parallel roads of Glen Roy" (1839), Collected papers 1: 87–137]. Enjoys the …
  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

To Susan Darwin   [1 April 1838]

Summary

FitzRoy is hard at work on his book [Narrative, vol. 2].

CD’s health is improved.

Describes his visit to zoo.

Gives news of E. A. Darwin and Harriet Martineau.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  [1 Apr 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 223: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-407

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Martineau, Harriet. 1839. Deerbrook. 3 vols. London. Martineau, Harriet. …
  • … Empson became editor in 1847. Martineau 1839 . Fanny H[ensleigh], i.e. , Fanny Mackintosh …

From W. D. Fox   [c. November 1838]

Summary

Reports on the effects of inbreeding in dogs and the results of crossing Canada and common geese.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. Nov 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 173
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-418

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and remarks was not published until early 1839. Presumably a reference to Owen 1838b, read …
  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

To Caroline Wedgwood   [May 1838]

Summary

His books grow in size. Hopes to bring out work on volcanic islands and coral formations in the autumn or winter. The Journal of researches will not be published until autumn [actually not until 1839]. Whewell and Lyell flatter him about it. Has given up all society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah Darwin; Caroline Sarah Wedgwood
Date:  [May 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 154: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-411

Matches: 1 hit

  • … published until autumn [actually not until 1839]. Whewell and Lyell flatter him about it. …

From William Buckland to the Geological Society of London   9 March 1838

Summary

Recommends CD’s paper on "Formation of mould" [Collected papers 1: 49–53; read 1 Nov 1837] be printed in Transactions. Praises it as establishing a new "geological power".

Author:  William Buckland
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  9 Mar 1838
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/COM/P/4/2/47)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-404

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lyell, Charles. 1838. Elements of geology. …

To Emma Wedgwood   [27 November 1838]

Summary

CD and Erasmus continue to search for a house in central London. They have tea with the Carlyles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [27 Nov 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-445

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Fossil Mammalia. It appeared in March 1839. Journal and remarks has a section headed ‘ …
  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

To A. Y. Spearman   18 August 1838

Summary

Notification of submission of Smith, Elder & Co. accounts (enclosed) for first numbers of part II and part III of the Zoology, which are now published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  18 Aug 1838
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-424A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Gould. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. …

To John Gould   [February 1838]

Summary

The publishers [of Zoology] have agreed to 50 plates [for Birds]. Asks JG to decide which are most worthy of being done. Also asks him to see whether Bayfield will undertake [to colour] the birds (and quadrupeds) at something under 5d each.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Gould
Date:  [Feb 1838]
Classmark:  William Patrick Watson (dealer) (April 2014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-401

Matches: 1 hit

  • … by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Gould, John. 1832–7. The birds of …

To Charles Lyell   [14] September [1838]

Summary

Comments on an article in Edinburgh Review [by David Brewster, 67 (1838): 271–308] on Comte’s Philosophie positive.

Discusses falsity of Élie de Beaumont’s views of contemporaneous parallel lines of elevation and subsidence.

Owen’s views of relationship of reptiles to birds.

On "question of species" CD has filled notebook after notebook with facts, "which begin to group themselves clearly under sub-laws".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [14] Sept [1838]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-428

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
  • … Babbage the position of President for the 1839 meeting. However, when John Herschel …

To John Forbes Royle   [24 May 1838]

Summary

Would like to attend a lecture by JFR on "geography of plants with relation to the Himalayas".

"A grand battle" at the Geological Society between Sedgwick and G. B. Greenough.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Forbes Royle
Date:  [24 May 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 397
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-415

Matches: 1 hit

  • … geological map of England (Geological Society of London, Council Minutes, 5 June 1839). …

From Robert Bastard James to Charles Lyell   [c. 10 March 1838]

Summary

Sends four samples of dust blown on board his ship from the coast of Africa, nearly 400 miles away, during four days in March 1838. Gives careful descriptions and relates the tests he made of it [see Collected papers 1: 200].

Author:  Robert Bastard James
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [c. 10 Mar 1838]
Classmark:  DAR 168: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-405

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pencil crossed pencil On cover, ink : Jan. 14. –15 th 1839. Feb. 2–4 th 9  to 13 th . …
Document type
letter (29)
Date
1838
01 (1)
02 (3)
03 (2)
04 (2)
05 (3)
06 (1)
07 (1)
08 (2)
09 (2)
11 (7)
12 (5)
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

To celebrate Darwin's 210th birthday, we present a new section on Darwin's works in letters, featuring Journal of researches, Living and fossil cirripedia, Descent of man, and Expression of emotions. And here is a song with lyrics based on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …

William Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to record observations on his behaviour and development. Years later these are published in the journal Mind.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …
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