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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To William Shoberl   [22 or 23 September 1837]

Summary

Thanks WS for a document [see 379]. Promises to send MS and woodcuts before night. Discusses details of printing and correction. Thanks WS and Henry Colburn for assistance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Shoberl
Date:  [22–3 Sept 1837]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-380

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of 2 September 1839, p.  267 and Freeman 1977 , p.  34). CD travelled to Shrewsbury on …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Narrative : Narrative of the surveying …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …
  • … the time the Narrative was published in May 1839, Colburn had apparently decided that CD’s …
  • … Narrative and brought it out with a new title in August 1839 ( The Publishers’ Circular …

To William Whewell   [10 March 1837]

Summary

CD seeks to decline the Secretaryship [of the Geological Society] by citing his obligation to FitzRoy to write his volume of the narrative of their expedition. His youth, inexperience, and ignorance of English geology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Whewell
Date:  [10 Mar 1837]
Classmark:  Trinity College, Cambridge (Add c 88: 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-347

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …
  • … Philip Parker King’s volumes that postponed publication of the Narrative until mid-1839. …

To Leonard Jenyns   3 December [1837]

Summary

CD is glad LJ is describing the fishes [for Zoology]; would not have permitted J. E. Gray to describe them. New species will be lithographed.

Suggests books; offers coloured drawings made by artist on Beagle voyage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  3 Dec [1837]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-391

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Beechey, Frederick William. 1839. The zoology of Captain Beechey’s voyage; …
  • … of Captain Beechey’s voyage ( Beechey 1839 ). In the introduction to that work, Beechey …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. OED : The Oxford English dictionary. …

To Frederick William Hope   [21 June 1837]

Summary

Discusses insect specimens he left with FWH. Asks if he may state on FWH’s authority that a third or a half of the specimens from Sydney and Hobart Town are undescribed – a striking fact, showing imperfect knowledge of the insects in the close neighbourhood of the two Australian capitals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick William Hope
Date:  [21 June 1837]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum (Hope Entomological collections)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-362

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of London 2: 128–31. Walker, Francis. 1839. Monographia Chalciditum. London: Hyppolitus …
  • … 2 of his Monographia Chalciditum ( F.  Walker 1839 ). Waterhouse 1837–40a (read 5 December …

From Emily Catherine Darwin   15 [January 1837]

Summary

Morning Herald had an account of CD’s 80 specimens of Mammalia and 450 birds at the Zoological Society.

John Gould has described new species in CD’s Galapagos birds.

Much interest in CD’s "Laurels".

Family news.

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 [Jan 1837]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-341

Matches: 3 hits

  • … as assistant, secretary, and servant until 1839. The Morning Herald, 12 January 1837, p.   …
  • … 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Proctor, Robert. 1825. Narrative of a …
  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

To Richard Owen   [28 December 1837]

Summary

CD sorry RO is not well and fears work on Macrauchenia may have contributed. Thinks new name very good. Other details concerning publication [of Zoology, pt 1, no. 1].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [28 Dec 1837]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-396

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Owen. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. …
  • … until thirteen months later, in March 1839. Owen describes Macrauchenia patachonica as ‘A …

To Leonard Jenyns   [4 December 1837]

Summary

Is sorry the fish [for Zoology] give LJ so much trouble. Urges him not to give up. Describes publication plan of Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  [4 Dec 1837]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-392

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. Fish : Pt IV of The zoology of the …
  • … by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The …

To J. S. Henslow   [12 or 13 July 1837]

Summary

Has been "cramming up learning to ornament my journal with".

Sends a list of questions on his botanical specimens. Needs answers for Journal of researches, which he expects to go to press in August.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [12 or 13 July 1837]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-366

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1837, but he did not reside in Hitcham permanently until 1839 ( Jenyns 1862 , pp.  65–6). …

From Catherine and Caroline Sarah Darwin   [16 February 1837]

Summary

News of family and friends.

Caroline repeats story told to R. W. Darwin of FitzRoy’s feeling of obligation to Captain John White, from whom he gained release to marry Miss O’Brien.

Fanny Biddulph has had a son.

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton; Caroline Sarah Darwin; Caroline Sarah Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 Feb 1837]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-344

Matches: 2 hits

  • … more important passages added in both the 1839 and 1845 editions. The additional matter in …
  • … 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Stenton, Michael. 1976. Who’s who of …

To W. D. Fox   7 July [1837]

Summary

Has finished the Journal; is readying it for the press.

Adds family news including Caroline’s forthcoming marriage to Josiah Wedgwood III.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  7 July [1837]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 52)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-364

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1839 and later (1842–6) served as Director of the …

To J. S. Henslow   18 [May 1837]

Summary

Plans to apply to Government for assistance with publishing Zoology.

Robert Brown has taken an interest in the fossil woods.

CD is at work on his journal. Has not begun his geology yet. Has seen much of Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  18 [May 1837]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Henslow letters: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-355

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1838, publication was delayed until mid-1839, awaiting FitzRoy’s volumes. As Volume III of …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To William Whewell   18 June [1837]

Summary

Asks Whewell questions on earthquake wave action.

Thanks him for signature [to CD’s request to Chancellor of the Exchequer for funds for Zoology].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Whewell
Date:  18 June [1837]
Classmark:  Trinity College, Cambridge (Add c 88: 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-361

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

From Robert FitzRoy   16 November 1837

Summary

CD’s response [missing] comes from the heart. RF explains that CD’s preface [to Journal and remarks, vol. 3 of Narrative] offended him in not acknowledging the part RF and the other officers had in helping CD. Beagle voyage was the first on which officers could have kept any specimens they collected, but they gave preference to CD.

Author:  Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Nov 1837
Classmark:  DAR 164: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-387

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pp. vii–viii, which was not published until 1839. The answers appear in the preface to …

To Charles Lyell   30 July 1837

Summary

Galapagos land birds and reptiles.

No two naturalists agree on any fundamental idea [of species]. "Everything is arbitrary."

Has been with Richard Owen going over the S. American fossils.

Has worked out the non-relation between animals’ bulk and luxuriance of vegetation.

The horse once common on the Pampas. The mystery of the extinction of these animals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 July 1837
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-367

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. Notebook B. See Barrett 1960; de Beer 1960; …

To John Lort Stokes   [after 31 May 1837]

Summary

Asks JLS: "Are there masses of coral or beds of shells some yards above high water mark, on the coast fronting the barrier reef?" [In reference to JLS’s proposed exploration of Australian coasts and rivers.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lort Stokes
Date:  [after 31 May 1837]
Classmark:  Stokes 1846, 1: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-356F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to further the objects of science. In June 1839 Stokes discovered a raised beach of coral …

From Robert FitzRoy   15 November 1837

Summary

RF declines to give an opinion on the wording of the preface to CD’s volume [Journal and remarks, vol. 3 of Narrative, published separately as Journal of researches] and refers him to a disinterested third party.

Author:  Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov 1837
Classmark:  DAR 164: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-386

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Zoology : The zoology of the voyage of …

To Caroline Darwin   [19 May – 16 June 1837]

Summary

Sends a number of questions (to put to his father), mainly concerned with transmission of diseases, between Europeans and natives, "people packed together", etc.

Is investigating how to get Government support [for Zoology].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah Darwin; Caroline Sarah Wedgwood
Date:  [19 May – 16 June 1837]
Classmark:  DAR 154: 52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-360

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

From Adam Sedgwick to the Geological Society of London   10 July 1837

Summary

Referee’s report on "Elevation on the coast of Chili" [(1838), Collected papers 1: 41–3] and paper by Alexander Caldcleugh on same subject. Recommends printing CD’s in Transactions and shortening Caldcleugh’s. [W. Lonsdale’s note shows CD’s paper withdrawn 15 Nov 1837, Caldcleugh’s ordered not printed 15 Nov 1837.]

Author:  Adam Sedgwick
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  10 July 1837
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/COM/P/4/2/49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-365

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To William Lonsdale   [May? 1837]

Summary

Sends an abstract made by J. F. Royle of CD’s paper ["On certain areas of elevation and subsidence in the Pacific and Indian Oceans"]. G. B. Greenough will have problems with the altered references in the coral island section.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Lonsdale
Date:  [May? 1837]
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/L/R/3/169)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-383A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

William Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to record observations on his behaviour and development. Years later these are published in the journal Mind.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

To celebrate Darwin's 210th birthday, we present a new section on Darwin's works in letters, featuring Journal of researches, Living and fossil cirripedia, Descent of man, and Expression of emotions. And here is a song with lyrics based on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …
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