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To Asa Gray   11 May [1863]

Summary

CD despairs when men like AG and Lyell consider themselves incapable of judging on change of species by descent.

Is confused over phyllotaxy.

Has been looking at Plantago lanceolata.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4153

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   11 May [1863] …
  • … 59) Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place Down letterhead 11 May [1863] Asa Gray …
  • … 6 and 13 May 1863. Letters from Asa Gray, 11 April 1863, 13 April 1863, and 20 April 1863. …
  • … Down Bromley Kent [Leith Hill Place] May 11 th My dear Gray I have to thank you for 2 or …
  • … 1863] . See also letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863  and n.  2, and Bartholomew  …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 20 April 1863  and n.  11. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 …
  • … also memorandum from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]. These diagrams are in DAR 51: …
  • … and memorandum from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]). See also letter from Asa Gray, …

To Asa Gray   [after 11 October 1861]

Summary

Thanks AG for notes on hollies.

Replies to an argument for design. Feels it monstrous to consider orchids created as they are now seen, since every part reveals modification on modification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [after 11 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3283

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   [after 11 October 1861] …
  • … of Harvard University (51a) Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 11 Oct 1861] Asa Gray …
  • … in the part of the letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , that is now missing. See letter …
  • … the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 . See also letter from Asa …
  • … September [1861] . See letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , and letter to Asa Gray, 17  …

To Asa Gray   11 November [1859]

Summary

Sends copy of Origin for comments.

Does not feel AG’s views of migration after the last glaciation explain distribution in U. S. as well as CD’s view of migration prior to glaciation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2520

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Asa Gray 11 November [1859] …
  • … University (17) Charles Robert Darwin Ilkley Down letterhead 11 Nov [1859] Asa Gray …
  • … to CD by Joseph Dalton Hooker in May (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). …
  • … CD refers to his letter to Asa Gray, 11 August [1858] . Gray cited James Dwight Dana as …
  • … Down Bromley Kent [Ilkley] Nov. 11 th My dear Gray I have directed a copy of my Book (as …

To Asa Gray   11 December [1860]

Summary

The pamphlet of AG’s Origin reviews [Natural selection not inconsistent with natural theology (1861)]. CD will bear half the costs of publishing.

Will write to Huxley about Chauncey Wright’s review of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3017

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   11 December [1860] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (38) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Dec [1860] Asa Gray …
  • … Review . See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 11 December [1860] , and Correspondence vol.  9. …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Dec 11 th My dear Gray I have just got your letter of Nov.  26 th . — …

To Asa Gray   11 April [1861]

Summary

Huxley and CD fear Chauncey Wright’s review is too general.

Reports the praise for AG’s pamphlet.

J. S. Henslow is dying.

Francis Bowen strikes CD as weak and unobservant; presumes he is a metaphysician, which accounts for his "entire want of common sense".

Does wild Apocynum catch flies in U. S.?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (53)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3115

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   11 April [1861] …
  • … P.S.  I enclose a little Photograph made this morning by my eldest Son April 11 th . — …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (53) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Apr [1861] Asa Gray …

To Asa Gray   13 September [1864]

Summary

Has finished Climbing plants;

resuming work on Variation.

Sends abstract of John Scott’s paper [see 4332].

Has received review of Herbert Spencer but cannot believe AG wrote it unless he has muddled his brains with metaphysics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  13 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4611

Matches: 10 hits

  • … of distinct individuals. See letter from John Scott, 7 January [1864] and n.  11. …
  • … your pleasant & most friendly note of July 11 th ; I am not ungrateful, but I have less …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864 . …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864. According to CD’s journal, the manuscript of ‘Climbing …
  • … 10, Appendix VI, and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 January [1863]. …
  • … 20 July 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II, and this volume, Appendix II). CD …
  • … October [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] and …
  • … 2 August 1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11). See also letter from John Scott, 7 January [ …
  • … non-dimorphic form of red cowslip (see n.  11, above), he was unable to corroborate Scott’ …
  • … July – 2 August 1863] ( Correspondence vol.  11), but his results did not confirm Scott’s …

To Asa Gray   11 March [1873]

Summary

Astonished by Agassiz’s argument; has sent AG’s memorandum to Nature [see 8786].

Is working on cross- and self-fertilising plants and has temporarily stopped work on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (106)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8806

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   11 March [1873] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (106) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Mar [1873] Asa Gray …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. March 11 th My dear Gray It is really astonishing that Agassiz sh …

To Asa Gray   11 August [1860]

Summary

Agassiz is strongly opposed to Origin, but CD thinks K. E. von Baer may come out in support.

Discusses the possibility of favourable monstrosities in the light of Theophilus Parsons’ essay ["On the origin of species", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 1–13].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2896

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   11 August [1860] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (35) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Aug [1860] Asa Gray …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Aug.  11 th . — My dear Gray On my return home from Sussex about a week …

To Asa Gray   11 August [1858]

Summary

Species migration since the Pliocene. Effect of the glacial epoch. Present geographical distribution, especially similarities of mountain floras, explained by such migration; mountain summits as remnants of a once continuous flora and fauna.

Cross-fertilisation in Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (42 and 9a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2321

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Asa Gray 11 August [1858] …
  • … Harvard University (42 and 9a) Charles Robert Darwin Shanklin 11 Aug [1858] Asa Gray …
  • … Down, Bromley Kent) Aug. 11 th My dear Gray Your note of July 27 th has just reached me in …
  • … in this letter, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] . See letter from Asa Gray, 21  …

To Asa Gray   11 December [1861]

Summary

Discusses the worsening relations between their two countries and the possibility of war.

Expects Orchids and his Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63] to be out soon.

Thanks AG for some facts on dimorphism.

George Bentham has given him a list of Oxalis and Mentha species that are dimorphic like Primula.

Is in a "thick mud" regarding design in nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (62)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3342

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   11 December [1861] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (62) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Dec [1861] Asa Gray …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Dec.  11 th . My dear Gray. — Many & cordial thanks for your two last …

To Asa Gray   20 April [1863]

Summary

Fears England and U. S. will drift into war; he and AG must "keep to Science".

Thanks for facts on Incas; regrets he has always avoided the case of man.

Has sent his Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Is it true that Ohio has legislated against marriage of cousins?

Can AG explain the invariable angles in phyllotaxy; are they the consequence of packing in the early bud?

Owen’s comments on heterogeny in the Athenæum [28 Mar 1863] have vexed W. B. Carpenter; CD has replied [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Hopes AG will observe Gymnadenia; John Scott has been experimenting on its fertilisation.

Gives his observation on pollination of Cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4110

Matches: 8 hits

  • … this letter and the letters from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863 and 11 April 1863. Letters …
  • … from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863 and 11 April 1863. In his letter to CD of 22–30 March  …
  • … Campbell’s review. See letter from Asa Gray, 11 April 1863 . CD’s fear of war may have …
  • … 1863 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)). CD referred to ‘the origin …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  11). Experimental notes dated 23 March and 1  …
  • … Garden, Edinburgh (R.  Desmond 1994). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . …
  • … See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  13. …
  • … notes on this experiment, dated 26 March – 11 April 1863, are in DAR 108: 165 v. See also …

To Asa Gray   28 May [1864]

Summary

Is slowly writing Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Thanks for [Charles?] Wright’s observations on orchids

– could he note what attracts insects to Begonia and Melastoma? H. Crüger, who was going to observe Melastomataceae, has died.

Describes the climbing habits of Bignonia capreolata and Eccremocarpus scaber.

How does AG know the perfect flowers of Voandzeia are quite sterile?

He has a case of dimorphism in holly; asks AG to report on American hollies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 May [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4511

Matches: 8 hits

  • … winter of 1863–4. See Correspondence vol.  11, enclosure to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, …
  • … him in July (see letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864 ). No letter from Wright responding to …
  • … plants (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  11, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [5 May 1863] …
  • … covered trees (see letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864  and n.  5, and ‘Climbing plants’, …
  • … a review of it (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Daniel Oliver, 27 November 1863 , …
  • … make this statement; see letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864 . Voandzeia is a genus in the …
  • … Willis 1973). See also letter from Asa Gray, 11 July 1864 . For CD’s published discussion …
  • … failed to germinate (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863 , and …

To Asa Gray   19 April [1865]

Summary

Congratulates AG on the "grand news of Richmond".

Still interested in dimorphism and would welcome new cases.

Working on Variation

and correcting proofs of Climbing plants.

Would like seed of AG’s dimorphic Plantago.

Cannot understand how the wind could fertilise reciprocally dimorphic flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (77)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4467

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 1863 (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  11, letters to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] and …
  • … 31 March [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letters to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and …
  • … from Asa Gray, 17  January 1865  and n.  11. CD mentioned Auguste Laugel in his letter to …
  • … letters from Asa Gray, 16 February 1864 and 11 July 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12). CD …
  • … and letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and n.  14). CD evidently did not obtain seeds of dimorphic …
  • … 12 [April 1862] , Correspondence vol.  11, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [5 May 1863] and n.   …

To Asa Gray   25 February [1864]

Summary

Has not worked for six months due to illness.

Has been looking at climbing plants.

Hermann Crüger’s paper shows that CD was right about Catasetum pollination. Crüger’s account of pollination of Coryanthes "beats everything".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  25 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (80)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4415

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s recent work see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Charles Lyell, 17 [February 1863] and …
  • … in 1863 and 1864, see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II, and this volume, letter to …
  • … 23 November 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11). Gray’s letter of 16 February 1864 would not …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 17 February [1864] and n.  11. The most recent known letter from Asa Gray …

To Asa Gray   8 July [1872]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s book, How plants behave [see 8363].

Is correcting proofs of Expression.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 July [1872]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (107)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8402

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Society of London was reported in Nature , 11 April 1872, p.  475. CD’s letter was not …
  • … L.  Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869. See letter from Asa Gray, 11 June 1872 , and plate on p. 290. …
  • … Loring Brace and Letitia Brace were at Down on 11 July 1872. Gray had written a letter of …

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [1859] ). There is a copy of the …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] and 28 [December  …
  • … 1859], and to Asa Gray, 11 November [1859] and 24 December [1859]. Gray had based his …

To Asa Gray   19 October [1865]

Summary

AG’s article on climbing plants [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 40 (1865): 273–82] is admirable and complimentary.

Reports Fritz Müller’s observations on climbers.

Experiments on dimorphism with Mitchella and Pulmonaria.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (93)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4919

Matches: 4 hits

  • … from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 and n.  11, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865], and …
  • … from John Scott (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, [26 July – 2 August  …
  • … early in 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.   …
  • … April and May 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] …

To Asa Gray   [8 or 9 February 1860]

Summary

Sends historical preface and corrections for American edition of Origin;

would have liked AG’s review [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 29 (1860): 153–84] at the head.

Agrees with AG’s assessment of weak points.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [8 or 9 Feb 1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2701

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (11) Charles Robert Darwin Down [8 or 9 Feb 1860] Asa …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 4 hits

  • … his ‘Journal’ (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II), CD wrote a draft of the section …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , and Correspondence vol.   …
  • … March 1863] . See letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 . See also letter from Charles …
  • … See also Forms of flowers , pp.  110–11. Gray sent CD live specimens of the dimorphic …

To Asa Gray   7 December 1870

Summary

Believes AG’s cases of incipient dimorphism are due to mere variability. Has found examples in Nolana and Amsinckia; believes such variation is the basis for the development of dimorphism. Was unaware of variations in Phlox.

Sensitivity of Drosera and Dionaea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Dec 1870
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (90)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7388

Matches: 2 hits

  • … is now N.  humifusa. See Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Asa Gray, 20 March [1863] and …
  • … 9 August 1870, and letter to L.  H.  Morgan, 11 August [1870] . CD refers to Jane Loring …
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letter[X]
Addressee
Gray, Asa[X]
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1860 (9)
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1862 (11)
1863 (6)
1864 (5)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … backwards much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel …
  • … review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 20, letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). To Darwin’s relief, …
  • … the moment of being hatched ( letter to  Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874] ; Spalding 1872a). …
  • … & that must be enough for me’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). Plants that eat . …
  • … cartilage, bone & meat &c. &c.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox,  11 May [1874] ). His research …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted …
  • … the photograph he sent highly ( letter from D. F. Nevill, [11 September 1874] ). At the …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … gave him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether …
  • … on  Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … of Natural History’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). She had had assistance …
  • … for a second edition ( letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ), Darwin asked him to use …
  • … see letter from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). Yet Darwin was now …
  • … interest. He told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 11 September [1862] ): ‘This is a nice, but …
  • … from one parent’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). really good …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England   …
  • … 7 Sept 1872 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington. W., London, …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … regarding species change ( letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). The botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … by descent put him ‘into despair’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). In the same letter, he …
  • … bottom of seas, lakes, and rivers ( Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VII). Quarrels at …
  • … Academy of Sciences, Berlin (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix III), and of the Société des …
  • … unsuccessful ( see letter from E. A. Darwin to Emma Darwin, 11 November [1863] ). The council of …
  • … [9 May 1863] , and memorandum from G. H. Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]) . As he struggled …
  • … to drive the quietest man mad’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). Hooker and Gray agreed …
  • … tropical plants than before (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VI). He was fascinated with …
  • … pistils mature at different times ( see letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). The fertility of …
  • … ‘Crossing & Sterility’ (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix II). When Darwin finished, by …
  • … animal suffering caused by them (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix IX). Francis Darwin later …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as not signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, …
  • … & that must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … on the topic. Lyell also added the following note on page 11: *Mr. John Lubbock published …
  • … 2 have struck out Galton & Prestwich at p. 11 who will be surprisd [ sic ] to …
  • … had done ‘an injustice’ to Falconer and Prestwich. 11 In the same review Lubbock expressed …
  • … he took exception to the wording of the note on p. 11 of C. Lyell 1863c, which implied that Lubbock …
  • … The statement made by Sir Charles Lyell, in a note to page 11 of his work, that my article on the …
  • … of the note in the preface (letter to John Lubbock, 11 June [1865] ). No correspondence with …
  • … of the preface of C. Lyell 1863c and reworded the note on p. 11.  Unlike the earlier …
  • …  Lyell revised both the preface and the note on page 11 of the third edition of Antiquity of man …
  • … versions of the end of the preface and of the note on page 11 are included below.  Preface, C …
  • … as well as of the subsequent issues.” Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (original version) …
  • … made by him in company with Mr. Busk. Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (revised version) …
  • … in Letters, 1863 , (introduction to Correspondence vol. 11, pp. xv–xvii). For a comparison of …
  • … 1984, pp. 154–9. 7. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] …
  • … Bartholomew 1973. 8. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March …
  • … 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 March …
  • … (rough draft of letter from T. H. Huxley to Charles Lyell, 11 June 1865, Imperial College, Huxley …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … man in his most "primitive wildness" ( letter to Henslow, 11 April 1833 ). They …
  • … Letter 204 : Darwin to Henslow, J. S., 11 April 1833 "The Fuegians are in a more …
  • … 98). Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] "the …
  • … Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] I suppose that you do not …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … St George Jackson Mivart ( letter to St G. J. Mivart,  11 January [1872] ). A worsening …
  • … Mivart not to acknowledge it ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate …
  • … attacks on Darwin became notorious, had written on 11 May expressing concern that his recently, …
  • … well informed: `The die is cast’, he wrote excitedly on 11 May , when the matter was first raised …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back on 11 July 1873 that the distinction had ‘a …
  • … research remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the popularity of his book, writing to Robert Cooke on 11 April , ‘though I believe it is of …
  • … for extended periods. In a letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 11 October , Darwin described how the …
  • … Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the …
  • … visits from distinguished persons. Gladstone came to Down on 11 March. ‘I expected a stern, …
  • … not been a difficulty to me,’ he replied to Romanes on 11 June , ‘as I have never believed in a …
  • … that they become quite tipsy’ ( letter to W. M. Moorsom, 11 September [1877] ). Moorsom replied …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 September just hours after Amy’s …
  • … naturalist Thomas Edward ( letter from F. M. Balfour, 11 December 1876 ; letter to Samuel Smiles …
  • … who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 years old at the time of her death, would …
  • … you are one of the best of all’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). …
  • … do I cannot conceive’, Darwin wrote anxiously to Hooker on 11 September. By the time Darwin …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 10 hits

  • … in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What a remarkably …
  • … 1 OCTOBER 1846 7  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 11 JANUARY 1844 8  C DARWIN TO A …
  • … 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 11  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 5 JUNE 1855 …
  • … 22 NOVEMBER 1856 29  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 APRIL 1861 30  A GRAY TO C …
  • … A GRAY, 23 SEPTEMBER 1858 58 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 11 OCTOBER 1858 59 A GRAY TO …
  • … HOOKER, 18 OCTOBER 1859 63  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 64 JD …
  • … 13 NOVEMBER 1859 66  C DARWIN TO R OWEN, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 67  C DARWIN …
  • … 17 FEBRUARY 1861 111  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 DECEMBER 1861 112  C DARWIN …
  • … DARWIN TO A GRAY 28 MAY 1864 159  FROM A GRAY 11 JULY 1864 160  C DARWIN …
  • … TO A GRAY 28 JANUARY 1876 204  FROM A GRAY 11 DECEMBER 1874 205  TO A …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864 : ‘the venerable beard gives …
  • … continue his observations indoors ( Correspondence  vol. 11). In a letter of [27 January 1864] …
  • … two letters to the  Athenæum  ( Correspondence  vol. 11). Darwin’s anxiety about the matter was …
  • … and the question of human origins ( Correspondence vol. 11). Wallace, however, traced a possible …

Thomas Rivers

Summary

Rivers and Darwin exchanged around 30 letters, most in 1863 when Darwin was hard at work on the manuscript of Variation of plants and animals under domestication, the lengthy and detailed sequel to Origin of species. Rivers, an experienced plant breeder…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … crumbs of knowledge out of your wealth of information? ( 11 January [1863] ) Rivers and …
  • … Purpose”. When this letter was first published in volume 11 of the Correspondence, our transcription …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having found plants …
  • … to expertise. ‘It is funny’, he wrote to Huxley on 11 August , ‘the Academy having elected a man …
  • … whatever he earnestly desires’ ( letter to James Grant, 11 March 1878 ). The question of …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haeckel. The German zoologist had written to Darwin on 11 January 1866 , ‘Every time I succeed in …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 ). Darwin wished to establish …
  • … diœcious’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 May – 11 June 1866] ). On examining more specimens later …
  • … ‘I am glad to hear from Spencer’, Huxley wrote on 11 November , ‘that you are on the right (that …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … admitted that he no longer believed in fixity of species [11 January 1844] ? …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … at sudden sounds. & at Emma’s moving 3 [11]  When one month & one day old. …
  • … after each scream approaches it.— 8  Between 11 & 12 weeks old in smiling. I observe …
  • … with moisture, but not enough to run over April 11 th . It appeared to me that the Baby …
  • … lifts up & wrinkles  lower  eyelids.— 11 [22] April 19 th . Knew Anne,[23] most …
  • … April 4 14wks & 1 day. 11 – 12     May 16 …
  • … weight of clothes 1lb Wed Oct 11         …
  • … only difference between our door N o  12 and N o  11 is in the slit for the Letter box.— he …
  • … a flower said. “I’ve a fact to do” 52  June 11./55/ Lenny came with a piece of rag & …
  • … [1] The observations are in DAR 210.11.1, a vellum-covered notebook inscribed with the initials of …
  • … Erasmus was Emma and CD’s first child. [11] The first paragraph on this page was written in …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the enthusiastic breeder, who apologised in a letter of 11–13 May 1868 for his ‘voluminuous zeal …
  • … Weir, 30 May [1868] ). Sexual selection On 11 February , Darwin wrote to the …
  • … views differed. Of deer-hounds, Cupples wrote between 11 and 13 May , ‘much depends on the …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 1 September [1868], n. 11 ). ‘I am not sure’, Darwin reflected in a …
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