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To Daniel Oliver   [c. 10 June 1864]

Summary

Asks DO to draw diagram of Lythrum on board at Linnean Society for reference during the reading of CD’s paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [c. 10 June 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 61 (EH 88206044)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4532

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   [ c. 10 June 1864] …
  • … DAR 261.10: 61 (EH 88206044) Charles Robert Darwin Down [c. 10 June 1864] Daniel Oliver …
  • … 2–3 August 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). The sketch is in DAR 185: 70. CD enclosed …
  • … sketch in his letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … good hand at Diagrams; & I believe in 5 or 10 minutes you could copy a diagram in chalk on …
  • … enclosed with the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] . CD’s paper ‘Three forms of …

To Daniel Oliver   [10 October 1860]

Summary

Delighted to try experiments on Drosera spathulata.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [10 Oct 1860]
Classmark:  
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2929

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   [10 October 1860] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Eastbourne [10 Oct 1860] Daniel Oliver …

To Daniel Oliver   10 March [1877]

Summary

Enquiring about cleistogamic flowers of Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  10 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Newcastle University Library, Special Collections (Spence Watson/Weiss Papers SW/6/6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10887F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   10 March [1877] …
  • … Spence Watson/Weiss Papers SW/6/6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar 1877 Daniel Oliver …

To Daniel Oliver   [before 11 June 1862]

Summary

Asa Gray approves of Orchids; his work on American species confirms CD’s findings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [before 11 June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 33 (EH 88206016)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3583

Matches: 5 hits

  • … CD sent Gray a presentation copy of Orchids (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix IV). …
  • … n.  4, below); CD received Gray’s letter of 18 May 1862, on or before 10 June (see letter …
  • … to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). See also n.  2, below. Müller 1857; there is an …
  • … 239). See also letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …
  • … written on 26 May (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ) is missing. After sending …

To Daniel Oliver   12 [April 1862]

Summary

DO’s observations on polymorphism in Primula and Campanula. CD recognises three classes of dimorphism, as in Primula, Thymus, and Campanula and violets.

DO’s Campanula paper and Royal Institution lecture [Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 431–3].

CD’s interest in Fumariaceae from A. Gray’s comments on "selfing".

Bees bite holes in flowers when same species grows in high density.

Organisation of CD’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  12 [Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 1 (EH 88205985)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3504

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Kew. The Linnean Society paid Fitch’s 10 s .  bill (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 14  …
  • … the relationship to the letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 , and to the letter from …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 14 April 1862 . Letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 . …
  • … See letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 . CD refers to ‘Dimorphic condition …
  • … in Primula ’ . On the letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 , CD wrote ‘short-styled’ …
  • … on Campanula (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 ), but subsequently decided …
  • … Oliver] 1862c. See letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 . Oliver 1862b. Oliver argued …

To Daniel Oliver   20 [January 1863]

Summary

Has been copying out references from Natural History Review [possibly D. Oliver, "The structure of the stem in dicotyledons; being references to the literature of the subject", Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 298–329].

Suggests DO study high incidence of separate sexes in freshwater plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  20 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 38 (EH 88206021)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3776

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 11 June [ 1862] . See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] . …
  • … 23 [November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), and this letter. CD refers to Oliver’s ‘ …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 22 January 1863 ). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To Daniel Oliver   15 [September 1860]

Summary

Thanks for reference to Annales des Sciences Naturelles.

Requests DO observe rate at which Australian Drosera closes.

On detection of nitrogen in organic fluids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  15 [Sept 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 10 (EH 88205994)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2917

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 261.10: 10 (EH 88205994) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 [Sept 1860] Daniel Oliver …

To Daniel Oliver   28 March [1863]

Summary

Nectar secretion in Edwardsia. Could the stamen protect stigma?

Sends monstrous Primula with three pistils.

Had never heard of Robert Caspary, but what DO thinks is the placenta could be a whorl of pistils without stigmas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  28 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4063

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [28 March 1863] and n.  10. The reference is to Erasmus Darwin. CD’s …
  • … 19. The reference is to Treviranus 1863a, p.  10; CD’s copy of this paper is in the Darwin …
  • … removed. I remember I observed that 9 or 10 bundles of spiral vessels ran up in outer case …

To Daniel Oliver   3 November [1860]

Summary

DO’s candidacy for Professorship of Botany [at University College, London].

Henrietta’s health is better.

Paper in Botanische Zeitung [T. Nitschke, "Über die Reizbarkeit der Blätter von Drosera rotundifolia", 18: 229–34, 237–45, 245–50] missed leading point that plants close longer over animal substances. Carbonate of ammonia works on Lemna and Euphorbia roots.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  3 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 24 (EH 88206008)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2975

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Reizbarkeit der Blätter von Drosera rotundifolia. Botanische Zeitung 10: 540. [Vols. 8,10] …
  • … illness. CD and his family returned to Down on 10 November 1860 (‘Journal’; Appendix II). …
  • … ease; & we hope to get home in a week or 10 days, if she progresses favourably. — I shall …

To Daniel Oliver   24 October [1865]

Summary

Thanks for correcting Fritz Miller’s paper on climbing plants. CD will send it to Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 60 (EH 88206043)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4643

Matches: 2 hits

  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ) was read at the Linnean …
  • … material from the letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865 (see letter to Fritz Müller, …

To Daniel Oliver   8 June [1862]

Summary

Describes floral anatomy of a Catasetum sent by DO.

Has gone on from orchids to studying insect agency in Pelargonium.

His doubts on the worth of publishing Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  8 June [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 32 (EH 88206015)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3592

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 14 May 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix IV). Oliver’s letter has not been …
  • … and Variation 2: 167). In DAR 51 (ser.  2): 10–11, there is a note dated 6 June 1862 that …
  • … his lectures, see the letters from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862  and 14 May 1862 , and the …

To Daniel Oliver   11 March [1864]

Summary

Struck with corresponding positions of tendrils and flower-stalks in Passiflora. Sends [W. E. Darwin’s] dissection drawings of earliest stages. Infers that tendril is a modified flower peduncle.

Requests DO look at mode of climbing in Tecoma.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  11 Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 69–70; DAR 261.10: 40 (EH 88206023)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4424

Matches: 3 hits

  • … my son William (who can dissect under a 1 10 & can draw) to examine these parts in their …
  • … nn.  19–23, and [8 February 1864] and n.   10). See letter from Daniel Oliver, 12 March  …
  • … See also note on T.  radicans dated 10 March 1864 in DAR 157.1: 60, and ‘Climbing …

To Daniel Oliver   28 [November 1863]

Summary

Fertile flowers of violets, except Viola tricolor, require insect visits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  28 [Nov 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 54 (EH 88206037)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4350

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Daniel Oliver, 27 November 1863  and nn.  8–10. CD’s botanical notes on Fumariaceae, dated …
  • … and Viola during the spring of 1862 (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.  24). He made additional observations in 1863 (see n.   …

To Daniel Oliver   31 March [1864]

Summary

Asks DO to give enclosed [letter?] from John Scott to Hooker.

JS’s work on orchid self-sterility; Acropera has 371250 seeds in one capsule.

Wishes something could be done for Scott.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  31 Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 44 (EH 88206027)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4068

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in his letter of 10 March 1864. Letter from John Scott, 28  …
  • … letter and the two letters from John Scott, 10 March 1864  and 28 March 1864 (see nn.  5  …

To Daniel Oliver   18 March [1864]

Summary

Thanks for information on Tecoma.

Cannot believe DO’s statement about Catasetum; is sure C. tridentatum sets seeds in its native country.

CD erred on Acropera, but how is it naturally fertilised?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  18 Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 59 (EH 88206042)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4430

Matches: 3 hits

  • … July 1863 , and letter from H.  F.  Hance, 10 May 1863, and ‘Fertilization of orchids’ , …
  • … 1864] and nn.  6–8. In Orchids , pp.  203–10, CD had described Acropera as dioecious, …
  • … the same plant (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 ). …

To Daniel Oliver   24 July [1862]

Summary

Asa Gray has a self-fertilising Platanthera, like the bee orchid. CD believes problem of the latter will some day be explained. Speculates [Ophrys] arachnites may be crossing form and bee orchid self-fertilising form of the same species.

Cytisus adami is a puzzle.

Pleased if DO will review Orchids [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6] .

His review of Primula paper was capital. [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43].

Requests peloric plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24 July [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 34 (EH 88206017)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3664

Matches: 3 hits

  • … In his ‘Journal’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), CD wrote, ‘Much time wasted …
  • … he had received from Veitch (see n.  10, above) was hermaphroditic. He then noted: ‘See …
  • … let CD know (see letters from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862  and 14 April 1862 ; see also …

To Daniel Oliver   7 November [1860]

Summary

Congratulations on Professorship.

Homologies between Drosera and Dionaea. Carbonate of ammonia on roots. Wants W. H. Fitch to make drawings of Dionaea. Will copy minute structure of hairs from Trécul [see 2965].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  7 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 25 (EH 88206009)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2977

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwins left Eastbourne for Down on Saturday, 10 November 1860 (‘Journal’; Appendix II). …
  • … s appointment was announced in the Athenæum , 10 November 1860, p.  633. CD refers to the …

To Daniel Oliver   29 [July 1862]

Summary

Cares more for dimorphism now than for orchids. Today saw the three forms of Lythrum, which means there should be 18 different practicable crosses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  29 [July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 55 (EH 88206038)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3702

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of this one species!! As I ought to cross 10 of each, this would make 180 fertilisations & …
  • … to Daniel Oliver, 24 July [1862] and n.  10; see also Orchids 2d ed. , p.  223). See …

To Daniel Oliver   23 [November 1862]

Summary

Examined Epilobium 20 or 30 years ago at Shrewsbury. In a flash remembered it as dimorphic, but had forgotten its name.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  23 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 57 (EH 88206040)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3819

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II)), and read before the Linnean …
  • … 1862 ). CD was preparing a draft of chapter 10 of Variation , in which he included a …

To Daniel Oliver   12 [October 1860]

Summary

Requests DO apply carbonate of ammonia to sensitive hair of Dionaea and measure reaction time. Wants to compare Drosera and Dionaea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  12 [Oct 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 16 (EH 88206000)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2946

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Dionaea . See letter to Daniel Oliver, [10 October 1860] . There is a note dated 12  …
Document type
letter (32)
Author
Addressee
Oliver, Daniel[X]
Correspondent
Date
1860 (6)
1861 (2)
1862 (8)
1863 (5)
1864 (8)
1865 (2)
1877 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … interesting to the public’ ( letter to Reginald Darwin, 10 April [1879] ). However, even members …
  • … he disagreed with Henrietta, or that Krause had written on 10 July to say that he had derived …
  • … & experiment’ ( letter from J. F. Moulton, 10 December 1879 ). In reply to Darwin’s response …
  • … Leopold Würtenberger fared better. When he wrote on 10 January to ask whether Darwin could find him …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Survival of the fittest: the trouble with terminology Part II

Summary

The most forceful and persistent critic of the term ‘natural selection’ was the co-discoverer of the process itself, Alfred Russel Wallace.  Wallace seized on Herbert Spencer’s term ‘survival of the fittest’, explicitly introduced as an alternative way of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (see Spencer 1872, and the letter to Herbert Spencer, 10 June [1872] ). By this time …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …
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