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From E. A. Darwin   [1 February 1825]

Summary

Tells CD a bill is all right. Hopes his father will pay it and a wine merchant’s bill as well.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Feb 1825]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-12

To [?]   12 February [1870–82]

Summary

Send information about the bust of himself by Thomas Woolner and suggests applying to the sculptor himself about a cast.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  12 Feb [1870-82]
Classmark:  Erbengemeinschaft Alberts (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6611F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To [? ]   12 February [1870–82] …
  • … Erbengemeinschaft Alberts (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin 12 Feb …
  • … 1870 12 Feb …
  • … 1871 12 Feb …
  • … 1872 12 Feb …
  • … 1873 12 Feb …
  • … 1874 12 Feb …
  • … 1875 12 Feb …
  • … 1876 12 Feb …
  • … 1877 12 Feb …
  • … 1878 12 Feb …
  • … 1879 12 Feb …
  • … 1880 12 Feb …
  • … 1881 12 Feb 1882 Unidentified …

To Thomas Campbell Eyton   12 [May 1861 – April 1863]

Summary

Thanks TCE for telling him of his crossed pigs. When they are grown, he would like to know whether they resemble each other.

Doubts the half-bred Gallus sonnerati will be productive, though he was assured many years ago that such a fertile half-breed once occurred.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  12 [May 1861 - Apr 1863]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13804

Matches: 27 hits

  • … To Thomas Campbell Eyton   12 [May 1861 – April 1863] …
  • … Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/45) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 May …
  • … 1861 12 June …
  • … 1861 12 July …
  • … 1861 12 Aug …
  • … 1861 12 Sept …
  • … 1861 12 Oct …
  • … 1861 12 Nov …
  • … 1861 12 Dec …
  • … 1861 12 Jan …
  • … 1862 12 Feb …
  • … 1862 12 Mar …
  • … 1862 12 Apr …
  • … 1862 12 May …
  • … 1862 12 June …
  • … 1862 12 July …
  • … 1862 12 Aug …
  • … 1862 12 Sept …
  • … 1862 12 Oct …
  • … 1862 12 Nov …
  • … 1862 12 Dec …
  • … 1862 12 Jan …
  • … 1863 12 Feb …
  • … 1863 12 Mar …
  • … 1863 12 Apr 1863 Thomas Campbell Eyton …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. 12 th Dear Eyton I am particularly obliged to you for …
  • … sonneratii . In Natural selection , p.  435 n.  12, CD wrote, ‘several years ago I myself …

From E. A. Darwin   12 November [1860–8]

Summary

Sends the tithes.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov [1860-8]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4340

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   12 November [1860–8] …
  • … DAR 105: B11 Erasmus Alvey Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 12 Nov …
  • … 1860 12 Nov …
  • … 1861 12 Nov …
  • … 1862 12 Nov …
  • … 1863 12 Nov …
  • … 1864 12 Nov …
  • … 1865 12 Nov …
  • … 1866 12 Nov …
  • … 1867 12 Nov 1868 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 6. Queen Anne St 12 Nov Dear Charles. I send you the Tithes. Langton tells me he has …

To ?   12 July [1872–4]

Summary

Has not strength or time to hunt for Herminium monorchis; has failed to make orchid seeds germinate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  12 July [1872-4]
Classmark:  National Library of Russia (Collection of P. Waxell (F. 965): no 637)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8406F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To ?    12 July [1872–4] …
  • … of Russia (Collection of P. Waxell (F. 965): no 637) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July …
  • … 1872 12 July …
  • … 1873 12 July 1874 Unidentified …

From Joseph Dalton Hooker   1 January 1865

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Summary

Forwards H. T. Stainton letter for reply.

Finds many Cucurbita have tendrils with sticking ends.

The "potentiality of so many organs in plants to play so many parts is one of the most wonderful of your discoveries . . . one day it will itself play a prodigious part in the interpretation of both morphological and physiological facts".

Is disgusted with Sabine’s address [see 4708] because of its mutilation of what JDH wrote.

THH’s slashing leader in Reader ["Science and ""Church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821] – as usual he destroys all in his path.

Encloses letter from G. H. K. Thwaites with a message for CD [see encl].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 1–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, DC vol. 162 doc. 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4734

Matches: 25 hits

  • … p.  437. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 September  …
  • … see Guy 1983  and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 1 February [1864] …
  • … nn.  3 and 5; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 February  …
  • … 4 November 1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12; see also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ c. 23  …
  • … not undertaken (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …
  • … plants’ , p.  78. See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [ …
  • … conditions (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] , letter from …
  • … Journal for 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix II) that he had finished the paper on …
  • … Reader , pp.  708–9 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … is reproduced in Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix IV. Sabine had contracted influenza …
  • … the Royal Society (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Elizabeth Juliana Sabine, 7  …
  • … 1862–83, 1: 816–41). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … to the book (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 or 27 April  …
  • … Hooker of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD reported having seen a foreign …
  • … of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12) that he expected to hear of a paper on …
  • … in June 1864 (see Correspondence vol.   12, letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 21 June  …
  • … December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD had asked Daniel Oliver to check Botanische …
  • … 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). Hooker and CD had a long-running interest …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26[–7] March [ …
  • … House MS); see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Lubbock, 19 November [1864] ). …
  • … plant Nepenthes (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [March] 1864 , …
  • … of James Veitch (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] …
  • … notes on the genus are in DAR 157.1: 111–12 and DAR 187: 1. At some point, CD appears to …
  • … Melastomataceae). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26–7 April …
  • … in September 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …

From G. H. Lewes   12 November 1868

Summary

Disappointed that he missed CD. Hopes still to see him in the flesh.

Has CD seen August Weismann’s inaugural address [see 6297]?

Author:  George Henry Lewes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1868
Classmark:  DAR 106: D11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6458

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Lewes   12 November 1868 …
  • … DAR 106: D11–12 George Henry Lewes …
  • … London, Regents Park 12 Nov 1868 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The Priory, | 21. North Bank, | Regents Park. 12 Nov r 1868 My dear M r Darwin It was a …
  • … the last German war’, that appeared in the 12 October 1791 issue of the Bee, or Literary …

To G. H. Darwin   12 [December 1874 or January 1875?]

Summary

Regrets the trouble GHD has had.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  12 [Dec 1874 - Jan 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9221

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   12 [December 1874 or January 1875? ] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 43 Charles Robert Darwin unstated 12 [Dec 1874? ] …
  • 12 [Jan 1874? ] George Howard Darwin …
  • 12 th My dear old George— I am so sorry for all the great labour, hurry & vexation which …

From George Varenne Reed   12 January 1863

Summary

Sorry CD considers Horace Darwin unfit for school.

Author:  George Varenne Reed
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 176: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3912

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From George Varenne Reed   12 January 1863 …
  • … DAR 176: 78 George Varenne Reed Hayes Rectory 12 Jan 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hayes Rectory | SE Jan 12. 1863 My dear M r Darwin I am much obliged to you for your …
  • … best wishes | I remain | yours very sincerely | G V Reed G V R | Jan 12. /63 | £13〃2〃6 …
  • … Easter 1864. The next payment to Reed was made on 16 August 1864 when he was paid £ 12
  • 12 s. for the period 19 April to 19 July 1864. …

To J. D. Hooker   12 January [1873]

Summary

Had thrown Geographical Society’s Proceedings in waste-basket, but as Strachey shows such admirable powers of discrimination he will fish it out and read the whole article.

Comments on 3d ed. of Sachs’s work [Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial.

Has become wonderfully interested in Drosera and Dionaea.

9000 copies of Expression have been printed and most are sold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 251–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8733

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 251–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  9. CD refers to William Ewart Gladstone. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  7. CD refers to Richard Strachey. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 12 th My dear Hooker I am glad to have seen Gladstone’s …
  • … 1873). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  2. CD’s annotated copy of …

To Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse   [after 12 March 1868]

Summary

Discusses tuition arrangements for Horace Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse
Date:  [after 12 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 39-40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5962

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse   [after 12 March 1868] …
  • … 96: 39-40 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [after 12 Mar 1868] Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … this letter and the letter from Alfred Wrigley, 12 March 1868 . According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … left home on 29 April 1868. In his letter of 12 March 1868, Wrigley had indicated that he …
  • … had been ill for much of the period from 1862 to 1864 (see Correspondence vols.  10–12). …

To J. D. Hooker   12 [April 1859]

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Summary

CD agrees cultivated plants may begin to vary after some time and then may vary suddenly, but cautions JDH on lack of evidence. His explanation is that small variations are ignored until they accumulate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 [Apr 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2453

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   12 [April 1859] …
  • … DAR 115: 12 Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 12 [Apr 1859] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down Bromley Kent 12 th My dear Hooker I have the old M.S, otherwise the loss would have …

To ?   12 November 1874

Summary

Is obliged for addressee’s courteous note and is indifferent to how his name is used.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  12 Nov 1874
Classmark:  Smith College, Mortimer Rare Book Collection (MiscMS 253)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9717F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To ?    12 November 1874 …
  • … Rare Book Collection (MiscMS 253) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Nov 1874 Unidentified …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov.  12. ’74 My dear Sir, I am much obliged for your courteous …

To T. H. Huxley   [after 12 January 1875]

Summary

CD has written to Mivart to say that he will never hold any communication with him in future.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [after 12 Jan 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 276
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9813

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   [after 12 January 1875] …
  • … DAR 145: 276 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 12 Jan 1875] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … letter and the letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 12 January 1875 . CD had written to St George …
  • … Darwin’s views condoned immorality; see the letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 12 January 1875 . …

To James Samuelson   12 October [1867]

Summary

Thanks for Quarterly Journal of Science 4 (1867). Has just read Wallace’s admirable article in last number ["Creation by law", Q. J. Sci. 4 (1867): 471–88]. He is a master of clear argument.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Samuelson
Date:  12 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  Paul V. Galvin Library, Illinois Institute of Technology
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5647

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To James Samuelson   12 October [1867] …
  • … For more on the article, see the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] . …
  • … Illinois Institute of Technology Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Oct [1867] James Samuelson …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Oct 12 My dear Sir I am much obliged for your kind present …

From Benjamin Dann Walsh   1 March 1865

Summary

Sends his paper on "Willow-galls" [Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philadelphia 3 (1864): 543–644].

Lengthy criticism of Agassiz’s views on species as stated in his Essay on classification [1857].

Interested by CD’s trimorphism in Lythrum. Thinks some great mystery may lie in the fact that in some genera, some species are tri-, some di-, and some monomorphic, and in other genera, Apis, Vespa, Bombus, all the known species are dimorphic.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1865
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4778

Matches: 22 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  12, letters to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] and [4 December  …
  • … John Obadiah Westwood (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November …
  • … as the frontispiece to Correspondence vol.  12; see also letter from W.  E. Darwin, [19  …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … Cantab. ; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29 April – 19 May  …
  • … and nn.  1 and 3). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  O.  Westwood, 2 December  …
  • … 30 November 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12 and Appendix IV). The award was announced in …
  • … ici dans cet ordre d’insectes. 11 vols. in 12. Paris: Librairie encyclopédique de Roret. …
  • … 4 December 1864? ] ( Correspondence vol.  12). Thomas Say. Thaddeus William Harris was the …
  • … for this paper (see Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix III). See ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … occasionally cross together. See also n.  12, below. Hugo von Mohl had argued ( Mohl  …
  • … 2: A44a–b); see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] . There is …
  • … and Oxalis , see Correspondence vols.  10–12. In ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , …
  • … pp.  333–5. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] , …
  • … generations’ ( OED ). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [ …
  • … Review , pp.  138–41 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29 April [– …
  • … of Walsh 1864c (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November 1864 ); …
  • … and 19, above, and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] …
  • … p.  341). See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November 1864 . …
  • … 4 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). CD wrote an unsigned review of Bates’s paper …
  • … Bombus copulation in Correspondence vol.  12, letter to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] . …
  • … Wollaston, 2 March [1855] and nn.  11 and 12, and Wollaston 1856 , pp.  81–7, 186–94). CD’ …

To J. S. B. Sanderson   [after 12 May 1874]

Author:  unknown
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  12 May [1874]
Classmark:  Woodward Library, University of British Columbia
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9457

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  S.  B.  Sanderson   [after 12 May 1874] …
  • … Woodward Library, University of British Columbia Down 12 May [1874] …

To J. T. Moggridge   12 June [1874]

Summary

Did not know Duval-Jouve was an evolutionist.

Delighted at JTM’s success with spiders.

On JTM’s experiments with acids on seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  12 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 382
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9490

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Moggridge   12 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 146: 382 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 June [1874] John Traherne Moggridge …
  • … to CD in 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  T.  Moggridge, 19 June [1864], …
  • … Bulletin de la Société botanique de France , 12: 196–211. Flahault, Charles. 1884. Notice …
  • … Down Beckenham June 12 th . My dear Sir It is very good of you to write me so interesting …

To Philip Lutley Sclater   12 May [1862]

Summary

Asks for information about japanned peacocks from Hudson [John Henry?] Gurney’s flock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  12 May [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.276)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3543

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Philip Lutley Sclater   12 May [1862] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.276) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 May [1862] Philip Lutley Sclater …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. May 12 th Dear Sclater M r Bartlett told me at the Gardens …
  • … Variation (see letter to William Darwin Fox, 12 May [1862] , n.  6). In Variation 1: 291, …
  • … CD’s view (see letter to William Darwin Fox, 12 May [1862] , n.  6), that the ‘japanned’ …

From Jacob Heinrich Schmick   12 November 1870

Summary

Sends CD two books outlining a new geological theory. Believes his theory explains the discontinuities in the fossil record.

Author:  Jacob Heinrich Schmick
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 177: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7368

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Dr.  Schmick, | Professor in the Realschule. Cologne Nov.  12 th 1870. (Trutzenberg 68) …
  • … From Jacob Heinrich Schmick   12 November 1870 …
  • … DAR 177: 55 Jacob Heinrich Schmick Cologne 12 Nov 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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