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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From C. G. Ehrenberg   11 July 1844

Summary

Thanks for shipments of earth samples. Sends copy of article describing Infusoria in samples ["Einige vorläufige Resultate … über das Verhalten des kleinsten Lebens in den Oceanen", Ber. k. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (1844): 182–207]. Asks for more information and samples, especially from the soundings of Ross’s expedition.

Author:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 July 1844
Classmark:  DAR 163: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-762

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From C.  G.  Ehrenberg   11 July 1844 …
  • … DAR 163: 11 Christian Gottfried …
  • … Ehrenberg Berlin 11 July 1844 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Berlin d. 11 ten Juli | 1844. Hochgeehrtester Herr Vor nun 3 Wochen schrieb ich Ihnen …
  • … Berlin 11 July 1844 Most honoured Sir It has been three weeks since I wrote to you through …

To Ernst Dieffenbach   11 June [1844]

Summary

About the researches of Ehrenberg. "I have … sent him several packets of objects from my voyage & that of Dr. Hooker".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  11 June [1844]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-757

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Ernst Dieffenbach   11 June [1844] …
  • … Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 June [1844] Ernst Dieffenbach …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   [11 January 1844]

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Summary

Queries on ratios of species to genera on southern islands. CD’s observations on distribution of Galapagos organisms, and on S. American fossils, and facts he has gathered since, lead him to conclusion that species are not immutable; "it is like confessing a murder".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [11 Jan 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-729

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Joseph Dalton Hooker   [11 January 1844] …
  • … DAR 114: 3 Charles Robert Darwin Down [11 Jan 1844] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [12 December 1843 – 11 January 1844]. Hooker, who was preparing his …

To James David Forbes   11 October [1844]

Summary

Discusses a specimen of Mexican obsidian with an unusual laminated structure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  11 Oct [1844]
Classmark:  University of St Andrews Special Collections (Papers of J. D. Forbes: msdep7 – Incoming letters 1844, no.57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-781

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To James David Forbes   11 October [1844] …
  • … Incoming letters 1844, no.57) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Oct [1844] James David Forbes …
  • … Down near Bromley Kent Oct. 11. Sir I venture to take the liberty of addressing you, …

To J. D. Hooker   11 March [1844]

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Summary

Advice to JDH on problems of printing and publishing.

Remarks on differences of species between islets of Galapagos group.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Mar [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-740

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 March [1844] …
  • … DAR 114: 8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Mar [1844] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down— Bromley Kent March 11 My dear Hooker I am truly pleased in every way at your grant; …

To William Benjamin Carpenter   [11 or 18 December 1844]

Summary

Thanks WBC for offer to examine specimen and for offer of slices of shells, but has no achromatic microscope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  [11 or 18] Dec 1844
Classmark:  University of Rochester Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-753

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To William Benjamin Carpenter   [11 or 18 December 1844] …
  • … of Rochester Library Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Dec 1844 18 Dec 1844 William Benjamin …

To J. D. Hooker   [10–11 November 1844]

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Summary

Origin of Antarctic brash ice.

Further on case of Lycopodium: does JDH know any genera of plants whose species are variable in one continent but not in another? Discussion on variations between floras as regards species richness, and factors affecting geographical distribution. On species, CD expects "that I shall be able to show even to sound naturalists that there are two sides to the question of the immutability of species; – that facts can be viewed and grouped under the notion of allied species having descended from common stocks". Mentions books and papers for and against species mutability. CD believes past absurd ideas arose from no one’s having approached subject on side of variation under domestication.

Would like to see Clarke’s paper

and would welcome visit from JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10-11 Nov 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-789

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [10–11 November 1844] …
  • … DAR 114: 19 Charles Robert Darwin Down [10-11 Nov 1844] Joseph Dalton Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   1 June [1844]

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Summary

Asks if J. E. Gray has returned [printing] estimates for Zoology.

Henslow has some Galapagos plants which he forgot to forward to JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 June [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-754

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 114: 11 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 June [1844] Joseph Dalton Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [August 1844]

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Summary

Encloses pamphlet from Ehrenberg who asks about deep-sea soundings from JDH’s voyage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [Aug 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-772

Matches: 1 hit

  • … had been forwarded via Richard Taylor, see letter from C.  G. Ehrenberg, 11 July 1844 . …

From J. D. Hooker [23 February –   6 March 1844]

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Summary

Island floras; relationships with mainland. Ranges of species in mundane genera.

Galapagos plants one-third done.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Feb – 6 Mar 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 10–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-737

Matches: 2 hits

  • … DAR 100: 10–11 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [23 Feb – 6 Mar 1844] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … no less than 6 old ones,. —7 genera for 11 species; while in Euphorbiaceæ there are only …

To William Benjamin Carpenter   25 December [1844]

Summary

Is obliged for the account of the structure of the Pampas specimen and its difference from specimens of the modern calcareous bed of Coquimbo in Chile. If he thinks that J. S. Bowerbank can make out the nature of the specimens, they should be shown to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  25 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  Frederick Goldschlager
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-803A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to the letter to W.  B.  Carpenter, [11 or 18 December 1844], and the letter from W.  B.   …
  • … vol.  3, letter to W.  B.  Carpenter, [11 or 18 December 1844]). Carpenter reported his …

To J. D. Forbes   [November? 1844]

Summary

Believes JDF’s discoveries in the structure of glacier ice will explain the structure of many volcanic masses. Will JDF’s views throw any light on the primary laminated rocks?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  [Nov? 1844]
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 2 1845: 18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-786

Matches: 1 hit

  • … is preceded by two paragraphs taken from CD’s letter to J.  D. Forbes, 11 October [1844]. …

To J. D. Hooker   22 July [1844]

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Summary

Encloses letter from Ehrenberg [762], who wants information on deep-sea soundings from JDH’s voyage, and on isolated islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 July [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-764

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Presumably the letter from C.  G. Ehrenberg, 11 July 1844 . They are the same. The …

To J. D. Hooker   23 February [1844]

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Summary

Has just completed Volcanic islands.

Sends queries on Galapagos flora in particular and island floras in general; also on relationship of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Feb [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-736

Matches: 1 hit

  • … on the meeting with Humboldt see letter to J.  D Hooker, [10–11 November 1844], n.  7. …

From J. D. Hooker   29 January 1844

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Summary

Remarks on geographical divisions of the flora of the Southern Hemisphere.

JDH beginning Galapagos plants. Value of studying insular floras with respect to inquiries about adaptation of species.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 5–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-734

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Orbigny 1835–47. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [11 January 1844], n.  3. The South American …
  • … seeds in his letter to J.  D. Hooker, [11 January 1844]. Belonging to the Old World. …

To Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette   [27 March 1844]

Summary

Writes to correct a statement made in his 1837 paper "On the formation of mould" [Collected papers 1: 49–53]. He should have said that marl was put on the field 30 years ago, not 80. Observations made on a visit to the field showed that worms had undermined the marl spread on the field at a faster rate than previously reported.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [27 Mar 1844]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, no. 14, 6 April 1844, p. 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-743

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette , no. 11, 16 March 1844, p.  169. William Dabbs. CD’s …

To John Stevens Henslow   [25 July 1844]

Summary

Sends a specimen of rusty wheat from the banks of the Plata.

Asks for bits of peat he collected

and a bit of the paint used by Fuegians to colour themselves.

He will send these to C. G. Ehrenberg for analysis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [25 July 1844]
Classmark:  Brown University Library (A. E. Lownes collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-765

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and 1841b. See letter from C.  G. Ehrenberg, 11 July 1844 , in which he expressed interest …

To Ernst Dieffenbach   14 March 1844

Summary

[With the notation "If not there to be forwarded by favour of Prof. Liebig" on the address.] "I am very glad to hear that you are going to edit a German Geological Journal".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  14 Mar 1844
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-741

Matches: 1 hit

  • … agent in England in connection with a fertiliser enterprise (Bell 1976, pp.  18, 107–11). …

To J. D. Forbes   13 [November 1844]

Summary

Mexican specimen of laminated obsidian.

Comments on Forbes’s publication comparing lava streams and glaciers. Mentions ice-action theories of a young German.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  13 [Nov 1844]
Classmark:  University of St Andrews Special Collections (Papers of J. D. Forbes: msdep7 – Incoming letters 1844, no.65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-790

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the 13th after the letter to J.  D. Forbes, 11 October [1844]. Three of J.  D. Forbes’s …

To Adolf von Morlot   28 November [1844]

Summary

Mentions his Plutonic view of earth history.

Cites Lyell’s opinions on loess.

CD doubts contemporaneousness of extinct great animals with ice period.

Cites applicability of Forbes’s theory of glacier structure to structure of volcanic obsidian.

CD is falling astern in the geological race for knowledge.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Adolphe (Morlot, Adolph von) Morlot
Date:  28 Nov [1844]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-794

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 205.9: 189). See letter to J.  D. Forbes, 11 October [1844], and Volcanic islands , pp.   …
Document type
letter[X]
Date
1844
01 (2)
02 (2)
03 (3)
04 (1)
06 (3)
07 (3)
08 (1)
10 (1)
11 (4)
12 (3)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … backwards much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel …
  • … review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 20, letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). To Darwin’s relief, …
  • … the moment of being hatched ( letter to  Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874] ; Spalding 1872a). …
  • … & that must be enough for me’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). Plants that eat . …
  • … cartilage, bone & meat &c. &c.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox,  11 May [1874] ). His research …
  • … Correspondence  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted …
  • … the photograph he sent highly ( letter from D. F. Nevill, [11 September 1874] ). At the …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … gave him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether …
  • … on  Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … of Natural History’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). She had had assistance …
  • … for a second edition ( letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ), Darwin asked him to use …
  • … see letter from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). Yet Darwin was now …
  • … interest. He told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 11 September [1862] ): ‘This is a nice, but …
  • … from one parent’ ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] ). really good …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England   …
  • … 7 Sept 1872 11 St Mary Abbot's Terrace, London, England …
  • … 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington. W., London, …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … regarding species change ( letter from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). The botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … by descent put him ‘into despair’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). In the same letter, he …
  • … bottom of seas, lakes, and rivers ( Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VII). Quarrels at …
  • … Academy of Sciences, Berlin (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix III), and of the Société des …
  • … unsuccessful ( see letter from E. A. Darwin to Emma Darwin, 11 November [1863] ). The council of …
  • … [9 May 1863] , and memorandum from G. H. Darwin, [before 11 May 1863]) . As he struggled …
  • … to drive the quietest man mad’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). Hooker and Gray agreed …
  • … tropical plants than before (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix VI). He was fascinated with …
  • … pistils mature at different times ( see letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). The fertility of …
  • … ‘Crossing & Sterility’ (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix II). When Darwin finished, by …
  • … animal suffering caused by them (see Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix IX). Francis Darwin later …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as not signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, …
  • … & that must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … on the topic. Lyell also added the following note on page 11: *Mr. John Lubbock published …
  • … 2 have struck out Galton & Prestwich at p. 11 who will be surprisd [ sic ] to …
  • … had done ‘an injustice’ to Falconer and Prestwich. 11 In the same review Lubbock expressed …
  • … he took exception to the wording of the note on p. 11 of C. Lyell 1863c, which implied that Lubbock …
  • … The statement made by Sir Charles Lyell, in a note to page 11 of his work, that my article on the …
  • … of the note in the preface (letter to John Lubbock, 11 June [1865] ). No correspondence with …
  • … of the preface of C. Lyell 1863c and reworded the note on p. 11.  Unlike the earlier …
  • …  Lyell revised both the preface and the note on page 11 of the third edition of Antiquity of man …
  • … versions of the end of the preface and of the note on page 11 are included below.  Preface, C …
  • … as well as of the subsequent issues.” Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (original version) …
  • … made by him in company with Mr. Busk. Note on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (revised version) …
  • … in Letters, 1863 , (introduction to Correspondence vol. 11, pp. xv–xvii). For a comparison of …
  • … 1984, pp. 154–9. 7. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] …
  • … Bartholomew 1973. 8. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March …
  • … 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 March …
  • … (rough draft of letter from T. H. Huxley to Charles Lyell, 11 June 1865, Imperial College, Huxley …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … man in his most "primitive wildness" ( letter to Henslow, 11 April 1833 ). They …
  • … Letter 204 : Darwin to Henslow, J. S., 11 April 1833 "The Fuegians are in a more …
  • … 98). Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] "the …
  • … Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October [1859] I suppose that you do not …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … St George Jackson Mivart ( letter to St G. J. Mivart,  11 January [1872] ). A worsening …
  • … Mivart not to acknowledge it ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate …
  • … attacks on Darwin became notorious, had written on 11 May expressing concern that his recently, …
  • … well informed: `The die is cast’, he wrote excitedly on 11 May , when the matter was first raised …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back on 11 July 1873 that the distinction had ‘a …
  • … research remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the popularity of his book, writing to Robert Cooke on 11 April , ‘though I believe it is of …
  • … for extended periods. In a letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 11 October , Darwin described how the …
  • … Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the …
  • … visits from distinguished persons. Gladstone came to Down on 11 March. ‘I expected a stern, …
  • … not been a difficulty to me,’ he replied to Romanes on 11 June , ‘as I have never believed in a …
  • … that they become quite tipsy’ ( letter to W. M. Moorsom, 11 September [1877] ). Moorsom replied …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 September just hours after Amy’s …
  • … naturalist Thomas Edward ( letter from F. M. Balfour, 11 December 1876 ; letter to Samuel Smiles …
  • … who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 years old at the time of her death, would …
  • … you are one of the best of all’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). …
  • … do I cannot conceive’, Darwin wrote anxiously to Hooker on 11 September. By the time Darwin …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 10 hits

  • … in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What a remarkably …
  • … 1 OCTOBER 1846 7  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 11 JANUARY 1844 8  C DARWIN TO A …
  • … 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 11  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 5 JUNE 1855 …
  • … 22 NOVEMBER 1856 29  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 APRIL 1861 30  A GRAY TO C …
  • … A GRAY, 23 SEPTEMBER 1858 58 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 11 OCTOBER 1858 59 A GRAY TO …
  • … HOOKER, 18 OCTOBER 1859 63  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 64 JD …
  • … 13 NOVEMBER 1859 66  C DARWIN TO R OWEN, 11 NOVEMBER 1859 67  C DARWIN …
  • … 17 FEBRUARY 1861 111  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 11 DECEMBER 1861 112  C DARWIN …
  • … DARWIN TO A GRAY 28 MAY 1864 159  FROM A GRAY 11 JULY 1864 160  C DARWIN …
  • … TO A GRAY 28 JANUARY 1876 204  FROM A GRAY 11 DECEMBER 1874 205  TO A …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864 : ‘the venerable beard gives …
  • … continue his observations indoors ( Correspondence  vol. 11). In a letter of [27 January 1864] …
  • … two letters to the  Athenæum  ( Correspondence  vol. 11). Darwin’s anxiety about the matter was …
  • … and the question of human origins ( Correspondence vol. 11). Wallace, however, traced a possible …

Thomas Rivers

Summary

Rivers and Darwin exchanged around 30 letters, most in 1863 when Darwin was hard at work on the manuscript of Variation of plants and animals under domestication, the lengthy and detailed sequel to Origin of species. Rivers, an experienced plant breeder…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … crumbs of knowledge out of your wealth of information? ( 11 January [1863] ) Rivers and …
  • … Purpose”. When this letter was first published in volume 11 of the Correspondence, our transcription …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having found plants …
  • … to expertise. ‘It is funny’, he wrote to Huxley on 11 August , ‘the Academy having elected a man …
  • … whatever he earnestly desires’ ( letter to James Grant, 11 March 1878 ). The question of …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

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  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haeckel. The German zoologist had written to Darwin on 11 January 1866 , ‘Every time I succeed in …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 ). Darwin wished to establish …
  • … diœcious’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 May – 11 June 1866] ). On examining more specimens later …
  • … ‘I am glad to hear from Spencer’, Huxley wrote on 11 November , ‘that you are on the right (that …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

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  • … admitted that he no longer believed in fixity of species [11 January 1844] ? …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … at sudden sounds. & at Emma’s moving 3 [11]  When one month & one day old. …
  • … after each scream approaches it.— 8  Between 11 & 12 weeks old in smiling. I observe …
  • … with moisture, but not enough to run over April 11 th . It appeared to me that the Baby …
  • … lifts up & wrinkles  lower  eyelids.— 11 [22] April 19 th . Knew Anne,[23] most …
  • … April 4 14wks & 1 day. 11 – 12     May 16 …
  • … weight of clothes 1lb Wed Oct 11         …
  • … only difference between our door N o  12 and N o  11 is in the slit for the Letter box.— he …
  • … a flower said. “I’ve a fact to do” 52  June 11./55/ Lenny came with a piece of rag & …
  • … [1] The observations are in DAR 210.11.1, a vellum-covered notebook inscribed with the initials of …
  • … Erasmus was Emma and CD’s first child. [11] The first paragraph on this page was written in …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the enthusiastic breeder, who apologised in a letter of 11–13 May 1868 for his ‘voluminuous zeal …
  • … Weir, 30 May [1868] ). Sexual selection On 11 February , Darwin wrote to the …
  • … views differed. Of deer-hounds, Cupples wrote between 11 and 13 May , ‘much depends on the …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 1 September [1868], n. 11 ). ‘I am not sure’, Darwin reflected in a …
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