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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To J. S. Henslow   22 January [1856]

Summary

Alphonse de Candolle’s Géographie botanique [raisonnée (1855)] strikes him as a wonderful, admirable work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  22 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A108–A109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1823

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1823

From E. A. Darwin   5 [March 1823]

Summary

More suggestions for the laboratory, including some experiments.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 [Mar 1823]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   5 [March 1823] …
  • … DAR 204: 5 Erasmus Alvey Darwin [Cambridge] 5 [Mar 1823] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of chemistry. London. Ure, Andrew. 1823. A dictionary of chemistry 2d ed. , with …
  • … 1822. He began his lectures after the division of Lent Term, 15 February 1823 ( Cambridge …
  • … University calendar , 1823, p.  38). See Winstanley 1940 , pp.  32–41, for a discussion of …
  • … copy of the second edition of this work (1823) is preserved in the Manuscripts Department, …
  • … Library–Botany School). The copy of Ure 1823  is unannotated except for a note, dated …

From E. A. Darwin   18 May 1823

Summary

Discusses plans for CD to visit Cambridge.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 May 1823
Classmark:  DAR 204: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   18 May 1823
  • … DAR 204: 6 Erasmus Alvey Darwin [Cambridge] 18 May 1823 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Donn, James. 1823. Hortus Cantabrigiensis; or an accented catalogue of …
  • … Cambridge] May 18 th . A.D.  1823 Dear Bobby. If you come at y e time you propose To Wit y …
  • … of the foxglove into the pharmacopoeia. Donn 1823 . A copy of this edition is preserved in …

From Emily Catherine Darwin   [c. June 1823]

Summary

Writes, while visiting the Wedgwoods at Maer and Parkfields, to thank CD for his "entertaining letter".

She misses him and the laboratory.

Asks "how Mineralogy, Botany, Chemistry and Entomology go on".

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. June 1823]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Emily Catherine Darwin    [ c. June 1823] …
  • … Darwin/Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton [Maer] [ c . June 1823] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to the Cambridge tour, which was planned for early July 1823 (see letter from E.   …
  • … A.  Darwin, 18 May 1823 ), and to Kitty …
  • … Wedgwood, who died in 1823. Maer Hall, near Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, home of …
  • … her death in 1815; Kitty died there in 1823; Sarah Elizabeth moved in 1827 to Camp Hill, a …

From Jules Joseph Fleury   23 July 1869

Summary

Wants to know whether CD is related to Edward Darwin, who married a French woman in 1823.

Author:  Jules Joseph Fleury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 136
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6840

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Wants to know whether CD is related to Edward Darwin, who married a French woman in 1823. …
  • … of the name of Edward Darwin, married, in 1823, a french woman called Orricette Parfaite …

From J. G. Malcolmson   7 October 1839

Summary

Sends notes on soundings made on coral banks in the China Sea.

His recent geological observations.

Finds a difficulty with CD’s erratic block theory.

Author:  John Grant Malcolmson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1839
Classmark:  DAR 39: 12–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-535

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Hall 1815. Murchison 1829. Agassiz 1838a. Dick 1823 , MacCulloch 1817  and 1830. The note …
  • … 3 vols. Aberdeen. Dick, Thomas Lauder. 1823. On the parallel roads of Lochaber. [Read 2 …
  • … paper read before the French Institute, July 1823 is quoted by Mr Scrope (Volcanoes P 185) …

To Charles Lyell   23 [October 1861]

Summary

Comments especially on the "intermediate shelf" problem of Glen Roy; views of Jamieson and Milne. CD "cannot help a sneaking hope that the sea might have formed the horizontal shelves".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  23 [Oct 1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.269)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3295

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of this intermediate shelf (see Lauder 1823  and Collected papers 1: 112). Milne 1847a, …
  • … of London 19: 235–59. Lauder, Thomas Dick. 1823. On the parallel roads of Lochaber. [Read …

To Susan Darwin   29 January [1826]

Summary

Sends thanks to all for their letters.

News of dining and theatre at Edinburgh.

CD will learn to stuff birds from "a blackamoor".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  29 Jan [1826]
Classmark:  DAR 19: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-22

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Duncan, the elder. Lister 1826 . Ure 1823 , p.  598. The article on ‘Nitrogen’ quotes from …
  • … 1826. Granby. 3 vols. London. Ure, Andrew. 1823. A dictionary of chemistry 2d ed. , with …

To Maxwell Tylden Masters   6 April [1863]

Summary

Comments on MTM’s article ["On the existence of two forms of peloria", Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 3 (1863): 258–62]. Cites interesting case of peloric flower.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  6 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Catherine Barnes (dealer) (January 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4076

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Seringe, Nicolas Charles. 1823. Musée Helvétique d’Histoire Naturelle. ( …
  • … flower in Aconitum (monks-hood) ( Seringe 1823 , 1: 132): ‘all the sepals were helmet- …

To Leonard Horner   [17 August – 7 September 1846]

Summary

Discusses proposed survey of Glen Roy. Mentions Glen Roy theories of Agassiz and William Buckland. Includes a memorandum calling for a careful survey of the parallel roads of Glen Roy. Mentions M. A. Bravais ["On the lines of ancient level of the sea in Finmark", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 1 (1845): 534].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Horner
Date:  [17 Aug – 7 Sept 1846]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.53); DAR 145: 136–7 (enclosure)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-993

Matches: 2 hits

  • … found; the text printed here is taken from a copy in DAR 145. Dick 1823 . Bravais 1845 . …
  • … of London 1: 534–49. Dick, Thomas Lauder. 1823. On the parallel roads of Lochaber. [Read 2 …

From Mary Congreve   27 October [1821]

Summary

Writes about London plays; wishes CD had been of the party.

Author:  Mary Congreve
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Oct [1821]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1

Matches: 2 hits

  • … notice in the Salopian Journal , 5 February 1823, as ‘eldest sister to the late General …
  • … the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 5 [March 1823] . The letter is dated from the reference to …

To David Milne   20 [September 1847]

Summary

Comments on paper by DM ["On the parallel roads of Lochaber", (1847) Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 16 (1849): 395–418]. "I am not in the least convinced about the Barriers … [but] I am very much staggered in favour of the ice-lake theory of Agassiz & [William] Buckland." Will "send a letter to the Scotsman, in which I give briefly my present impression".

Cites facts mentioned in South America possibly of use to DM.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Milne Home
Date:  20 [Sept 1847]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS.3813)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1120

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Dick Lauder’s barrier theory ( Dick 1823 ), Milne stated that there was a blockage ‘of …
  • … Chicago Press. 1977. Dick, Thomas Lauder. 1823. On the parallel roads of Lochaber. [Read 2 …

From J. D. Hooker   2 [March] 1846

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Summary

Thanks for Edward Forbes’s letter. Botanical evidence conflicts with parts of his theory but supports others. Is becoming more of a migrationist.

Bentham agrees with JDH on polymorphism.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 [Mar] 1846
Classmark:  DAR 100: 63–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-958

Matches: 2 hits

  • … pp. 67–8. Schouw, Joakim Frederik. 1823. Grundzüge einer Allgemeinen pflanzengeographie. …
  • … from Edward Forbes, [25 February 1846] . Schouw 1823 , pp.  512–14 (see letter from Edward …

From George Cupples   27 May 1878

Summary

Applies sexual selection to origin of dog race [deerhound]. Proposes descent from a large extinct dog.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 May 1878
Classmark:  DAR 161: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11532

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1871. Goldfuss, Georg August. 1823. Osteologische Beiträge zur Kenntniss …
  • … Muggendorf, Bavaria, Germany ( Goldfuss 1823 , p. 451). Henry Downing Richardson discussed …

To Charles Lyell   [1847 or 1848]

Summary

Replies to note from CL asking about views of glaciers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [1847 or 1848]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 329
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13825F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … are probably Parry 1824 and 1826, Franklin 1823 and 1828, and J.  Ross 1835 or J.   …
  • … Ross 1847. CD recorded having read Franklin 1823 on 20 September 1845, and Robert Brown’s …

To J. D. Hooker   [7 January 1845]

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Summary

Sends specimens of a Tertiary sandstone from Tierra del Fuego in which there are leaves; CD thought they were beech. What is JDH’s opinion?

Asks whether JDH can make sense of a note on silicified wood.

Has read Vestiges [of creation (1844)]; "his geology strikes me as bad, & his zoology far worse".

Would like to see lists [of plants] from Society and Sandwich Islands.

Doubts JDH’s information regarding imagination of mother affecting offspring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [7 Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-814

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1832. 2 vols. in 1. Leipzig. Porter, David. 1823. A voyage in the south seas, in the years …
  • … D.  Porter 1823 . CD presumably copied this information from notes taken following …

To Daniel Oliver   15 April [1862]

Summary

Encourages DO to publish his paper and put his name to it. [Paper apparently not published.] Concurs with his views on primordial nature of hermaphroditism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  15 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 45 (EH 88206028)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4097

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Gingins-La-Sarra, Frédéric Charles Jean de. 1823. Mémoire sur la famille des violacées. …
  • … Violaceae, Oliver cited Gingins-La-Sarra 1823 , Monnier 1833 , Müller 1857, and Michalet  …

To Charles Lyell   25 August [1845]

Summary

Discusses the power of land covered with snow to radiate heat.

Criticises CL’s discussion of slavery [in Travels in North America (1845)]. A review of CL’s book is in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Mentions John Lindley’s views on carbonic acid gas and extinction;

refers to the discussion of multiple and single creations in Humboldt’s Kosmos.

The origin of volcanic craters of elevation.

There is a popular demand for a new edition of Principles.

Praises palaeobotanical work of C. J. F. Bunbury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Aug [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-905

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for the last subject,’. John Leslie. Ure 1823 , pp.  262–3, in which Andrew Ure described …
  • … 7th ed. London. [Vols. 4,9] Ure, Andrew. 1823. A dictionary of chemistry 2d ed. , with …

From John Coldstream   13 September 1831

Summary

Suggestions and information helpful to CD in preparation for Beagle voyage. David Brewster’s meteorological papers. Suggests an oyster-trawl for collecting marine animals. Recommends CD see R. E. Grant. For meteorological observations suggests F. W. Beechey’s Voyage to the Pacific [1831] and an interview with J. F. Daniell of King’s College.

Author:  John Coldstream
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Sept 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-124

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Brewster 1826 , 1823. Beechey 1831 . A copy of another edition (Philadelphia 1832) is in …

To Dear Friend   12 January 1822

Summary

Was joined by Colonel Burgh Leighton when walking in the quarry. Plans to make caves next summer to store "warlike instruments" and "relicks". Sketches a design for a signalling device. May go with his father to visit the Earl of Powys at Walcot; visited Mrs and Miss Reynolds and William Pemberton Cludde.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friend
Date:  12 Jan 1822
Classmark:  DAR 271.1.1: 6v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1M

Matches: 2 hits

  • … pupil of CD’s, who left Shrewsbury School in 1823 ( Shrewsbury School register ). See also …
  • … 1, letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 5 [March 1823] . The fife and drum were the traditional …
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9 Items

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Provenance: DAR 271.1: 5 Notes 1 Franklin 1823. 8 Vo: octavo. 2 …
  • … bound with Abernethy 1819a, Abernethy 1819b and Abernethy 1823. The volume has ‘Erasmus Darwin’ on …
  • … 1819a; CD perhaps refers to Abernethy 1819b and Abernethy 1823 (see n. 3). 10 White 1826. …
  • … used in Lister 1826 for younger sons. 17 Henry 1823. Volume 2 is in the Darwin Library–CUL …
  • … Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1823.  Introductory lectures, exhibiting some …
  • … of a residence and travels in Colombia, during the years 1823 and 1824 . 2 vols. London: H. Colburn …
  • … of Natural History  33: 202–13. Franklin, John. 1823.  Narrative of a journey to the shores …
  • … 21, and 22 . London: John Murray. Henry, William. 1823.  The elements of experimental …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … has various coloured maps by Copenhagen Botanists [?Schouw 1823] of range of plants. 13 …
  • … Flanders & Holland in 1817 [Neill, Hay, and Macdonald 1823] These three last books quoted in …
  • … Geneva— Mem. de la Soc. Genev. Tom II p. 29 [L. A. Necker 1823] read Lindleys Horticulture …
  • … 15 th ) 13 th . Minor poems of Milton [Milton 1823] & first 2 d 71  vol of …
  • … Tour by Deput. Caledon. Soc [Neill, Hay, and Macdonald] 1823] Ref at end Godwins answer to …
  • … 20 Franklins Narrative 1 st  Expedition [Franklin 1823] Oct 4 Drinkwater Siege of Gibraltar …
  • … 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. A. Necker 1823] —— Owen on pearly Nautilus [R …
  • … [Sévigné 1801] Quentin Durward [W. Scott] 1823]. Veronica [Zschokke 1845b]. G. Gurney [Hook] …
  • … Physique, de Chimie, et de l’Histoire Naturelle  (1794–1823). 71  CD wrote “1 st ” …
  • … Majesté, La   Coquille, pendant les années   1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825 . 7 vols. Paris. …
  • … London. [Other eds.]  *119: 13v. Franklin, John. 1823.  Narrative of a journey to the …
  • … ——. 1830.  Neue Reise um die Welt, in den Jahren 1823 .   . . 1826 . 2 vols. Weimar.  119: 3a …
  • … . Paris. [Darwin Library.]  128: 4 Milton, John. 1823.  The minor poems of John Milton . …
  • … *119: 5v.; 119: 13b Necker, Louis Albert. 1823. Mémoire sur les oiseaux des  environs de …
  • … [Neill, Patrick, Hay, John, and Macdonald, James]. 1823.  Journal of a horticultural tour through …
  • … *128: 179; 128: 8 Schouw, Joakim Frederik. 1823.  Pflanzengeographische Atlas   zur …
  • …  London. [Other eds.]  119: 12b [——]. 1823.  Quentin Durward . 3 vols. London. [Other …
  • … Lamétherie and H. M. Ducrotay de Blainville. Paris. 1794–1823.  *119: 13v.; 119: 10a …
  • … la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de   Paris . Paris. 1823–34.  119: 19a Mémoires de l …
  • … Memoirs of the Board of Agriculture of New York . New York. 1823–6.  119: 19a; *128: 167 …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Leijden University 52 Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june …
  • … Literator   Amsterdam 19 august 1823 Amsterdam 29 december …
  • …   Amsterdam 31 january 1823 Amsterdam 16 may 1900 Baarn …
  • … Gardens. 54 Den Haag 28 may 1823 Den Haag     …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Leijden University 52 Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June …
  • … Literator   Amsterdam 19 August 1823 Amsterdam 29 December …
  • …   Amsterdam 31 January 1823 Amsterdam 16 May 1900 Baarn …
  • … Gardens. 54 Den Haag 28 May 1823 Den Haag     …

George Peacock

Summary

George Peacock was born 9 April 1791 in Denton near Darlington in Yorkshire. He was the son of a clergyman, the Rev. Thomas Peacock, curate of Denton for 50 years and school master. George was educated at Sedbergh School, Cumbria and Richmond School in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … went on to become a fellow and then tutor of the college in 1823. During his time at Cambridge he …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … parasitism, mutualism, aposematism or exaptation?’, pp. 182–3.  See the paper One of the …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from the latest   authorities.  London and Edinburgh, 1823. (Contemporary annotations by CD and …
  • … Meteorological essays and observations.  London, 1823. (DAR 30.1: 41). ‡ Daubeny, Charles …
  • …  20 vols., 1 vol.  Supplement.  6th ed. Edinburgh, 1823. (DAR 30.2: 198v.; 33: 254). § …

Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle, by John Clunies Ross. Transcription by Katharine Anderson

Summary

[f.146r Title page] Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2nd 3rd and Appendix Volumes of the First / Edition Written / for and in the name of the Author of those / Volumes By J.C. Ross. / Sometime Master of a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … “Little or no notice was taken of them [the Cocos] till 1823 – when one Alex r Hare a British …
  • … with reference to the same subject. In December 1823 returning from the Pepper-Port-Coast of …