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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Joseph Dalton Hooker   1 January 1865

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Summary

Forwards H. T. Stainton letter for reply.

Finds many Cucurbita have tendrils with sticking ends.

The "potentiality of so many organs in plants to play so many parts is one of the most wonderful of your discoveries . . . one day it will itself play a prodigious part in the interpretation of both morphological and physiological facts".

Is disgusted with Sabine’s address [see 4708] because of its mutilation of what JDH wrote.

THH’s slashing leader in Reader ["Science and ""Church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821] – as usual he destroys all in his path.

Encloses letter from G. H. K. Thwaites with a message for CD [see encl].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 1–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Directors’ Correspondence 162: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4734

Matches: 25 hits

  • … p.  437. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 September  …
  • … see Guy 1983  and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 1 February [1864] …
  • … nn.  3 and 5; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 February  …
  • … 4 November 1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12; see also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ c. 23  …
  • … not undertaken (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …
  • … plants’ , p.  78. See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [ …
  • … conditions (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] , letter from …
  • … Journal for 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix II) that he had finished the paper on …
  • … Reader , pp.  708–9 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … is reproduced in Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix IV. Sabine had contracted influenza …
  • … the Royal Society (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Elizabeth Juliana Sabine, 7  …
  • … 1862–83, 1: 816–41). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … to the book (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 or 27 April  …
  • … Hooker of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD reported having seen a foreign …
  • … of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12) that he expected to hear of a paper on …
  • … in June 1864 (see Correspondence vol.   12, letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 21 June  …
  • … December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD had asked Daniel Oliver to check Botanische …
  • … 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). Hooker and CD had a long-running interest …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26[–7] March [ …
  • … House MS); see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Lubbock, 19 November [1864] ). …
  • … plant Nepenthes (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [March] 1864 , …
  • … of James Veitch (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] …
  • … notes on the genus are in DAR 157.1: 111–12 and DAR 187: 1. At some point, CD appears to …
  • … Melastomataceae). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26–7 April …
  • … in September 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …

From J. D. Hooker   12 January 1882

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B. D. Jackson’s plan for new Steudel Nomenclator approved. JDH asks for CD’s cheque.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1882
Classmark:  DAR 104: 175
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13613

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 January 1882 …
  • … DAR 104: 175 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Jan 1882 Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   12 June 1881

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Has struggled for months with complexity of structure and distribution of palms for Genera plantarum.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1881
Classmark:  DAR 104: 150–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13201

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 June 1881 …
  • … DAR 104: 150–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 June 1881 Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   12 March 1878

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Has written to Farrer in support of Torbitt’s grant.

Resistance of Liberian coffee to "fly" and susceptibility to fungus.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1878
Classmark:  DAR 104: 105–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11417

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 March 1878 …
  • … DAR 104: 105–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Mar 1878 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … infestans . Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England 2d ser. 12: 239–69. …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1863]

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Huxley’s lectures [Man’s place in nature (1863)]; he would be a scientific H. T. Buckle, if he were more careful.

Asks CD what the evidence is for inheritance of acquired characteristics.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3892

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 January 1863] …
  • … DAR 101: 98 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [12 Jan 1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s planned trip to Paris (see n.  8, below); 12 January 1863 fell on a Monday. No enclosure …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1867]

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Responds to CD’s criticisms. JDH is sometimes confused as to what he has borrowed from CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 131–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5358

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 January 1867] …
  • … DAR 102: 131–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Jan 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  12. CD’s annotations are notes for his letter …
  • … 1867, the Saturday following 9 January was 12 January. Hooker refers to CD’s criticisms of …

From J. D. Hooker   12 April [1865]

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W. J. Hooker is unwell.

Bentham wrote on Planchon ["The ancient and modern floras of Montpellier", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 202–25],

T. Thomson on subspecies ["Species and subspecies", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 226–42]

and Greene of York on ["The Linnean Society’s transactions", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 189–202].

JDH did the leader in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1865): 267–8, 291–2].

Delighted with CD’s calm opinion of Origin. Has same view of some of his own papers.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4812

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 April [1865] …
  • … DAR 102: 17 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 12 Apr [1865] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • 12 th . April. D r Darwin The Strelitzia & books never went till today. My Father is very …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 October 1862]

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Has sent two Impatiens flowers; curious to know what CD makes of the floral whorls and their vascular bundles.

Cassia is another genus that has different [coloured] anthers in same flower.

Continues to work on Welwitschia.

Feels as CD does about his work, which after a time seems flat and stale. He could never have done what CD did in his Orchids.

CD’s facts about Verbascum have horrible bearing on JDH’s practice of lumping species together.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 59–60, 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3757

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 October 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 59–60, 86 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Oct 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 5, below); the intervening Sunday fell on 12 October. Augé de Lassus 1861 . In his letter …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … Gray, 9 August [1862] and n.  13. See n.  12, above. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1858

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Busy with introductory essay to [The botany of the Antarctic voyage, pt III] Flora Tasmaniae [printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)].

Now explains greater abundance of European species in Tasmania than in Fuegia by CD’s "refrigeration" hypothesis.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 123–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2358

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   12 November 1858 …
  • … DAR 100: 123–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Nov 1858 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Kew. Nov. 12 th /58 Dear Darwin I am hugely relieved by the notes you have sent me for …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1866]

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Plants arrived.

Delightful dinner at Lyell’s.

Will be interested in seeds passed through a fowl.

Wedgwood medallions were bought by a Miss W. [Sophy Wedgwood] of Leith Hill.

Lubbock’s account of a new centipede at Linnean Society gave rise to lively discussion by Busk and Huxley.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Dec 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 118–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5302

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 December 1866] …
  • … DAR 102: 118–19 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Dec 1866] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the first Wednesday after 10 December was 12 December. CD had sent the plant specimens to …

From J. D. Hooker   12 July [1868]

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Sketches out subjects he intends to speak on at Norwich [BAAS meeting]: museums, CD’s work in botany, Pangenesis, early history of mankind.

Asks about CD’s "book on man" [Descent].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 220–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6272

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 July [1868] …
  • … DAR 102: 220–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 July [1868] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Kew July 12 th . Dear old Darwin If I cannot get to Down before you go to the Isle of …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1859]

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JDH half through Origin. High praise for facts and reasoning.

Lyell told JDH his criticisms: small matters JDH did not appreciate.

Reactions of G. Bentham, J. S. Henslow, and C. C. Babington.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 137–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2579

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [12 December 1859] …
  • … DAR 100: 137–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Dec 1859] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Appendix II). The Monday after CD’s visit was 12 December. CD still intended to publish …

From J. D. Hooker   12 October 1870

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Bentham has translated Miquel’s Sumatran supplement to his Flora van Nederlandsch Indie. It should be published. What does CD think is best vehicle? Nature is wretched and too ephemeral. What about Popular Science Review?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1870
Classmark:  DAR 103: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7343

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 October 1870 …
  • … DAR 103: 60 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Oct 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 December 1862]

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On Asa Gray’s letter; has written why he avoids alluding to the war.

Has read Max Müller [see 3752] – last part unphilosophical.

On CD’s pigeon example, long-beaked and short-beaked pigeons must be either sterile or not inter se. There is "no such thing as Equality – hence no such thing as chance and Nat. Sel. is the sword of Damocles hanging over your head if you make a slip in your premisses."

Has read note on Lythrum sent several weeks ago. Its consequences are of most prolific order to CD’s doctrine.

Kew has no wild gooseberries.

JDH praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 83–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3846

Matches: 7 hits

  • … the relationship to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and the letter from …
  • … 1862  with his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . Hooker and Gray held …
  • … and nn.  8 and 9. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] and 12 [December 1862] . See letter to J.  D.   …
  • … November 1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . The references are to …
  • … and Dutrochet 1837 . In his letter to Hooker of 12 [December 1862], CD inquired about John …
  • … November 1862]. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n.  18. According to …

From J. D. Hooker   12 February 1867

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Relieved that CD approves his declining the Presidency of BAAS. The BAAS and the role of scientific men in it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 143–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5399

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 February 1867 …
  • … DAR 102: 143–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Feb 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]

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Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

Matches: 10 hits

  • … to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ; the Saturday following that …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–]12 November [1862] ). Hooker refers to the …
  • … 1862c). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c, …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 12 (1863): 299). Hugh Falconer. Thomas Henry …
  • … Variability’. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . The second part of …
  • … John Tyndall. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  23. [G.  D.   …
  • … 1862 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  26, and letter to …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  is confirmed by the Wellesley index 1: 511–12. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker refers to specimens in the herbarium of the …
  • … 1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  20. The governess …

From J. D. Hooker   12 January 1873

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Drosophyllum is coming from Dublin. Will ship it to Down when it arrives.

The awful honour of Presidency of Royal Society; his aversion to dignities and honours.

R. Strachey [Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment.

Letter from Gladstone.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 146–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8732

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 January 1873 …
  • … DAR 103: 146–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1862

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Samuel Haughton was the prejudiced reviewer of the Origin. JDH’s opinion of SH.

Has heard from a W. African collector that P. B. Du Chaillu’s accounts [Explorations and adventures in equatorial Africa (1861)] are all false.

R. F. Burton has impudently stolen credit for Gustav Mann’s Cameroon expedition.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3802

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 November 1862 …
  • … DAR 101: 75–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Kew Nov 12 18 62 D r Darwin I have found out that Haughton is the identical one & …

From J. D. Hooker   [after 12 July 1845]

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Answers CD’s questions relating to the flora of the Galapagos. [See 889.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12 July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 43–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-883

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [after 12 July 1845] …
  • … DAR 100: 43–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Down [after 12 July 1845] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … enclosure with letter to J.  D. Hooker, [11–12 July 1845] ). See Journal of researches 2d …

From J. D. Hooker   [27 February 1865?]

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Will arrive Saturday [4 Mar] on afternoon train.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Feb 1865?]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4777

Matches: 2 hits

  • … DAR 102: 12 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [27 Feb 1865? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
Document type
letter (214)
Author
Hooker, J. D.[X]
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1843 (1)
1844 (5)
1845 (6)
1847 (1)
1848 (3)
1849 (2)
1850 (2)
1851 (1)
1854 (5)
1856 (4)
1857 (3)
1858 (3)
1859 (3)
1860 (4)
1861 (1)
1862 (19)
1863 (19)
1864 (21)
1865 (17)
1866 (17)
1867 (11)
1868 (11)
1869 (6)
1870 (5)
1871 (3)
1872 (6)
1873 (9)
1874 (9)
1875 (5)
1876 (3)
1877 (3)
1878 (3)
1879 (1)
1881 (1)
1882 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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