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From George Varenne Reed   12 January 1863

Summary

Sorry CD considers Horace Darwin unfit for school.

Author:  George Varenne Reed
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 176: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3912

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From George Varenne Reed   12 January 1863 …
  • … DAR 176: 78 George Varenne Reed Hayes Rectory 12 Jan 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hayes Rectory | SE Jan 12. 1863 My dear M r Darwin I am much obliged to you for your …
  • … best wishes | I remain | yours very sincerely | G V Reed G V R | Jan 12. /63 | £13〃2〃6 …
  • … Easter 1864. The next payment to Reed was made on 16 August 1864 when he was paid £ 12
  • 12 s. for the period 19 April to 19 July 1864. …

To John Scott   2 May [1863]

Summary

Impressed by JS’s attempts to fertilise Gongora.

CD has large collection of notes on orchids, but does not know when he will publish on them again.

Asks for JS’s papers on sterility of individual orchids and on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  2 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B25–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4137

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 13 May 1863. In his letter to CD of [after 12] April [1863], Scott mentioned that he was …
  • … truncata in his letter to CD of [after 12] April [1863]. Scott and CD had been discussing …
  • … seeds produced (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 28 March 1864 ); CD …
  • … 3, 2: 133–5. In his letter to CD of [after 12] April [1863], Scott stated that he had been …
  • … on 14 May 1863. In his letter of [after 12] April [1863], Scott had thanked CD for the …
  • … encouraging remarks in his letter to Scott of 12 April [1863]. CD refers to Scott’s draft …
  • … Maxillaria (see letter from John Scott, [after 12] April [1863] ); the paper was published …
  • … on self-pollination (see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] and n.  17). Scott had …
  • … inquiries (see letter from John Scott, [after 12] April [1863] ). See letter to Asa Gray, …
  • … the ovule through the micropyle (see letter to Daniel Oliver, [12 April 1863] and n.   …
  • … 3, and letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). …
  • … In his letter to CD of [after 12] April [1863], Scott expressed a wish to make further …

From H. B. Dobell   12 May 1863

Summary

Sends copy of the table, which now embodies CD’s suggestions [see 4117].

Gives instances of persons born with two thumbs and comments on hereditary factor.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1863
Classmark:  Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL (bound with G 395, Dobell 1862)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4158A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From H.  B.  Dobell   12 May 1863 …
  • … 1862) Horace Benge Dobell London, Duncan Terrace, 29 12 May 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to H.  B.  Dobell, 16 February [1863] and n.  12. The case was documented in Dobell 1862 . …
  • … 29 Duncan Terr May 12 1863. Dear M r Darwin I have delayed writing that I might send you a …

From John Scott   [after 12] April [1863]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Has not published much because he would be ignored as a gardener; hence he is looking for a foreign appointment.

Has prepared orchid sterility paper at CD’s suggestion [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4087

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From John Scott   [after 12] April [1863] …
  • … DAR 177: 87 John Scott unstated [after 12] Apr [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter, the letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] , and the letter to John Scott, 2  …
  • … 11, Appendix IV). See letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] . Scott was foreman of the …
  • … 14 April 1863] ). See letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] and n.  17. Scott and CD had …

To Daniel Oliver   [12 April 1863]

Summary

Working on monstrous Primula. Is ovule anatropous as Asa Gray says, or amphitropous? Does he know natural path of pollen tubes in Primula. Can the tube enter the ovule by the chalaza?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [12 Apr 1863]
Classmark:  
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4083

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   [12 April 1863] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down [12 Apr 1863] Daniel Oliver …
  • … Primroses’ (see n.  3, below); in 1863, 12 April was a Sunday. CD wondered whether Primula …

From Daniel Oliver   14 April 1863

Summary

The ovule of Primula is amphitropous or what J. Georg Agardh calls apotropo-amphitropous [see Theoria systematis plantarum (1858), tab. 24, fig. 5–6].

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 173: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4093

Matches: 9 hits

  • … See letter to Daniel Oliver, [12 April 1863] . …
  • … In his letter to Oliver of [12 April 1863], CD asked about the position of the ovule in …
  • … XXVII, fig.  1. See letter to Daniel Oliver, [12 April 1863] and n.  2. The reference is …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … and n.  3). In his letter to Oliver of [12 April 1863], CD asked when Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … be returning from the Channel Islands (see n.  12, below); Oliver assisted Hooker in the …
  • … 1994 ). Oliver refers to CD’s letter of [12 April 1863] in which he noted his observation …
  • … to penetrate the ovule at the chalaza (see letter to Daniel Oliver, [12 April  1863] ). …
  • … See also letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] . [Oliver] 1863c, pp.  205–9, was a review …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1863]

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Summary

Huxley’s lectures [Man’s place in nature (1863)]; he would be a scientific H. T. Buckle, if he were more careful.

Asks CD what the evidence is for inheritance of acquired characteristics.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3892

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 January 1863] …
  • … DAR 101: 98 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [12 Jan 1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s planned trip to Paris (see n.  8, below); 12 January 1863 fell on a Monday. No enclosure …

To W. H. Flower   12 May [1863]

Summary

Thanks WHF for photographs [of niata ox skull]. Will tell Quatrefages de Bréau about the cast. May have the photographs copied for woodcuts to illustrate his book on variation under domestication.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  12 May [1863]
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) (13 March 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4158

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To W.  H.  Flower   12 May [1863] …
  • … 13 March 2002) Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place 12 May [1863] William Henry Flower …
  • … Leith Hill Place May 12 th My dear Sir I am staying from home & your letter has followed …

To George Gabriel Stokes   [12 February 1863?]

Summary

Thanks GGS for calculation [to determine the chances of the same peculiarity recurring in a family, see Variation 2: 5]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Gabriel Stokes, 1st baronet
Date:  [12 Feb 1863?]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library Add 7656: D76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4085

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To George Gabriel Stokes   [12 February 1863? ] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [12 Feb 1863? ] George Gabriel Stokes, 1st baronet …
  • … vol.  11, Appendix II)). In 1863, 5 and 12 February were Thursdays. The wording of …
  • … s letter was forwarded from Down, making 12 February the most likely date. Stokes was a …

From John Edward Gray   12 May 1863

Summary

Cites instance in which different varieties of same species of plant flourished side by side under same conditions.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4156

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Edward Gray   12 May 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 208 John Edward Gray British Museum 12 May 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … British Museum 12 May 63 My Dear Darwin I wish to draw your attention to a fact that has …

From W. D. Fox   12 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses crossed varieties of sheep and ducks.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4037

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From W.  D.  Fox   12 March [1863] …
  • … DAR 164: 178 William Darwin Fox Delamere 12 Mar [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … Delamere Ry | Northwich March 12 My dear Darwin I remember well what you mention about the …

To J. D. Hooker   12–13 August [1863]

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Summary

Doubts Decaisne’s report of larkspur self-fertilisation.

Enthusiastically observes climbing plants. Needs to know how novel his observations are. Finds R. J. H. Dutrochet has made similar observations, so he has wasted some time. [See Climbing plants, p. 1 n.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12–13 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 202
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4266

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12–13 August [1863] …
  • … DAR 115: 202 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12–13 Aug [1863] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … August [1863] . CD changed the date from ‘12’ to ‘13’. Decaisne 1863 . See letter to J.   …
  • … were published in ‘Climbing plants’ , pp.  4–5, 12–13, 16. CD had unsuccessfully sought …
  • … Asa Gray, 1 September 1863 . See also n.  12, below. This species was not discussed in ‘ …

From Osbert Salvin   12 May 1863

Summary

Has just returned from collecting in Central America and is planning to go to the Galapagos to gather specimens in all branches of natural history.

Author:  Osbert Salvin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4155

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Osbert Salvin   12 May 1863 …
  • … DAR 177: 17 Osbert Salvin London, Hanover Terrace, 11 12 May 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 11, Hanover Terrace, Regent’s Park, N.W. 12 th . May 1863 Dear Sir, I was very glad to …

From Charles Lyell   15 March 1863

Summary

Lyell has received compliments for letting readers draw own inferences [on species question]. Now feels he earlier did Lamarck injustice. [CD’s] substitution of variety-making power for volition [as in Lamarck] in some respects only a change of names.

Thinks Huxley taking on too many responsibilities.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1863
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 364–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4041

Matches: 11 hits

  • … In his letter to Lyell of 12–13 March [1863], CD offered suggestions regarding the text of …
  • … Worcestershire (see letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). CD wrote a letter to …
  • … s letters to him of 6 March [1863] and 12–13 March [1863]. The manuscript of this letter …
  • … 1863 ( EB ). See letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] . Lyell refers to Principles …
  • … vol.  10, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  25). A second edition …
  • … and Lamarck 1809 (see letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] and n.  9). On Lyell’s …
  • … is reproduced in Lamarck 1801 (see also n.  12, above). In Antiquity of man , Lyell …
  • … progression, see the letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ; see also n.  15, below, …
  • … to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] and 12–13 March [1863] ). In the paper, Owen committed …
  • … Appendix VII. See letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] , n.  9. In C.  Lyell 1863a, …
  • … and n.  6. See also letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] . T.  H.  Huxley 1863a and …

From Edward Sabine to John Phillips   12 November 1863

Summary

Preparation for his address with particular concern that JP approve the part relating to [Adam] Sedgwick. Urges JP to sit at dinner with him as a sign of approval of the award [of the Copley Medal].

Admits his own dismay regarding the efforts of the younger geologists and zoologists to obtain the Copley Medal for CD on the grounds of the Origin and his anxiety about the next year’s award.

Author:  Edward Sabine
Addressee:  John Phillips
Date:  12 Nov 1863
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Misc. MS collection: Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4340F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Edward Sabine to John Phillips   12 November 1863 …
  • … Edward Sabine Royal Society, Burlington House, London W. 12 Nov 1863 John Phillips …
  • … See, for example, Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Edward Sabine, 3 November 1864 , …
  • … Society, | Burlington House, London. W. Nov.  12 1863. Dear Phillips I thank you heartily …

From W. E. Darwin   12 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses partnership in bank and whether Atherley would like to retire.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4035F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   12 March [1863] …
  • … Family Papers (DAR 275: 14) William Erasmus Darwin 12 Mar [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bank March 12. My Dear Father, I had a talk with M r Atherley today before he went off. it …

From Ludolph Christian Treviranus   12 February 1863

Summary

Sends his paper ["Über Dichogamie nach C. C. Sprengel und Ch. Darwin", Bot. Ztg. (1863): 1–7, 9–16].

Author:  Ludolph Christian Treviranus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 178: 182
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3980

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Ludolph Christian Treviranus    12 February 1863 …
  • … DAR 178: 182 Ludolph Christian Treviranus Bonn 12 Feb 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bonn (Rheinish Prussia) Febr.  12. 1863. Most honoured Sir In due time I received Your …

To George Maw   12 May [1863]

Summary

Believes GM’s human bones from Gibraltar must be of very doubtful age. Lyell agrees, but feels any skull found should be forwarded to George Busk or Hugh Falconer.

Suggests GM look carefully for shells in the drift.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  12 May [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4157

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To George Maw   12 May [1863] …
  • … MAW/1/10) Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place Down letterhead 12 May [1863] George Maw …
  • … Down, Bromley, Kent [Leith Hill Place] May 12 th Dear Sir I have been visiting from home & …

To John Scott   12 April [1863]

Summary

Encourages JS to publish on sterility of orchids and to experiment on Passiflora.

Doubted Hooker’s poppy case.

Describes case of primrose with three pistils: when pulled apart allowed pollen to be placed directly on ovules. This supports JS’s explanation of H. Crüger’s case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B59, B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4084

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Scott   12 April [1863] …
  • … DAR 93: B59, B77–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Apr [1863] John Scott …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Ap.  12 th My dear Sir I really hardly know how to thank you enough for …
  • … and n.  19. See letter to Daniel Oliver, [12 April 1863] and n.  3, letter from Daniel …

To Henry Walter Bates   12 January [1863]

Summary

Asa Gray will try to get HWB’s paper reviewed.

Also mentions that he (CD) wrote a short review of it for Natural History Review [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Asks whether bees or Lepidoptera visit flowers of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  12 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3911

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Henry Walter Bates   12 January [1863] …
  • … Robert M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Jan [1863] Henry Walter Bates …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Jan 12 th Dear Bates One line to say that I have just heard …
Document type
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05 (25)
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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