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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To John Murray   22 October [1870]

Summary

He agrees with his family that binding of Variation looks much better than Origin.

Asks JM to report the number of copies he has printed of Naturalist’s Voyage [Journal of researches].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 218–19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7348

Matches: 5 hits

  • … is to the editions of Journal of researches (1839, 1845, 1852, and 1860). The spine of the …
  • … Majesty’s ships Adventure and Beagle in 1839 ( Journal and remarks ); it was reissued by …
  • … volume ( Journal of researches ) in 1839 and 1840. The second edition was published by …
  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …
  • … 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his …

To John Murray   10 January [1867]

Summary

Relieved by JM’s note and by his agreement on type size. Is alarmed by what the verdict [on Variation] of JM’s friend will be. He is not a man of science. An unscientific reader would have condemned the Origin. An eminent semi-scientific man thought the Journal of researches not worth publishing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 166)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5356

Matches: 4 hits

  • … has been identified; it was published in 1839. Robert FitzRoy read the proof-sheets (see …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Narrative : Narrative of the surveying …
  • … vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

From John Murray   3 February [1869]

Summary

Gives consent, which is unnecessary because term of protection has expired, for French translation of Journal of researches.

Is at a loss to know how many copies of F. Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin to print.

The printer is ready for copy for a new "edition" of Variation. [Presumably another issue. 2d edition did not appear until 1875.]

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 363
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6597

Matches: 2 hits

  • … researches , which was first published in 1839 (see letter to John Murray, [1–3 February  …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To John Murray   [25 January 1860]

Summary

CD asks how soon JM will go to press with Journal [of researches]; thinks he had better look it over to see if progress of science has made any correction necessary.

P.S. Asa Gray has written that Origin has caused great excitement in U. S. Agassiz has denounced it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [25 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.64–67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2632

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … of Journal of researches was published in 1839 by Henry Colburn. For CD’s unsatisfactory …

To John Murray   18 May [1860]

Summary

Thanks for six copies of Journal of researches [1860 ed.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 May [1860]
Classmark:  Dunedin Public Library (Reed collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2810

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To John Murray   [6 June 1845]

Summary

Has sent off MS of first part [of Journal of researches, 2d ed.]. Has so much to add about Fuegians [at beginning of second part] and so much to condense and rewrite in scientific part that he may not have second part ready at end of month; it depends on his health, which is good lately.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [6 June 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 29–30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-876

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Narrative : Narrative of the surveying …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To John Murray   14 November [1859]

Summary

Mme Belloc wishes to translate CD’s book on species into French. Asks JM to communicate with her. CD anxious to have his views known and discussed. Wishes there could be a German translation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  14 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.54–56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2531

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To John Murray   21 January [1861]

Summary

Thinks third edition of Origin should advertise "additions and corrections", for the additions are important. They will add 30 pages to the book; there will also be a short historical sketch. Asks for some copies for friends.

Also curious to know how Journal of researches has sold. The new issue seemed a rash venture to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  21 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.98–99)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3048

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species …

To John Murray   [31 May 1845]

Summary

Will send MS of first part [of Journal of researches] on Thursday morning, enclosing suggested title and dedication. Urges inclusion of map. Requests another £50 for copyright, as offer of £100 was made when only two parts were planned.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [31 May 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.24–25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-872

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Gould. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41. …

To John Murray   17 August [1871]

Summary

Asks JM whether he will publish 750 copies of a pamphlet [Chauncey Wright’s review of Mivart’s Genesis of species, North Am. Rev. 113 (1871): 63–103] at CD’s expense.

Has been ill so cannot say when he will finish new edition of Origin.

Asks about sales and printing of Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  17 Aug [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 226–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7907

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

From John Murray   28 April [1869]

Summary

Has sold 400 copies of Facts and arguments for Darwin. It is a poor time for bookselling.

Last Quarterly Review has best exposition of Darwinism he has met with [A. R. Wallace, "Geological climates, and origin of species", Q. Rev. 126 (1869): 359–94].

Proposes to print 2000 copies of a new [5th] edition of Origin.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 368
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6715

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From Whitwell Elwin to John Murray   3 May 1859

Summary

Charles Lyell has asked WE to pass his opinions on the MS of Origin to CD via Murray. WE is convinced of the value of CD’s researches but "to put forth the theory without the evidence", as in the MS, "would do grievous injustice to his views". The omission of these facts reduces both the philosophical and popular value of the work, by virtue of its dryness.

Supports Charles Lyell’s suggestion that CD should first publish his observations on pigeons with a theoretical outline, for "[e]very body is interested in pigeons". Such a work would generate wider interest and be better understood. A subsequent, larger book would then be approached with impartiality "not to say favour" by a wider public.

Author:  Whitwell Elwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 May 1859
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42197)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2457A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To John Murray   17 November [1856–7]

Summary

Asks JM for four copies of his Journal of researches [2d ed.] at wholesale price. Also asks for total number of copies sold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  17 Nov [1856-7]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.62–63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1026

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To John Murray   [23 April 1845]

Summary

Has lost a week’s work on Journal of researches owing to poor health. Has copperplate of map, and favours inclusion. Thinks book should be called a "Journal".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [23 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.12–12A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-858

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To John Murray   24 February [1861]

Summary

If JM disapproves of inserting CD’s geological works on back of title-page [of Origin, 3d ed.], he should strike them out. CD cares little. Reminds him to insert "additions and corrections" in advertisements. Sends list for presentation copies.

Asks whether his Journal of researches has sold at all satisfactorily.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  24 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3069

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …

To John Murray   21 September [1861]

Summary

Asks JM’s opinion on publishing his MS on orchids. It has new facts, and resembles a Bridgewater Treatise, but only those who care for natural history would be interested. Would share the risk.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  21 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 106–107)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3259

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Autobiography , p.  127: During the summer of 1839, and, I believe, during the previous …

To John Murray   5 February [1860]

Summary

Thanks JM for highly flattering extract from German newspaper.

Asks JM to take steps to reserve to CD right of translation in Germany.

If there is to be a new title-page to Journal of researches, it would be a "splendid puff" to put in "7th thousand", or if Colburn’s 1500 can be added: "8th thousand".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  5 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.88–89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2688

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To John Murray   17 March [1845]

Summary

CD has heard from Lyell that JM is inclined to publish a second edition of Journal of researches. His agreement with Henry Colburn leaves CD free to publish with anyone. Will have no further relations with Colburn. Discusses details of proposed revisions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  17 Mar [1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.354–355)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-841

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To John Murray   [1–3 February 1869]

Summary

Asks JM to grant permission for a French translation of his "Naturalist’s voyage" [Journal of researches].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [1–3 Feb 1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 192–193)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6596

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

To John Murray   [27 July 1845]

Summary

Sent last sheet [of second part of Journal of researches] to printer yesterday. Will send half of MS for next part in four or five days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [27 July 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.15–16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-896

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lyell, Charles. 1838. Elements of geology. …
Document type
letter (22)
Addressee
Correspondent
Murray, John (b)[X]
Darwin, C. R. (21)
Elwin, Whitwell (1)
Date
1845 (5)
1856 (1)
1859 (2)
1860 (4)
1861 (3)
1867 (1)
1869 (3)
1870 (2)
1871 (1)
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1839 in keywords
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …

William Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to record observations on his behaviour and development. Years later these are published in the journal Mind.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …
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