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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [before 3 February 1863]

Summary

Answers D. Beaton’s criticism of Gärtner’s work, defending his results in crossing experiments and vindicating the memory of "one of the most laborious lovers of truth who ever lived".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 3 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3966

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Gärtner, Karl Friedrich von. 1826. Nachricht über Versuche, die Befruchtung …
  • … varieties of peas were published in Gärtner 1826  and 1849; he had originally argued that …
  • … of the seed in the female parent ( Gärtner 1826 , pp.  36, 61), but in Gärtner 1849 , he …
  • … May [1861] ). The references are to Gärtner 1826  and Herbert 1837 , pp.  348–52. See also …

From W. D. Fox   12 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses crossed varieties of sheep and ducks.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4037

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Bewick, Thomas. 1826. A history of British birds. 2 vols. Newcastle: T. …
  • … D.  Fox, 9 March [1863] and n.  1. Bewick 1826 , 2: 317. Topping: ‘the crest of a bird’ ( …

To Thomas Rivers   [14 February 1863]

Summary

Delighted by curious case of inheritance in the weeping ash [cited in missing letter from TR] "which produced weeping seedlings and itself lost the weeping peculiarity!" Wishes he could get authentic information on the weeping elm.

What TR says of seedlings conquering each other well illustrates struggle for existence and natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  [14 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  19th Century Shop (catalogue 5, 1988)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3982

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Loudon founded the Gardener’s Magazine in 1826 and edited it until his death in 1843 ( …

To Thomas Rivers   1 February [1863]

Summary

Answers TR’s query about stomata.

CD will use "weeping trees" as an example of how inexplicable the laws of inheritance are, and asks for facts on character of seedlings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  1 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (23–4 July 1987)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3962

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a closely allied nectarine. CD cites Knight 1826, p.  394, and Downing 1845 , p.  502, on …

From Edward Blyth   7 April 1863

Summary

Has seen some curious hybrid ducks and geese of Bartlett’s. Bartlett will do experiments suggested by CD when he has time.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4078

Matches: 1 hit

  • … edition. London: Henry Colburn [and others]. 1826–. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

From Bartholomew James Sulivan   4 February [1863]

Summary

Thinks he may be appointed Commodore commanding the Squadron on the west coast of S. America. Wishes to leave England for his health’s sake.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 280
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3968

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 …

From Camille Dareste   8 February 1863

Summary

Has read Origin with satisfaction. He had long ago come to consider the fixity of species as contrary to the facts, but could see no suitable alternative. The Origin has brought the light to guide him.

Sends CD a copy of his latest work ["Mémoire sur la production artificielle des monstruosités", Ann. Sci. Nat. (Zool.) 4th ser. 18 (1862): 243–76]. Hopes to explain a great number of anomalies by his experimental work on artificially produced monstrosities.

Author:  Gabriel-Madeleine-Camille (Camille) Dareste
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 162: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3974

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Saint-Hilaire 1825a, 1825b, 1825c, 1826, 1827a, and 1827b, and I.  Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire …

From J. D. Hooker   [2]9 June 1863

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Summary

JDH and Oliver impressed with CD’s observations on gyratory motion of plants.

CD pleased with Bentham’s Linnean Society address on the reception of Darwinism [J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 7 (1863): xi–xxix].

JDH’s social "dogma": "Brains x Beauty = Breeding + wealth".

[Dated 9 June by JDH.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2]9 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 147–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4224

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Facultät der Universität Tübingen im Jahr 1826 als Preisschrift gekrönt wurde. Tübingen: …

To Charles Lyell   14 August [1863]

Summary

Congratulates CL on finding Arctic shells.

Comments on paper by E. B. Hunt ["On the origin, growth, substructure and chronology of the Florida reef", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 197–210].

Mentions J. D. Dana’s health.

George Bentham’s statement on species [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1863): xi–xxix].

Praises Bates’s book [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.296)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4267

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1831. ] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 1 (1826–33): 331–2. [Vols. 4,9,11] …
Search:
1826 in keywords
20 Items

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … find the discipline of medicine more congenial. In October 1826 Charles returned to Edinburgh for a …
  • … training (see letter from E. A. Darwin, [29 September 1826] ). However, Charles’s medical …
  • … Granby  in a letter to his sister dated 29 January 1826 , so perhaps he meant that the list …
  • … Or perhaps, having returned to Edinburgh in the autumn of 1826, he made a list of some books he had …
  • … House.  Darwin wrote to his sister Susan on 29 January [1826] : I have been most …
  • … 1819b and Abernethy 1823 (see n. 3). 10 White 1826. 12 mo: duodecimo. 11 Pennant …
  • … 13 Edinburgh new philosophical journal  vols. 1–19 (1826–64), a continuation of the  Edinburgh …
  • … copy in the Darwin Library–CUL. 16 Hudson 1826; Lister 1826. CD described Lister 1826 as …
  • … A periodical by Samuel Johnson. 20 Smith 1826. 21 Clarke 1810–23. …
  • … th  ed. 2 vols. London. Hudson, Marianne Spencer. 1826.  Almack’s: a novel . 3 vols. …
  • … Blackwood. London: T. Cadell. Lister, Thomas Henry. 1826.  Granby . 3 vols. London. …
  • … of Dr. Darwin . London: J. Johnson. Smith, Horace. 1826.  Brambletye House: or, cavaliers …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … 1800]— perhaps worth reading quoted by Malthus [Malthus 1826]. Heberdens observations on …
  • … spont. Hybrids. where? Sweet Hortus Britann: [Sweet 1826]— has remarks on acclimatizing of …
  • … 29 Chardin [Chardin 1686] & Bernier [Bernier 1826]. Mack. says very amusing Toland …
  • … [Yarrell 1843] (1 Vol read) Last Edit of Malthus 1826 [Malthus 1826]— (read) Pallas’ …
  • … Baber’s Biography. translat. by Erskine [Baber 1826] Lee Scot’s Narrative of Shipwreck in …
  • … memoire descriptif de la fôret de Bialowcka. Varsovie 1826 [Brincken 1828] quoted by …
  • … generales sur les Mammif. Isid. G. St. Hilaire. 1826? [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1826] facts on …
  • … 1844].) read Sageret sur les Cucurbitaceæ [Sageret 1826] (Gerard Hybrids [Gérard 1844]) …
  • … North’s lives of L d . Guildford & the Norths [North 1826]. (Erasmus) read Hebrew …
  • … [Lavater 1806–7] Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60 …
  • … [T. Campbell 1828]. Some of Shellys Poems [Shelley 1826] 19 th . Read well Mackenzie …
  • … 8 th  Sageret’s Mem: sur les Cucurbitaceæ [Sageret 1826]— —— 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. …
  • … I to Tom. XX —— 7 Malthus on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s …
  • … Col. Lib Aug. 25. North’s lives of L. North [North 1826] interesting Sept 13. Sismondi …
  • … 1848 Jan 25. W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt …
  • … 1847] goodish —— 20. Berniers Travels [Bernier 1826]— d[itt]o —— 26 Lane’s Water Cure …
  • … of Birds Yarrell has.?— Ramond Acad. of Sci. Jan. 1826 [G. Cuvier 1830]. Flora of Pyrenees …
  • … Bentham has published list of Pyrenes plants [Bentham 1826]. I daresay he w d . go over list with …
  • … These authors were cited in Lesson and Garnot 1826–30. 9  CD did not follow his own …
  • … Paris. [Darwin Library.] *119: 9v.; 119: 1a Baber. 1826.  Memoirs of Zehir-Ed-Din …
  • … and London. [Other eds.] 128: 9 Bentham, George. 1826.  Catalogue des plantes indigènes …
  • … *119: 20v.; 128: 14 Bernier, François. 1826.  Travels in the Mogul Empire A.D.   1656 …
  • … Majesty’s Ships Leven   and Barracouta, from 1821 to 1826. Under the command of   Capt. W. F. …
  • … de l’Académie royale des sciences, pendant l’année 1826, pp. clxix–cc. *128: 167 Dampier, …
  • … “Adventure” and “Beagle” between the years   1826 and 1836 . Edited by Robert FitzRoy. 3 vols. …
  • … *119: 20v. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore. 1826. Mammifères. In Bory de Saint-Vincent, …
  • … the most instructive and amusing lives . 34 vols. London. 1826–33. [Other eds.]  119: 2a …
  • … “Adventure” and “Beagle”   between the years 1826 and 1836 . Edited by Robert FitzRoy. 3 vols. …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 20 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [6 Jan 1826] Darwin describes to his sister Caroline his …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … wrote to his sister during an earlier voyage (16 March 1826): ‘I flatter myself I have a complete …
  • … the Sandwich Islands,   in the years 1824–25 . London, 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart 1962, p.4). …
  • … description of active and extinct volcanoes . . .  London, 1826. (DAR 32.1: 23v., 26). Darwin …
  • … MM. [R. P.] Lesson et [P.] Garnot. 2 vols., atlas. Paris, 1826–30. (DAR 30.2: 184; 31.1: 241). …
  • … journeys across the Pampas and among the Andes.  London, 1826. (DAR 36.1: 469v.). Darwin Library …
  • … dans les deux hémisphères.  2d ed. Paris, Strasbourg, 1826. (DAR 32.1: 56v.). Darwin Library–CUL †. …
  • … Conchifera and Mollusca in a collection formed . . . 1826–30.  Zoological Journal  5 (1832–4). …
  • … Travels in Chile and La Plata . . .  2 vols. London, 1826. (DAR 31.2: 319; letter to Robert Fitzroy …
  • … des côtes de l’Amérique méridionale . . .  Paris, 1826. (DAR 32.1: 1, 2). [Saint Pierre, …
  • … by J. B. B. Eyriès of  Ansichten der Natur , 2d ed., 1826. 2 vols. Paris, 1828. (Letter to …

William Darwin Fox

Summary

Charles Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, was admitted to Christ’s College, Cambridge, in 1824, three years before Darwin; the two men became close friends. They corresponded throughout their lives, exchanging accounts of their growing families…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Stevens Henslow. Fox’s diary and accounts for 1824 to 1826, now in Christ’s College Old Library …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Majesty’s Ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination …

Erasmus moves to London

Summary

Darwin's brother, Erasmus, leaves Edinburgh to go to Cambridge University

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's brother, Erasmus, leaves Edinburgh to go to Cambridge University …

Philip Gidley King

Summary

King was born in Parramatta, New South Wales on 31 October 1817, son of Captain Phillip Parker King and Harriett (Lethbridge). His grandfather, also named Philip Gidley King, had been governor of New South Wales. As a child, King travelled to England with…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and in 1824-5 attended school near Deptford in London. From 1826 to1830 he sailed under his father’s …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … R. Malthus’  An essay on the principle of population  (1826) furnished him with a causal mechanism …

George Peacock

Summary

George Peacock was born 9 April 1791 in Denton near Darlington in Yorkshire. He was the son of a clergyman, the Rev. Thomas Peacock, curate of Denton for 50 years and school master. George was educated at Sedbergh School, Cumbria and Richmond School in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … as deacon, then priest and became Vicar of Wymewold in 1826. In 1839 he was appointed Dean of Ely …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Majesty’s ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Majesty’s ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Majesty’s ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] …

ESHS 2018: 19th century scientific correspondence networks

Summary

Sunday 16 September, 16:00-18.00, Institute of Education, Room 802   Session chair: Paul White (Darwin Correspondence Project); Discussion chair: Francis Neary (Darwin Correspondence Project) This session marks the formal launch of Ɛpsilon …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … railroad and bank, and member of a canal commission.  In 1826, Darlington became a founder of the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Malthus’s Essay on the principle of population (London, 1826), he found a clue: in the competition …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Majesty’s ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … France for years, hiding in Belgium, Holland and Germany. In 1826 he is put in prison for debts. In …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Majesty’s ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through his school …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. Malthus, Thomas Robert. 1826.  An essay on the principle of …