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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To W. B. Tegetmeier   2 June [1865]

Summary

Has lost time through illness.

Suggests an experiment to see whether the progeny of a pigeon cross are affected by a previous impregnation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  2 June [1865]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection) (Tegetmeier 56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4848

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and the letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 10 April 1865 . CD sent his manuscript of the …
  • … April 1865] , and letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 10 April 1865 ). Tegetmeier had read and …
  • … CD (see letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 10 April 1865  and n.  5). There is no evidence …

To F. W. Farrar   2 November [1865]

Summary

Has enjoyed FWF’s volume [Chapters on language]. Had found Max Müller’s theory obscure and weak.

Believes FWF would come to agree with him on species if he studied general questions in natural history. To argue for immutability of species on the basis of geology resembles a wise savage in a nation with no books saying his language has never changed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederic William Farrar
Date:  2 Nov [1865]
Classmark:  University of Virginia Library, Special Collections (3314 1: 80)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4929

Matches: 3 hits

  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  11, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863]). …
  • … sneers’ at himself (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] , and letter to J.   …

To James Shaw   30 November 1865

Summary

Gratified that JS defends views of Origin.

Thinks beauty of flowers is solely to attract insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Shaw
Date:  30 Nov 1865
Classmark:  R. Wallace ed. 1899, p. lvi.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4943

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in Scotland, see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix V, Correspondence vol.  12, letter to …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 April [1864] and n.  10, and Burkhardt 1974 , pp.  67–71. For CD’s early …
  • … Charles Lyell, 22 January [1865] and n.  10. In Origin , pp.  88–90 and 199, CD suggested …

From Thomas Rivers   6 January [1865]

Summary

Thanks CD for his paper on Lythrum [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Astonished by CD’s powers of observation and perseverance.

His elms raised from three varieties of weeping elms are doing well.

Author:  Thomas Rivers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 163
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4381

Matches: 3 hits

  • … upwards of 6 feet in height, weighed only 10 stone   I now weigh 14 & I assure you I …
  • … like ‘sports’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 23 December [1862] ). …
  • … for Variation ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II). CD discussed bud-variation in peach …

From John Scott   20 January 1865

Summary

Comments on his Primula paper [see 4213].

Describes his situation in Calcutta.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4751

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to Scott (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1865] , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 [ …
  • … von Gärtner (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , and …
  • … see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1865] and n.  6. CD’s letter informing Scott …
  • … vol.  11, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June 1863 , and Correspondence vol.  12, letter …

From J. D. Hooker   [17 February 1865]

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Summary

Why botanists will not subscribe to Falconer’s bust with enthusiasm.

Scott has been offered curatorship at Calcutta Botanic Garden.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17 Feb 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 10–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4773

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 102: 10–11 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [17 Feb 1865] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Charles Lyell to J. D. Hooker   [31 May 1865]

Summary

Emcloses copies of correspondence concerning his dispute with John Lubbock.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [31 May 1865]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Letters to J. D. Hooker, vol. 14, doc. 323); Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen. 113/3650–3, 3813–20, 3821–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4844F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … correspond to those in C.  Lyell 1863c, pp.  10, 15, and 16, see Lubbock 1861, pp.  491–2, …
  • … yours, that the wording of your note at page 10 of the preface about my borrowing of you …
  • … out by your publisher with the note at page 10 uncancelled or unmodified Believe me | dear …
  • … the passage about bronze castings in P. 10 that about the wild swan in P. 15, that about …
  • … in Danish reports on the subject (see n.  10, below). Lyell or his copyist accidentally …

To J. D. Hooker   27 [or 28 September 1865]

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Summary

Agrees with JDH on difference in grief over loss of father and of child. His love of his father.

The Reader.

Politics and science.

Health improved by Bence Jones’s diet.

[Dated "Thursday 27th" by CD.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 or 28] Sept 1865
Classmark:  DAR 115: 275
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4901

Matches: 4 hits

  • … called here & I was able to see him for 10 minutes. He told me, also, a little about the …
  • … CD’s eldest daughter, died in 1851, aged 10 (see Correspondence vol.  5). For more on the …
  • … intervals. His weight on 22 August was 11 st.  4 lb and on 26 September it was 10 st.   …
  • 10 1 2 lb. He had numerous bouts of sickness in August but only two in September. See also …

To Asa Gray   19 October [1865]

Summary

AG’s article on climbing plants [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 40 (1865): 273–82] is admirable and complimentary.

Reports Fritz Müller’s observations on climbers.

Experiments on dimorphism with Mitchella and Pulmonaria.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (93)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4919

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of Learned Societies. 20 vols. , index, and 10 supplements. New York: Charles Scribner’s …
  • … the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. Stephens, John Lloyd. 1843. …
  • … 1865 and n.  11, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865], and 31 August 1865; see also …
  • … plants’ and in Forms of flowers , pp.  101–10, 239, 252, and 287. CD was intrigued by the …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [February 1865]

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Summary

Hildebrand has sent copy of his paper on Pulmonaria in Botanische Zeitung.

How much should CD contribute to Falconer’s bust?

Oswald Heer on alpine and Arctic floras.

A. R. Wallace on geographical distribution in Malay Archipelago.

Lyell’s new edition of Elements. Wishes someone would do a book like it on botany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [Feb 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 261
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4772

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 13–15). In his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. Lyell, Charles. 1865. …
  • … 251, 253, 258). See Correspondence vol.  10, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] …

To Edward Cresy   7 September [1865]

Summary

May his son George call for advice on his career?

CD has been ill for past four months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Date:  7 Sept [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 324
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4610

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Compiled by John Venn and J. A. Venn. 10 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … this letter and the letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 . George Howard Darwin …

To Asa Gray   19 April [1865]

Summary

Congratulates AG on the "grand news of Richmond".

Still interested in dimorphism and would welcome new cases.

Working on Variation

and correcting proofs of Climbing plants.

Would like seed of AG’s dimorphic Plantago.

Cannot understand how the wind could fertilise reciprocally dimorphic flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (77)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4467

Matches: 4 hits

  • … CD (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , and …
  • … and John Scott. See letter from John Scott, 10 April 1865  and n.  13. At the end of his …
  • … on several occasions (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [ …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] , …

From William Allport Leighton    29 May 1865

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Summary

Describes the floral structure of the lupin and gives his observations on its pollination by bees.

Author:  William Allport Leighton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 May 1865
Classmark:  DAR 76: B95–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4840

Matches: 3 hits

  • … read in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). There is an annotated copy of Vaucher 1841  in …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, and Leighton’s memoir of CD in DAR 112: B97–8). …
  • … a newspaper cutting from the Reader , 10 February 1866, p.  154, that reported on …

To Charles Kingsley   [17 June 1865]

Summary

Did not think anyone would notice case of Lathyrus.

Recalls reading correspondent’s paper on great fir woods of Hampshire.

Thanks for photograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Kingsley
Date:  [17 June 1865]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher Collection: FF10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13877

Matches: 2 hits

  • … p.  411). See letter from Charles Kingsley, 10 June 1865 . The photograph of Kingsley has …
  • … 1940 ). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 26 April [1862] . …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   6 [March 1865]

Summary

Asks for return of page about pigeon crossing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  6 [Mar 1865]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection) (Tegetmeier 29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4779

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 27 [December 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). The manuscript has not been found, but it …
  • … experiments see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December 1862] …

From Robert Swinhoe   [before 1 October 1865?]

Summary

Reports that dogs caught in the act of sodomy have been attacked by their fellows, who mutilate the offender’s genitals.

Gives a description of the nature and occurrence of the wild Bos of Formosa.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 1 Oct 1865?]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 328
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4727

Matches: 3 hits

  • … nineteenth century (see Peters et al. 1931–87, 10: 177). For CD’s interest in varieties of …
  • … domestic duck (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Robert Swinhoe, 12 November  …
  • … sin’ was coitus interruptus ( see Gen.  38: 4–10); however the term onanism more commonly …

From Thomas Gold Appleton   5 December [1865]

Summary

Sends specimen of Californian fish that inhabits mountain lakes. The lakes often dry up and the fish have developed legs to enable them to wander in search of water.

Author:  Thomas Gold Appleton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5296

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of 24 April [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Appleton’s sister was Mary Mackintosh. CD …
  • 10 Commonwealth Avenue. [Boston, Mass. ] Dear Sir, A gentleman Col M r Charles C.  Fuller …

From Edward Perceval Wright   24 March 1865

Summary

Thanks CD for subscribing to the Cybele Hibernica.

Reports some observations made on the common buffaloes of India seen swimming and diving in 12ft of floodwater in order to crop the herbage beneath.

Author:  Edward Perceval Wright
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 181: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4793

Matches: 3 hits

  • 10 Clare Street. | Dublin. 24 th March 1865. Dear M r . Darwin Many thanks for your …
  • … account (Down House MS) records a payment of £10 6 s. for ‘Cybele Hibernica’ on 22 March  …
  • … to Charles Lyell, 25 [November 1859] and [10 December 1859], Correspondence vol.  8, …

From John Traherne Moggridge   17 May [1865]

Summary

Sends fresh plants from France: Lythrum graefferi, Romulea.

Does CD know Pulmonaria is dimorphic?

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 May [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 202
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4835

Matches: 3 hits

  • … L.  salicaria (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Daniel Oliver, [17 September 1862], …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … p.  431, and in Forms of flowers , pp.  104–10, 239, 252, and 287. CD and Moggridge first …

From Julius von Haast   27 September 1865

Summary

Expects to publish an account of his journeys soon.

Asks CD’s support for his Royal Society candidacy.

Goldfields he discovered are now being worked.

Author:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Sept 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4900

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Haast since 1861 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 September  …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 June 1864 and n.  10, and 2 December 1864 and n.  28. Haast’s ‘ …
  • … vol.  11, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ; CD’s lightly annotated …
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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