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From Fritz Müller   [c. January 1874]

Summary

Agrees with Bates that neuter termites are not modified imagos (sterile females), but modified larvae (of both sexes).

Systematic relations of stingless honey-bees (Melipona and Trigona) are not yet well established.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. Jan 1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 19 February 1874, p. 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9281

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Monographie der Termiten. Linnea Entomologica 10 (1855): 1–144, 270–325; 12 (1858): 1–342; …
  • … December 1872, Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 208–10). In January 1873, Fritz sent around forty …

To J. D. Hooker   20 July [1874]

Summary

"It is grand about Nepenthes."

JDH is welcome to notice in any way any of CD’s published or unpublished results with insectivorous plants. Gives an abstract of his observations on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 July [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 32–37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9555

Matches: 2 hits

  • … had made the comment in his letter of 10 October 1873 ( Correspondence vol 21). Acetic …
  • … between animal & vegetable protoplasm! (10) Camphor is a stimulant, so that after an …

From I. L. Roberti   24 January 1874

Summary

Has grown haricots in England following CD’s suggestion in the Origin that this had never been done.

Wishes to see CD.

Author:  Isaac Louis Roberti
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 183, 183/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9254

Matches: 2 hits

  • … becoming wiser & feeling he has increased 10 fold his stock of knowledge & thirsting for …
  • … 1000 students in England during the last 10 years; & I can say I never let an opportunity …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 April 1874

Summary

Wants some plants for observation and for experimentation on their powers of movement.

Asks WTT-D to make observations on plants with sensitive stamens or pistil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 5–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9387

Matches: 1 hit

  • … collectæ et auctæ cum tabulis aeneis. 10 vols. Stockholm: Laurentius Salvius. Linnaeus, …

From W. J. L. Wharton   [15 September 1874 or later]

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Summary

Describes the coral formations of the island of Rodriguez [Indian Ocean].

Author:  William James Lloyd Wharton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Sept 1874 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 69: A67–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9205

Matches: 2 hits

  • … beds. In height this coral varies between 10 & 100 f t .  and the surface is sometimes …
  • … on “Gombrani”, are quite level, & almost 10 f t high. So much for the super marine coral. …

From Henryk Stecki   18 March 1874

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Summary

Relates the case of a woman from the Caucasus whose hair would frequently stand on end and who later went insane.

Author:  Henryk Stecki
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 53.1: A6–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9366

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Henri Stecki, (Pole), living at S t Petersburg, Great Morskaïa | N o 32 apart: N o 10. …
  • … Grande Morskaïa | N o . 32 logem: N o 10. 5.18 “Vous … fois. ” 5.22] scored blue crayon …

To J. D. Hooker   30 August [1874]

Summary

Thanks JDH for his "quite admirable" address [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874) pt 2: 102–16]. Suggests revisions.

CD thinks he is "now on right track about Utricularia" after wasting several weeks "in fruitless trials and observations".

Mrs Barber’s paper is very curious and ought to be published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/6/3 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9613

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Sarracenia (trumpet pitcher-plants) in his address (J.  D.  Hooker 1874a, pp.  107–10). …

From Anton Dohrn   6 April 1874

Summary

His gratitude for CD’s gift. An account of his difficulties with the Zoological Station and his health.

F. M. Balfour has told him that CD would like to see the question of complemental males in cirripedes studied again. AD would like to enter the field and to study the whole morphological development of cirripedes.

Describes the interest in embryological work in Russia and Germany.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9394

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Howard and Francis Darwin contributed £10 each to the Zoological Station (see letter to …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874  and n.  10. No insert by Edwin Ray Lankester to the …

To Alfred Newton   14 March 1874

Summary

Can give no definite information. Believes severe winters are by far the most important check on numbers of birds; the destruction of eggs is of subordinate importance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Newton
Date:  14 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS Add. 9839/1D/62)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9359

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Hertfordshire. See letter from Alfred Newton, 10 March 1874  and n.  4. Newton had queried …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   5 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks for the acid digestion experiments, which can be printed as they are. CD trying Drosera on dentine and enamel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  5 May [1874]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9441

Matches: 1 hit

  • … experiments, see Insectivorous plants , pp.  106–10. See Insectivorous plants , pp.  105– …

To Asa Gray   3 June [1874]

Summary

CD is deeply pleased by AG’s article on him in Nature [10 (1874): 79–81].

Is preparing book on "Drosera and Co." for the printers. Reports observations on digestion in Drosera and Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 June [1874]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (103)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9480

Matches: 1 hit

  • … deeply pleased by AG’s article on him in Nature [10 (1874): 79–81]. Is preparing book on " …

From Ernst Haeckel   20 December 1874

Summary

Discusses his Anthropogenie [1874]. Remarks on the tables.

Has CD received Friedrich von Hellwald’s Culturgeschichte [1875]?

Plans research trip to the Mediterranean.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9767

Matches: 2 hits

  • … schreibt mir, dass in England noch nicht 10 Exemplare verlangt worden sind, während nach …
  • … in England. My publisher tells me that not even 10 copies have been requested in England, …

To Francis Darwin   [17 September 1874]

Summary

Asks FD to come early to write from dictation.

Thanks Amy for her drawing of Utricularia montana.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [17 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9218

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to write from my dictation, as I want after 10 oclock as soon as day is bright, to do a …

From John Phillips   14 March 1874

Summary

Will be out of town, so he cannot vote for Henry Parker.

CD ought to come to see his Cetiosaurus, of which he draws a likeness.

Author:  John Phillips
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 174: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9360

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Cetiosaurus! [DIAG HERE] 50–64 feet long. 10 or 12 ft high & broad. only the head wanting. …

From T. M. Reade   21 November 1874

Summary

Sends his paper ["Tidal action as a geological cause", Proc. Liverpool Geol. Soc. 2 (1874): 50–72].

Has not yet studied CD’s list of South American molluscs.

Author:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9370

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Tidal action as a geological cause. [Read 10 February 1874. ] Proceedings of the Liverpool …

To Williams & Norgate   13 April [1874]

Summary

Asks correspondent to obtain odd numbers of Flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  13 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.440)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9406

Matches: 1 hit

  • … House MS) record a payment of £3 7 s. on 10 April 1874 to Williams & Norgate, a London …

To F. S. B. François de Chaumont   30 April 1874

Summary

Agrees to sign FDeC’s certificate for admission to the Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont
Date:  30 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (RAMC/473/4) Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9434

Matches: 1 hit

  • … François de Chaumont, 29 April 1874 and n. 10. CD’s discussion of shrugging was unchanged …

To Michael Foster   25 April [1874]

Summary

Has received circulars, and contributions from Lyell and George Busk [for Naples biological station].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Michael Foster
Date:  25 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 4: 71)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9427

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Sir C.  Lyell & he will give 25 £, & Busk 10£. Would it be worth while to add in M.S to …

From C. G. Semper   25 January 1874

Summary

Discusses coral reefs

and encloses a copy of his "Reisebericht" [Z. Wiss. Zool. 13 (1863): 538–70], as requested by CD.

Author:  Carl Gottfried Semper
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9255

Matches: 2 hits

  • … kennen gelernt. Auf den Pelew’s habe ich 10 Monate zugebracht; die grösste Mehrzahl ihrer …
  • … Caroline Islands). On the Pelews I spent 10 months; the great majority of its islands and …

From Henryk Stecki   29 August 1874

Summary

Reports observations on a chicken with a human face.

Author:  Henryk Stecki
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9611

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a eue après sa grand’mère, pendant près de 10.  ans; toute la contrée l’a connue, quant à …
  • … aunt had it from her grandmother, for nearly 10.  years; the whole countryside knew it, as …
Document type
letter (151)
Date
1874
01 (21)
02 (14)
03 (14)
04 (20)
05 (7)
06 (21)
07 (13)
08 (5)
09 (11)
10 (4)
11 (6)
12 (15)
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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