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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From J. D. Hooker   [2–6 April 1845]

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A Tasmanian Cyttaria is same species as CD’s Fuegian fungus. Did the species originate on the beeches of Fuegia or of Tasmania?

JDH gives interpretation of Vestiges.

John McCulloch, J. F. Schouw, and Lamarck on the species question.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2–6 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 219–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-850

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Ross commanded on the Antarctic voyage of 1839–43; on board were Francis Rawdon Moira …
  • … Edinburgh. Hinds 1845 . A.  P. de Candolle 1839–40 . Saint-Hilaire 1841. Jussieu 1842. …
  • … Bibliography Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1839–40. Vegetable organography; or an …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 February 1854]

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Is relieved his book [Himalayan journals] has been well received and glad he has successfully completed it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 86–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1557

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had taken CD’s Journal of researches (1839) with him on the voyage of the Erebus and …
  • … Ships Erebus and Terror, in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir James …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. D. Hooker   [November 1851]

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Flora of New Zealand.

Reconsidering variability of insular species.

Becoming convinced of the probability that the southern flora is a fragmentary one – all that remains of a great southern continent.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Nov 1851]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 82–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1460

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ships Erebus and Terror , in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir James …
  • … expedition commanded by James Clark Ross, 1839–43. Hooker served as assistant surgeon and …
  • … 31 and 1838, before his death in Sydney in 1839 ( J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 , 1: iv). J.  D. …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1867]

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Responds to CD’s criticisms. JDH is sometimes confused as to what he has borrowed from CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 131–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5358

Matches: 4 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Variation : …
  • … made on Kerguelen’s Land during his 1839 to 1843 Antarctic voyage on the Erebus and Terror …
  • … and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43 ( Ross 1847 , 1: 90), Ross noted several …

From J. D. Hooker   1 February 1846

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Goes on the assumption that each species has one origin, is immutable, and migrates.

Disagrees with Gaudichaud[-Beaupré] that volcanic island species are polymorphous.

Some mundane genera vary, others do not (Senecio vs Gnaphalium).

John Lindley’s doctrine of longevity of trees is amazing.

Edward Forbes’s health is better.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1846
Classmark:  DAR 100: 60–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-947

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sur la frégate La Vénus, pendant les années 1836–1839. Relation. 4 vols. and atlas. Paris. …
  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. D. Hooker   [19 November 1845]

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Answers CD’s queries arising from Flora Antarctica.

Would like CD to come to town and go over Galapagos plants with him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Nov 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-928

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …

From J. D. Hooker   24 December 1865

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Oliver says H. E. Baillon found stamens on female flowers of Coelebogyne, but JDH and many botanists have never found any stamens.

Lyell wants to propose JDH for Copley Medal.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Dec 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4955

Matches: 3 hits

  • … east coast of Australia (see J.  Smith 1839, p.  509, and n.  6, below). The genus name …
  • … coast of Australia, in 1802 (J. Smith 1839, p.  509). Joseph Decaisne. See letter from …
  • … read to the Linnean Society (J.  Smith 1839). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 December [ …

From J. D. Hooker   9 November 1856

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JDH approves MS section on geographical distribution.

Never felt so shaky about species before.

His objections to some mechanisms of distribution that CD proposes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 105–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1983

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … the voyage of the Erebus and Terror (1839–43) to establish the point that the movement of …
  • … Ross on the Antarctic expedition of 1839–43. Hooker refers to CD’s statement: ‘Dr. Hooker …

From J. D. Hooker   14 September 1845

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Thanks for Journal of researches.

Puzzled over pea flower from Cape Tres Montes.

Thinks species a fair and most profitable subject for discussion, but has no formed opinion of his own.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Sept 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 55–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-916

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … ed. , pp.  202–3. In the first edition (1839) CD had linked this idea to the possibility …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Wiltshear, F. G. 1913. The botany of the …

From J. D. Hooker   12 December 1844

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Thanks for pleasant stay at Down.

Remarks on boulders found on southern islands.

Describes the alpine character of the Andes flora and relays information on other mountain floras.

Quotes instances of seeds that retained their vitality after being carried by ocean currents.

Sends notes on the comparative floras of New Zealand, Australia, and west coast of South America.

Encloses a copy of part of a letter from George Gardner in Ceylon concerning the European character of the mountain flora.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Dec 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 29–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-799

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Linnaeus, Carolus (Carl von Linné). 1768. …
  • … and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Selwyn, …

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1858

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Busy with introductory essay to [The botany of the Antarctic voyage, pt III] Flora Tasmaniae [printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)].

Now explains greater abundance of European species in Tasmania than in Fuegia by CD’s "refrigeration" hypothesis.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 123–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2358

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … Ships Erebus and Terror, in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir James …

From J. D. Hooker   5 July 1845

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Raises some points for revision of CD’s Journal of researches.

Southern island floras. "The more I ponder upon Insular Floras the less inclined I am to admit the mutation of species to any very great amount."

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 51–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-887

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Sprengel, Christian Konrad. 1793. Das …

From J. D. Hooker   19 [June 1862]

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Household problems: wife’s health, visitors to Kew.

Will go to sale of J. C. Ross’s effects looking for glacial and Kerguelen Land works not at British Museum.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 [June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 38–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3611

Matches: 2 hits

  • … surgeon on Ross’s Antarctic expedition of 1839–43 ( DNB ). Edward Sabine, president of the …
  • … Isles, and Ross’s Antarctic expedition of 1839–43 was organised largely to make magnetic …

From J. D. Hooker   28 November 1843

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Thanks for use of CD’s collection.

Comments and queries on the botany of the Southern Hemisphere.

Looks forward to seeing CD’s Galapagos plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1843
Classmark:  DAR 100: 1–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-717

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From J. D. Hooker   17 [November 1873]

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Is sending specimens of Eucalyptus;

goes tomorrow to receive LL.D. [Glasgow].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 [November 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 133-4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9054

Matches: 1 hit

  • … an MD from the University of Glasgow in 1839 ( Roll of the graduates of the University of …

From J. D. Hooker   29 January 1844

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Remarks on geographical divisions of the flora of the Southern Hemisphere.

JDH beginning Galapagos plants. Value of studying insular floras with respect to inquiries about adaptation of species.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 5–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-734

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Orbigny, Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1843 – 11 January 1844]

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Henslow has sent him CD’s Galapagos plants along with Macrae’s. JDH impressed by the island endemism, which "overturns all our preconceived notions" on centres of radiation. Describes the extent, and the sharp demarcation at longitude 60° W, of the American and European Northern Hemisphere floras. CD’s plants among those he is using to do Antarctic flora. Drimys winteri shows a graded series of states down the length of the South American continent.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Dec 1843 – 11 Jan 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 206–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-723

Matches: 1 hit

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …

From J. D. Hooker   [28 April 1845]

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First part of "Galapagos flora" ["Plants of the Galapagos Archipelago", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 (1851): 163–233] finished but not printed.

Details of distribution of Galapagos flora. Peculiarity of island floras.

Leaves for Edinburgh on Wednesday.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-862

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From Joseph Dalton Hooker   [c. April 1851]

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Wants catalogue of small islands that contain peculiar plants. Thinks complete floras of islands in various stages of depression [subsidence] would provide good data.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. Apr 1851]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 164
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1382

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ships Erebus and Terror , in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir James …
  • … s painting ‘The Last Man’ (exhibited in 1839) depicting a single figure standing in a …

From J. D. Hooker   [25 March 1846]

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JDH recognises the existence of "altered states" of continental species in island floras. The botanists’ difficulty in determining a new species is no grounds for dismissing the important question of altered forms.

Will look for Ascension plants for Ehrenberg.

French Galapagos collections confirm JDH’s view that plants arrived from north.

Cannot agree with Forbes on North Atlantic flora.

Botanical definition of "highness" and "lowness" usually means complexity and simplicity.

Some plants, such as aquatic ones, are cleistogamous. Cannot see why they should not be.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Mar 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 188–91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-964

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Mediterranean locations during the winters of 1839–46. Moquin-Tandon 1841 . Journal of the …
Document type
letter (69)
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Hooker, J. D.[X]
Lyell, Charles (1)
Addressee
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Introduction to the Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle

Summary

'a humble toadyish follower…': Not all pictures of Darwin during the Beagle voyage are flattering.  Published here for the first time is a complete transcript of a satirical account of the Beagle’s brief visit in 1836 to the Cocos Keeling islands…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (1839), was written by John Clunies Ross, …
  • … in the Beagle , and especially the works published in 1839 by her captain, Robert FitzRoy and his …
  • … are marked in roman numerals. Others relate to Darwin’s 1839 or 1845 volumes and Belcher’s …
  • … star in the scientific world, and had copies of both the 1839 Narrative and the 1845 second edition …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle voyage in 1831, Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington kept an illustrated journal of his observations and experiences on the voyage, noting wildlife, landscapes, buildings and people and,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … duties, until Darwin’s marriage to Emma Wedgwood in 1839.    Covington then decided to …
  • … Darwin wrote a letter of recommendation for him in 1839, stating that he had ‘ good reason to …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

Within two months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with distributing his specimens among specialists for description, and more interested in working on his geological research, turned his mind to the task of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

George James Stebbing

Summary

George James Stebbing (1803—1860) travelled around the world with Charles Darwin on board HMS Beagle and helped him with measuring temperature on at least one occasion. However, Stebbing barely registers in Darwin’s correspondence. The only mention omits…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … told Alexander von Humboldt, in a letter of 1 November 1839, that he had been assisted in measuring …
  • …   References [FitzRoy, Robert] 1839.  Narrative of the surveying voyages of His …

Elleparu (York Minster)

Summary

Elleparu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Yokcushlu (Fuegia Basket)

Summary

Yokcushlu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Orundellico (Jemmy Button)

Summary

Orundellico was one of the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

Another present for Darwin's birthday: five new pages are added to our Works in letters section on the 'big book' before Origin, Origin itself, the subsequent editions of Origin, Orchids, and the Life of Erasmus Darwin. These complement…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

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  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …
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