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To T. H. Huxley   12 March [1869]

Summary

Apologises for passing on what he agrees were offensive remarks in V. Lushington’s letter. Has told VL he had no right to make them. Asks THH to make allowance for red-hot disciples defending the master.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  12 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 264)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6658

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   12 March [1869] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 264) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Mar [1869] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … March 1869  and n.  1. See letter to Vernon Lushington, [12 March 1869] . Auguste Comte. …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Mar 12. My dear Huxley I read Lushington’s letter in a …

From John Beddoe   [22 August – 12 September 1869]

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Summary

Results of CD’s examination of data subvert JB’s former inferences. Will send abstracts from the data for his paper on colour of hair of single and married women 35 to 45 years old ["On the supposed increasing prevalence of dark hair in England", Anthropol. Rev. 1 (1863): 310–12].

Author:  John Beddoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 Aug–12 Sept 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 85: A13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6809

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From John Beddoe   [22 August – 12 September 1869] …
  • … DAR 85: A13–14 John Beddoe Arrocuhar [22 Aug–12 Sept 1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … supposed increasing prevalence of dark hair in England. Anthropological Review 1: 310–12. …
  • … increasing prevalence of dark hair in England", Anthropol. Rev. 1 (1863): 310–12]. …

From John Fox & Sons   12 October 1869

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Summary

Acknowledges receipt of CD’s cheque in payment of his account.

Author:  Fox, John & Sons
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 83: 61v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6934

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Fox & Sons   12 October 1869 …
  • … DAR 83: 61v Fox, John & Sons Farnborough Brewery 12 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Brewery, | By Chislehurst, | Kent, S.E. 12 Oct 1869 C.  Darwin Esq. | Down Sir. We beg to …

From T. H. Farrer   12 August 1869

Summary

Will work on papilionaceous flowers since CD encourages it. Discusses function of hairs in certain plants.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6861

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   12 August 1869 …
  • … 54 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Abinger Hall 12 Aug 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … Abinger Hall, | Dorking. 12 Aug/69 My dear Mr Darwin I will certainly under such …

To Vernon Lushington   [12 March 1869]

Summary

Huxley has acknowledged receipt of VL’s letter. Both he and CD feel that some of VL’s statements were a little offensive although CD is sure this was not intended. Was glad to read the condensed statement of Comte’s claims in VL’s letter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vernon Lushington
Date:  [12 Mar 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6660

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Vernon Lushington   [12 March 1869] …
  • … DAR 96: 74 Charles Robert Darwin Down [12 Mar 1869] Vernon Lushington …
  • … this letter and the letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 12 March [1869] . CD refers to Thomas Henry …

From Ferdinand Maria Malven   12 February [1869]

Summary

Librarian to the Board of Trade proposes a celebration of CD’s 60th birthday by the Vienna Free Press.

Author:  Ferdinand Maria Malven
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6610

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Ferdinand Maria Malven   12 February [1869] …
  • … DAR 171: 35 Ferdinand Maria Malven Vienna 12 Feb [1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Vienna (Austria) february 12. Most venerated Sir. The undersigned begs leave to acquaint …

From Edward Wilson   12 February 1869

Summary

Returns a book on beavers borrowed from CD.

Author:  Edward Wilson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 181: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6611

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Edward Wilson   12 February 1869 …
  • … DAR 181: 126 Edward Wilson Hayes, Kent 12 Feb 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hayes | Bromley, Kent. 12 Feby 1869 My dear Mr Darwin For long past I have been promising …

From Hermann Müller   12 November 1869

Summary

Would like Frederick Smith of the British Museum to determine whether or not some unidentified Westphalian bees are new species.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 295
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6984

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   12 November 1869 …
  • … 295 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 12 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lippstadt. Westfalia Nov.  12. 1869. My dear Sir! I have bestowed the last two summers …

From F. C. Donders   12 November 1869

Summary

CD’s questions [on expression] are more difficult than he thought and have led him further afield than he expected. If CD is not hurried, he promises less imperfect answers in six weeks. Thanks CD for drawing his attention to a really important question from different points of view.

Author:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6983

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From F.  C.  Donders    12 November 1869 …
  • … Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders Utrecht 12 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Utrecht 12 Novembre | 1869 Ne croyez pas, Mon chèr & très honoré Monsieur, que j’aie …
  • … Utrecht 12 November | 1869 Please do not believe, My dear and most honoured Sir, that I …

From George Swaysland   12 June 1869

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Summary

Observations on birds entering the country in spring. Some have clods of earth on their feet.

Author:  George Swaysland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 205.2 (Letters): 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6780

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From George Swaysland   12 June 1869 …
  • … DAR 205.2 (Letters): 252 George Swaysland Brighton 12 June 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 4 Queens Road | Brighton June 12 th 1869 Sir In reply to your letter I beg to say that the …

From R. F. Cooke   12 March 1869

Summary

Book [Facts and arguments for Darwin] is being bound; it is probably too late to alter lettering.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 367
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6659

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   12 March 1869 …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 12 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 50A, Albemarle Street, London, W. March 12 186 9 My dear Sir The binder played me false …

To G. R. Gray   12 July 1869

Summary

Would be glad to send GRG a testimonial of his abilities as a naturalist, but is not qualified to express opinion on his works in ornithology or entomology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Gray
Date:  12 July 1869
Classmark:  British Library (Egerton MS 2348: 232–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6827

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To G.  R.  Gray   12 July 1869 …
  • … Egerton MS 2348: 232–3) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 12 July 1869 George Robert Gray …
  • … Caerdeon | Barmouth. July 12. 1869. Dear M r . Gray As you have always given me …

From W. E. Darwin   12 July 1869

Summary

Bees visiting Epipactis.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6826

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   12 July 1869 …
  • … DAR 162: 101 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 12 July 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bank, Southampton, July 12 186 9 My dear Father, I send some Epipactis by post. I have not …

From Fritz Müller   12 January 1869

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Summary

Gives details of some crossing experiments with Eschscholzia.

Describes the grass Streptochaeta, which FM believes to be a primitive grass.

Relates some observations on maize that are well explained by Pangenesis.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 76: B34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6549

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   12 January 1869 …
  • … Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Santa Catharina, Brazil 12 Jan 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Itajahy, S a Catharina, Brazil January 12. 1869. My dear Sir As the Eschscholzia-seed, …
  • … with its own pollen. Novbr.  15. Germen, 12 mm long, begins to whither. 2) Novbr.  3. …
  • … those of (b) withering Novbr.  9 Germen of (a) 12 mm , of (b) 26 mm long Novbr.  11 —— 19 …
  • … 11 mm , that of (b) 18 mm long Novbr. 18. — — 12 mm , — — 49 mm long. The pod (a) fell off …

From J. T. Moggridge   12 December 1869

Summary

Sends seeds of Lathyrus and suggests an advantage of climbing plants is to shed their seeds in places secure from animals.

Contrary to F. Delpino, in JTM’s experience Ophrys aranifera is not sterile. However, seed germination is poor.

In a densely overgrown plot Convolvulus sabatius, not normally a twiner, becomes one.

Continues his extensive study on variability in Arbutus, and speculates on selection in fruit shape.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7027

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  T.  Moggridge   12 December 1869 …
  • … DAR 171: 214 John Traherne Moggridge Mentone 12 Dec 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Gastaldy | Mentone | ( Alpes Maritimes ) Dec.  12 1869. Dear M r . Darwin I have obained a …
  • … Scienze Naturali Milano 11 (1868): 265–352; 12 (1869): 179–233; 13 (1870): 167–205; 17 ( …

From J. T. Moggridge   16 September [1869]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s ["Fertilization of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56].

Although Thomas Meehan’s paper ["Variations in Epigaea repens", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1868): 153–6] shows great variability in this genus, JTM sees a need to qualify the generalisation that there is as much variation in the wild as under domestication. He knows no evidence for a constant proportion between variability in the wild and under cultivation.

Observations on correlation between leaf size and exposure to sun and shade.

Has evidence for two varieties of Ophrys apifera in England, which live in mutually exclusive colonies.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 212
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6894

Matches: 1 hit

  • … For more on CD’s accident, see the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869  and n.  12. …

To F. M. Malven   [after 12 February 1869]

Summary

Honoured to be mentioned with Alexander von Humboldt, who was an inspiration to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Maria Malven
Date:  [after 12 Feb 1869]
Classmark:  Neue Frei Presse [Vienna], 4 March 1869, p. 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6610F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To F. M. Malven   [after 12 February 1869] …
  • … 4 March 1869, p. 8 Charles Robert Darwin [after 12 Feb 1869] Ferdinand Maria Malven …

To Fritz Müller   14 March 1869

Summary

Translation of Für Darwin has been published [Facts and arguments for Darwin (1869)].

Discusses dimorphic plants, commenting on FM’s observations on Oxalis.

Is greatly interested in Eschscholzia, which seems somewhat more self-sterile in Brazil than in England.

Thinks FM’s grass is "most wonderful".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  14 Mar 1869
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6662

Matches: 8 hits

  • … this species (see letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  1 and 2). E.  crocea …
  • … 440–2). See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  6–8. For CD’s description …
  • … of researches 2d ed. , p.  52. See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and n.  10. …
  • … CD enclosed Müller’s letter of 12 January 1869 with his letter to Joseph Dalton Hooker of …
  • … I have just received your letter of Jan.  12 th . — I am greatly interested by what you …
  • … Origin 5th ed. See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 . Müller had probably sent …
  • … of 31 October 1868 ( Correspondence vol.  16) or with his letter of 12 January 1869. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  3–5. Müller did not publish his …

From John Beck   15 May 1869

Summary

Sends his MS "The real presence" [on transubstantiation] for CD’s comments.

Author:  John Beck
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6747

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on religious subjects ( Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Beck, 6 October 1864 ). …
  • … Beck probably refers to Mark 12 which begins with a reference to a man who ‘ …
  • … planted a vineyard and set an hedge about it’ (Mark 12: 1) and Mark 14. Emma Darwin. …
  • … of “The Hedge set about the Vinequard” (fo 12 & 14) and in those most mercifully blessed …

To W. C. Tait   12 and 16 March 1869

Summary

Thanks for specimen of Drosophyllum.

Describes capacity of various plants to catch flies.

Cannot name fern specimen.

Laugher pigeon descended from Columba livia.

Discusses tailless dogs.

Believes astronomical phenomenon responsible for oscillation of level of earth’s crust.

Would WCT like copy of Orchids?

Expected plants [Drosophyllum] have arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  12 and 16 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 147: 541; Sotheby’s (dealers) (19 July 1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6661

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Tait   12 and 16 March 1869 …
  • … 19 July 1990) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Mar 1869 16 Mar 1869 William Chester Tait …
  • … Dalton Hooker, see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November [1864] . …
  • … Down, Bromley, Kent. S.E. March 12, 1869 Dear Sir I have received your two letters of …
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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