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To F. T. Buckland   11 December [1864]

Summary

Asks for comparison of otter-hounds’ feet with those of other dogs.

Changes in oysters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland
Date:  11 Dec [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 7 (EH 88206059)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4713

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To F.  T.  Buckland   11 December [1864] …
  • … EH 88206059) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Dec [1864] Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Dec 11 My dear M r Buckland I am much obliged for your …
  • … See letter from F.  T.  Buckland, [before 11 December 1864]. After eight years of service, …
  • … See letter from F.  T.  Buckland, [before 11 December 1864] and n.  2. CD cited Buckland …

From John Scott   7 January [1864]

Summary

Has finished correcting Primula paper [see 4332].

Has presented paper on monoecious spikes of maize [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 213–20].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 98, 99 f.3; Edinburgh Courant, 19 December 1863, p. 8.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4382

Matches: 14 hits

  • … 19 November [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 21 September [ …
  • … 7 November [1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11), and by the reference to Scott 1863b (see …
  • … Society ( Botany ) (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 25 and 28 May [ …
  • … an ‘excellent memoir’ (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 21 September [ …
  • … his own results (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 23 July [1863] , and …
  • … cowslip in May 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 21 May [1863] ). …
  • … Primula had been (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 7 November [1863] , …
  • … all palatable! ’ (see Correspondence vol.  11, letters from John Scott, [3 June 1863] and …
  • … of Scott’s paper (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 7 November [1863] ); …
  • … December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 25 [July 1863] ). In …
  • … and 28 May [1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11), he wrote that his experiments were leading …
  • … of Scott 1864a (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 7 November [1863] ). He …
  • … to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and 11 December [1862], and Correspondence vol.   …
  • 11, letter to John Scott, 25 [July 1863] and n.  4). CD evidently did not add to the …

From Francis Trevelyan Buckland   [before 11 December 1864]

Summary

Salmon and trout increase in size with river.

Wishes to show CD fish hatchery near Hampton Court.

Quoted CD’s book on self-destruction within species in a salmon arbitration case.

Author:  Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 11 Dec 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 358
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4363

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Francis Trevelyan Buckland   [before 11 December 1864] …
  • … Frank) Buckland London, Albany St, 37 [before 11 Dec 1864] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter, the letter to F.  T.  Buckland, 11 December [1864] , and the letter from F.   …
  • … Variation (see letter to F.  T.  Buckland, 11 December [1864] ). Buckland began studying …
  • … 2, and the letter to F.  T.  Buckland, 11 December [1864] and n.  7. Buckland was engaged …

To J. D. Hooker   13 June [1864]

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Summary

W. H. Harvey’s dandelion case worth publishing.

Suspects the uniform Primula elatior JDH referred to is a distinct species.

Scott’s paper on Passiflora shows variability of reproductive systems.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 June [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 239
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4531

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Kendrick Thwaites. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [11 June 1864] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [11 June 1864] and n.  3. …
  • … from William Henry Harvey in his letter of [11 June 1864]. See letter from W.  H.  Harvey, …
  • … by insects. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [11 June 1864] and n.  7. CD refers to James …
  • … enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [11 June 1864] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …
  • … John Scott. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [11 June 1864] . Scott 1864d. See first letter …
  • … s view, presented in Decaisne 1863, pp.  10–11, that the flowers of Delphinium , or …
  • … normally intercross (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 July  …
  • … August [1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11). In Variation 2: 21, he reported his experiments …

From J. D. Hooker   [11 June 1864]

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Summary

CD’s photograph looks like J. R. Herbert’s Moses in the fresco in the House of Lords.

JDH is delighted about oxlip, but hybridity does not explain some large patches that are uniform and do not vary towards either cowslip or primrose.

Encloses letter from W. H. Harvey discussing Myosotis sylvatica and the common dandelion.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 June 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 225–6; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (letters to J. D. Hooker, vol. 11, no. 178)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4529

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [11 June 1864] …
  • … DAR 101: 225–6; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (letters to J. D. Hooker, vol. 11, no. …
  • … 178) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [11 June 1864] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1864, the Saturday following 10 June was 11 June. CD enclosed a photograph recently taken …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  11, letter to M.  T. Masters, 6 April [1863]; CD …

From Hermann Crüger   21 January 1864

Summary

Sends his MS of orchid paper ["A few notes on the fecundation of orchids and their morphology", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35] for CD to send to an editor.

CD was right about Catasetum sexes.

Ficus experiments fail.

Author:  Hermann Crüger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1864
Classmark:  DAR 161: 278
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4394

Matches: 13 hits

  • … also n.  3, below. See Correspondence vol.  11, letters from Hermann Crüger, 23 February …
  • … 17–24 March 1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11), in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, pp.  152, …
  • … ed. , p.  147. See also Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Hermann Crüger, 25 May [1863] , …
  • … to Daniel Oliver, 17 February [1864] and n.  11. Crüger had discussed the pollination and …
  • … of 8 August 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11). CD had already expressed an interest in …
  • … 28 March [1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11). Crüger had observed pollinia of Catasetum …
  • … see Crüger 1851 and Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Hermann Crüger, 23 April 1863 ). …
  • … 23 February 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11), Crüger expressed the opinion that Catasetum …
  • … Edward Bradford. See Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Edward Bradford, 31 July 1863 . …
  • … of 31 July 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11), Edward Bradford disputed CD’s claims about …
  • … 1863, p.  325, and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Daniel Oliver, 28 [November 1863] ). …
  • … of Ruellia clandestina , see Mohl 1863, pp.  310–11, 327. For another report to CD on the …
  • … Origin in Germany, see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Friedrich Rolle, 26 January  …

From W. H. Harvey   11 November 1864

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Summary

Has examined his specimens discussed in his previous note and adds further observations.

Author:  William Henry Harvey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1864
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 113
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4670

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  H.  Harvey   11 November 1864 …
  • … DAR 157.2: 113 William Henry Harvey Dublin 11 Nov 1864 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 4 Winton Road | Dublin Nov.  11. 1864 Dear Darwin I contrived to get to town today, and …

From Daniel Oliver   12 March 1864

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Summary

Discusses homologies of plant organs.

The passion-flower tendril should be considered a modified branch rather than a modified flower. Considers the distinction between the peduncle and the leaf midrib.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4425

Matches: 9 hits

  • … upon nature. See also n.  2, above. See letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] and nn.   …
  • 11 and 12, and letter from Daniel Oliver, [17 March 1864] . …
  • … See letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] . Oliver’s reference to ‘the ideal leaf’ and …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Daniel Oliver, 27 November 1863   …
  • … the shoot, are terminal . ’ See also letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] and n.  7. …
  • … Darwin’s drawings in the enclosure to the letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] . …
  • … See letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] and nn.  8 and 9, and n.  4, above. …
  • … trees ( Tilia ). See letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] and n.  10; see also n.  9, …
  • … and stipules (‘Climbing plants’, pp.  110–11); he also commented: ‘we can hardly avoid …

From Hermann Kindt   11 October 1864

Summary

Requests photograph.

Author:  Hermann Adolph Christian August (Hermann) Kindt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 169: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4632

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Hermann Kindt   11 October 1864 …
  • … 14 Hermann Adolph Christian August (Hermann) Kindt Yarm 11 Oct 1864 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … translate [£]5’). See also Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Hugh Falconer, 4 [September  …
  • … Yarm, Yorkshire 11. October 1864. Sir, My German friend has requested me to thank you very …

To Asa Gray   13 September [1864]

Summary

Has finished Climbing plants;

resuming work on Variation.

Sends abstract of John Scott’s paper [see 4332].

Has received review of Herbert Spencer but cannot believe AG wrote it unless he has muddled his brains with metaphysics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  13 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4611

Matches: 10 hits

  • … of distinct individuals. See letter from John Scott, 7 January [1864] and n.  11. …
  • … your pleasant & most friendly note of July 11 th ; I am not ungrateful, but I have less …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864 . …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864. According to CD’s journal, the manuscript of ‘Climbing …
  • … 10, Appendix VI, and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 January [1863]. …
  • … 20 July 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II, and this volume, Appendix II). CD …
  • … October [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] and …
  • … 2 August 1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11). See also letter from John Scott, 7 January [ …
  • … non-dimorphic form of red cowslip (see n.  11, above), he was unable to corroborate Scott’ …
  • … July – 2 August 1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11), but his results did not confirm Scott’s …

To Daniel Oliver   11 March [1864]

Summary

Struck with corresponding positions of tendrils and flower-stalks in Passiflora. Sends [W. E. Darwin’s] dissection drawings of earliest stages. Infers that tendril is a modified flower peduncle.

Requests DO look at mode of climbing in Tecoma.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  11 Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 69–70; DAR 261.10: 40 (EH 88206023)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4424

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   11 March [1864] …
  • … 69–70; DAR 261.10: 40 (EH 88206023) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Mar [1864] Daniel Oliver …
  • … new hothouse (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VI). The labels on William’s sketches …
  • … Down Bromley | Kent. Mar 11 My dear Oliver— Will you be so kind as to give me your opinion …

From John Scott   19 March 1864

Summary

On fertilisation of Gongora.

His work on peloric Antirrhinum, Passiflora, and Verbascum, done at CD’s suggestion, is at CD’s disposal.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4432

Matches: 12 hits

  • … February [1864] and n.  6, and Crüger 1864). See also Correspondence vol.  11, letter from …
  • … John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and nn.  17 and 18, and this volume, letter to Daniel …
  • … observations of Acropera ovules in his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10); see also Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 18 February [1863] . Scott …
  • … of Acropera , see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 7 November [1863] , and …
  • … vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letter to John Scott, 12  …
  • … November [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to P.  H.  Gosse, 2 June [1863] ). …
  • … related orchids (see Orchids , pp.  282–4, and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to P.  H.   …
  • … Gosse, 2 June [1863] and n.  11). For CD’s expanded conclusions about insect visits to …
  • … vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and Correspondence vol.   …
  • 11, letters from John Scott, 6 January 1863, [after 12] April [1863], and 21 May [ 1863]). …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ; see also this volume, …

From John Scott   28 March 1864

Summary

Surprised at CD’s account of Bryanthus.

H. Crüger’s approach to Gongora fertilisation is beset with difficulties.

Reports his work on self-sterility of Oncidium.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4438

Matches: 10 hits

  • … of [23–7 May 1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11), which CD then forwarded with his letter to …
  • … Scott of 25 and 28 May [1863]. See also letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] . …
  • … of the position, see Correspondence vol.  11, letters from John Scott, 22 May 1863 and 26  …
  • … and Menziesia (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Isaac Anderson-Henry, 24 April  …
  • … of 6 January 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11). He reported his failure to pollinate the …
  • … 19 November [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 2 May [1863] and …
  • … pollination, see Correspondence vol.  11, letters from John Scott, 6 January 1863 and 3  …
  • … on Oncidium (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 1 and 3 August [1863] and …
  • … in particular, see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 6 March 1863  and n.   …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 26[–7] March [1864] and n.  11). Scott refers to his immediate supervisor, …

To J. D. Hooker   11 August [1864]

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Summary

Clarifies queries on climbing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Aug [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 243
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4588

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   11 August [1864] …
  • … DAR 115: 243 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Aug [1864] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Aug 11. My dear Hooker I am not very well & must write …

From Asa Gray   11 July 1864

Summary

Discusses CD’s and Mrs Gray’s health.

Comments on some climbing plants.

Praises Wallace’s article applying natural selection to man ["The origin of human races", J. Anthropol. Soc. Lond. 2 (1864): clviii–clxxxvi].

Discusses the reported sterility of the flowers of Voandzeia and Amphicarpaea.

Feels the ending of slavery is worth the cost of the Civil War.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 July 1864
Classmark:  DAR 165: 143, DAR 111: A82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4558

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   11 July 1864 …
  • … DAR 165: 143, DAR 111: A82 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 11 July 1864 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge, [Mass. ] July 11 th , 1864 My Dear Darwin Though I am not quite done with my …
  • … 26 March and 1 April 1864  and nn.  2 and 11). See letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] and …

To T. H. Huxley   11 April [1864]

Summary

Thanks for Lectures on the elements of comparative anatomy [1864].

If Owen wrote article on "Oken" [Encyclopaedia Britannica, 8th ed.] and French work on archetype he never did a baser act [see ML 1: 246 n.].

Bad health lately.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 Apr [1864]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 203)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4459

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   11 April [1864] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 203) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Apr [1864] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Down Bromley Kent April 11 My dear Huxley I am very much obliged for your present of your …
  • … 3 October 1857] ; Correspondence vol.  11, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [29 March 1863] and …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 August 1864]

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Summary

Replies to queries on climbing plants.

JDH meets Scott and finds him an intelligent and superior-looking man. Scott wishes to come to Down before leaving England.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Aug 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 232–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4590

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 August [1864] . …
  • … In 1864, the first Monday after 11 August was 15 August. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 11 August [1864] and n.  6. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 August [1864] and n.  4. See memorandum to J.  D.   …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, [3 June 1863] , and …
  • … natural selection (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June 1863 , …

To Alfred Russel Wallace   1 January 1864

Summary

Asa Gray’s high opinion of ARW as a reviewer [reference to S. Haughton’s paper on bees’ cells, Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 11 (1863): 415–29, reviewed by ARW in "Remarks on the Rev. S. Haughton’s paper", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 12 (1863): 303–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  1 Jan 1864
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS 46434: 31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4376

Matches: 6 hits

  • … bees’ cells, Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 11 (1863): 415–29, reviewed by ARW in "Remarks …
  • … of 23 November 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11), Asa Gray referred to Wallace’s review ( …
  • … could decay. See also Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863  and …
  • … all “ Darwinism ’” (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Asa Gray, 23 November 1863   …
  • … DAR 205.11: 126, and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Charles Lyell, [7 May 1863] . For …
  • … 23 November 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11), Gray referred to an article by Louis Agassiz …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [May 1864]

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Summary

CD’s pleasure at JDH’s willingness to help Scott find a position in India.

Naudin underrates contamination of his experiments by insects. Thus CD doubts Naudin’s results on rapidity and universality of reversion in hybrids.

Wallace’s paper on man [see 4494] reflects his genius, although CD does not fully agree with it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 236
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4506

Matches: 8 hits

  • … C.  Lyell 1863a, see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24[–5] February [ …
  • … peduncles, see the letters to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] and nn.  6–9, and 31 March [ …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 May 1864  and nn.  10 and 11. CD is referring to Naudin 1863, and possibly …
  • … and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  11. For CD’s reading of Naudin 1859a …
  • … Naudin 1862, see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to C.  V.  Naudin, 7 February 1863. For …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  11). For comments of CD’s regarding Naudin’s …
  • … opinion of Origin , see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 January [ …
  • … 3 February 1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11). For CD’s views on Gärtner’s, Kölreuter’s, and …

To J. D. Hooker   [27 January 1864]

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Summary

CD continues very ill.

His only work is a little on tendrils and climbers. Asks whether all tendrils are modified leaves or whether some are modified stems.

Last number [Jan 1864?] of Natural History Review is best that has appeared.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 Jan 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4398

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Horace’s illness, see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to J.  B.  Innes, 1 September [1863] …
  • … from leaves (‘Climbing plants’, pp.  49, 110–11). See ‘Climbing plants’, p.  34, for CD’s …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VI, and this volume, letter to …
  • … Ceropegia in 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July [1863] …
  • … modified stems (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 July 1863] ). …
  • … they were modified leaves (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [ …
  • … 1863] ). See also Correspondence vol.   11, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 July 1863] , …
  • … DAR 157.2: 78, and letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 March [1864] ). He offered several examples …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … backwards much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel …
  • … review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 20, letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). To Darwin’s relief, …
  • … the moment of being hatched ( letter to  Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874] ; Spalding 1872a). …
  • … & that must be enough for me’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). Plants that eat . …
  • … cartilage, bone & meat &c. &c.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox,  11 May [1874] ). His research …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted …
  • … the photograph he sent highly ( letter from D. F. Nevill, [11 September 1874] ). At the …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … gave him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether …
  • … on  Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … of Natural History’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). She had had assistance …
  • … for a second edition ( letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ), Darwin asked him to use …
  • … see letter from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). Yet Darwin was now …
  • … interest. He told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 11 September [1862] ): ‘This is a nice, but …
  • … from one parent’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). really good …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England   …
  • … 7 Sept 1872 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington. W., London, …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … regarding species change ( letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). The botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … by descent put him ‘into despair’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). In the same letter, he …
  • … bottom of seas, lakes, and rivers ( Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VII). Quarrels at …
  • … Academy of Sciences, Berlin (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix III), and of the Société des …
  • … unsuccessful ( see letter from E. A. Darwin to Emma Darwin, 11 November [1863] ). The council of …
  • … [9 May 1863] , and memorandum from G. H. Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]) . As he struggled …
  • … to drive the quietest man mad’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). Hooker and Gray agreed …
  • … tropical plants than before (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VI). He was fascinated with …
  • … pistils mature at different times ( see letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). The fertility of …
  • … ‘Crossing & Sterility’ (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix II). When Darwin finished, by …
  • … animal suffering caused by them (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix IX). Francis Darwin later …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as not signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, …
  • … & that must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … on the topic. Lyell also added the following note on page 11: *Mr. John Lubbock published …
  • … 2 have struck out Galton & Prestwich at p. 11 who will be surprisd [ sic ] to …
  • … had done ‘an injustice’ to Falconer and Prestwich. 11 In the same review Lubbock expressed …
  • … he took exception to the wording of the note on p. 11 of C. Lyell 1863c, which implied that Lubbock …
  • … The statement made by Sir Charles Lyell, in a note to page 11 of his work, that my article on the …
  • … of the note in the preface (letter to John Lubbock, 11 June [1865] ). No correspondence with …
  • … of the preface of C. Lyell 1863c and reworded the note on p. 11.  Unlike the earlier …
  • …  Lyell revised both the preface and the note on page 11 of the third edition of Antiquity of man …
  • … versions of the end of the preface and of the note on page 11 are included below.  Preface, C …
  • … as well as of the subsequent issues.” Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (original version) …
  • … made by him in company with Mr. Busk. Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (revised version) …
  • … in Letters, 1863 , (introduction to Correspondence vol. 11, pp. xv–xvii). For a comparison of …
  • … 1984, pp. 154–9. 7. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] …
  • … Bartholomew 1973. 8. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March …
  • … 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 March …
  • … (rough draft of letter from T. H. Huxley to Charles Lyell, 11 June 1865, Imperial College, Huxley …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … man in his most "primitive wildness" ( letter to Henslow, 11 April 1833 ). They …
  • … Letter 204 : Darwin to Henslow, J. S., 11 April 1833 "The Fuegians are in a more …
  • … 98). Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] "the …
  • … Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] I suppose that you do not …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … St George Jackson Mivart ( letter to St G. J. Mivart,  11 January [1872] ). A worsening …
  • … Mivart not to acknowledge it ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate …
  • … attacks on Darwin became notorious, had written on 11 May expressing concern that his recently, …
  • … well informed: `The die is cast’, he wrote excitedly on 11 May , when the matter was first raised …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back on 11 July 1873 that the distinction had ‘a …
  • … research remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the popularity of his book, writing to Robert Cooke on 11 April , ‘though I believe it is of …
  • … for extended periods. In a letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 11 October , Darwin described how the …
  • … Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the …
  • … visits from distinguished persons. Gladstone came to Down on 11 March. ‘I expected a stern, …
  • … not been a difficulty to me,’ he replied to Romanes on 11 June , ‘as I have never believed in a …
  • … that they become quite tipsy’ ( letter to W. M. Moorsom, 11 September [1877] ). Moorsom replied …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 September just hours after Amy’s …
  • … naturalist Thomas Edward ( letter from F. M. Balfour, 11 December 1876 ; letter to Samuel Smiles …
  • … who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 years old at the time of her death, would …
  • … you are one of the best of all’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). …
  • … do I cannot conceive’, Darwin wrote anxiously to Hooker on 11 September. By the time Darwin …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 10 hits

  • … in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What a remarkably …
  • … 1 OCTOBER 1846 7  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 11 JANUARY 1844 8  C DARWIN TO A …
  • … 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 11  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 5 JUNE 1855 …
  • … 22 NOVEMBER 1856 29  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 APRIL 1861 30  A GRAY TO C …
  • … A GRAY, 23 SEPTEMBER 1858 58 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 11 OCTOBER 1858 59 A GRAY TO …
  • … HOOKER, 18 OCTOBER 1859 63  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 64 JD …
  • … 13 NOVEMBER 1859 66  C DARWIN TO R OWEN, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 67  C DARWIN …
  • … 17 FEBRUARY 1861 111  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 DECEMBER 1861 112  C DARWIN …
  • … DARWIN TO A GRAY 28 MAY 1864 159  FROM A GRAY 11 JULY 1864 160  C DARWIN …
  • … TO A GRAY 28 JANUARY 1876 204  FROM A GRAY 11 DECEMBER 1874 205  TO A …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864 : ‘the venerable beard gives …
  • … continue his observations indoors ( Correspondence  vol. 11). In a letter of [27 January 1864] …
  • … two letters to the  Athenæum  ( Correspondence  vol. 11). Darwin’s anxiety about the matter was …
  • … and the question of human origins ( Correspondence vol. 11). Wallace, however, traced a possible …

Thomas Rivers

Summary

Rivers and Darwin exchanged around 30 letters, most in 1863 when Darwin was hard at work on the manuscript of Variation of plants and animals under domestication, the lengthy and detailed sequel to Origin of species. Rivers, an experienced plant breeder…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … crumbs of knowledge out of your wealth of information? ( 11 January [1863] ) Rivers and …
  • … Purpose”. When this letter was first published in volume 11 of the Correspondence, our transcription …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having found plants …
  • … to expertise. ‘It is funny’, he wrote to Huxley on 11 August , ‘the Academy having elected a man …
  • … whatever he earnestly desires’ ( letter to James Grant, 11 March 1878 ). The question of …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haeckel. The German zoologist had written to Darwin on 11 January 1866 , ‘Every time I succeed in …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 ). Darwin wished to establish …
  • … diœcious’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 May – 11 June 1866] ). On examining more specimens later …
  • … ‘I am glad to hear from Spencer’, Huxley wrote on 11 November , ‘that you are on the right (that …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … admitted that he no longer believed in fixity of species [11 January 1844] ? …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … at sudden sounds. & at Emma’s moving 3 [11]  When one month & one day old. …
  • … after each scream approaches it.— 8  Between 11 & 12 weeks old in smiling. I observe …
  • … with moisture, but not enough to run over April 11 th . It appeared to me that the Baby …
  • … lifts up & wrinkles  lower  eyelids.— 11 [22] April 19 th . Knew Anne,[23] most …
  • … April 4 14wks & 1 day. 11 – 12     May 16 …
  • … weight of clothes 1lb Wed Oct 11         …
  • … only difference between our door N o  12 and N o  11 is in the slit for the Letter box.— he …
  • … a flower said. “I’ve a fact to do” 52  June 11./55/ Lenny came with a piece of rag & …
  • … [1] The observations are in DAR 210.11.1, a vellum-covered notebook inscribed with the initials of …
  • … Erasmus was Emma and CD’s first child. [11] The first paragraph on this page was written in …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the enthusiastic breeder, who apologised in a letter of 11–13 May 1868 for his ‘voluminuous zeal …
  • … Weir, 30 May [1868] ). Sexual selection On 11 February , Darwin wrote to the …
  • … views differed. Of deer-hounds, Cupples wrote between 11 and 13 May , ‘much depends on the …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 1 September [1868], n. 11 ). ‘I am not sure’, Darwin reflected in a …
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