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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From John Scott   16 June [1863]

Summary

Orchid paper in press.

Asks CD to correct MS of his Primula paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 78–126].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4213

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Scott, [3 June 1863] and n.  14. See letter to John Scott, 11 June [1863] and n.  2. See …

To John Scott   12 April [1863]

Summary

Encourages JS to publish on sterility of orchids and to experiment on Passiflora.

Doubted Hooker’s poppy case.

Describes case of primrose with three pistils: when pulled apart allowed pollen to be placed directly on ovules. This supports JS’s explanation of H. Crüger’s case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B59, B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4084

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Daniel Oliver, [after 14 April 1863] . See letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] and …
  • 11] April 1863  and n.  19. See letter to Daniel Oliver, [12 April 1863] and n.  3, letter from Daniel Oliver, 14  …
  • 11, Appendix II)). Scott’s observations on self-sterility and cross-fertility in Oncidium and Maxillaria were briefly discussed in Variation 2: 133, 164. Scott detailed his observations on self-sterility and cross-fertilisation in the orchid genus Oncidium in a paper read before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 14  …

To John Scott   16 February [1863]

Summary

Tells JS Acropera capsule should be left to grow.

JS was correct on "bud-variation" in fern frond.

Does not believe Primula structure necessarily related to dioecism, but the difference in fertility of the two forms forced him to admit the possibility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  16 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B55, B81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3991

Matches: 3 hits

  • … London from 4 to 14 February 1863 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix II)). …
  • 11, Appendix II)) and was collecting information on the weeping habit of trees to demonstrate the variability of inheritance (see Variation 2: 17–19). See also letters from Isaac Anderson-Henry, 31 January 1863  and nn.  7 and 8, and 14  …
  • 14, below). Scott’s letter has not been found; however, in his letter of 18 February [1863], Scott stated that in his ‘last’ he had asked if he should send the capsule of Acropera as it might be ‘sometime before it matured’. Scott had succeeded, where CD had failed, in effecting fertilisation in Acropera loddigesii (see Orchids , pp.  203–10; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11  …

From John Scott   [3 June 1863]

Summary

Thanks CD for influence used with Hooker to obtain a colonial position. Has offended J. H. Balfour by refusing the Darjeeling post and James McNab has become unfriendly, although his experiments do not detract from his garden work.

Will write Primula paper for Linnean Society as CD suggests.

His Darwinism is unpalatable at Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

Describes results with non-dimorphic Primula species. Such cases do not accord with CD’s view that characters are slowly acquired.

Thanks for criticism of his writing style.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4202

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter from John Scott, [1–11] April [1863] . See n.  14, above, and letter to John Scott, …

From John Scott   28 May [1864]

Summary

Discusses the negative testimonial provided him by James McNab.

Sends testimonial from J. H. Balfour.

Would be glad if offered the sort of colonial opportunity Hooker suggests.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 107; Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4513

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863 , Transactions of the Botanical Society [of Edinburgh] 14 ( …

From John Scott   21 May [1863]

Summary

Supports, in his orchid paper, CD’s view that sterility occurs at random [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Cannot get his Drosera paper published [abstract in Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 17 (1863): 317–18].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 181, DAR 177: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4174

Matches: 2 hits

  • 14 May 1863 (Scott 1863a). The paper was based on experiments described in the letter from John Scott, [1–11] …
  • 14 May 1863. See letter to John Scott, 2 May [1863] . See letter to John Scott, 2 May [1863] and n.  4. See letter to John Scott, 2 May [1863] and n.  5. Scott read a paper on the propagation and irritability of Drosera and Dionaea before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11  …

From John Scott   [after 12] April [1863]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Has not published much because he would be ignored as a gardener; hence he is looking for a foreign appointment.

Has prepared orchid sterility paper at CD’s suggestion [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4087

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14 April 1863] ). See letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] and n.  17. Scott and CD had been discussing the pollination of Gongora and the related Acropera since November 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11  …

From John Scott   7 January [1864]

Summary

Has finished correcting Primula paper [see 4332].

Has presented paper on monoecious spikes of maize [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 213–20].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 98, 99 f.3; Edinburgh Courant, 19 December 1863, p. 8.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4382

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14). Beginning in 1862, he carried out experiments to answer this question (see n.  4, above, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, …

To John Scott   20 [February 1863]

Summary

Thanks JS for the very large Acropera capsule. CD has perhaps made a blunder about the sex of Acropera.

JS was right that successive homomorphic generations of Primula breed true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  20 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4003

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Kew, on 11 February 1863 (see letter to John Scott, 16 February [1863] and n.   14). CD …

From John Scott   24 September 1867

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Summary

Sends seeds of Viola roxburgiana which produces perfect flowers in the cold season and imperfect ones in the rains, all perfectly fertile.

Leersia has not produced a single perfect flower though it grows freely.

Discusses cockatoos eating various seeds. Finds it difficult to make exact and satisfactory observations.

Appends list of Vandellia species which have perfect flowers.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1867
Classmark:  DAR 157a: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5633A

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11. For more on CD’s interest in this species and the dissemination of its seeds, see Correspondence vol.  14. …

To John Scott   25 and 28 May [1863]

Summary

CD does not think he could be wrong about the stigma of Bolbophyllum.

Will not write up Drosera for years.

Praises JS’s experiments. Invites him to send a paper to Linnean Society.

L. C. Treviranus says all species of Primula present two forms except P. longiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 and 28 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B41–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11 December [1862] and n.  10. Scott sent CD an abstract of his paper on orchids with his letter of 28 May [1863]. The paper, which was read before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 14  …

To John Scott   6 June [1863]

Summary

CD has spoken to Hooker of JS’s scientific merit, but has not suggested him for a colonial appointment.

Advice on style of writing.

Making extensive extract of JS’s orchid paper to communicate to Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 162–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B38–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4206

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14). CD wrote a draft of the section of Variation on ‘Crossing & Sterility’ between 1 April and 16 June 1863 ( Variation 2: 85–191; see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  11, …

From John Scott   6 January 1863

Summary

Sends Primula scotica and P. farinosa.

So far cannot fertilise Gongora atropurpurea although it is similar to Acropera luteola.

Experimenting on intergeneric hybrids to test CD’s view that sterility is not a special endowment.

Scott’s personal history.

Acropera capsule grows.

Plans for experiments CD has suggested on Primula, peloric Antirrhinum, and Verbascum.

Asks about Gärtner’s experiments on maize.

Aware of Anderson-Henry’s failures.

Through kindness of J. H. Balfour and James McNab, enjoys facilities for research. JS is in charge of the propagating department. Balfour almost engaged him to be superintendent of the Madras Horticultural Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 81, 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3904

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14 (1883): 160–1). CD was interested in dimorphism in Melastomataceae (see letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] and n.  22). In his letter to John Scott, 11  …

To John Scott   6 March 1863

Summary

Answers JS’s criticism of natural selection, which he doubts JS understands. CD does not believe in an "innate selective principle".

To understand "utility" JS should read CD on correlation.

Origin of maize: no longer thinks husked form was wild because of Asa Gray’s evidence on its variability.

Has information from Thomas Rivers on weeping habit in trees.

JS’s experiments on coloured primroses.

Encloses bibliographical note on Passiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B66–8, B71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4031

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11, Appendix II)). His account of the weeping habit of trees draws heavily on information provided by Rivers. See also letters to Thomas Rivers, [14  …

To John Scott   19 December [1862]

Summary

JS should be proud of his paper ["Nature of the fern-spore", Edinburgh New. Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

CD has just found that JS’s observations on the confluence of two sexes causing variability were independently confirmed by Huxley.

CD has always suspected a fundamental difference between buds and ovules.

Asks for examples of "bud-variation" or "sports".

Asks JS to test germination of pollen on rostellum of Laelia.

Offers JS money for experimental supplies, e.g., netting, to keep insects out of flowers.

Encloses an outline of crossing experiments with Lythraceae, Primula, Pelargonium, and others, which he feels would be valuable.

Note on melastomids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  19 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 35–6, 64–5, 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3868

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14, and this volume, letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] ). He continued to work on the family throughout 1862 and 1863 without ultimately being able to account for the two sets of stamens (see Cross and self fertilisation , p.  298 n. , and ML 2: 292–302). CD’s notes from these experiments are in DAR 205.8. CD mentioned his work on the Melastomataceae in his letter to Scott of 11  …

To John Scott   2 May [1863]

Summary

Impressed by JS’s attempts to fertilise Gongora.

CD has large collection of notes on orchids, but does not know when he will publish on them again.

Asks for JS’s papers on sterility of individual orchids and on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  2 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B25–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4137

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14 May 1863. In his letter of [after 12] April [1863], Scott had thanked CD for the encouraging remarks in his letter to Scott of 12 April [1863]. CD refers to Scott’s draft paper on his experiments with species of Oncidium and Maxillaria (see letter from John Scott, [after 12] April [1863] ); the paper was published as Scott 1863a (see n.  8, above). The second reference is to Scott’s paper on Drosera and Dionaea (Scott 1862b), read before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11  …

From John Scott   4 May 1868

Summary

Replies to CD’s query on expression of emotions.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 May 1868
Classmark:  DAR 177: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6160

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14’ red crayon Question 1] ‘Dhangars’ in margin, pencil Questions 1 and 2] crossed pencil Question 3, 21 Thus with an advanced … sunk 25] scored blue crayon Question 3, 29 pushed each other … closed fist 30] scored blue crayon Question 4] illeg & partly destroyed note in margin, pencil Questions 6  and 7] crossed pencil Question 10, 5 shrug his shoulders] underl blue crayon, scored blue crayon 9 turning up and down … oil) 10] scored blue crayon 10 lowering brow 11] …

From John Scott   22 May 1863

Summary

J. H. Balfour has arranged a position for him at a Cinchona nursery. Reluctant to take this position in part because of his experiments for CD.

Asks CD’s advice and solicits his aid in finding a better colonial position. James McNab mistreats him.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4177

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14 (1883): 160; Birse 1994 , p.  65). Thomas Anderson was superintendent of the Calcutta botanic gardens ( R. Desmond 1994 ). On the history of Cinchona plantations in Darjeeling, India, see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23–7 May 1863] , nn.  3 and 5. In 1863, Scott performed a series of crossing experiments with Passiflora , Disemma , and Tacsonia , with dimorphic and non-dimorphic species of Primula , and with species of Oncidium (see letters from John Scott, 3 March 1863 , 21 March [1863] , [1–11] …

From John Scott   10 April 1865

Summary

Comments on CD’s Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31]

and on H. Crüger’s orchid paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35].

May take position at Calcutta Botanic Garden.

Regrets he cannot be elected to Linnean Society.

Pleased Asa Gray has commented on JS’s paper.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4810

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14. See letter from John Scott, 20 January 1865 . The letters from John Scott of 21 December 1864 and 4 January 1865 have not been found. CD received Scott’s manuscript on Verbascum , which was sent on 4 January 1865 (see letter from John Scott, 20 January 1865 , letter from J.  D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 [March 1865] ). CD’s reply to Scott, written on 11  …
Document type
letter (19)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (19)
Scott, John[X]
Date
1862 (1)
1863 (13)
1864 (2)
1865 (1)
1867 (1)
1868 (1)