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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From E. A. Darwin   5 [March 1823]

Summary

More suggestions for the laboratory, including some experiments.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 [Mar 1823]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   5 [March 1823] …
  • … DAR 204: 5 Erasmus Alvey Darwin [Cambridge] 5 [Mar 1823] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of chemistry. London. Ure, Andrew. 1823. A dictionary of chemistry 2d ed. , with …
  • … 1822. He began his lectures after the division of Lent Term, 15 February 1823 ( Cambridge …
  • … University calendar , 1823, p.  38). See Winstanley 1940 , pp.  32–41, for a discussion of …
  • … copy of the second edition of this work (1823) is preserved in the Manuscripts Department, …
  • … Library–Botany School). The copy of Ure 1823  is unannotated except for a note, dated …

From Emily Catherine Darwin   [c. June 1823]

Summary

Writes, while visiting the Wedgwoods at Maer and Parkfields, to thank CD for his "entertaining letter".

She misses him and the laboratory.

Asks "how Mineralogy, Botany, Chemistry and Entomology go on".

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. June 1823]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Emily Catherine Darwin    [ c. June 1823] …
  • … Darwin/Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton [Maer] [ c . June 1823] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to the Cambridge tour, which was planned for early July 1823 (see letter from E.   …
  • … A.  Darwin, 18 May 1823 ), and to Kitty …
  • … Wedgwood, who died in 1823. Maer Hall, near Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, home of …
  • … her death in 1815; Kitty died there in 1823; Sarah Elizabeth moved in 1827 to Camp Hill, a …

From E. A. Darwin   18 May 1823

Summary

Discusses plans for CD to visit Cambridge.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 May 1823
Classmark:  DAR 204: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   18 May 1823
  • … DAR 204: 6 Erasmus Alvey Darwin [Cambridge] 18 May 1823 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Donn, James. 1823. Hortus Cantabrigiensis; or an accented catalogue of …
  • … Cambridge] May 18 th . A.D.  1823 Dear Bobby. If you come at y e time you propose To Wit y …
  • … of the foxglove into the pharmacopoeia. Donn 1823 . A copy of this edition is preserved in …

From Jules Joseph Fleury   23 July 1869

Summary

Wants to know whether CD is related to Edward Darwin, who married a French woman in 1823.

Author:  Jules Joseph Fleury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 136
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6840

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Wants to know whether CD is related to Edward Darwin, who married a French woman in 1823. …
  • … of the name of Edward Darwin, married, in 1823, a french woman called Orricette Parfaite …

From Catherine Darwin   8 July 1841

Summary

Describes the appearance and occurrence of imperfect flowers of "Hex.[?] Trigynia".

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1841
Classmark:  DAR 109: A95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-603

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Donn, James. 1823. Hortus Cantabrigiensis; or an accented catalogue of …
  • … journal. A mistake for James Donn. Donn 1823  classifies Veratrum nigrum under Polygamia, …

From Catherine & Caroline Darwin   11 April [1826]

Summary

Family and Shrewsbury news. Visits of relatives and friends.

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr [1826]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-31

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Southey, Robert. 1823. History of the Peninsular War. Vol. 1. London. …
  • … Nathan Hubbersty. Southey 1823 , ch.  9, ‘The siege of Zaragoza’, pp.  398–424. John …

From Caroline Darwin   [27 February 1826]

Summary

Theatre at Shrewsbury.

Spark’s death.

Harry [Henry Allen] Wedgwood will make the circuit for the first time at the forthcoming assizes.

Author:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Feb 1826]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-24

Matches: 2 hits

  • … French scenery (1822), German scenery (1823), Scenes of the Rhine, Belgium and Holland ( …
  • … Slavery Society had been established in 1823 by William Wilberforce, Thomas Fowell Buxton, …

From J. G. Malcolmson   7 October 1839

Summary

Sends notes on soundings made on coral banks in the China Sea.

His recent geological observations.

Finds a difficulty with CD’s erratic block theory.

Author:  John Grant Malcolmson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1839
Classmark:  DAR 39: 12–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-535

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Hall 1815. Murchison 1829. Agassiz 1838a. Dick 1823 , MacCulloch 1817  and 1830. The note …
  • … 3 vols. Aberdeen. Dick, Thomas Lauder. 1823. On the parallel roads of Lochaber. [Read 2 …
  • … paper read before the French Institute, July 1823 is quoted by Mr Scrope (Volcanoes P 185) …

From Mary Congreve   27 October [1821]

Summary

Writes about London plays; wishes CD had been of the party.

Author:  Mary Congreve
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Oct [1821]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1

Matches: 2 hits

  • … notice in the Salopian Journal , 5 February 1823, as ‘eldest sister to the late General …
  • … the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 5 [March 1823] . The letter is dated from the reference to …

From J. D. Hooker   2 [March] 1846

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Summary

Thanks for Edward Forbes’s letter. Botanical evidence conflicts with parts of his theory but supports others. Is becoming more of a migrationist.

Bentham agrees with JDH on polymorphism.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 [Mar] 1846
Classmark:  DAR 100: 63–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-958

Matches: 2 hits

  • … pp. 67–8. Schouw, Joakim Frederik. 1823. Grundzüge einer Allgemeinen pflanzengeographie. …
  • … from Edward Forbes, [25 February 1846] . Schouw 1823 , pp.  512–14 (see letter from Edward …

From George Cupples   27 May 1878

Summary

Applies sexual selection to origin of dog race [deerhound]. Proposes descent from a large extinct dog.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 May 1878
Classmark:  DAR 161: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11532

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1871. Goldfuss, Georg August. 1823. Osteologische Beiträge zur Kenntniss …
  • … Muggendorf, Bavaria, Germany ( Goldfuss 1823 , p. 451). Henry Downing Richardson discussed …

From John Coldstream   13 September 1831

Summary

Suggestions and information helpful to CD in preparation for Beagle voyage. David Brewster’s meteorological papers. Suggests an oyster-trawl for collecting marine animals. Recommends CD see R. E. Grant. For meteorological observations suggests F. W. Beechey’s Voyage to the Pacific [1831] and an interview with J. F. Daniell of King’s College.

Author:  John Coldstream
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Sept 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-124

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Brewster 1826 , 1823. Beechey 1831 . A copy of another edition (Philadelphia 1832) is in …

From Catherine & Susan Darwin   4 December [1825]

Summary

Family news.

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton; Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Dec [1825]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-18

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Library ( Howell 1816 , p.  87). Sherer 1823  and 1825. Frederick Watkins, CD’s Shrewsbury …
  • … and its environs. Shrewsbury. Sherer, Moyle. 1823. Recollections of the Peninsula. London. …

From T. F. Jamieson   3 September 1861

Summary

Observations from a fortnight in Lochaber. Found the entrance to Loch Treig to present the clearest evidence of intense glacial action. States, in contradiction of David Milne-Home, that there is glacial scoring in Glen Spean, as Louis Agassiz described, and moraine around the mouth of Loch Treig. There is little sign of water erosion on the rocks crossed by the lines in Glen Roy. Believes the smoothed rocks at the eastern end of Loch Laggan are due to flow from the lake and not tidal action. The lines in Glen Roy are too neat for a lake shore subject to tides. Given the glacial scoring sweeping round from Glen Spean into Glen Treig, and all the boulders, TFJ is astonished that anyone could deny that there had been glaciers there. [See 3247.]

Author:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept 1861
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 75–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3242A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Lauder, Thomas Dick. 1823. On the parallel roads of Lochaber. [ …
  • … were the remnants of former freshwater lakes ( Lauder 1823 ). In the map of Lochaber that …
  • … taken from the map published in Lauder 1823 , the hill labelled ‘Tombhran’ is shown at the …

From E. S. Galton   25 March 1879

Summary

Notes and a copy of a letter written by ESG to John Dowson of Whitby. Expresses her opinion of the biographies of Erasmus Darwin written by Mrs Schimmelpenninck and Anna Seward.

Author:  Emma Sophia Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11954

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Longmans, and Roberts. Scott, Elizabeth, ed. 1823. Specimens of British poetry: chiefly …

From Benjamin Dann Walsh   1 March 1865

Summary

Sends his paper on "Willow-galls" [Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philadelphia 3 (1864): 543–644].

Lengthy criticism of Agassiz’s views on species as stated in his Essay on classification [1857].

Interested by CD’s trimorphism in Lythrum. Thinks some great mystery may lie in the fact that in some genera, some species are tri-, some di-, and some monomorphic, and in other genera, Apis, Vespa, Bombus, all the known species are dimorphic.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1865
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4778

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Collected papers 2: 87–92. ] Say, Thomas. 1823–4. Descriptions of the Coleopterous insects …
  • … of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 3 (1823–4): 139–216, 238–82, 298–331, 403–62; 4 ( …
  • … Say described the genus Moneilema in Say 1823–4 , pp.  403–4. Le Conte described the genus …

From H. S. Fox   25 July 1834

Summary

Thanks CD for letter of 5 April and specimens; did not know the Falklands and Patagonia were so interesting geologically.

Will answer CD’s queries about S. Brazil in another letter. Names Friedrich Sellow, A. Saint-Hilaire, and Andrew Mathews as naturalists who travelled there. Directs CD to Alexander Caldcleugh in Santiago.

Author:  Henry Stephen Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 July 1834
Classmark:  DAR 204: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-252

Matches: 1 hit

  • … army as A.D.C.  to General Bolivar, 1823–30 ( Modern English Biography ). Alexander …

From John Grant Malcolmson   24 July 1839

Summary

Detailed evidence for and against geological elevation along coast of the Indian subcontinent, South Asia, and Arabia. Extensive references to geological literature about these areas.

Describes coral sand-dune and salt-marsh formation.

Author:  John Grant Malcolmson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1839
Classmark:  DAR 39: 7–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-528

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1: 405–7, 2: 266–7). Grant 1840 . Macmurdo 1823 , 1821. Lyell cites Macmurdo 1821  in C.   …
  • … Journal 4: 106-9. Macmurdo, James. 1823. Papers relating to the earthquake which occurred …

From T. M. Coan   14 February 1874

Summary

On the declining population of the Hawaiian Islands [see Descent (1875), pp. 186–7, 187–8 n. 43].

Author:  Titus Munson Coan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 69: A11, DAR 90: 40–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9290

Matches: 2 hits

  • … total population. 1779, by Cook, 400,000 1823 142,050 1832 (off. census) 130,313 1836 " …
  • … s estimate was a mere guess: & the estimate of 1823 was not much better. Even the official …

From J. S. Henslow   22 July 1834

Summary

CD’s cargo is safe; the fossils have been sent to William Clift.

JSH asks for dried plants (those sent were all of greatest interest).

Sends news of Cambridge and mutual friends.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1834
Classmark:  DAR 204: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-249

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Unannotated copies of the third (1823) and fourth (1837) editions are, respectively, in …
Document type
letter (43)
Addressee
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Darwin, Emma (1)
Wedgwood, Emma (1)
Date
1821 (1)
1822 (1)
1823 (3)
1825 (1)
1826 (2)
1829 (1)
1831 (1)
1833 (1)
1834 (2)
1837 (1)
1839 (2)
1841 (1)
1844 (1)
1845 (2)
1846 (2)
1848 (1)
1855 (4)
1861 (1)
1863 (1)
1865 (1)
1868 (1)
1869 (2)
1871 (1)
1872 (1)
1874 (1)
1875 (1)
1876 (1)
1877 (2)
1878 (1)
1879 (1)
1880 (1)
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Search:
1823 in keywords
9 Items

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Provenance: DAR 271.1: 5 Notes 1 Franklin 1823. 8 Vo: octavo. 2 …
  • … bound with Abernethy 1819a, Abernethy 1819b and Abernethy 1823. The volume has ‘Erasmus Darwin’ on …
  • … 1819a; CD perhaps refers to Abernethy 1819b and Abernethy 1823 (see n. 3). 10 White 1826. …
  • … used in Lister 1826 for younger sons. 17 Henry 1823. Volume 2 is in the Darwin Library–CUL …
  • … Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1823.  Introductory lectures, exhibiting some …
  • … of a residence and travels in Colombia, during the years 1823 and 1824 . 2 vols. London: H. Colburn …
  • … of Natural History  33: 202–13. Franklin, John. 1823.  Narrative of a journey to the shores …
  • … 21, and 22 . London: John Murray. Henry, William. 1823.  The elements of experimental …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … has various coloured maps by Copenhagen Botanists [?Schouw 1823] of range of plants. 13 …
  • … Flanders & Holland in 1817 [Neill, Hay, and Macdonald 1823] These three last books quoted in …
  • … Geneva— Mem. de la Soc. Genev. Tom II p. 29 [L. A. Necker 1823] read Lindleys Horticulture …
  • … 15 th ) 13 th . Minor poems of Milton [Milton 1823] & first 2 d 71  vol of …
  • … Tour by Deput. Caledon. Soc [Neill, Hay, and Macdonald] 1823] Ref at end Godwins answer to …
  • … 20 Franklins Narrative 1 st  Expedition [Franklin 1823] Oct 4 Drinkwater Siege of Gibraltar …
  • … 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. A. Necker 1823] —— Owen on pearly Nautilus [R …
  • … [Sévigné 1801] Quentin Durward [W. Scott] 1823]. Veronica [Zschokke 1845b]. G. Gurney [Hook] …
  • … Physique, de Chimie, et de l’Histoire Naturelle  (1794–1823). 71  CD wrote “1 st ” …
  • … Majesté, La   Coquille, pendant les années   1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825 . 7 vols. Paris. …
  • … London. [Other eds.]  *119: 13v. Franklin, John. 1823.  Narrative of a journey to the …
  • … ——. 1830.  Neue Reise um die Welt, in den Jahren 1823 .   . . 1826 . 2 vols. Weimar.  119: 3a …
  • … . Paris. [Darwin Library.]  128: 4 Milton, John. 1823.  The minor poems of John Milton . …
  • … *119: 5v.; 119: 13b Necker, Louis Albert. 1823. Mémoire sur les oiseaux des  environs de …
  • … [Neill, Patrick, Hay, John, and Macdonald, James]. 1823.  Journal of a horticultural tour through …
  • … *128: 179; 128: 8 Schouw, Joakim Frederik. 1823.  Pflanzengeographische Atlas   zur …
  • …  London. [Other eds.]  119: 12b [——]. 1823.  Quentin Durward . 3 vols. London. [Other …
  • … Lamétherie and H. M. Ducrotay de Blainville. Paris. 1794–1823.  *119: 13v.; 119: 10a …
  • … la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de   Paris . Paris. 1823–34.  119: 19a Mémoires de l …
  • … Memoirs of the Board of Agriculture of New York . New York. 1823–6.  119: 19a; *128: 167 …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Leijden University 52 Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june …
  • … Literator   Amsterdam 19 august 1823 Amsterdam 29 december …
  • …   Amsterdam 31 january 1823 Amsterdam 16 may 1900 Baarn …
  • … Gardens. 54 Den Haag 28 may 1823 Den Haag     …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Leijden University 52 Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June …
  • … Literator   Amsterdam 19 August 1823 Amsterdam 29 December …
  • …   Amsterdam 31 January 1823 Amsterdam 16 May 1900 Baarn …
  • … Gardens. 54 Den Haag 28 May 1823 Den Haag     …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, …

George Peacock

Summary

George Peacock was born 9 April 1791 in Denton near Darlington in Yorkshire. He was the son of a clergyman, the Rev. Thomas Peacock, curate of Denton for 50 years and school master. George was educated at Sedbergh School, Cumbria and Richmond School in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … went on to become a fellow and then tutor of the college in 1823. During his time at Cambridge he …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … parasitism, mutualism, aposematism or exaptation?’, pp. 182–3.  See the paper One of the …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from the latest   authorities.  London and Edinburgh, 1823. (Contemporary annotations by CD and …
  • … Meteorological essays and observations.  London, 1823. (DAR 30.1: 41). ‡ Daubeny, Charles …
  • …  20 vols., 1 vol.  Supplement.  6th ed. Edinburgh, 1823. (DAR 30.2: 198v.; 33: 254). § …

Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle, by John Clunies Ross. Transcription by Katharine Anderson

Summary

[f.146r Title page] Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2nd 3rd and Appendix Volumes of the First / Edition Written / for and in the name of the Author of those / Volumes By J.C. Ross. / Sometime Master of a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … “Little or no notice was taken of them [the Cocos] till 1823 – when one Alex r Hare a British …
  • … with reference to the same subject. In December 1823 returning from the Pepper-Port-Coast of …