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From John Scott   12 [February 1864]

Summary

Regrets sending his MS missing two pages.

Has proofs of his paper on the monoecious spikes of maize [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 213–20].

J. H. Balfour objected to notion of maize descent from a hermaphrodite.

Reading of JS’s paper on Selaginella hybrid [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 192–9] deferred until March. Believes it is first example of experimentally produced hybridity in higher cryptogams.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 [Feb 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4386

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From John Scott   12 [February 1864] …
  • … DAR 177: 100 John Scott Edinburgh Botanic Gardens 12 [Feb 1864] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edinburgh | Botanic Gardens Jan y . 12 th . Sir. I duly received your notes of the 6 …
  • … Scott mistakenly wrote 12 January; the date February 1864 is established by the …
  • … John Scott, 7 January [1864] and nn.  12 and 13, and enclosure 2). John Hutton Balfour was …

To J. D. Hooker   12 July [1864]

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Summary

Ernst Haeckel writes that young German scientists are enthusiastic for natural selection.

Did JDH write the article in Natural History Review on trees not producing flowers ["Botanical lesson books", (1864): 355–69]?

Encourages Harvey to publish on his "disagreeable" monster plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 July [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 241
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4561

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 July [1864] …
  • … DAR 115: 241 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1864] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see also ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix II)). The paper was sent to the …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. July 12 th My dear old friend— I write merely to thank you …

To George Bentham   12 July [1864]

Summary

Thanks GB for specimens [of Aegiphila] and his information.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  12 July [1864]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 708)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4562

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To George Bentham   12 July [1864] …
  • … Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 708) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1864] George Bentham …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. July 12 th . My dear Bentham I write merely to thank you …

From W. E. Darwin   12 May [1864]

Summary

Observations on style length of 150 flowers of Pulmonaria [angustifolia]. [See Forms of flowers, p. 105.]

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 110: A66–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4492

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   12 May [1864] …
  • … DAR 110: A66–7 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 12 May [1864] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of anthers’ pencil Top of enclosure : ‘May 12 th ’ pencil Enclosure, verso : ‘Shape & size …
  • … Southampton May 12. My Dear Father, At last I have finished the Pulmonaria. I went over …

To Henry Holland   6 November [1864]

Summary

Thanks for congratulations on award of Copley Medal by the Royal Society.

Discusses his long period of ill health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Holland, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  Peter Harrington (dealer) (September 2020)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4661F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … For Holland’s travels, see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Henry Holland, 4 November [ …
  • … throughout much of 1863 and the early part of 1864 (see Correspondence vols. 11 and 12). …
  • … 4 November [1864] ( Correspondence vol. 12). The Royal Society of London awarded CD …
  • … Copley Medal in 1864 (see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Henry Holland, 4 November [ …
  • … Spencer 1860–2 ; see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Henry Holland, 4 November [1864] …

From Charles Wentworth Dilke   12 October 1864

Summary

In response to CD’s notice in Gardeners’ Chronicle [Collected papers 2: 93], sends planting times of peas from an 1861 almanac.

Author:  Charles Wentworth Dilke, Jr, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 162: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4634

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Charles Wentworth Dilke   12 October 1864 …
  • … Wentworth Dilke, Jr, 1st baronet London, Sloane St, 76 12 Oct 1864 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 76 Sloane Street SW. 12 Oct 1864 Dear Sir I notice your question in last Gardeners …

From Daniel Oliver   12 March 1864

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Summary

Discusses homologies of plant organs.

The passion-flower tendril should be considered a modified branch rather than a modified flower. Considers the distinction between the peduncle and the leaf midrib.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4425

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Daniel Oliver   12 March 1864 …
  • … DAR 157.2: 103 Daniel Oliver Kew 12 Mar 1864 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Oliver, 11 March [1864] and nn.  11 and 12, and letter from Daniel Oliver, [17 March  …
  • … Royal Gardens Kew 12 March/64 My dear Sir, With regard to your query as to the tendril of …

To Charles Buxton   12 October [1864]

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Summary

Has heard that the yeast in CB’s brewery has failed. Asks for confirmation and answers to some questions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Buxton
Date:  12 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A36–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4633

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Charles Buxton   12 October [1864] …
  • … DAR 92: A36–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Oct [1864] Charles Buxton …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Oct 12 My dear Sir I trust to your kindness to excuse me for …

From William Marshall   12 June 1864

Summary

Informs CD of two distinct forms of Plantago lanceolata.

Author:  William Marshall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1864
Classmark:  DAR 109: A88–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4530

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From William Marshall   12 June 1864 …
  • … DAR 109: A88–9 William Marshall Ely 12 June 1864 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Ely. June 12 th 1864. Dear Sir Having seen your Paper on the 2 Forms of “Linum” & further …

To Louis Agassiz   12 April 1864

Summary

Thanks LA for Methods of study [1863].

Is gratified that he has not taken a personal dislike to CD, though he is strongly opposed to nearly everything CD has written.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Rodolphe (Louis) Agassiz
Date:  12 Apr 1864
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Am 1419: 277)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4460

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Louis Agassiz   12 April 1864 …
  • … Am 1419: 277) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Apr 1864 Jean Louis Rodolphe (Louis) Agassiz …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Ap.  12. 1864 My dear Sir Owing to long continued illness & …

From Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker   12 March [1864]

Summary

Request for plants.

CD’s continuing ill health.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4426

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker   12 March [1864] …
  • … DAR 115: 223 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down 12 Mar [1864] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down Bromley | Kent. Mar 12 Dear D r Hooker C.  begs me to tell you that he will be very …

To W. E. Darwin   [19 May 1864]

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Summary

Mentions WED’s extraordinary discovery of some pollen-grains of different sizes. The observations must be followed up.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [19 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5333

Matches: 5 hits

  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 18 May [1864] and [20 May 1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). See …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12, letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 18 May [1864] . William had included …
  • … at Down for some time (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from H.  E.  Darwin to W.  E.   …
  • … CD’s annotations, see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 18 May [1864] . …
  • … 17 May 1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). For CD’s interest in Rhamnus (buckthorn), see …

To Hermann Kindt   17 September 1864

Summary

Sends his thanks for a kind letter; he has copied out the last sentence of the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hermann Adolph Christian August (Hermann) Kindt
Date:  17 Sept 1864
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) (11 and 12 June 2002); Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives (Autograph Letters: Harland Collection, vol. 1, p. 67, GB127.MS f 091 H15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13874

Matches: 3 hits

  • … J. A. Stargardt (dealers) (11 and 12 June 2002); Manchester Libraries, Information and …
  • … was published in Correspondence vol.  12; since then the full text has become available. …
  • … Hermann Kindt, 16 September 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12). See Origin 2d ed. , p.  490. …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   2 February [1864]

Summary

Returns WBT’s box of skulls. One or two skulls may be elsewhere, but CD does not have the strength to search for them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  2 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5389

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1 February 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12), Tegetmeier had offered to collect the skulls …
  • … months of 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 25 February [1864] and …
  • … 1 February 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12). CD refers to a box of skulls of various …
  • … Covent Garden (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 1 February  …
  • … of crossed fowls (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 1 February  …

From E. A. Darwin, Charles Darwin, and W. E. Darwin to Thomas Salt   12 April 1864

Summary

Instructions concerning the payment of the principal and interest of the mortgage to Mr Childe.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin; Erasmus Alvey Darwin; Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Salt
Date:  12 Apr 1864
Classmark:  Rachel Salt (private collection); sold at Spink’s (dealers), July 2018
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4460F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From E. A. Darwin, Charles Darwin, and W. E. Darwin to Thomas Salt   12 April 1864 …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin Erasmus Alvey Darwin Charles Robert Darwin 12 Apr 1864 Thomas Salt …
  • … Street | Cavendish Square | London April 12 | 1864 Dear Sir We authorize and request you …

To J. D. Hooker   [10 and 12 January 1864]

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Summary

CD very ill.

Suspects F. Boott’s widow is illegitimate granddaughter of Erasmus Darwin.

CD, like JDH, has speculated that agrarian weeds have become adapted to cultivated ground. Suggests comparison with country of origin.

Wallace’s praise of Herbert Spencer’s Social statics baffles CD.

[Letter completed by E. A. Darwin.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 and 12 Jan 1864
Classmark:  DAR 115: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4389

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J. D. Hooker   [10 and 12 January 1864] …
  • … DAR 115: 216 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan 1864 12 Jan 1864 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from John Scott, 7 January [1864] , and nn.  12 and 13, below). In 1864, 10 January was a …

To A. C. Ramsay   12 July [1864]

Summary

Thanks for his book [Physical geology and geography of Great Britain, 2d. ed. (1864)].

Pleased that ACR’s glacial lake theory is progressing. New Zealand lakes support the view. Suggests he write to Charles Gould in Tasmania, calling his attention to glacial action.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Date:  12 July [1864]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Ramsay 306: 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4560

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To A.  C.  Ramsay   12 July [1864] …
  • … Archives (Ramsay 306: 8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1864] Andrew Crombie Ramsay …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. July 12 th . Dear Ramsay I am much obliged for your note & …

From Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker   17 March [1864]

Summary

Request for plant.

Receipt of Oliver’s letter.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4429

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 15 June 1864 ). Letter from Daniel Oliver, 12 March 1864 . CD felt that his general health …
  • … 1863] ). See also letter from Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 March [1864] and n.  4. …
  • … see letter from Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 March [1864] , and letter from J.  D.   …

From George Varenne Reed   15 August 1864

Summary

Horace Darwin making progress, but tires easily and does not like drudgery.

Author:  George Varenne Reed
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Aug 1864
Classmark:  DAR 176: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4591

Matches: 3 hits

  • … reply to your letter but perhaps if I name 12 guineas, you will not deem it encroaching, …
  • … book–cash account (Down House MS) for 16 August 1864 records a payment to Reed of £12
  • 12 s. for services between 19 April and 19 July. Horace was ill during much of 1863 and …

To A. R. Wallace   [c. 10 April 1864]

Summary

Has seen that ARW has read a paper to the Linnean Society.

Thinks that Herbert Spencer’s Social Statics (Spencer 1851) would be too deep for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  [c. 10 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  The Argyll Papers, Inveraray Castle (NRAS 1209/856)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4378F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in 1863. See also Correspondence vol. 12, letter from A. R. Wallace, 2 January 1864 , and …
  • … Wallace, 10 May 1864 ( Correspondence vol. 12), in which Wallace mentioned CD’s ‘letter of …
  • … of 2 January 1864 ( Correspondence vol. 12), Wallace had said, ‘With regard to work, I am …
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Lost in translation: From Auguste Forel, 12 November 1874

Summary

You receive a gift from your scientific hero Charles Darwin. It is a book that contains sections on your favourite topic—ants. If only you had paid attention when your mother tried to teach you English you might be able to read it. But you didn’t, and you…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … barely understand a word. Writing in French on 12 November 1874 to thank Darwin for the …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

1.2 George Richmond, marriage portrait

Summary

< Back to Introduction Few likenesses of Darwin in his youth survive, although more may once have existed. In a letter of 1873 an old Shrewsbury friend, Arthur Mostyn Owen, offered to send Darwin a watercolour sketch of him, painted many years…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … < Back to Introduction Few likenesses of Darwin in his youth survive, although more …

Darwin in letters, 1881: Old friends and new admirers

Summary

In May 1881, Darwin, one of the best-known celebrities in England if not the world, began writing about all the eminent men he had met. He embarked on this task, which formed an addition to his autobiography, because he had nothing else to do. He had…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … made a small omission ’. Stephen’s reply on 12 January was flattering, reassuring, and …
  • … books being ‘a game of chance’ ( letter to R. F. Cooke, 12 April 1881 ). On 18 May he described …
  • … Darwin had difficulty in obtaining mature plants. On 12 April, he reported to Müller , ‘I have …
  • … to make me happy & contented,’ he told Wallace on 12 July , ‘but life has become very …
  • … fight’ (letters to J. D. Hooker, 6 August 1881 and 12 August 1881 ). Darwin may have …
  • … else’s judgment on the subject ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 July 1881 ). However, some requests …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Diagrams and drawings in letters

Summary

Over 850 illustrations from the printed volumes of The Correspondence of Charles Darwin have been added to the online transcripts of the letters. The contents include maps, diagrams, drawings, sketches and photographs, covering geological, botanical,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Rubiaceae  with enclosures containing bud samples,  12 May 1878 G. H. Darwin's …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … speak of their own original researches’. He then added: 12 Very many other parts …
  • … was ‘unintentional’ ([Lubbock] 1863b, p. 214). 12. Letter from Hugh Falconer to John …
  • … Gesellschaft in Zürich  9 (1853–6): 65–100; 12 (1857–8): 111–56; 13 (1858–63): i–x; 14 (1858–63): 1 …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Cross and self fertilisation

Summary

The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom, published on 10 November 1876, was the result of a decade-long project to provide evidence for Darwin’s belief that ‘‘Nature thus tells us, in the most emphatic manner, that she abhors…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … offspring of English fertile plants’ ( To Fritz Müller, 12 May 1870 ). From a fairly early …
  • … if the book had not yet been released ( From Asa Gray, 12 October 1876 ). Darwin sent the sheets, …
  • … as being as faultless as your temper’ ( From Asa Gray, 12 November 1876 ). The book was …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … my telegram & I feared so to find from G. Lushingtons. 12 I think he  must  care—it can …
  • … parable of the talents see Matt. 25: 14–30. 12 Godfrey Lushington and Beatrice Ann …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …
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