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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Daniel Oliver   17 October [1860]

Summary

Thanks for information and extracts.

M. A. Curtis, quoted in ["Dionaea"] Penny encyclopedia [(1837) 8: 508], gives the only full account of Dionaea.

Concurs in DO’s explanation of Dionaea footstalk cells, which CD took for stomata.

Is using carbonate of ammonia as a substitute for flies and colour change in glands as index of action on Drosera. Suspects other nitrogenous compounds do not act till decomposed into carbonate of ammonia. Beginning to write Drosera paper. Action of nitrogenous compounds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  17 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 18 (EH 88206002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2951

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Curtis, Moses A. 1834. Enumeration of plants growing spontaneously around …
  • … Lindley] 1837 , p.  508. CD cited Curtis 1834  in Insectivorous plants , p.  301 n. The …
  • … Boston Journal of Natural History 1 (1834–7): 82–140. Insectivorous plants. By Charles …

From Charles Lyell   [before 20 November 1860]

Summary

Discusses the possibility of a land-bridge connecting Biscay with Ireland and the consequent occurrence in southern Ireland of Asturian plants which are absent from England.

Asks if Hooker or anyone has criticised Edward Forbes’ botanical migration of five floras in the British Isles ["On the connexion between the distribution of existing fauna and flora of the British Isles, and the geological changes which have affected their area", Mem. Geol. Surv. G. B. 1 (1846): 336–432].

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 20 Nov 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 170.2: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2902

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. De la Beche, Henry Thomas. 1834. Researches in theoretical geology. London. …
  • … Lyell, 20 November [1860] . De la Beche 1834 , p.  190. The map indicates the position of …

To Charles Lyell   28 [September 1860]

Summary

Discusses extinction of ammonites.

Discusses August Krohn’s cirripede research and Krohn’s correction of his own work.

Discusses origin of dog in connection with origin of man.

Comments on the guinea-pig in South America.

Notes K. E. von Baer’s view of species.

Mentions difficulty of crossing rabbit and hare.

Agrees with Hooker’s views on variation under cultivation and in nature.

Regrets use of term "natural selection", would now use "Natural Preservation".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  28 [Sept 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.229)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2931

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Baer, Karl Ernst von. 1834. Das allgemeine Gesetz der Entwickelungsgeschichte …
  • … of Gray’s information may have been Baer 1834 , p.  15, where Karl Ernst von Baer suggests …

To H. G. Bronn   21 March [1860]

Summary

Thanks HGB [for his Morphologische Studien (1858)].

Pleased at quickness of translation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  21 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2732

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Leipzig. Leipzig: Vereins der Buchhändler. 1834–80. Origin : On the origin of species by …

To H. G. Bronn   14 July [1860]

Summary

Responds to HGB’s critique of Origin [appended to German translation of Origin]. Comments on English reviews.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  14 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2867

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Leipzig. Leipzig: Vereins der Buchhändler. 1834–80. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

From John Lubbock   [after 28 April 1860?]

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Summary

Gives CD references to papers on eyes of lower animals.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 28 Apr 1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 48: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2394

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1826  and refined in J.  P.  Müller 1834–7. CD owned a copy of the English translation of …

To Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf Günther   6 March [1860]

Summary

Reports on the snakes he collected in the Galapagos.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  6 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2725

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of his Erpétologie générale (Duméril and Bibron 1834–54), and CD’s collection remained …
Document type
letter (7)
Date
1860
03 (2)
04 (1)
07 (1)
09 (1)
10 (1)
11 (1)
Search:
1834 in keywords
20 Items

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in Chile) on 14 November 1833, and left again on 25 January 1834. Just one day later, the twenty-two …
  • … their diaries were published in the Missionary Herald in 1834 and 1835 , and a complete …

Darwin’s earthquakes

Summary

Darwin experienced his first earthquake in 1834, but it was a few months later that he was really confronted with their power. Travelling north along the coast of Chile, Darwin and Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, were confronted with a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … happened Darwin to his sister Catherine, 8 November 1834 Darwin experienced …
  • … FitzRoy repeated a survey he had made of the coastline in 1834 and demonstrated that the surface of …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … of useful knowledge Horse, cow, sheep [Youatt 1831, 1834, 1837]. Verey Philosophie d’Hist. …
  • … d[itt]o [T. S. B. Raffles 1817] Buffon Suites [Buffon 1834–74]. Much on Geograph. Distrib. …
  • … of quadrupeds of the Dekhan [Sykes 1832a] & Birds [Sykes 1834]. Zoolog. Proceedings & …
  • … Hunt 1806] p. 290 “Thacker” [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 …
  • … Physiolog. & treats on origin & formation of Varieties [Lord 1834] Royle on Indian …
  • … 1825–36].— Butler. 3. first sermons [Butler 1834] recommended by Sir. J. Mackintosh J. …
  • … 1835]: Lacordaire Introduction Entomologique [Lacordaire 1834–8]: Reptiles [Duméril and Bibron 1834
  • … 1784] Duke of Wellington’s Dispatches [Wellesley 1834–9] Carlyles Oliver Cromwell …
  • … Vol. on  Peacocks  &  Pheasants  [Jardine ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. …
  • … Hort. Soc. Hooker? Rogets Bridgewater Treatise [Roget 1834]: very good, abortive organs read …
  • … der Königlichen Akad: der Wissen: Aus dem Jahre 1834.— Berlin 1836.— “Vergleich: Anat der Myxinoiden …
  • … Kangaroos [Gould 1841–2]— Birds of Himalaya [Gould 1834] (& of Europe?) [Gould 1832–7] & of …
  • … Bernhardi Ueber den Begriff der Pflanzenart [Bernhardi 1834] (M. Gerard. experiments on species …
  • … lettered, (pub. at 6 s  per vol.) reduced to 5 s  1834–43 1. Humming Birds, Vol. 1 …
  • … Life of Wesley [R. Southey 1820].— The Doctor [R. Southey 1834–47]. The Book of the Church [R. …
  • … Reference at end D r  Lang’s Australia [Lang 1834]— Trash skimmed Macleay’s Hora …
  • … 1792] —Rev. A. Wells Lectures on Instinct [Wells 1834] Cline on the breeding of …
  • … 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology [Blackwall 1834]— d[itt]o d[itt]o d[itt]o. d[itt]o. …
  • … th . Cattle. Library of Useful Knowledge—Youatt [Youatt 1834] References at end April 13 th …
  • … [Boswell 1831] Philip Van Artevelde [H. Taylor 1834]. reread Macaulay Art. on Bacon in …
  • … moderate Feb. 7 th  Sartor Resartus [Carlyle 1834] excellent March 5 Hume Hist. Engl …
  • … Meyens Reisen in Chile [Meyen 1834–5] Dec 1 st . Jesse Gleanings [Jesse 1832 …
  • … 15b] 1844 & 5 Burne’s Bokhara (3. vols) [Burnes 1834] Nov. 20 Liebig’s familiar …
  • … in Norway [Laing 1836] —— Burnes Cabool [Burnes 1834] —— Southeys Thaleba [R. W. …
  • … Oct. 20 th  Lewis Journal in W. Indies [M. G. Lewis 1834] Nov 7. Life of Lavater [?Heisch …
  • … 14 th  Wellington Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by …
  • … of Crustacea 3 d  Tom. of Suite de Buffon [Milne-Edwards 1834–40]. March 5 th  St. John’s …
  • … [Sageret 1830] 19 th  Abhand. Konig. Ak. Berlin. 1834. Müller on Myxine [Müller 1837] …
  • … Feb 8 IV, V & VI vols of Wellington Despatches [Wellesley 1834–9] —— 17 th  Arts & …

Conrad Martens

Summary

Conrad Martens was born in London, the son of an Austrian diplomat. He studied landscape painting under the watercolourist Copley Fielding (1789–1855), who also briefly taught Ruskin. In 1833 he was on board the Hyacinth, headed for India, but en route in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Beagle crew in July 1833; he stayed with them until July 1834, when FitzRoy sold the Beagle & …
  • … are dated, and the book remained in use until early February 1834. Sketchbook I measures …
  • … most part the right hand page. The sketches begin in April 1834, with the exception of the very …
  • … of a set made after their arrival in Valparaiso in August 1834. …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 259 —Charles Darwin to Caroline Darwin, 13 October 1834 Darwin’s ill health began …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle  3 (1834): 84–115. (DAR 37.1: 677v.; letter to J. …
  • … Cambridge, 1833.  (Letter to Charles Whitley, 23 July 1834). ‘Philosophical tracts’, Darwin …
  • … 1832 . London, 1833.  (Letter to J. S. Henslow, March 1834 and letter from J. S. Henslow, 31 …
  • … 77) Greenough, George Bellas. Anniversary address (1834).  Proceedings of the Geological …
  • … 30.1: 13v.; letter to J. S. Henslow, 24 July – 7 November 1834). Darwin Library–CUL †. La …
  • … Darwin’; letter to J. S. Henslow, 24 July – 7 November 1834). Darwin Library–CUL † (vols. 1 and 2). …
  • … 1826. (DAR 31.2: 319; letter to Robert Fitzroy, 28 August 1834). Darwin Library–CUL †. Milton …
  • … 2. Madrid, 1795. (Inscription: ‘Charles Darwin Valparaiso 1834’). Darwin Library–CUL ††. * …
  • … 1694. (Letter to J. S. Henslow, 24 July – 7 November 1834). §  New Testament  (Greek). ( …
  • … . . .  London, 1816. (Letter from J. S. Henslow, 22 July 1834;  Red notebook , p. 89). Darwin …
  • … 209–17. (Letter to J. S. Henslow, 24 July – 7 November 1834). ‡ Syme, Patrick.  Werner’s …
  • … performed in H.M. Sloop Chanticleer . . .  2 vols. London, 1834. (DAR 32.1: 7;  Red notebook , p. …
  • … 123 (1833): 147–236. (Letter to J. S. Henslow, March 1834;  Narrative  2 (Appendix): 227). …
  • … Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  1 (1834): 21–6. (DAR 35.2: 357). Carne, …
  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London 126 (1834): 365–88. ( Red notebook , p. 24; CD refers …
  • … United Service Journal and Naval and Military Magazine  3 (1834): 215–26. ( Red notebook , p. 27) …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 249 — Henslow, J. S. to Darwin, C. R., 22 July 1834 Henslow notes that Darwin’s cargo …
  • … Darwin, C. R. to Henslow, J. S., 24 July & 28 Oct & 7 Nov 1834 Darwin is excited by …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … early years occur after a serious illness at Valparaiso in 1834, when he was incapacitated for …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and west coasts of South America, in the years 1832, 1833, 1834, and 1835, with an account of a …

The Andes

Summary

Darwin goes on a geological expedition in the Andes

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin goes on a geological expedition in the Andes …

Richard Henry Corfield

Summary

Richard Henry Corfield was in his final year at Shrewsbury School when Darwin started there. It’s hard to say how well they knew each other, but fifteen years later Corfield appeared again in Darwin’s life as a surprisingly familiar face on the other side…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the world. For when Darwin arrived in Valparaiso, Chile, in 1834, Corfield was living there and …

Chile

Summary

The Beagle arrives at the island of Chiloé, Chile

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Beagle arrives at the island of Chiloé, Chile …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … was putting in long hours preparing charts at Valparaiso in 1834. This hydrographic work, combined …
  • … secretary of the Geological Society of London.  In 1834, Darwin had reported that FitzRoy’s ‘ most …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Cruz in Argentina, which took place from 18 April to 10 May 1834, and reminded Darwin that they had …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from the 22 nd to the 26 th November 1833. In March 1834 Darwin wrote from the Falkland …

Charles Thomas Whitley

Summary

Born in Liverpool in 1808, Charles Thomas Whitley, like Darwin, attended Shrewsbury School and then Cambridge University where they were clearly very close, exchanging letters during the summer holidays. Whitley was a mathematician, a subject that held…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … when he in turn married a cousin two years later. In 1834 he published Outlines of a New Theory of …

George Robert Waterhouse

Summary

George Waterhouse was born on 6 March 1810 in Somers Town, North London. His father was a solicitor’s clerk and an amateur lepidopterist. George was educated from 1821-24 at Koekelberg near Brussels. On his return he worked for a time as an apprentice to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … following his marriage to Elizabeth Ann Griesbach in 1834. His son, Charles Owen Waterhouse (whose …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … years later by Karl Hermann Konrad Burmeister (Burmeister 1834), first revealed the developmental …
  • … cephalic, thoracic, and abdominal somites (Milne-Edwards 1834–40; Appel 1987, pp. 218–19). Darwin …
  • … of retrograde development.   ^3^ Milne-Edwards 1834–40.   ^4^ Ornithorhynchus , the …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew, Letters to J. D. Hooker, vol. 14, doc. 183–4). 15. Letter from T. H …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … for Darwin they were not any more a burning issue. By 1834, the issue was almost academic within a …