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From E. A. Darwin   [1 February 1825]

Summary

Tells CD a bill is all right. Hopes his father will pay it and a wine merchant’s bill as well.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Feb 1825]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-12

From E. A. Darwin   12 November [1860–8]

Summary

Sends the tithes.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov [1860-8]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4340

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   12 November [1860–8] …
  • … DAR 105: B11 Erasmus Alvey Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 12 Nov …
  • … 1860 12 Nov …
  • … 1861 12 Nov …
  • … 1862 12 Nov …
  • … 1863 12 Nov …
  • … 1864 12 Nov …
  • … 1865 12 Nov …
  • … 1866 12 Nov …
  • … 1867 12 Nov 1868 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 6. Queen Anne St 12 Nov Dear Charles. I send you the Tithes. Langton tells me he has …

From Joseph Dalton Hooker   1 January 1865

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Summary

Forwards H. T. Stainton letter for reply.

Finds many Cucurbita have tendrils with sticking ends.

The "potentiality of so many organs in plants to play so many parts is one of the most wonderful of your discoveries . . . one day it will itself play a prodigious part in the interpretation of both morphological and physiological facts".

Is disgusted with Sabine’s address [see 4708] because of its mutilation of what JDH wrote.

THH’s slashing leader in Reader ["Science and ""Church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821] – as usual he destroys all in his path.

Encloses letter from G. H. K. Thwaites with a message for CD [see encl].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 1–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Directors’ Correspondence 162: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4734

Matches: 25 hits

  • … p.  437. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 September  …
  • … see Guy 1983  and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 1 February [1864] …
  • … nn.  3 and 5; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 February  …
  • … 4 November 1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12; see also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ c. 23  …
  • … not undertaken (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …
  • … plants’ , p.  78. See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [ …
  • … conditions (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] , letter from …
  • … Journal for 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix II) that he had finished the paper on …
  • … Reader , pp.  708–9 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … is reproduced in Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix IV. Sabine had contracted influenza …
  • … the Royal Society (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Elizabeth Juliana Sabine, 7  …
  • … 1862–83, 1: 816–41). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … to the book (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 or 27 April  …
  • … Hooker of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD reported having seen a foreign …
  • … of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12) that he expected to hear of a paper on …
  • … in June 1864 (see Correspondence vol.   12, letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 21 June  …
  • … December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD had asked Daniel Oliver to check Botanische …
  • … 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). Hooker and CD had a long-running interest …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26[–7] March [ …
  • … House MS); see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Lubbock, 19 November [1864] ). …
  • … plant Nepenthes (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [March] 1864 , …
  • … of James Veitch (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] …
  • … notes on the genus are in DAR 157.1: 111–12 and DAR 187: 1. At some point, CD appears to …
  • … Melastomataceae). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26–7 April …
  • … in September 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …

From G. H. Lewes   12 November 1868

Summary

Disappointed that he missed CD. Hopes still to see him in the flesh.

Has CD seen August Weismann’s inaugural address [see 6297]?

Author:  George Henry Lewes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1868
Classmark:  DAR 106: D11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6458

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Lewes   12 November 1868 …
  • … DAR 106: D11–12 George Henry Lewes …
  • … London, Regents Park 12 Nov 1868 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The Priory, | 21. North Bank, | Regents Park. 12 Nov r 1868 My dear M r Darwin It was a …
  • … the last German war’, that appeared in the 12 October 1791 issue of the Bee, or Literary …

From George Varenne Reed   12 January 1863

Summary

Sorry CD considers Horace Darwin unfit for school.

Author:  George Varenne Reed
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 176: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3912

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From George Varenne Reed   12 January 1863 …
  • … DAR 176: 78 George Varenne Reed Hayes Rectory 12 Jan 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hayes Rectory | SE Jan 12. 1863 My dear M r Darwin I am much obliged to you for your …
  • … best wishes | I remain | yours very sincerely | G V Reed G V R | Jan 12. /63 | £13〃2〃6 …
  • … Easter 1864. The next payment to Reed was made on 16 August 1864 when he was paid £ 12
  • 12 s. for the period 19 April to 19 July 1864. …

From Benjamin Dann Walsh   1 March 1865

Summary

Sends his paper on "Willow-galls" [Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philadelphia 3 (1864): 543–644].

Lengthy criticism of Agassiz’s views on species as stated in his Essay on classification [1857].

Interested by CD’s trimorphism in Lythrum. Thinks some great mystery may lie in the fact that in some genera, some species are tri-, some di-, and some monomorphic, and in other genera, Apis, Vespa, Bombus, all the known species are dimorphic.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1865
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4778

Matches: 22 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  12, letters to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] and [4 December  …
  • … John Obadiah Westwood (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November …
  • … as the frontispiece to Correspondence vol.  12; see also letter from W.  E. Darwin, [19  …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … Cantab. ; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29 April – 19 May  …
  • … and nn.  1 and 3). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  O.  Westwood, 2 December  …
  • … 30 November 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12 and Appendix IV). The award was announced in …
  • … ici dans cet ordre d’insectes. 11 vols. in 12. Paris: Librairie encyclopédique de Roret. …
  • … 4 December 1864? ] ( Correspondence vol.  12). Thomas Say. Thaddeus William Harris was the …
  • … for this paper (see Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix III). See ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … occasionally cross together. See also n.  12, below. Hugo von Mohl had argued ( Mohl  …
  • … 2: A44a–b); see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] . There is …
  • … and Oxalis , see Correspondence vols.  10–12. In ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , …
  • … pp.  333–5. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] , …
  • … generations’ ( OED ). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [ …
  • … Review , pp.  138–41 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29 April [– …
  • … of Walsh 1864c (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November 1864 ); …
  • … and 19, above, and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] …
  • … p.  341). See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November 1864 . …
  • … 4 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). CD wrote an unsigned review of Bates’s paper …
  • … Bombus copulation in Correspondence vol.  12, letter to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] . …
  • … Wollaston, 2 March [1855] and nn.  11 and 12, and Wollaston 1856 , pp.  81–7, 186–94). CD’ …

From Jacob Heinrich Schmick   12 November 1870

Summary

Sends CD two books outlining a new geological theory. Believes his theory explains the discontinuities in the fossil record.

Author:  Jacob Heinrich Schmick
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 177: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7368

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Dr.  Schmick, | Professor in the Realschule. Cologne Nov.  12 th 1870. (Trutzenberg 68) …
  • … From Jacob Heinrich Schmick   12 November 1870 …
  • … DAR 177: 55 Jacob Heinrich Schmick Cologne 12 Nov 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …

From Fritz Müller   31 August 1865

Summary

Hopes CD has received his letter of 12 August.

Sends some new observations on climbing plants. [The observations are part of "Notes on some of the climbing-plants, near Desterro, in South Brazil", J. Linn. Soc. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344–9.]

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug 1865
Classmark:  Möller 1915–21, 2: 73–4.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4885A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … of the letter, see the letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] . …
  • … See also letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 , n.  11. …
  • … Hopes CD has received his letter of 12 August. Sends some new observations on climbing …
  • … I.  See also letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 , n.  1. For a transcription of this …
  • … vol. 13, p. 227. See also letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 , n. 1. ‘ …
  • … Climbing plants’ . See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 . For the missing …

From T. H. Farrer   12 August [1873]

Summary

Further observations concerning the fertilisation of Coronilla by bees.

Reflections concerning the influence of cultivation (i.e., ploughing) upon variation.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 76a–76b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9005A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   12 August [1873] …
  • … 76b Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Abinger Hall 12 Aug [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … bee. See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 . Farrer refers to George Payne. …
  • … Surrey (Post Town) | Gomshall (Station) S.E.R. 12 August | 11.  am. 2. My dear Mr Darwin I …
  • … letter and the letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 . See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, …
  • … question Sincerely yours | T H Farrer (3)—12 Aug.  1.30 pm I have just been to the garden …

From B. J. Sulivan   12 May 1840

Summary

Gives CD the results of some calculations for "dip" over different distances, as requested.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1840
Classmark:  DAR 177: 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-566

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From B.  J. Sulivan   12 May 1840 …
  • … DAR 177: 274 Bartholomew James Sulivan Totnes 12 May 1840 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … for short distances almost nothing, the usual allowance is 1 12 of the distance. …
  • … thus at 12 miles it would be 1 minute and the …
  • … height subtended by an angle of 1 minute at 12 miles distance would be the amount of …
  • … have to be subtracted from the dip for 12 miles that is the point you saw Level would be …
  • … your level to the amount, thus of distance 12 miles you could elevate the level 1 minute …
  • … from the constant changes I believe 1 12 of the distance is about the avarage allowance— …

From George Bentham   [after 12 July 1877]

Summary

Answers CD’s query on "bloom".

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12 July 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11051

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From George Bentham   [after 12 July 1877] …
  • … DAR 160: 169 George Bentham unstated [after 12 July 1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … letter and the letter to George Bentham, 12 July 1877 . CD had asked Bentham about bloom, …
  • … plants; see letter to George Bentham, 12 July 1877 . In apricis et maritimis : exposed to …

From Ernst Haeckel   12 May 1867

Summary

Thanks CD for new edition of Origin [4th ed. (1866)].

Comments on CD’s criticism of the harsh tone of Generelle Morphologie. Thinks he may have harmed himself but not the cause. Believes a radical reform of the science necessary, and since most scientists take a prejudiced view of the matter, a vigorous attack is essential.

Describes his travels in Canaries, Spain, and France.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1867
Classmark:  DAR 166: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5533

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    12 May 1867 …
  • … DAR 166: 44 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 12 May 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Jena 12. Mai 1867 Mein theurer, hochverehrter Freund! …
  • … zurückgekehrt, fand ich Ihren lieben Brief vom 12. April vor, sowie die neue Ausgabe Ihres …
  • … Jena 12. May 1867 My dear, most admired friend! …
  • … a few days, I found your kind letter of 12. April along with the new edition of your …
  • … Haeckel also refers to the letter from CD of 12 April [1867], and the fourth edition of …
  • … CUL.  A report was also published on 12 September 1867 in the Jenaische Zeitschrift für …
  • … and Jahn 1959–60. Haeckel wrote to Huxley on 12 May 1867 (Uschmann and Jahn 1959–60, …
  • … pp.  11–12; the letter is at the Imperial College of Science and Technology), mentioning …
  • … 1991, pp.  539–40. See letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] and n.  6. Carl Gegenbaur. …

From Karl Beger   [12 February 1877]

Summary

Intends to name his son after CD.

Author:  Friedrich Theodor Karl (Karl) Beger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Feb 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10824

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Karl Beger   [12 February 1877] …
  • … DAR 201: 3 Friedrich Theodor Karl (Karl) Beger Hamburg [12 Feb 1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin Richard Beger, was born on 11 February 1877. CD was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. …

From Leonard Blomefield   12 March 1877

Summary

Congratulates CD on testimonials from the savants of Germany and the Netherlands [Nature 15 (1877): 356, 410–12] and generally on his contributions to biology.

Asks if and when CD’s "Variability of organic beings in a state of nature", as projected in 1868 [see Variation 1: 4] is to appear.

Author:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 168: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10889

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Leonard Blomefield   12 March 1877 …
  • … DAR 168: 59 Leonard Jenyns/Leonard Blomefield Bath 12 Mar 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the Netherlands [ Nature 15 (1877): 356, 410–12] and generally on his contributions to …
  • … lovers of science from Holland. CD was 68 on 12 February 1877. The German album was sent …
  • … Belmont | Bath. March 12 th | 1877. — My dear Darwin, I cannot refrain from writing you a …

From John Scott   20 January 1865

Summary

Comments on his Primula paper [see 4213].

Describes his situation in Calcutta.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4751

Matches: 13 hits

  • … to seek employment in India (see Correspondence vol.  12). He departed for Calcutta on …
  • … 28 August 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1864 , …
  • … employment for Scott (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [4 June  …
  • … of 16 May [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), Scott remarked: ‘the degree of sterility of …
  • … alterations (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 7 January [1864] , and …
  • … to Asa Gray (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 13 September [1864] ). Gray …
  • … read the paper (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [20–]22 February [ …
  • … Oliver to review it (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 September [ …
  • … 3 June 1863] , and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 28 May 1864 ). CD and …
  • … 10 June 1863 , and Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 April [1864] , and …
  • … practical duties (see Correspondence vol.  12, enclosure to letter from J.  D. Hooker, 6  …
  • … him financial support (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Scott, 9 April 1864 ). …
  • … Scott at Down (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 April [1864] ). He …

From Francis Darwin   [12 July 1878]

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Summary

Chlorophyll development in oat seedling.

Lists the sleeping plants he has seen.

Julius Sachs thinks Hugo de Vries has not cleared up everything [about climbing plants]. But Sachs has not worked on the mechanical problem.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 209.1: 156–7, DAR 209.14: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11604

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [12 July 1878] …
  • … 88 Francis Darwin Botanisches Institut Würzburg [12 July 1878] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in seedlings & Sleep of Plants | July 12[‘2’ over ‘0’] th 1878’ pencil ; ‘Light | & | …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … F Darwin 8.1] crossed pencil ; ‘9 33 – 12–6 | 51 [‘1’ over ‘0’] 14’ pencil 9.1 Please ... …
  • … paragraph of this letter, labelled ‘Frank July 12 th 1878’, in his notes (DAR 209.7: 158). …

From Hermenegildo Giner de los Ríos   12 August 1878

Summary

The secretary of the Comision de Propaganda of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, Madrid, asks CD to send list of his publications to the Society.

Author:  Hermenegildo Giner de los Ríos
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1878
Classmark:  DAR 271.2: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11653A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Hermenegildo Giner de los Ríos    12 August 1878 …
  • … DAR 271.2: 4 Hermenegildo Giner de los Ríos Madrid 12 Aug 1878 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Comision de Propaganda | Particular le 12 Août 1878— Très respectable Monsieur J’ai l’ …
  • … Comision de Propaganda | Particular 12 August 1878— Most respectable Sir I have the honour …

From Prior Purvis   12 March 1874

Summary

Sends report on an infant with congenital heart disease who died at ten months. Post-mortem showed it had the "heart of a fish": two cavities, one auricle and one ventricle.

Author:  Prior Purvis
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 174: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9355

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Prior Purvis   12 March 1874 …
  • … DAR 174: 80 Prior Purvis Blackheath 12 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 5, Lansdowne Place, | Blackheath. S.E. March 12 th . 1874 Dear Sir/ In the course of my …
  • … on April 17 th . 1873 and died February 12 th 1874, living 10 months, less 5 days— On my …
  • … of the child gave way and it died on the 12 th .  of last month— Two days after death we …

From J. I. Rogers   12 October 1876

Summary

His brother, George, reports from Calcutta a case of a man whose hands are divided like a cow’s foot.

Author:  John Innes Rogers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1876
Classmark:  DAR 176: 195
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10640

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  I.  Rogers   12 October 1876 …
  • … DAR 176: 195 John Innes Rogers London, Cannon St, 119 12 Oct 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … 119, Cannon Street, | London, | E.C 12 th October/76. Dear Sir, My brother George Rogers …

From Asa Gray   12 October 1876

Summary

Would like sheets of Cross and self-fertilisation if it is not already out.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1876
Classmark:  DAR 165: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10639

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   12 October 1876 …
  • … DAR 165: 190 Asa Gray Herbarium of Harvard 12 Oct 1876 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass. Oct.  12 187 6 My Dear Darwin Is not your Fertilization- …
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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