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From Imperial Zoological Society of Acclimatisation   10 January 1862

Summary

Announces a meeting of the Society to elect its officers.

Author:  Société Impériale Zoologique d’Acclimatation
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1862
Classmark:  DAR 96: 11 v.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3379

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Imperial Zoological Society of Acclimatisation    10 January 1862 …
  • … 11 v. Société Impériale Zoologique d’Acclimatation Paris 10 Jan 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris, le 10 janvier 1862 Monsieur et cher Confrère, J’ai l’honneur de vous annoncer que …
  • … of this letter, see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix I. For the transcription of this …
  • … letter in its original French, see pp.  10–11. The Société d’Acclimatation had as its aim …

From T. H. Huxley   10 October [1862]

Summary

Thanks for a contribution ["On the so-called ""auditory-sac"" of cirripedes", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1863): 115–16; Collected papers 2: 85–7]. Is sending a proof.

This year’s lecture to working men to be devoted to CD’s book.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 166.2: 295
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3756

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   10 October [1862] …
  • … DAR 166.2: 295 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Jermyn St 10 Oct [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Yours truly | T H Huxley Jermyn S t Oct r . 10 th I can’t find anything to talk to the …
  • … letter to Natural History Review , [before 10 October 1862]). Huxley was editor-in-chief …

From Maurice Alberts   10 February 1862

Summary

Has received diploma from the University of Breslau [honorary doctorate in medicine and surgery]. Should he forward it or will CD pick it up in London? [See 3226a and 3446.]

Author:  Maurice Alberts
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb 1862
Classmark:  With DAR 229 and 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3442A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Maurice Alberts    10 February 1862 …
  • … 229 and 230 Maurice Alberts Prussian Legation, London 10 Feb 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Prussian Legation | London Feb.  10. 1862 Sir The University of Breslau has transmitted to …
  • … is in DAR 229 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix IX). CD’s reply has not been found, …

From John Lubbock   25 October 1862

Summary

CD’s health is bad.

Would like to visit CD on Friday.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3781

Matches: 6 hits

  • … It is a surface specimen. Top of letter : ‘2 o 31 ’ in 10 ’ [ del ’not‘] sensitive’ pencil …
  • … Verso of last page : ‘10
  • 10 16 9 …
  • … 11 6 10
  • 10 6 — 88’ ink …
  • … it at 2 o . 30 ’ , thirty drops of Ether for 10 ’ no effect; added 20 drops more & left it …

To Société Impériale Zoologique d’Acclimatation   [after 10 January 1862]

Summary

Asks how much he owes for his annual subscription to the Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Soc. Imp. Zool. Acclim.
Date:  [after 10 Jan 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 11 r.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3380

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Société Impériale Zoologique d’Acclimatation   [after 10 January 1862] …
  • … DAR 96: 11 r. Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 10 Jan 1862] Soc. Imp. Zool. Acclim. …
  • … Société Impériale Zoologique d’Acclimatation, 10 January 1862. There is an entry in CD’s …

To Andrew Murray   10 April [1862]

Summary

Did CD lend AM a pamphlet on cave insects by S. Scudder ["On the genus Raphidophora", Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8 (1861–2): 6–14]? CD much wants it and remembers lending it to someone.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Dickson (Andrew) Murray
Date:  10 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  R. D. Pyrah
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3503

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Andrew Murray   10 April [1862] …
  • … R. D. Pyrah Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr [1862] Andrew Dickson (Andrew) Murray …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. April.  10 th My dear Sir Pray excuse me for writing to you …

From Asa Gray   10 November 1862

Summary

AG has Cypripedium to send to CD.

Civil War and English feelings.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3799

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   10 November 1862 …
  • … DAR 165: 122 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 10 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge, Mass Nov.  10, 1862 Dear Darwin Here is a new stamp for L.  D. —tho’ not …
  • … be shut up , like the Japanese of old,—for 10 or 20 years,— —only with a weekly mail …
  • … us have it out now, even at the cost of 10  times what it has cost so far. I never thought …

To W. E. Darwin   [10? September 1862]

Summary

Gives advice as to whether certain meteorological observations would be worth making.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10? Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3704

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [10? September 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 104 Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth [10? Sept 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … September; the intervening Wednesday was 10 September. However, William visited them again …

To Friedrich Hildebrand   17 July [1862]

Summary

Thanks for Hildebrand’s offer to translate Orchids into German, but H. G. Bronn had finished his translation before his death (Bronn trans. 1862). Has not yet received Hildebrand’s work on the distribution of coniferous trees (Hildebrand 1861). Asks that his compliments be presented to L. C. Treviranus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  17 July [1862]
Classmark:  Courtesy of Eilo Hildebrand (photocopy). [Original, previously owned by Klaus Groove, sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3660F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … from Friedrich Hildebrand, 14 July 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In his letter of …
  • … 14 July 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Hildebrand had offered to undertake a German …
  • … Orchids into German (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 14  …
  • … 1863a and 1863b; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter from E.  Schweizerbart’sche …
  • … Bronn trans.  1862; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter from E.  Schweizerbart’sche …
  • … the letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 30 June [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Hildebrand 1861; …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 14 July 1862 and n.  2. CD’ …

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 10 June 1862]

Summary

Asks whether any correspondents have observed any sensible differences between the bees kept in different parts of Great Britain. CD has heard from several sources that breeds of bee in different areas vary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 10 June 1862]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 3 (1862): 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3594

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Journal of Horticulture    [before 10 June 1862] …
  • … 3 (1862): 207 Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 10 June 1862] Journal of Horticulture …
  • … The letter was printed in the issue of 10 June 1862. As well as publishing it in their own …
  • … to CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), he was writing up the chapter …

From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants and the occurrence of "precocious fertilisation" in the bud.

Gives some comments on design in nature in the light of the translator’s commentary in the French edition of the Origin.

Reports the recent events of the Civil War.

[Note on verso of envelope:] Utricularia vulgaris is "about as neatly contrived for cross-fertilisation by insects as almost any orchid".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2-3 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3637

Matches: 10 hits

  • … your long and interesting letter of June 10 th , & later. Pray write upon thinner paper, …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862]. Gray refers to Leonard …
  • … Darwin. In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD requested Gray’s assistance in …
  • … in Gray’s letters (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from Asa Gray, [ …
  • … to each other and under similar conditions (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . A summary of Meehan’s findings is given in …
  • … 1843, 1: 428). In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD discussed the occurrence …
  • … October 1861 . In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD asked Gray to observe the …
  • … trans.  1862. See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As president of the Linnean …
  • … Correspondence vol.  8). See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As Gray was over 50, …

To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862]

Summary

Thanks AG for praise of Orchids and his notes on several American species of orchid. Comments on AG’s observations.

Is experimenting [on dimorphism] with Rhexia and Melastoma.

Asks AG’s opinion of a paper by Thomas Meehan ["On the uniformity of relative characters between allied species of European and American trees", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently direct action of the conditions of life CD has seen.

Requests postage stamp for his ill son [Leonard].

Thanks AG for observations on Cypripedium and gives recent observations of his own.

Arethusa is very pretty; structure seems like that of Vanilla.

Finds the little (so-called imperfect) flowers of Viola and Oxalis curious: the pollen-grains emit their tubes whilst within the anthers, and they travel in straight lines right to the stigmas.

Sympathises with events in the U. S.

Reports on French translation of Origin by Mlle C. Royer, "one of the cleverest & oddest women in Europe".

Alphonse de Candolle says he wants direct proof of natural selection; "he will have to wait a long time for that".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10–20 June [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3595

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (66) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10–20 June [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently …
  • … Down Bromley Kent June 10 th . My dear Gray, Your generous sympathy makes you overestimate …
  • … degree “Blood’s 1. Penny Envelope, 1, 3, & 10 cents”. If you will make him this present …
  • … having noticed that (Meehan 1862, pp.  10–11): European willows, oaks and other trees …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  10. Orchids , pp.  346–51. In the table of …

To J. D. Hooker   24 [November 1862]

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Summary

Sends Asa Gray letter: "nearly as mad as ever in our English eyes".

Bates’s paper is admirable. The act of segregation of varieties into species was never so plainly brought forth.

CD is a little sorry that his present work is leading him to believe rather more in the direct action of physical conditions. Regrets it because it lessens the glory of natural selection and is so confoundedly doubtful.

JDH laid too much stress on importance of crossing with respect to origin of species; but certainly it is important in keeping forms stable.

If only Owen could be excluded from Council of Royal Society Falconer would be good to put in. CD must come down to London to see what he can do.

Falconer’s article in Journal of the Geological Society [18 (1862): 348–69] shows him coming round on permanence of species, but he does not like natural selection.

Sends Lythrum salicaria diagram.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 173, 279b; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Hooker letters 2: 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3822

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of proof-sheets for CD with his letter of 10 November 1862, and apparently also enclosed a …
  • … 1862  and n.  2). See letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862  and n.  14. See enclosure. …
  • … see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II)). He concluded his discussion of …
  • … 1862], and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ). The opening sentence (p.   …
  • … Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] and nn.  10 and 12. Richard Owen was elected to the …
  • … the year (see letters from J.   D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862], 17 March 1862, and [23 March …
  • … 24 [November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Note that this enclosure was published in …
  • … 24 [November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10) that he was enclosing a diagram of Lythrum …
  • … also ibid. , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . CD sent similar diagrams …
  • … bees; see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and …
  • … and three males (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] , …

From Daniel Oliver   10 April 1862

Summary

Now believes flowers of Fumariaceae must be self-fertilised.

Planning a piece on dimorphism in the Natural History Review ["On the two forms, or dimorphic condition, in the species of Primula … by Charles Darwin", n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43].

Observations on Campanula dimorphism.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173.1: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3502

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Daniel Oliver   10 April 1862 …
  • … DAR 173.1: 13 Daniel Oliver Richmond 10 Apr 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Richmond, SW. 10. IV . 1862 My dear Sir. It is very atrocious of me to trouble you espec …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]

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Summary

Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

Matches: 10 hits

  • … to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ; the Saturday following that …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–]12 November [1862]). Hooker refers to the …
  • … 1862c). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c, …
  • … the year (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862], 17 March 1862, and [23 March  …
  • … distinction was based (Blanford 1862, pp.  609–10), he stated: Indeed, accepting the views …
  • … Variability’. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . The second part of …
  • … John Tyndall. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  23. [G.  D.   …
  • … 1862. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  26, and letter to J.   …
  • … 511–12. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker refers to specimens …
  • … 1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  20. The governess …

To J. D. Hooker   14 March [1862]

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Summary

Thinks JDH is a bit hard on Asa Gray.

Bates’s letter is that of a true thinker. Asks to see JDH’s to Bates. Point raised in it is most difficult. "There is one clear line of distinction; – when many parts of structure as in woodpecker show distinct adaptation to external bodies, it is preposterous to attribute them to effect of climate etc. – but when a single point, alone, as a hooked seed, it is conceivable that it may thus have arisen." His study of orchids shows nearly all parts of the flower co-adapted for fertilisation by insects and therefore the result of natural selection. Mormodes ignea "is a prodigy of adaptation".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3472

Matches: 7 hits

  • … n.  12, below). Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862]. See letter from Asa Gray, 18  …
  • … enclosed with the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [10 March 1862] : CD wrote ‘Photograph’ at …
  • … enclosure to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] . See the enclosure to the …
  • … 1862] and n.  3. Oliver 1862b. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] and n.   …
  • 10. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] . According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) and the letter to …
  • … Lubbock. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] . In her Autobiography (DAR 246), …

To Alphonse de Candolle   17 June [1862]

Summary

Is pleased that AdeC is interested in the Primula case ["Dimorphic condition of Primula", Collected papers 2: 45–63]. Is pursuing analogous experiments on other plants and on seedlings raised from the unions.

CD’s "large work" progresses slowly owing to ill health and his work on Orchids.

CD is not surprised that AdeC is unwilling to admit natural selection – "the subject hardly admits of direct proof or evidence. It will be believed in only by those who think that it connects & partly explains several large classes of facts".

Hopes AdeC will publish on Quercus

and rejoices that he intends to return to the study of geographical distribution. No one can claim to have read AdeC’s truly great work on that subject [Géographie botanique (1855)] with more care than CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  17 June [1862]
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3608

Matches: 7 hits

  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] and n.  10, and 23 June [1862] and n.  4). (By ‘homomorphic …
  • … 17 May 1862] , and letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . Candolle’s name is included on …
  • … list for Orchids (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix IV). See letter from Alphonse de …
  • … from Alphonse de Candolle, 13 June 1862  and n.  10. A.   de Candolle 1855. There is an …
  • … letters to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] and 10–20 June [1862]). See also letters to Daniel …
  • … 30 May [1862] , and letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . See letter from Alphonse de …
  • … his ‘Journal’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), CD recorded: ‘Much time wasted …

From J. D. Hooker   10 July 1862

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Summary

JDH’s trip to Switzerland with his wife.

Has seen Oswald Heer’s fossils, including a leaf, apparently dicotyledonous, from the Lower Lias in Jura.

Value of insect and crustacean fossils for systematic determination.

JDH "impressed with identity of physical features and what wonderful analogy of biological [features] between Alps and Himalayas".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 46–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3651

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   10 July 1862 …
  • … DAR 101: 46–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Samaden 10 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Samaden Enghedien Valley July 10 th . 62. D r Darwin We arrived here last night after a …

From W. E. Darwin   [9? September 1862]

Summary

Asks for advice on where a local chemist can send his brother’s meteorological observations from Missouri.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9? Sept 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3674G

Matches: 3 hits

  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to W. E. Darwin, [10? September 1862] ( …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10). …
  • … The Tuesday before 10 September 1862 was 9 September. George and Ellen Atherley. …

From W. E. Darwin   [1 August 1862]

Summary

Suggests sending plant specimens. Asks about visit of Emma and the boys.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3585G

Matches: 5 hits

  • … and 2 August [1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10). This letter is probably a continuation of …
  • … W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ( Correspondence vol. 10). William’s horse had fallen when he …
  • … collecting plants (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). …
  • … until 2 August (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from G. H. Darwin, [after 5 August …
  • … middle-pistilled’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). …
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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