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To John Scott   12 April [1863]

Summary

Encourages JS to publish on sterility of orchids and to experiment on Passiflora.

Doubted Hooker’s poppy case.

Describes case of primrose with three pistils: when pulled apart allowed pollen to be placed directly on ovules. This supports JS’s explanation of H. Crüger’s case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B59, B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4084

Matches: 14 hits

  • … auricula (see letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] ). To investigate the cause of …
  • … their expansion (see letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] ). See letter from James …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . …
  • … Letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863]. CD wrote a draft of the section of Variation …
  • … 191; see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)). Scott’s observations on self- …
  • … 22 September 1862 ( ibid. ). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  13. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and nn.  16–17. CD subsequently discussed …
  • … 1854a). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April 1863 and n.  19. See letter to Daniel …
  • … April 1863] . See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  25. Hermann Crüger …
  • … 1863 ). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  30. In Orchids , p.  324  …
  • … letter to John Scott, 24 March [ 1863] , and letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . …
  • … See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . In his letter to CD of 23 February 1863, …
  • … had suggested (see letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] ) that the pollen-tubes …
  • … tubes. As he explained in his letter of [1–11] April [1863], Scott believed that the …

From Asa Gray   11 April 1863

Summary

The war is nearly finished, "rebeldom is ""gone up"" ".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4081

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   11 April 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 132 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 11 Apr 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge, Mass. April 11, 1863. My Dear Darwin You see that—at length—the thing is nearly …
  • … reached the north (see the New York Times , 11 April 1863, pp.  1, 4, and McPherson 1988 , …

To J. D. Hooker   23 April [1863]

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Summary

Grieved by Falconer’s and Prestwich’s treatment of Lyell.

Reproductive anatomy of the common ash reminds CD of JDH’s Welwitschia because of its transitional forms.

Pleased JDH encourages Oliver to do orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4122

Matches: 4 hits

  • … plants from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see Correspondence vol.   11, Appendix VI). …
  • … diary (DAR 242) that Horace Darwin, aged 11, was intermittently ill during 1863; entries …
  • … are reported in Forms of flowers , pp.  11–12. For CD’s notes on the ash, dated 20 April  …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 April 1863  and n.  11. Daniel Oliver. In his letter to CD of 20  …

To Asa Gray   20 April [1863]

Summary

Fears England and U. S. will drift into war; he and AG must "keep to Science".

Thanks for facts on Incas; regrets he has always avoided the case of man.

Has sent his Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Is it true that Ohio has legislated against marriage of cousins?

Can AG explain the invariable angles in phyllotaxy; are they the consequence of packing in the early bud?

Owen’s comments on heterogeny in the Athenæum [28 Mar 1863] have vexed W. B. Carpenter; CD has replied [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Hopes AG will observe Gymnadenia; John Scott has been experimenting on its fertilisation.

Gives his observation on pollination of Cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4110

Matches: 8 hits

  • … this letter and the letters from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863 and 11 April 1863. Letters …
  • … from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863 and 11 April 1863. In his letter to CD of 22–30 March  …
  • … Campbell’s review. See letter from Asa Gray, 11 April 1863 . CD’s fear of war may have …
  • … 1863 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)). CD referred to ‘the origin …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  11). Experimental notes dated 23 March and 1  …
  • … Garden, Edinburgh ( R.  Desmond 1994 ). See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . …
  • … See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and n.  13. …
  • … notes on this experiment, dated 26 March – 11 April 1863, are in DAR 108: 165 v. See also …

From Asa Gray   13 April 1863

Summary

Hopes CD will finish and bring out his book on variation.

AG will publish extracts of H. W. Bates’s paper on mimetic analogy [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 279–94].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4089

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation was published in 1868. See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and n.  14. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and nn.   …
  • … 8–11. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] , and letter to J.  D.   Hooker, [9 May 1863] . …

To Arthur Rawson   2 April [1863]

Summary

Discusses unusual primula flowers and asks for details of Rawson’s experiments with gladioli. Asks for loan of Cypripedium but admits he will probably mutilate it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arthur Rawson
Date:  2 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (10 December 2013); Xiling Yinshe Auction Company (dealers) (Autumn 2017 lot 2184)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4072F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … letter and the letter from Arthur Rawson, 1 April [1863] (see Correspondence vol. 11). See …
  • … Correspondence vol. 11, letter from Arthur Rawson, 1 April [1863] . CD published an …
  • … lady’s-slipper; see Correspondence vol. 11, letter from Arthur Rawson, 1 April [1863] ). …

From W. E. Darwin   22 April [1863]

Summary

Sent off Corydalis. Observations on Corydalis pistils.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4120F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … a case of reversion (see Correspondence vol. 11, letter to M. T. Masters, 6 April [1863]). …
  • … in species of Linum ’ ( Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix IV). William did not go to Cowes …
  • … alkanet or bugloss; see Correspondence vol. 11, letter from W. E. Darwin, 4 May [1863] ). …
  • … on 1 April 1863 (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix II). William’s observational notes …

To J. D. Hooker   [17 April 1863]

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Summary

Likes JDH’s review of Alphonse de Candolle [Mémoires et souvenirs de A. P. de Candolle (1862)].

Falconer’s article on Lyell ["Primitive man. What led to the question?", Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] too severe.

CD has written a letter to the Athenæum "to say, under the cloak of attacking Heterogeny, a word in my own defence" [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Bates’s Travels [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)] are excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Apr 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4103

Matches: 6 hits

  • … in his letter to the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 11 August 1866, p.  756 ( Collected papers 2: …
  • … pp.  417–19 (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VII). In his letter in the Athenæum , …
  • … as his guide (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VII). See letter from John Lubbock, 7  …
  • … 554–5. C.  Lyell 1863b. See letter to Athenæum , 18 April [1863] and n.  11. Bates 1863 . …
  • … Bates 1863  was reviewed in the Athenæum , 11 April 1863, pp.  488–9. The anonymous review …
  • … of Linum ’ (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix IV). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [ …

From John Scott   [1–11] April [1863]

Summary

Studying self-sterility, particularly in Oncidium, where abortion occurs consistently but stigma functions normally. His hybrid orchid crosses show sterility occurs capriciously. Thus it is not a "special endowment".

Disputes Asa Gray’s and Hermann Crüger’s view of rostellar germination.

Doubts absolute sterility of Catasetum.

Disappointed by results with homomorphic cowslips.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1–11] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 183, DAR 177: 86 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4073

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Scott   [1–11] April [1863] …
  • … 86 (fragile) John Scott Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh [1–11] Apr [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Epidendrum cochleatum in Orchids , pp.  310–11, and Orchids 2d ed. , pp.  249–50; Scott’s …

From Isaac Anderson-Henry   24 April 1863

Summary

Bryanthus erectus, said by [D. D.?] Cunningham to be a hybrid, has been found wild in North America.

Author:  Isaac (Henry, Isaac Anderson) Anderson-Henry
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4126

Matches: 2 hits

  • … microscope clubs and societies, see S.  V.  F.  Butler et al. 1986, pp.  7–9, 11–16. …
  • … the Linum paper (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix IV). The crossing experiments with …

To William Henry Flower   13 April [1863]

Summary

Asks WHF to obtain photographs of skull of ox for J. L. A. Quatrefages de Bréau.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  13 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Quaritch (dealers) (2007)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4090

Matches: 2 hits

  • … from Armand de Quatrefages, [28 March –] 11 April 1863 and nn.  7 and 8). Flower was …
  • … from Armand de Quatrefages, [28 March –] 11 April 1863. Quatrefages was professor of the …

To Daniel Oliver   [after 14 April 1863]

Summary

Thanks for information on Primula ovules. From what DO says the pollen-tubes ought to find their way to the micropyle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [after 14 Apr 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4095

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 12 April 1863] and n.  3, and letter from Daniel Oliver, 14 April 1863  and nn.  6 and 11. …

From Edward Blyth   7 April 1863

Summary

Has seen some curious hybrid ducks and geese of Bartlett’s. Bartlett will do experiments suggested by CD when he has time.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4078

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and wild cats (see Variation 1: 109–11, 114–15, 288, 290; 2: 150; and Correspondence …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1910–11. Mantell, Gideon Algernon. 1825. Notice on …

From John Scott   [after 12] April [1863]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Has not published much because he would be ignored as a gardener; hence he is looking for a foreign appointment.

Has prepared orchid sterility paper at CD’s suggestion [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4087

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for this paper (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix IV). See letter to John Scott, 12  …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). In his letter of 3  …

To Charles Lyell   18 April [1863]

Summary

Describes a letter he has written to the Athenæum in which he mentions CL’s views on species modification ["Doctrine of heterogeny", Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Comments on criticism of Lyell’s book [Antiquity] by Falconer and others.

Mentions his eczema.

Invites the Lyells to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.294)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4106

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Carpenter 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VII). William Benjamin Carpenter …
  • … to Athenæum , 18 April [1863] and n.  11). CD was concerned that Lyell was unwilling to …

From Asa Gray   20 April 1863

Summary

AG’s opinion of Lyell’s Antiquity of man.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4112

Matches: 2 hits

  • … rebelled’ (see letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). See CD’s annotations to the …
  • … April 1863 . See also letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] . The references are to T.  H.   …

From George Bentham   21 April 1863

Summary

Has not yet read the pamphlets [selection of reviews of Origin, sent by CD at GB’s request]. Though GB does not go so far as Hooker in accepting all of CD’s hypotheses and does not feel up to a thorough discussion of his views, he hopes in his Linnean Anniversary Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1863): xi–xxix] to speak on the present state of the [species] question.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4118

Matches: 1 hit

  • … April [1863] and nn.  7–9). See letter to George Bentham, 15 April [1863] and nn.  3–11. …

To Athenæum   18 April [1863]

Summary

Attacks the doctrine of "heterogeny" (spontaneous generation during each geological period) as completely lacking in evidence.

Defends natural selection as connecting large classes of facts in natural history. That certain forms have not changed since remote epochs is not an objection of any force.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 25 April 1863, pp. 554–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4108

Matches: 2 hits

  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [17 April 1863] , and n.  11, below). In the Athenæum , 4 April 1863, p.   …
  • … to John Lubbock, 5 April [1863] and n.  11, letter from John Lubbock, 7 April 1863  and …

From W. H. Flower   15 April 1863

Summary

Discusses having skull photographed and a cast made.

Author:  William Henry Flower
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 164: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4101

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from Armand de Quatrefages, [28 March –] 11 April 1863). See also letter to Armand de …

From Isaac Anderson-Henry   17 April 1863

Summary

Has done Primula polyanthus experiment CD suggested.

Author:  Isaac (Henry, Isaac Anderson) Anderson-Henry
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4105

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1910–11. Jameson, William. 1865. Synopsis plantarum …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … backwards much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel …
  • … review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 20, letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). To Darwin’s relief, …
  • … the moment of being hatched ( letter to  Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874] ; Spalding 1872a). …
  • … & that must be enough for me’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). Plants that eat . …
  • … cartilage, bone & meat &c. &c.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox,  11 May [1874] ). His research …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted …
  • … the photograph he sent highly ( letter from D. F. Nevill, [11 September 1874] ). At the …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … gave him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether …
  • … on  Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … of Natural History’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). She had had assistance …
  • … for a second edition ( letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ), Darwin asked him to use …
  • … see letter from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). Yet Darwin was now …
  • … interest. He told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 11 September [1862] ): ‘This is a nice, but …
  • … from one parent’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). really good …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England   …
  • … 7 Sept 1872 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington. W., London, …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … regarding species change ( letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). The botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … by descent put him ‘into despair’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). In the same letter, he …
  • … bottom of seas, lakes, and rivers ( Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VII). Quarrels at …
  • … Academy of Sciences, Berlin (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix III), and of the Société des …
  • … unsuccessful ( see letter from E. A. Darwin to Emma Darwin, 11 November [1863] ). The council of …
  • … [9 May 1863] , and memorandum from G. H. Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]) . As he struggled …
  • … to drive the quietest man mad’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). Hooker and Gray agreed …
  • … tropical plants than before (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VI). He was fascinated with …
  • … pistils mature at different times ( see letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). The fertility of …
  • … ‘Crossing & Sterility’ (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix II). When Darwin finished, by …
  • … animal suffering caused by them (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix IX). Francis Darwin later …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as not signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, …
  • … & that must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … on the topic. Lyell also added the following note on page 11: *Mr. John Lubbock published …
  • … 2 have struck out Galton & Prestwich at p. 11 who will be surprisd [ sic ] to …
  • … had done ‘an injustice’ to Falconer and Prestwich. 11 In the same review Lubbock expressed …
  • … he took exception to the wording of the note on p. 11 of C. Lyell 1863c, which implied that Lubbock …
  • … The statement made by Sir Charles Lyell, in a note to page 11 of his work, that my article on the …
  • … of the note in the preface (letter to John Lubbock, 11 June [1865] ). No correspondence with …
  • … of the preface of C. Lyell 1863c and reworded the note on p. 11.  Unlike the earlier …
  • …  Lyell revised both the preface and the note on page 11 of the third edition of Antiquity of man …
  • … versions of the end of the preface and of the note on page 11 are included below.  Preface, C …
  • … as well as of the subsequent issues.” Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (original version) …
  • … made by him in company with Mr. Busk. Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (revised version) …
  • … in Letters, 1863 , (introduction to Correspondence vol. 11, pp. xv–xvii). For a comparison of …
  • … 1984, pp. 154–9. 7. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] …
  • … Bartholomew 1973. 8. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March …
  • … 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 March …
  • … (rough draft of letter from T. H. Huxley to Charles Lyell, 11 June 1865, Imperial College, Huxley …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … man in his most "primitive wildness" ( letter to Henslow, 11 April 1833 ). They …
  • … Letter 204 : Darwin to Henslow, J. S., 11 April 1833 "The Fuegians are in a more …
  • … 98). Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] "the …
  • … Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] I suppose that you do not …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … St George Jackson Mivart ( letter to St G. J. Mivart,  11 January [1872] ). A worsening …
  • … Mivart not to acknowledge it ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate …
  • … attacks on Darwin became notorious, had written on 11 May expressing concern that his recently, …
  • … well informed: `The die is cast’, he wrote excitedly on 11 May , when the matter was first raised …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back on 11 July 1873 that the distinction had ‘a …
  • … research remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the popularity of his book, writing to Robert Cooke on 11 April , ‘though I believe it is of …
  • … for extended periods. In a letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 11 October , Darwin described how the …
  • … Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the …
  • … visits from distinguished persons. Gladstone came to Down on 11 March. ‘I expected a stern, …
  • … not been a difficulty to me,’ he replied to Romanes on 11 June , ‘as I have never believed in a …
  • … that they become quite tipsy’ ( letter to W. M. Moorsom, 11 September [1877] ). Moorsom replied …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 September just hours after Amy’s …
  • … naturalist Thomas Edward ( letter from F. M. Balfour, 11 December 1876 ; letter to Samuel Smiles …
  • … who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 years old at the time of her death, would …
  • … you are one of the best of all’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). …
  • … do I cannot conceive’, Darwin wrote anxiously to Hooker on 11 September. By the time Darwin …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 10 hits

  • … in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What a remarkably …
  • … 1 OCTOBER 1846 7  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 11 JANUARY 1844 8  C DARWIN TO A …
  • … 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 11  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 5 JUNE 1855 …
  • … 22 NOVEMBER 1856 29  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 APRIL 1861 30  A GRAY TO C …
  • … A GRAY, 23 SEPTEMBER 1858 58 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 11 OCTOBER 1858 59 A GRAY TO …
  • … HOOKER, 18 OCTOBER 1859 63  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 64 JD …
  • … 13 NOVEMBER 1859 66  C DARWIN TO R OWEN, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 67  C DARWIN …
  • … 17 FEBRUARY 1861 111  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 DECEMBER 1861 112  C DARWIN …
  • … DARWIN TO A GRAY 28 MAY 1864 159  FROM A GRAY 11 JULY 1864 160  C DARWIN …
  • … TO A GRAY 28 JANUARY 1876 204  FROM A GRAY 11 DECEMBER 1874 205  TO A …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864 : ‘the venerable beard gives …
  • … continue his observations indoors ( Correspondence  vol. 11). In a letter of [27 January 1864] …
  • … two letters to the  Athenæum  ( Correspondence  vol. 11). Darwin’s anxiety about the matter was …
  • … and the question of human origins ( Correspondence vol. 11). Wallace, however, traced a possible …

Thomas Rivers

Summary

Rivers and Darwin exchanged around 30 letters, most in 1863 when Darwin was hard at work on the manuscript of Variation of plants and animals under domestication, the lengthy and detailed sequel to Origin of species. Rivers, an experienced plant breeder…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … crumbs of knowledge out of your wealth of information? ( 11 January [1863] ) Rivers and …
  • … Purpose”. When this letter was first published in volume 11 of the Correspondence, our transcription …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having found plants …
  • … to expertise. ‘It is funny’, he wrote to Huxley on 11 August , ‘the Academy having elected a man …
  • … whatever he earnestly desires’ ( letter to James Grant, 11 March 1878 ). The question of …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haeckel. The German zoologist had written to Darwin on 11 January 1866 , ‘Every time I succeed in …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 ). Darwin wished to establish …
  • … diœcious’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 May – 11 June 1866] ). On examining more specimens later …
  • … ‘I am glad to hear from Spencer’, Huxley wrote on 11 November , ‘that you are on the right (that …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … admitted that he no longer believed in fixity of species [11 January 1844] ? …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … at sudden sounds. & at Emma’s moving 3 [11]  When one month & one day old. …
  • … after each scream approaches it.— 8  Between 11 & 12 weeks old in smiling. I observe …
  • … with moisture, but not enough to run over April 11 th . It appeared to me that the Baby …
  • … lifts up & wrinkles  lower  eyelids.— 11 [22] April 19 th . Knew Anne,[23] most …
  • … April 4 14wks & 1 day. 11 – 12     May 16 …
  • … weight of clothes 1lb Wed Oct 11         …
  • … only difference between our door N o  12 and N o  11 is in the slit for the Letter box.— he …
  • … a flower said. “I’ve a fact to do” 52  June 11./55/ Lenny came with a piece of rag & …
  • … [1] The observations are in DAR 210.11.1, a vellum-covered notebook inscribed with the initials of …
  • … Erasmus was Emma and CD’s first child. [11] The first paragraph on this page was written in …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the enthusiastic breeder, who apologised in a letter of 11–13 May 1868 for his ‘voluminuous zeal …
  • … Weir, 30 May [1868] ). Sexual selection On 11 February , Darwin wrote to the …
  • … views differed. Of deer-hounds, Cupples wrote between 11 and 13 May , ‘much depends on the …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 1 September [1868], n. 11 ). ‘I am not sure’, Darwin reflected in a …
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