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To John Lubbock   12 [June 1856]

Summary

Smallpox in the village. Death of Joseph Parslow’s son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  12 [June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 3 (EH 88206450)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1900

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Lubbock   12 [June 1856] …
  • … EH 88206450) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 [June 1856] John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st …
  • … June 1856] . CD went to London and back on 12 June 1856 and again from 18 to 21 June (Emma …
  • … Down. — 12 th Dear Lubbock Many thanks for your note just received. — Pray do not get an …

To J. D. Hooker   11–12 November [1856]

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Summary

CD relieved by JDH’s positive response to his MS.

CD continues observations on means of transport.

JDH’s Raoul Island paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 22 (1857): 133–41], showing continuity of vegetation with New Zealand, best evidence yet of continental extension.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11–12 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1986

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11–12 November [1856] …
  • … DAR 114: 181 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11–12 Nov [1856] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … which Hooker invited CD to dinner on Wednesday, 12 November, to meet John Lindley and John …
  • … M.S.  I see that I c d . get to you by about 12, & then c d . return by the 2 o 19’ olock …

To E. W. V. Harcourt   12 June [1856]

Summary

Would like to compare the length of the wings of non-migratory and migratory swallows.

Wonders if EWVH could show him skins of Columba livia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward William Vernon Harcourt
Date:  12 June [1856]
Classmark:  Bodleian Libraries, Oxford (MS. Harcourt dep. adds. 346, fols. 252–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1900F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To E. W. V. Harcourt   12 June [1856] …
  • … 346, fols. 252–4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 June [1856] Edward William Vernon Harcourt …

From Richard Thomas Lowe   12 April 1856

Summary

Discusses the flora of Porto Santo in relation to that of Madeira. While these islands have some 20 endemic species in common, there are 7 or 8 species endemic to Porto Santo alone, and 25 common to Porto Santo and Europe that are not found on Madeira. Believes the great difference in soil and climate is enough to explain this: plants common on one island cannot be made to grow on the other. Believes J. D. Hooker has underestimated the number of species endemic to Madeira. There are some remarkable endemic species of common plants in the Dezertas.

The eel is the only freshwater fish on Porto Santo and Madeira.

Author:  Richard Thomas Lowe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr 1856
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1852A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Richard Thomas Lowe    12 April 1856 …
  • … Kinnordy MS (private collection) Richard Thomas Lowe 12 Apr 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • 12 April ’56 The Flora of Porto S to . may be stated at from 270 to 280 species (indig s . …

To Samuel Birch   [12 March 1856]

Summary

Arranges an appointment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Birch
Date:  [12 Mar 1856]
Classmark:  British Museum (Department of the Middle East, correspondence 1826–67: 1489)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1841A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Samuel Birch   [12 March 1856] …
  • … 1826–67: 1489) Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 57 [12 Mar 1856] Samuel Birch …

To Asa Gray   12 October [1856]

Summary

Thanks AG for the first part of his "Statistics [of the flora of the northern U. S.", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 22 (1856): 204–32; 2d ser. 23 (1857): 62–84, 369–403]

and for information on social and varying plants.

Would like to know number of genera of introduced plants in U. S.

Is surprised at some affinities of northern U. S. flora and asks for any climatic explanations.

Asks what proportion of genera common to U. S. and Europe are mundane.

Is glad AG will work out the northern ranges of the European species and the ranges of species with regard to size of genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  12 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1973

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   12 October [1856] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Oct [1856] Asa Gray …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Oct. 12 th My dear D r . Gray I received yesterday your most kind letter …

To W. E. Darwin   10 [December 1856]

Summary

Writes of arrangements for the end of the school-term.

Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  10 [Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2019

Matches: 2 hits

  • … DAR 210.6: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Dec 1856] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … for 15 s . — The arm chair fetched £ 6 s 12 d 6. — Good Bye my old man. I heartily hope …

From Asa Gray   4 November 1856

Summary

Outlines the ranges of northern U. S. species common to Europe. Hopes to investigate the resemblances between the floras of the north-eastern U. S. and western Europe. Discusses routes by which alpine plants appear to have reached U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 165: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1982

Matches: 6 hits

  • … to range northwards (see letter to Asa Gray, 12 October [1856] ). When he received the …
  • … in the margin, ‘dele’. Letter to Asa Gray, 12 October [1856] , in which CD referred to the …
  • … which the introduced species belonged (see letter to Asa Gray, 12 October [1856] ). A.   …
  • … Gray 1856a. See letter to Asa Gray, 12 October [1856] , n.  6. Gray refers to [J.  D. …
  • … Mr. Darwin Your welcome favor of Oct. 12 th . came in the nick of time, and encouraged me …
  • … get the Botany of N.  States, at Trubner’s 12 Paternoster Row , and you can easily gather …

To John Lubbock   23 September [1856]

Summary

Sends review by Quatrefages [de Bréau] of Owen’s Parthenogenesis [1849].

J. D. Dana’s congratulations on JL’s marriage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  23 Sept [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 283: 12 (EH 88206461)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1960

Matches: 3 hits

  • … DAR 283: 12 (EH 88206461) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Sept [1856] John Lubbock, 4th …
  • … Rodney on 11 September 1856 ( The Times , 12 September 1856). The wedding took place in …
  • … natural history. Medical Times & Gazette n.s. 12: 429–32, 481–4, 507–11, 563–7, 618–23; …

To Asa Gray   24 November [1856]

Summary

Variability of naturalised plants.

Distribution of Arctic/alpine plant species.

Limits to the northern range of plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1999

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of A.  Gray 1856–7 . See letter to Asa Gray, 12 October [1856] . See letter from Asa Gray, …
  • … 4 November 1856 . See letter to Asa Gray, 12 October [1856] and n.  5. See letter to J.   …

From Edward Blyth   23 February 1856

Summary

Opposition to EB within the Asiatic Society.

Possibility of establishment of a zoological garden at Calcutta.

Has seen Gallus varius alive for the first time.

Will procure domestic pigeons for CD; could CD pay for them by returning hardy creatures, such as macaws and marmosets, which EB can sell for a high price in India?

Does not recall his authority for genealogy of the asses of Oman. If a genuine wild ass exists EB believes it will be in south Arabia.

Infertility of Irish and Devon red deer.

Details of an unusual species of wild dog.

Fertility of canine hybrids. General tendency toward hybrid sterility.

Has skins of hybrid Coracias and the parent species.

Wide-ranging species; skua found in Europe and Australia, but not in the tropics.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1856
Classmark:  DAR 98: A128–A132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1832

Matches: 5 hits

  • … crossed pencil 2.10 I have just had … Java. — 2.15] ‘12’ added brown crayon, circled brown …
  • … crayon 2.15 Well, … suffice; 2.19] ‘12’ added brown crayon 2.15 Well, … regular dealers. — …
  • … pencil 4.19 I have procured … pure. 4.20] ‘12’ added brown crayon 4.20 For Skua … know of. …
  • … to Horsfield’s pen a —. 4.34] double scored pencil Top of first page : ‘12’ brown crayon …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …

From J. D. Hooker   22 November 1856

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Summary

Continued debate on formation of species as a result of retreat from glaciers.

JDH suggests internal powers of species modification, which he knows CD abhors.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 111–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1995

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 100: 111–12 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 22 Nov 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …

To Henry Tibbats Stainton   13 April [1856]

Summary

Thanks HTS for Entomologist’s Weekly Intelligencer [no. 2, 12 Apr 1856]. Agrees with his remarks [in "Why did Mr Westwood get the Royal Medal?"], but explains that a change in rules for awarding the Royal Medal has been made. Earlier it had to be given for publications in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, which explains small number of entomologist recipients.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Tibbats Stainton
Date:  13 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections MSS DAR 16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1853

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Entomologist’s Weekly Intelligencer [no. 2, 12 Apr 1856]. Agrees with his remarks [in "Why …
  • … the Entomologist’s Weekly Intelligencer (12 April 1856) opened with an unsigned editorial, …
  • … Entomologist’s Weekly Intelligencer , 12 April 1856, pp. 9–10. Westwood, John Obadiah. …

To George Howard Darwin and W. E. Darwin   13 [November 1856]

Summary

Describes the funeral of Aunt Sarah [Elizabeth Wedgwood].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin; George Howard Darwin
Date:  13 [Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1987

Matches: 2 hits

  • … postscript in the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11–12 November [1856] . His name appears in the …
  • … 2: 105). The funeral had taken place on 12 November 1856 ( Emma Darwin’s diary). These …

To John Phillips   18 January [1856]

Summary

Discusses chapter [6] on cleavage and foliation in South America. Notes especially cleavage where two series cross and cleavage as basis of foliation in metamorphosed rock. Notes foliation in rocks that have been liquefied by heat. Mentions case described in his "Geology of the Falkland Islands" [Collected papers 1: 203–12]. Discusses relationship of cleavage to beds. Speculations on association between grauwacke and clay-slates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Phillips
Date:  18 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1822

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the Falkland Islands" [ Collected papers 1: 203–12]. Discusses relationship of cleavage to …
  • … 1846): 267–74 ( Collected papers 1: 203–12). The page reference is to a passage on quartz. …

To Samuel Birch   6 February [1856]

Summary

Is grateful for SB’s note and assistance. Will call upon him in London in a fortnight.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Birch
Date:  6 Feb [1856]
Classmark:  British Museum (Department of the Middle East, correspondence 1826–67: 1492)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1829A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter to J.  E. Gray, 14 January [1856]). See letter to Samuel Birch, [12 March 1856] . …

To Samuel Birch    8 April [1856]

Summary

His thanks for the extracts sent by SB.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Birch
Date:  8 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  British Museum (Department of the Middle East, correspondence 1826–67: 1494)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1851A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to Samuel Birch, 6 February [1856] and [12 March 1856] ( Correspondence vol.  6). CD …

To Edward Sabine   23 April [1856]

Summary

CD and Hooker suggest Sir John Richardson for Royal Medal. Other suggestions are George Bentham, Joseph Prestwich, Albany Hancock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Sabine
Date:  23 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (Sa: 387)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1858

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to H.  T. Stainton, 13 April [1856]. In his 12 April 1856 editorial in the Entomologist’s …
  • … get the Royal Medal? Entomologist’s Weekly Intelligencer , 12 April 1856, pp. 9–10. …

To Charles Lyell   21 April [1856]

Summary

Speculates about cause of inclination in unusual columns of lava. Suggests CL check with William Hopkins about sliding movements in viscid matter.

Comments on CL’s expedition to Madeira.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.126)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1855

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a strong argument against the angle of (say) 12 o having been produced by upheavement, for …
  • … to become vertical when the beds were upturned 12 o . The cause must (I sh d . think) be …

To S. P. Woodward   3 June [1856]

Summary

Comments on SPW’s book [Manual of Mollusca (1851–6)].

Mentions questions he has for SPW [see 1890].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  3 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1886

Matches: 1 hit

  • … s diary indicates that CD was in London on 12 June 1856 and again from 18 to 21 June. …
Document type
letter (59)
Date
1856
01 (6)
02 (5)
03 (3)
04 (9)
05 (5)
06 (8)
07 (1)
08 (2)
09 (5)
10 (1)
11 (9)
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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