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To J. D. Hooker   13 January [1863]

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Summary

Acquired characteristics.

Huxley’s lectures: good on induction, bad on sterility, obscure on geology.

Asa Gray on slavery.

Falconer’s partial conversion.

Alphonse de Candolle on Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3913

Matches: 23 hits

  • … See also ibid. , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker and Bentham …
  • … had been suffering from depression and ill-health (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). …
  • … H.  Huxley 1863a. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863], and letter from J.  D. …
  • … 1761–6). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863], and Correspondence vol.   …
  • 10, Appendix VI. T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  29–52. CD refers particularly to pages 39–41, …
  • … and 18 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  153–6. While …
  • … 1862a and 1862b. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Alphonse de Candolle, 18  …
  • … letter and n.  7. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [ …
  • … 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD enclosed a ‘memorandum of enquiry’ for …
  • … of 3 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD enclosed a list of the seeds he wanted …
  • … I see I can buy Pitcher plants for only 10 s . 6! But the job is whether we shall be able …
  • … D.  Hooker, [12 January 1863] , and letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and n.  4. …
  • … Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In Asa Gray’s letter, CD marked some of …
  • … in the bud (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). In …
  • … adding differences’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November  …
  • … a homogeneous form. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [ …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is incomplete; Gray’s statement concerning …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is incomplete; the portion containing Gray’s …
  • … trans.  1862). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December  …
  • … February 1849 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1862] , …
  • … and Mimosa in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). CD was keen to obtain fresh flowers of …
  • … this orchid genus, see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, …
  • … in medallions. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28  …

To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 23 hits

  • … 1862 and 9 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD reported feeling unwell in …
  • … late December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December …
  • … him very uncomf—’. See Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  …
  • … steamer Africa (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and …
  • … of 15 July [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD’s experimental notes on M.  repens , made …
  • … the previous year (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). …
  • … pp.  274–5. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 17 November 1862 , letter …
  • … December 1861] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] ). His …
  • … of the Rubiaceae (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to G.  H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 June [ …
  • … Dana, 4 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In 1859, James Dwight Dana had suffered …
  • … stamps for Leonard’s collection (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). …
  • … of 24 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10) had been sent using a ‘peculiar stamp … for …
  • … in October 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), he had twice asked Gray about …
  • … been cultivated (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and …
  • … of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), which CD received later in January. CD …
  • … 25 November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), and the annotated articles on strawberries …
  • … December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), soliciting examples from several …
  • … Falconer (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). Joseph Dalton Hooker had been working on …
  • … 1861] and n.  4, and Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August  …
  • … D.  Hooker 1863a). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December …
  • … Francis Boott (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). …
  • … at Down House (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] ). …

From John Scott   6 January 1863

Summary

Sends Primula scotica and P. farinosa.

So far cannot fertilise Gongora atropurpurea although it is similar to Acropera luteola.

Experimenting on intergeneric hybrids to test CD’s view that sterility is not a special endowment.

Scott’s personal history.

Acropera capsule grows.

Plans for experiments CD has suggested on Primula, peloric Antirrhinum, and Verbascum.

Asks about Gärtner’s experiments on maize.

Aware of Anderson-Henry’s failures.

Through kindness of J. H. Balfour and James McNab, enjoys facilities for research. JS is in charge of the propagating department. Balfour almost engaged him to be superintendent of the Madras Horticultural Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 81, 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3904

Matches: 25 hits

  • … of 17 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott promised to send CD specimens of …
  • … 9, letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 September [1861] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 ). …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . Primula scotica …
  • … 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote that despite his hard work at …
  • … of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott informed CD of his own experiments …
  • … me not a little’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ). …
  • … on Acropera (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] ). …
  • … See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , letter from …
  • … stigmatic chamber (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). …
  • … stigmatic cavity (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, …
  • … of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott described his success in pollinating …
  • … 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested placing a pollen mass directly …
  • … incidental on other acquired differences’. See also Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI. …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19  December [1862] , for CD’s interest …
  • … for comparison (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD had suggested that Scott might undertake …
  • … 107). See letter from John Scott, 21 May [1863] and nn.  10–11. With encouragement from …
  • … CD (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ), Scott later …
  • … 19 December [1862] (see Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that Scott experiment with …
  • … and 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that Scott experiment with …
  • … Scott 1863b). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . In …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December  …
  • … of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD mentioned that his Begonia plant was …
  • … of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD offered ‘pecuniary assistance’ with …

To Thomas Henry Huxley   10 [January 1863]

Summary

CD overwhelmed by THH’s praise.

Agrees with his reservations about species theory but not wholly about sterility and gives his reasons for differing.

On Natural History Review, Hugh Falconer, and R. Owen.

Has written a review [Collected papers 2: 87–92] of H. W. Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 183)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3852

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Thomas Henry Huxley   10 [January 1863] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 183) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Jan 1863] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10; see nn.  3 and 7, below). …
  • … CD wrote ‘Dec. ’ in error. Between 10 November and 15 December 1862, Huxley delivered six …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Dec.  10 th My dear Huxley You will be weary of notes from me about the …
  • … for April 1863. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Lubbock, 15 December 1862 , …
  • … to CD of 2 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10); for CD’s comments, see Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862], 18 December [1862], and 28  …
  • … Marginalia 1: 425). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [ …
  • … Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–50, and Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI). Letter to T.  H.   …
  • … Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD and Huxley had been debating the …
  • … since January 1860 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI). See also n.  6, above. …
  • … 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote: ‘To get the degree of sterility …
  • … January 1860 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10, Appendix II). The domestic breeds that CD …

To William Bowman   10 March [1863]

Summary

Will send portion of copied manuscript [of Variation 2: 8–10] for WB to examine. Asks about inherited abnormalities of the eye.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5030

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To William Bowman   10 March [1863] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar [1863] William Bowman, 1st baronet …
  • … of copied manuscript [of Variation 2: 8–10] for WB to examine. Asks about inherited …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. March 10 th My dear M r . Bowman I thank you heartily for …
  • … imperfections of the eye in Variation 2: 8–10. There is no specific mention of inherited …

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]

Summary

Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [10 May 1863] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 111 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place [10 May 1863] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … III, between 6 and 13 May 1863. In 1863, 10 May fell on a Sunday. See letter from W.  E.   …
  • … hermaphrodite form (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] , …
  • … P.  angustifolia , see Forms of flowers , pp.  105– 10. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8  …
  • … and 15 April [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Further observations dated 22 May 1863, …
  • … fertilisation occurred (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April …
  • … since January 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). George Howard Darwin. His and CD’s …

To J. D. Hooker   [after 10 June 1863]

Summary

Notes on drops of nectar on sepals of cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 10 June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 151: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3585F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [after 10 June 1863] …
  • … DAR 151: 331 Charles Robert Darwin [after 10 June 1863] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … but I think, precipitates N.  of salver June 10. New leaf the drops on edge of pitcher and …
  • … on the nectar directly underneath the stigma (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n. 16, and A. Gray 1862b, p. 428). Hymenoptera is the …

From George Clendon Jr   10 November 1863

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Summary

Suggests a possible explanation of the supposed paucity of intermediate forms in fossil formations.

Author:  George Clendon, Jr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1863
Classmark:  DAR 47: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4336

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From George Clendon Jr   10 November 1863 …
  • … DAR 47: 178 George Clendon, Jr Plattsburgh, N.Y. 10 Nov 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Chapters 9 and 10 of Origin , pp.  279–345, were entitled ‘On the imperfection of the …
  • … District, N.Y. | Plattsburgh, November 10 th 1863. My dear Sir The following supposed …

To J. D. Hooker   10 [November 1863]

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Summary

Pleased with JDH’s account of his French tour.

Doctor Brinton, recommended by Busk, does not believe CD’s brain or heart affected. Feels he is going steadily downhill. If so, hopes his life will be short.

Sends Haast’s letter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 [Nov 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4335

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   10 [November 1863] …
  • … DAR 115: 208 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Nov 1863] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down 10 th My dear old Friend. I was so glad to hear of your French tour & that you are …
  • … See also letter from Julius von Haast, 21 July [– 7? August] 1863  and n.  10. …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 January 1863]

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Summary

JDH on Asa Gray’s sanguine view of the Civil War and slavery.

Wishes to discuss variation with CD, a subject that Huxley does not understand.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 101–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3919

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), in which Gray had provided the names of …
  • … to Hooker of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Hooker had started to collect …
  • … Wedgwood ware (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28  …
  • … December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10; see n.  2, above). Gray’s letter is incomplete; …
  • … of Practical Geology in London between 10 November and 15 December 1862. The lectures were …
  • … H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–50). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and nn.   …
  • … 5–9, and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 18 December [1862] and 28  …
  • … of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray replied to CD’s query regarding …
  • … that he could buy pitcher plants for only 10 s. 6 d. Since the death of her father, John …
  • … and ill-health (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). Hooker had been concerned about the …
  • … one thing in life’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December  …

From Hugh Falconer   10 September 1863

Summary

Is having E. Suess’s essay [see 4284] translated; will forward it as soon as it is done.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 164: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4298

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Hugh Falconer   10 September 1863 …
  • … DAR 164: 18 Hugh Falconer Geological Society 10 Sept 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Geological Society   Somerset House, | W.C. 10 th . Sep tr . 1863 My Dear Darwin I sent …

From Henry Holland   [10 February 1863]

Summary

Cites [C. F.?] Burdach as the source of a note on atavism in alternate generations.

Wants to talk to CD about inheritance.

Author:  Henry Holland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 243
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3959

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Henry Holland   [10 February 1863] …
  • … DAR 166: 243 Henry Holland London, Queen Anne St [10 Feb 1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … below); the only Tuesday during this time was 10 February. Holland had apparently called …

From Booth Bacon   10 June 1863

Summary

On CD’s application to pay up at once his shares in the Penarth Harbour Dock and Railway; directors’ policy is to receive payment on only 50% of shares allotted.

Author:  Booth Bacon
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4211

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Booth Bacon   10 June 1863 …
  • … DAR 160: 12 Booth Bacon Cardiff 10 June 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Railway, | Secretary’s Office, | Cardiff 10 June 18 63 Dear Sir. I have received your …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   19 February [1863]

Summary

Discusses experiments that WBT will undertake to investigate whether particular pigeon and poultry crosses produce sterile hybrids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  19 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection, Tegetmeier ser. 1: 27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3998

Matches: 7 hits

  • … were cross-sterile (see [T.  H.  Huxley] 1860, and Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI). …
  • … 1863  and n.  3, and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December  …
  • … of the other strain’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [ …
  • … quite sterile’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December  …
  • … 1824 is preserved in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 708–10). In his letter of …
  • … 27 [ December 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD sent Tegetmeier a manuscript list of …
  • … 11, Appendix II)). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December …

From B. J. Sulivan   10 February [1863]

Summary

Sends some tickets so that CD’s son might see [an unspecified] model.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 281
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3976

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From B.  J.  Sulivan   10 February [1863] …
  • … DAR 177: 281 Bartholomew James Sulivan Board of Trade 10 Feb [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Board of Trade. S.W. Feby 10 My dear Darwin I send you a ticket—and if it would be at a …

From Hugh Falconer   3 January [1863]

Summary

Describes an astounding "sort of mis-begotten-bird-creature", the Archaeopteryx, a grand Darwinian case.

His elephant paper is out in Natural History Review [(1863): 43–114].

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3899

Matches: 8 hits

  • … DAR 164: 10 Hugh Falconer London, Park Crescent, 21 3 Jan [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of 14 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked Falconer whether he knew of any …
  • … of 14 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). However, he made no reference to Linum …
  • … Bog Mammoth’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Hugh Falconer, 1 October [1862] ; see …
  • … Desmond 1994). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Hugh Falconer, 29 December [1862] . …
  • … 1863] ). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] . …
  • … arguing against CD’s views (Martius 1862, pp.  8–10). Falconer’s paper on American fossil …
  • … September 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Hugh Falconer, 24–7 September [ …

From Henry Fletcher Hance   10 May 1863

Summary

Sends sketch of Catasetum tridentatum fruit at request of Edward Bradford.

CD incorrectly asserted that Catasetum is male [Orchids, pp. 236–8].

Author:  Henry Fletcher Hance
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4152

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Henry Fletcher Hance   10 May 1863 …
  • … 95 Henry Fletcher Hance British Vice Consulate, Whampoa 10 May 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … British Vice Consulate, | Whampoa, 10. May, 1863. Dear Sir, Knowing that you are engaged …
  • … CD on several occasions (see Correspondence vol.  10, and this volume, letter from Robert …

To Asa Gray   19 January [1863]

Summary

Comments on his own review of Bates’s butterfly paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thanks AG for information on Platanthera.

Has been wasting more time with Melastomataceae; can find no nectar in Monochaetum; is there any in Rhexia?

Hopes Lincoln’s "fiat against Slavery" will have some effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3927

Matches: 9 hits

  • … letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). Letter from Asa Gray, …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , and letter to Asa Gray, …
  • … 100). A.  Gray 1862b. A.  Gray 1862a and 1862b. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 , and letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Sprengel  …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD completed his paper, ‘Two forms in species …
  • … to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and nn.  9 and 10. CD was interested in what he considered …
  • … 1863] and n.  22). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862  and …
  • … Infantry ( DAB ; see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 and …

To Smith, Elder and Company   10 March [1863]

Summary

Receipt for cheque enclosed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (Ms.23181, ff.11-15 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.11-12, letter ff.13-14, address envelope f.15))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4034

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Smith, Elder and Company   10 March [1863] …
  • … 14, address envelope f.15)) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar [1863] Smith, Elder & Co …
  • … Down Bromley | Kent March 10 th Dear Sir I enclose with thanks the receipt for your …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 9 hits

  • … he never read them (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December  …
  • … summer of 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). The reference is to a stamp issued by the …
  • … vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and 26[–7] November [1862], and letters from Asa Gray, 18–19  …
  • … A.  Gray 1861a. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 . The …
  • … 26[–7] November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD objected to Gray’s use of the term ‘ …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray drew on CD’s account of the functional …
  • … on the species (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , and …
  • … crossing experiments (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , …
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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