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To John Scott   12 April [1863]

Summary

Encourages JS to publish on sterility of orchids and to experiment on Passiflora.

Doubted Hooker’s poppy case.

Describes case of primrose with three pistils: when pulled apart allowed pollen to be placed directly on ovules. This supports JS’s explanation of H. Crüger’s case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B59, B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4084

Matches: 14 hits

  • … auricula (see letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] ). To investigate the cause of …
  • … their expansion (see letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] ). See letter from James …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . …
  • … Letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863]. CD wrote a draft of the section of Variation …
  • … 191; see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)). Scott’s observations on self- …
  • … 22 September 1862 ( ibid. ). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  13. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and nn.  16–17. CD subsequently discussed …
  • … 1854a). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April 1863 and n.  19. See letter to Daniel …
  • … April 1863] . See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  25. Hermann Crüger …
  • … 1863 ). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  30. In Orchids , p.  324  …
  • … letter to John Scott, 24 March [ 1863] , and letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . …
  • … See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . In his letter to CD of 23 February 1863, …
  • … had suggested (see letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] ) that the pollen-tubes …
  • … tubes. As he explained in his letter of [1–11] April [1863], Scott believed that the …

To John Scott   8 January [1863]

Summary

CD’s respect for JS’s indomitable work and interesting experiments increases steadily.

His gratitude for the primulas and the astonishing Gongora specimen.

Asks JS’s opinion about crossing a primrose with the pollen of a wild cowslip and of a cultivated polyanthus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  8 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3908F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … February 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VI). CD also refers to his servants …
  • … William Brooks and Henry Lettington (see Correspondence vols.  11 and 12). …
  • … Scott, 6 January 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11). For Scott’s discussion of his various …
  • … of 6 January 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11). Scott was hoping to move from his position …
  • … appointment (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863 ). He and …
  • … vol.  10, and Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863 ). In …
  • … of 6 January 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11), Scott wrote that he was sending CD three …
  • … specimens (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863  and CD …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letter to J.  D.   …
  • … to examine it (see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863  and CD …
  • … 15 November [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863 ; …

To John Scott   11 June [1863]

Summary

Hooker is impressed by JS’s MS on closing of stigma.

He will help find him a position. Hooker says if it is known that JS agrees with CD’s views, he will be unpopular in Edinburgh.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  11 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B22–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4212

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Scott   11 June [1863] …
  • … DAR 93: B22–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 June [1863] John Scott …
  • … Down June 11 th Dear Sir As the Abstract has not yet appeared in G.  Chron. I sent your …

To John Scott   16 February [1863]

Summary

Tells JS Acropera capsule should be left to grow.

JS was correct on "bud-variation" in fern frond.

Does not believe Primula structure necessarily related to dioecism, but the difference in fertility of the two forms forced him to admit the possibility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  16 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B55, B81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3991

Matches: 9 hits

  • … see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)) and was collecting information on …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 and n.  3, and letter to …
  • … of January 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VI). Scott had also been attempting …
  • … letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and 11 December [1862], and this volume, letter …
  • … of different colour’. Letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … letters from John Scott, 16 January 1863, n.  11, and 3 March 1863, n.  8. See also n.   …
  • … from John Scott, 16 January 1863  and n.  11). In ‘Dimorphic condition in Primula ’ , p.   …
  • … 1863 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)). Emma Darwin recorded in her …
  • … visited the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, on 11 February 1863. CD wanted Vanda capsules for …

From John Scott   16 June [1863]

Summary

Orchid paper in press.

Asks CD to correct MS of his Primula paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 78–126].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4213

Matches: 7 hits

  • … this letter and the letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] . In his letter to CD of 22 May  …
  • … sikkimensis are given in Scott 1864a, pp.  110–11. Scott 1864a, pp.  78–86, discussed the …
  • … 31 May [1863], and letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] ). Scott 1863a. See letter from …
  • … Scott, [3 June 1863] and n.  14. See letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] and n.  2. See …
  • … to John Scott, 31 May [1863] and 6 June [1863], and letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] . …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] . See letter to John Scott, …
  • … 6 June [1863] . See letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] . Scott was foreman of the …

From John Scott   6 January 1863

Summary

Sends Primula scotica and P. farinosa.

So far cannot fertilise Gongora atropurpurea although it is similar to Acropera luteola.

Experimenting on intergeneric hybrids to test CD’s view that sterility is not a special endowment.

Scott’s personal history.

Acropera capsule grows.

Plans for experiments CD has suggested on Primula, peloric Antirrhinum, and Verbascum.

Asks about Gärtner’s experiments on maize.

Aware of Anderson-Henry’s failures.

Through kindness of J. H. Balfour and James McNab, enjoys facilities for research. JS is in charge of the propagating department. Balfour almost engaged him to be superintendent of the Madras Horticultural Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 81, 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3904

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 September [1861] , and Correspondence …
  • … and n.  22). In his letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), …
  • … Orchids , pp.  208–9). In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). See ‘Fertilization of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letters to John …
  • … and 19 November [1862]). In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), …
  • … Meconopsis. See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . In his letter to John Scott, …
  • … John Scott, 21 May [1863] and nn.  10–11. With encouragement from CD (see Correspondence …
  • … peloric flowers. In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and 19 December [1862] ( …
  • … December [1862] . In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and 19 December [1862] ( …

To John Scott   21 January [1863]

Summary

Urges JS to publish on orchid pollen-tubes.

Suggests comparing stigmatic tissue of sterile hybrids and fertile parent; he would expect hybrid plant’s cell contents not to be coagulated after 24 hours in spirits of wine.

Suggests JS coat orchid stigmas with plaster of Paris for his work on rostellar germination.

Asks for list of "bud-variation" cases; CD has devoted a chapter to the subject.

Inquiries about I. Anderson-Henry’s observational competence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  21 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B56–7, B75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3934

Matches: 7 hits

  • … been found. CD discussed bud-variation in chapter 11 of Variation ( Variation 1: 373–411). …
  • … from John Scott, 16 January 1863 and n.  11). There is an annotated copy of Scott 1862a in …
  • … of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862, appeared in the Gardeners’ …
  • … 30 (Scott 1862b). CD began writing chapter 11 of Variation , dealing with ‘bud-variation’, …
  • … was cited several times in chapter 11 of Variation on bud-variations in pelargoniums, …
  • … letters to Thomas Rivers, 7 January [1863], 11 January [1863], and 15 January [1863]. In …
  • … in 1861 ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 11 May 1861, pp.  432–3; Journal of Horticulture n.s.   …

From John Scott   [1–11] April [1863]

Summary

Studying self-sterility, particularly in Oncidium, where abortion occurs consistently but stigma functions normally. His hybrid orchid crosses show sterility occurs capriciously. Thus it is not a "special endowment".

Disputes Asa Gray’s and Hermann Crüger’s view of rostellar germination.

Doubts absolute sterility of Catasetum.

Disappointed by results with homomorphic cowslips.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1–11] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 183, DAR 177: 86 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4073

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Scott   [1–11] April [1863] …
  • … 86 (fragile) John Scott Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh [1–11] Apr [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Epidendrum cochleatum in Orchids , pp.  310–11, and Orchids 2d ed. , pp.  249–50; Scott’s …

From John Scott   16 January 1863

Summary

Experiments to cut Laelia stigma from rostellum and then to fertilise rostellum are baffled by "a latent instinctive power". Somehow the pollen-tubes find their way to the style.

Suggests CD study variation in ferns.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3921

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to John Scott, 21 January [1863] and n.  11. See n.  8, above. See also letter to John …
  • … the Linum paper (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix IV). See also Scott 1863a, p.  547  …
  • … meeting of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862, and was published as an …
  • … and pollen-masses. CD was writing chapter 11 of Variation on ‘bud-variation’, which he …

From John Scott   21 May [1863]

Summary

Supports, in his orchid paper, CD’s view that sterility occurs at random [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Cannot get his Drosera paper published [abstract in Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 17 (1863): 317–18].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 181, DAR 177: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4174

Matches: 5 hits

  • … before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862; it was never published in …
  • … described in the letter from John Scott, [1–11] April 1863. Scott sent CD an abstract of …
  • … the conclusions deduced from them, see n.  11, below. Balfour known to have anti-Darwinian …
  • … answered Huxley’s objection. See n.  11, below. Scott’s paper (Scott 1863a) demonstrated …
  • … to John Scott, 19 November [1862], and 11 December [1862] and n.  21). CD wanted to …

From John Scott   3 March 1863

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Summary

JS criticises natural selection as based on an innate "continuously watchful selective principle".

Seeks seed of wild Rocky Mountain maize.

What is CD’s view on origin of maize?

Seeks information on self-sterility of Passiflora and Lobelia.

Weeping habit of trees.

Intended to say bisexual plants presented more established varieties than unisexual, not that they are more variable.

Explains his opinion that homomorphically fertilised Primula will produce only their own form. Is trying homomorphic crosses with different coloured Primula varieties.

Asks to read Asa Gray’s 2d review of Orchids.

Has finally successfully fertilised Gongora, but it was done by unnatural means.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 108: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4021

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1863] and n.  6. In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and 19 December [1862] ( …
  • … from John Scott, 16 January 1863 , n.  11. By ‘bisexual’ Scott meant ‘hermaphrodite’ (that …
  • … from John Scott, 16 January 1863  and n.  11); however, the planned paper was apparently …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and this volume, …
  • … in his letters of 19 November [1862] and 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10); he …

To John Scott   25 and 28 May [1863]

Summary

CD does not think he could be wrong about the stigma of Bolbophyllum.

Will not write up Drosera for years.

Praises JS’s experiments. Invites him to send a paper to Linnean Society.

L. C. Treviranus says all species of Primula present two forms except P. longiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 and 28 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B41–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and 11 December [1862] and n.  21). Scott’s experiments …
  • … the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862; only an abstract was published ( …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and n.  10. Scott sent …
  • … 1860, p.  150, and 3 July 1860, pp.  200–11). CD marked the statement in his unbound copy …

To John Scott   20 [February 1863]

Summary

Thanks JS for the very large Acropera capsule. CD has perhaps made a blunder about the sex of Acropera.

JS was right that successive homomorphic generations of Primula breed true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  20 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4003

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and this volume, letter …
  • … visit to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, on 11 February 1863 (see letter to John Scott, …
  • … dimorphic and trimorphic plants’ , pp.  410–11: I raised during February 1862, from some …

To John Scott   6 June [1863]

Summary

CD has spoken to Hooker of JS’s scientific merit, but has not suggested him for a colonial appointment.

Advice on style of writing.

Making extensive extract of JS’s orchid paper to communicate to Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 162–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B38–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4206

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and this volume, letters from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and 21 May [1863]). Scott’s …
  • … 191; see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)). Scott 1863a is discussed in …
  • … own pollen. ’ In his letter to Scott of 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD …

To John Scott   2 May [1863]

Summary

Impressed by JS’s attempts to fertilise Gongora.

CD has large collection of notes on orchids, but does not know when he will publish on them again.

Asks for JS’s papers on sterility of individual orchids and on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  2 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B25–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4137

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). See also this volume, …
  • … before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862, abstracts of which appeared …
  • … Scott, 21 March [1863] and n.  7, and [1–11] April 1863 and n.  13. Asa Gray published his …

From John Scott   [3 June 1863]

Summary

Thanks CD for influence used with Hooker to obtain a colonial position. Has offended J. H. Balfour by refusing the Darjeeling post and James McNab has become unfriendly, although his experiments do not detract from his garden work.

Will write Primula paper for Linnean Society as CD suggests.

His Darwinism is unpalatable at Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

Describes results with non-dimorphic Primula species. Such cases do not accord with CD’s view that characters are slowly acquired.

Thanks for criticism of his writing style.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4202

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1863] . See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . See n.  14, above, and letter to …
  • … of the Botanical Society [of Edinburgh] 11: 41–5. Collected papers : The collected papers …
  • … 17 December [1862], and letters to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and 19 December [1862]). …

To John Scott   1 and 3 August [1863]

Summary

Thanks JS for orchid paper [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50]. JS presents excellent new facts on sterility of orchids.

His argument that coloured primroses are not hybrids is good, as is idea of discovering primrose parentage by breeding for colours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  1 and 3 Aug 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B24, B27–8, B70; DAR 147: 455
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4260

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from John Scott, 21 May [1863] and nn.  10–11. The original manuscript of the portion of …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] . Joseph Dalton Hooker. …
  • … when crossed with other forms. See also n.  11, above. See letter from John Scott, [26  …

From John Scott   [after 12] April [1863]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Has not published much because he would be ignored as a gardener; hence he is looking for a foreign appointment.

Has prepared orchid sterility paper at CD’s suggestion [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4087

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for this paper (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix IV). See letter to John Scott, 12  …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). In his letter of 3  …

From John Scott   21 September [1863]

Summary

Sends Primula MS, which CD has promised to communicate to Linnean Society [see 4213].

Will soon send results on peloric Antirrhinum.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Sept [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4301

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862], 11 December [1862], and 19 December [1862], and …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and 19 December [1862], …

From John Scott   22 May 1863

Summary

J. H. Balfour has arranged a position for him at a Cinchona nursery. Reluctant to take this position in part because of his experiments for CD.

Asks CD’s advice and solicits his aid in finding a better colonial position. James McNab mistreats him.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4177

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and 11 December [1862], and this volume, letters …
  • … Scott, 3 March 1863, 21 March [1863], [1–11] April [1863], and 21  May [1863], and Scott  …
Document type
letter[X]
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1863
01 (4)
02 (3)
03 (3)
04 (3)
05 (6)
06 (4)
07 (2)
08 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … backwards much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel …
  • … review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 20, letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). To Darwin’s relief, …
  • … the moment of being hatched ( letter to  Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874] ; Spalding 1872a). …
  • … & that must be enough for me’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). Plants that eat . …
  • … cartilage, bone & meat &c. &c.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox,  11 May [1874] ). His research …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted …
  • … the photograph he sent highly ( letter from D. F. Nevill, [11 September 1874] ). At the …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … gave him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether …
  • … on  Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … of Natural History’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). She had had assistance …
  • … for a second edition ( letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ), Darwin asked him to use …
  • … see letter from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). Yet Darwin was now …
  • … interest. He told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 11 September [1862] ): ‘This is a nice, but …
  • … from one parent’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). really good …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England   …
  • … 7 Sept 1872 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington. W., London, …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … regarding species change ( letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). The botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … by descent put him ‘into despair’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). In the same letter, he …
  • … bottom of seas, lakes, and rivers ( Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VII). Quarrels at …
  • … Academy of Sciences, Berlin (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix III), and of the Société des …
  • … unsuccessful ( see letter from E. A. Darwin to Emma Darwin, 11 November [1863] ). The council of …
  • … [9 May 1863] , and memorandum from G. H. Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]) . As he struggled …
  • … to drive the quietest man mad’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). Hooker and Gray agreed …
  • … tropical plants than before (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VI). He was fascinated with …
  • … pistils mature at different times ( see letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). The fertility of …
  • … ‘Crossing & Sterility’ (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix II). When Darwin finished, by …
  • … animal suffering caused by them (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix IX). Francis Darwin later …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as not signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, …
  • … & that must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … on the topic. Lyell also added the following note on page 11: *Mr. John Lubbock published …
  • … 2 have struck out Galton & Prestwich at p. 11 who will be surprisd [ sic ] to …
  • … had done ‘an injustice’ to Falconer and Prestwich. 11 In the same review Lubbock expressed …
  • … he took exception to the wording of the note on p. 11 of C. Lyell 1863c, which implied that Lubbock …
  • … The statement made by Sir Charles Lyell, in a note to page 11 of his work, that my article on the …
  • … of the note in the preface (letter to John Lubbock, 11 June [1865] ). No correspondence with …
  • … of the preface of C. Lyell 1863c and reworded the note on p. 11.  Unlike the earlier …
  • …  Lyell revised both the preface and the note on page 11 of the third edition of Antiquity of man …
  • … versions of the end of the preface and of the note on page 11 are included below.  Preface, C …
  • … as well as of the subsequent issues.” Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (original version) …
  • … made by him in company with Mr. Busk. Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (revised version) …
  • … in Letters, 1863 , (introduction to Correspondence vol. 11, pp. xv–xvii). For a comparison of …
  • … 1984, pp. 154–9. 7. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] …
  • … Bartholomew 1973. 8. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March …
  • … 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 March …
  • … (rough draft of letter from T. H. Huxley to Charles Lyell, 11 June 1865, Imperial College, Huxley …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … man in his most "primitive wildness" ( letter to Henslow, 11 April 1833 ). They …
  • … Letter 204 : Darwin to Henslow, J. S., 11 April 1833 "The Fuegians are in a more …
  • … 98). Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] "the …
  • … Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] I suppose that you do not …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … St George Jackson Mivart ( letter to St G. J. Mivart,  11 January [1872] ). A worsening …
  • … Mivart not to acknowledge it ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate …
  • … attacks on Darwin became notorious, had written on 11 May expressing concern that his recently, …
  • … well informed: `The die is cast’, he wrote excitedly on 11 May , when the matter was first raised …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back on 11 July 1873 that the distinction had ‘a …
  • … research remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the popularity of his book, writing to Robert Cooke on 11 April , ‘though I believe it is of …
  • … for extended periods. In a letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 11 October , Darwin described how the …
  • … Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the …
  • … visits from distinguished persons. Gladstone came to Down on 11 March. ‘I expected a stern, …
  • … not been a difficulty to me,’ he replied to Romanes on 11 June , ‘as I have never believed in a …
  • … that they become quite tipsy’ ( letter to W. M. Moorsom, 11 September [1877] ). Moorsom replied …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 September just hours after Amy’s …
  • … naturalist Thomas Edward ( letter from F. M. Balfour, 11 December 1876 ; letter to Samuel Smiles …
  • … who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 years old at the time of her death, would …
  • … you are one of the best of all’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). …
  • … do I cannot conceive’, Darwin wrote anxiously to Hooker on 11 September. By the time Darwin …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 10 hits

  • … in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What a remarkably …
  • … 1 OCTOBER 1846 7  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 11 JANUARY 1844 8  C DARWIN TO A …
  • … 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 11  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 5 JUNE 1855 …
  • … 22 NOVEMBER 1856 29  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 APRIL 1861 30  A GRAY TO C …
  • … A GRAY, 23 SEPTEMBER 1858 58 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 11 OCTOBER 1858 59 A GRAY TO …
  • … HOOKER, 18 OCTOBER 1859 63  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 64 JD …
  • … 13 NOVEMBER 1859 66  C DARWIN TO R OWEN, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 67  C DARWIN …
  • … 17 FEBRUARY 1861 111  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 DECEMBER 1861 112  C DARWIN …
  • … DARWIN TO A GRAY 28 MAY 1864 159  FROM A GRAY 11 JULY 1864 160  C DARWIN …
  • … TO A GRAY 28 JANUARY 1876 204  FROM A GRAY 11 DECEMBER 1874 205  TO A …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864 : ‘the venerable beard gives …
  • … continue his observations indoors ( Correspondence  vol. 11). In a letter of [27 January 1864] …
  • … two letters to the  Athenæum  ( Correspondence  vol. 11). Darwin’s anxiety about the matter was …
  • … and the question of human origins ( Correspondence vol. 11). Wallace, however, traced a possible …

Thomas Rivers

Summary

Rivers and Darwin exchanged around 30 letters, most in 1863 when Darwin was hard at work on the manuscript of Variation of plants and animals under domestication, the lengthy and detailed sequel to Origin of species. Rivers, an experienced plant breeder…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … crumbs of knowledge out of your wealth of information? ( 11 January [1863] ) Rivers and …
  • … Purpose”. When this letter was first published in volume 11 of the Correspondence, our transcription …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having found plants …
  • … to expertise. ‘It is funny’, he wrote to Huxley on 11 August , ‘the Academy having elected a man …
  • … whatever he earnestly desires’ ( letter to James Grant, 11 March 1878 ). The question of …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haeckel. The German zoologist had written to Darwin on 11 January 1866 , ‘Every time I succeed in …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 ). Darwin wished to establish …
  • … diœcious’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 May – 11 June 1866] ). On examining more specimens later …
  • … ‘I am glad to hear from Spencer’, Huxley wrote on 11 November , ‘that you are on the right (that …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … admitted that he no longer believed in fixity of species [11 January 1844] ? …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … at sudden sounds. & at Emma’s moving 3 [11]  When one month & one day old. …
  • … after each scream approaches it.— 8  Between 11 & 12 weeks old in smiling. I observe …
  • … with moisture, but not enough to run over April 11 th . It appeared to me that the Baby …
  • … lifts up & wrinkles  lower  eyelids.— 11 [22] April 19 th . Knew Anne,[23] most …
  • … April 4 14wks & 1 day. 11 – 12     May 16 …
  • … weight of clothes 1lb Wed Oct 11         …
  • … only difference between our door N o  12 and N o  11 is in the slit for the Letter box.— he …
  • … a flower said. “I’ve a fact to do” 52  June 11./55/ Lenny came with a piece of rag & …
  • … [1] The observations are in DAR 210.11.1, a vellum-covered notebook inscribed with the initials of …
  • … Erasmus was Emma and CD’s first child. [11] The first paragraph on this page was written in …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the enthusiastic breeder, who apologised in a letter of 11–13 May 1868 for his ‘voluminuous zeal …
  • … Weir, 30 May [1868] ). Sexual selection On 11 February , Darwin wrote to the …
  • … views differed. Of deer-hounds, Cupples wrote between 11 and 13 May , ‘much depends on the …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 1 September [1868], n. 11 ). ‘I am not sure’, Darwin reflected in a …
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