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To Fritz Müller   9 December [1865]

Summary

Has forwarded FM’s MS to Max Schultze, but did not read it.

Movement of stem apex in Linum.

Haeckel’s paper on reproduction in certain Medusae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  9 Dec [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4949

Matches: 12 hits

  • … British Library (Loan MS 10 no 4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Dec [1865] Johann Friedrich …
  • … received your interesting letter of Oct.  10 th .  with its new facts on branch-tendrils. …
  • … to Rosa Müller. See letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and n.  12. Haeckel 1865b …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865 . …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and n.   …
  • 10. CD added the information …
  • … tendrils contained in Müller’s letter of 10 October 1865 to the paper he sent to the …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and n.  1. Müller had sent CD …
  • … Müller 1866). See letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and nn.  6 and 7. CD’s letter …
  • … to send a copy directly to CD (see letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and n.  8). …
  • … In his letter to CD of 10 October 1865, Müller had discussed the problem of explaining, …
  • … no mineral component. In his letter of 10 October 1865, Müller had requested the original …

From Fritz Müller   10 October 1865

Summary

Thanks CD for his photograph.

Sends a paper ["Über das Holz einiger um Desterro wachsender Kletterpflanzen", Botanische Zeitung 24 (1866): 57–60, 65–9].

Believes species of sponge with different mineral spiculae are descended from a form with organic spiculae.

Reports observations on motions of Linum stalks following the sun.

Regards Anelasma as a connecting form between cirripedes and Rhizocephala.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1865
Classmark:  Möller 1915–21, 2: 74–6.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4912A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller    10 October 1865 …
  • … Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Desterro, Brazil 10 Oct 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and is a hyperparasite (parasite upon a parasite) of some Rhizocephala. See n.  10, above. …
  • … its published source, see pp. 266–7. See letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] . Müller …
  • … Müller 1864 (see letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] , n.  2). CD had probably sent …
  • … Desterro, Brazil, 10. October 1865. Verehrter …
  • … empfing ich Ihren freundlichen Brief vom 10. August und fühle mich sehr geschmeichelt …
  • … Desterro, Brazil, 10 October 1865 My dear Sir, Yesterday …
  • … I received your kind letter of 10 August and I feel very complimented by the interest …
  • … Müller, 20 September [1865] and nn.  9 and 10. The Swedish naturalist Wilhelm Lilljeborg …
  • … trans.  1862) in his letter to Müller of 10 August [1865]. In his letter of 20 September [ …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; see also letter from Fritz …

To John Higgins   31 May 1865

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of £255 2s. 10d.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  31 May 1865
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4843F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Acknowledges receipt of £255 2 s . 10 d . …
  • … Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138) Charles Robert Darwin Down …

To Fritz Müller   10 August [1865]

Summary

Has read and admires FM’s work on species.

Observations on Crustacea are good and original; asks FM to dissect and check some of CD’s observations on cirripedes.

Has sent "Climbing plants" paper [J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 9 (1865): 1–118] and would like to send Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  10 Aug [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4881

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   10 August [1865] …
  • … British Library (Loan MS 10 no 1) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 10 Aug [1865] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Aug 10 Dear Sir I have been for a long time so ill that I …
  • … a payment to Ludwig of £5 11 s. 6 d. on 10 June 1865 for translation. An annotated copy of …
  • … a letter to the Natural History Review , [before 10 October 1862] ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • 10), CD referred to Krohn’s paper, and asked whether any reader would ‘endeavour to …

From John Scott   10 April 1865

Summary

Comments on CD’s Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31]

and on H. Crüger’s orchid paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35].

May take position at Calcutta Botanic Garden.

Regrets he cannot be elected to Linnean Society.

Pleased Asa Gray has commented on JS’s paper.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4810

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Scott   10 April 1865 …
  • … DAR 177: 115 John Scott Rungbee 10 Apr 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Rungbee 10 th . April 1865. Sir, I duly received your letter along with the copies of my …
  • … March 1864, 5 May [1864], and first letter of 10 June [1864]). CD communicated both papers …
  • … the Primulaceae, see Correspondence vols.  10–12. CD first told Scott of Hermann Crüger’s …
  • … and Acropera , see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November  1862, …
  • … January 1865 , letter from J.  D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …
  • … see n.  1, above, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Scott, 10 June 1864 , n.  1, and this volume, …

From Rudolph Heine   10 March 1865

Summary

Admires Origin, but CD does not consider hereditary law of use and disuse.

Author:  Rudolph Heine
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4783

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Rudolph Heine   10 March 1865 …
  • … DAR 166: 134 Rudolph Heine Bitterfeld 10 Mar 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … physician. Bitterfeld ( near Leipsic) the 10 of Mars 1865. To Mr.  Charles Darwin. | …

To Fritz Müller   20 September [1865]

Summary

Thanks for interesting letter on climbing plants.

FM’s view on Anelasma seems probable.

Difficulty quoted by FM from A. Agassiz on embryology of Echinodermata is quite beyond CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  20 Sept [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4895

Matches: 10 hits

  • … British Library (Loan MS 10 no 2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Sept [1865] Johann …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] . CD had not yet received …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and n.  1; see also the letter …
  • … Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and nn.  16–18). CD’s observations …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and n.  19). CD refers to Bronn …
  • … In a letter to Max Johann Sigismund Schultze of 10 November 1864, Müller had discussed his …
  • … 5; see also letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] and n.  5). In Living Cirripedia ( …
  • … other cirripedes (see letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] and n.  7). CD evidently …
  • … from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 (see letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865 ). Since …
  • … would not have received CD’s letter of 10 August [1865] when he wrote his own letter to CD …

From J. D. Hooker   [10 March 1865]

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Summary

Thomas Thomson has gone over Scott’s paper; encloses his conclusions. Not fit for publication in present form. His experiments should have been repeated to resolve his disagreement with Gärtner.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Mar 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4782

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [10 March 1865] …
  • … DAR 102: 13–14 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [10 Mar 1865] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 16 [March 1865] ; the intervening Friday was 10 March. Frederick Currey was botanical …
  • … of natural selection, see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI.  Scott’s experiments on …
  • … 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD also sent Scott a digest of Gärtner’s …

From J. D. Hooker   12 April [1865]

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Summary

W. J. Hooker is unwell.

Bentham wrote on Planchon ["The ancient and modern floras of Montpellier", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 202–25],

T. Thomson on subspecies ["Species and subspecies", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 226–42]

and Greene of York on ["The Linnean Society’s transactions", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 189–202].

JDH did the leader in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1865): 267–8, 291–2].

Delighted with CD’s calm opinion of Origin. Has same view of some of his own papers.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4812

Matches: 5 hits

  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] . …
  • … 8 April 1865] , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [April 1865] . The reference is to William …
  • … been identified. Letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865]. Hooker refers to the authors …
  • … Reay Greene. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] and n.  7. Hooker refers to his …
  • … 25 March 1865, pp.  267–8; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] and n.  8. …

From Charles Kingsley   10 June 1865

Summary

Thanks for CD’s photograph.

Author:  Charles Kingsley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1865
Classmark:  DAR 169: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4857

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Charles Kingsley   10 June 1865 …
  • … DAR 169: 32 Charles Kingsley Eversley 10 June 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …

To Fritz Müller   17 October [1865]

Summary

Is sending FM’s two letters on climbing plants as a paper to the Linnean Society ["Notes on some of the climbing plants near Desterro, in south Brazil", J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344–9].

Adaptations for pollination in Catasetum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  17 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4916

Matches: 6 hits

  • … British Library (Loan MS 10 no 3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Oct [1865] Johann …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] , for the missing portion of …
  • … observations from Müller’s third letter of 10 October 1865, were submitted by CD to the …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August and 10 October 1865]. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ). Only one plate accompanied …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and n.  5). See letter to Fritz …

To J. D. Hooker   10 [April 1865]

Summary

Roguery at Kew.

Who wrote reviews of Linnean Society’s Transactions, of Planchon, and of subspecies in Natural History Review [Apr 1865]?

Is rereading Origin for second French edition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 [Apr 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4809

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   10 [April 1865] …
  • … DAR 115: 263 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Apr 1865] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down March 10 th My dear Hooker. You speak of having nothing to say, but your note …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   10 April 1865

Summary

MS [of CD’s pigeon chapter] arrived safely.

Pigeon and poultry engravings [for Variation].

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1865
Classmark:  DAR 178: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4808

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  B.  Tegetmeier   10 April 1865 …
  • … DAR 178: 67 William Bernhard Tegetmeier Muswell Hill 10 Apr 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Muswell Hill | London | N Monday Ap 10 186 5. My dear Sir The MSS arrived duly. — Your …

From John Scott   21 July 1865

Summary

JS has now taken post of Curator of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta.

Wishes to vindicate himself of the charge that he pursued his experiments at Edinburgh to the detriment of his work.

Apologises for poor quality of his Verbascum paper, which was written from his notes during the passage to India [J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 36 (1865) pt 2: 145–74].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1865
Classmark:  DAR 109: B120a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4876

Matches: 9 hits

  • … This letter has not been found (see n.  10, below). Scott arrived in Calcutta on 21  …
  • … Scott, 20 January 1865 and n.  7, and 10 April 1865). Thomas Anderson was superintendent …
  • … Garden, Edinburgh. See Correspondence vols.  10, 11, and 12. James McNab was curator of …
  • … calculations. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1865] and nn.  4, 6, and 8, and …
  • … Scott’s letter has not been found (see letter from John Scott, 10 April 1865  and n.   …
  • 10). Scott refers to the Sundarbans, the seaward fringe of the Ganges delta in India ( …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] and nn.  9 and 10, and letter from William Bennett, 29 April  …
  • … see annotations to letter from John Scott, 10 April 1865  and n.  18). See letter from …
  • … n.  4). CD’s annotations to Scott’s letter of 10 April 1865 indicate he had earlier asked …

From Edward Cresy   10 September 1865

Summary

Reading Carl Vogt [Lectures on man (1864)].

Vogt, though anti-Lamarck, is converted to Darwinism.

Author:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1865
Classmark:  DAR 161: 245
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4892

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Edward Cresy   10 September 1865 …
  • … DAR 161: 245 Edward Cresy, Jr Bude 10 Sept 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bude. Cornwall. 10 Septr ’65— My dear Sir. Your note reached me here yesterday where I …

From J. D. Hooker   13 July 1865

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Summary

Studying moraines.

On Lubbock’s book [see 4860], and Lyell’s apology. Recapitulates whole affair.

W. E. H. Lecky [Rise of rationalism in Europe (1865)] and other reading.

Spencer’s observations are wrong on umbellifers, his reasoning partially right.

Natural History Review is all but defunct.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 July 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 30–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4873

Matches: 10 hits

  • … refers to his sons, Charles Paget Hooker, aged 10, and William Henslow Hooker, aged 12. …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  14. The first page of …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  13. Frances Harriet …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  15). The Hookers had …
  • … ibid. , p.  336). In the letter to Hooker of [10 July 1865], CD made no mention of having …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  5). Tylor’s brother, …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  8). Spencer had argued …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  9). Hooker had been …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] , and also commented on the high …
  • … 7, 1: 342–3). In his letter to Hooker of [10 July 1865], CD had asked about Daniel Oliver’ …

From William Duppa Crotch   10 April 1865

Summary

Supports Atlantis hypothesis.

Author:  William Duppa Crotch
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1865
Classmark:  DAR 161: 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4811

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From William Duppa Crotch   10 April 1865 …
  • … DAR 161: 274 William Duppa Crotch Weston-super-Mare 10 Apr 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker   [10 July 1865]

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Summary

Health very bad. All scientific work stopped for 2½ months.

E. B. Tylor’s Early history of mankind [1865] impresses him.

Would like JDH’s opinion of last number of Spencer’s [Principles of] Biology [vol. 1 (1864)], especially on umbellifers. CD not satisfied with Spencer’s views on irregular flowers.

ED reports on CD’s health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10 July 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4868

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker   [10 July 1865] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down [10 July 1865] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … July 1865 . The Monday before 13 July 1865 was 10 July. Joseph Dalton and Frances Harriet …
  • … indicated that his health was good on 6, 9, and 10 July 1865 and good for part of 7 and 8  …

From Henry Holland   2 January 1865

Summary

Thanks for Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

T. S. Cobbold’s book on the Entozoa [1864].

Remarks on development of the tapeworm.

Author:  Henry Holland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 245
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4735

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 1863, and 1864 (see Correspondence vols.  10–12). The reference is to the opening address …
  • … June [1860] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Henry Holland, 26 March [1862] ). ‘ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Charles Lyell, [10 December 1859] ). For Holland’s views …
  • … vol.  7, letter from Henry Holland, 10 December [1859] . Holland refers to the discussion …
  • … pp.  377–81). In his letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 May 1848 ( Correspondence vol.  4), CD …
  • … Lythrum , see Correspondence vols.  10 and 11). William also made extensive observations …

From Clémence Auguste Royer   [April–June 1865]

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Summary

Notes on the caste system of India; its influences on form and habit.

Author:  Clémence Auguste Royer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr–June 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 80: B44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5339

Matches: 6 hits

  • … following. book III.  par.  6 and following 10–14–19. book IX.  par.  72–73 and 178 book …
  • … les suivants. liv. III.  par.  6 et suiv.  10–14–19. liv. IX.  par.  72–73 et 178 liv X.   …
  • … Claparède (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Edouard Claparède, 6 September 1862 ). …
  • … 31 March [1865] , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] , and letters from Emma Darwin …
  • … see J.  Harvey 1997, pp.  62–9, 76–9. See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10– 20 June [1862] , letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] , letter …
Document type
letter (142)
Date
1865
01 (15)
02 (9)
03 (16)
04 (13)
05 (18)
06 (11)
07 (9)
08 (7)
09 (9)
10 (16)
11 (10)
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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