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From Henry Wenman Newman   [before 22 October 1861]

Summary

Replies to CD’s query (see 3778): the queens or females of the humble bees are not fertilised in the air. Offers a number of observations relating to the fertilisation of bees and wasps, which he has made in the course of sixty years.

Author:  Henry Wenman Newman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 22 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 2 (1861–2): 76–7.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3292A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … on a flower; they clung together, and went about 10 yards to another flower, and I watched …

To Cuthbert Collingwood   14 March [1861]

Summary

CD is not surprised at CC’s entire rejection of his views. Agrees that there is no direct proof of unlimited variation. Says natural selection should be viewed as comparable to wave theory of light: it is probable because it groups and explains a host of facts in several fields of science.

Agrees Louis Agassiz’s review [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 142–55] is not unfair, but Agassiz misunderstands CD. His "categories of thought" are to CD merely empty words.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Cuthbert Collingwood
Date:  14 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS. 37725, ff. 6–9b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3088

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and Philosophical Society of Liverpool on 10 December 1860. In the paper, Collingwood …

To Asa Gray   23 [January 1861]

Summary

Is glad AG will publish [pamphlet of his reviews of Origin]. Insists on bearing the costs. Encloses list of institutions and individuals to whom he would send copies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 [Jan 1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3050

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860], 19 October [1860], 24  …

From J. D. Hooker   [30 December 1861 or 6 January 1862]

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Summary

Glad CD has given up on Acropera ovules.

Doubts phanerogams less different in extreme forms [than Crustacea].

No systematic parallelism between plants and animals.

Offers list of Arctic plants with their colours. Asks CD whether it is useful to add colour to [descriptions of] plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [30 Dec] 1861 or [6 Jan] 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3375

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Mondays. This letter is published in volume 10 of the Correspondence rather than volume 9  …

To Charles Lyell   12 April [1861]

Summary

Discusses progress of CL’s work [on Antiquity of man (1863)].

CD had not thought of subsidence in connection with "roads" of Glen Roy.

Discusses habits of ants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.244)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3117

Matches: 1 hit

  • … on Wednesday morning about 1 4 before 10 I will call on you, (unless I hear to contrary); …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   4 May [1861]

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Summary

Sends some replies to CD’s queries and data on pigeon flights between Bordeaux and Verviers.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 May [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3139

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 , n.  10. See also Origin , pp.  445–6, and Variation 1: …

To John Frederick William Herschel   23 May [1861]

Summary

Thanks JFWH for his "Physical geography" [from the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1861)]

and for what he says about Origin, though JFWH goes but a little way with CD. Gives reasons why he cannot accept "Design" in nature, though he is in a "complete jumble" on the point. Is confident of his views because they have aided good workers in several fields to "group and understand many scattered facts".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Frederick William Herschel, 1st baronet
Date:  23 May [1861]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (HS 6:17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3154

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to Charles Lyell, 23 November [1859] and [10 December 1859]. CD had greatly admired Asa …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   22 March [1861]

Summary

Asks whether WBT will read over his MS sketch on poultry when done.

Wants rabbit specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  22 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3095

Matches: 1 hit

  • … MS) on 31 March 1861 that reads: ‘Tegetmeier 10 s Science. ’ This probably pertains to …

To Daniel Oliver   30 November [1861]

Summary

Requests that DO examine enclosed microscope slides of Acropera ovules, to confirm CD’s opinion that females are non-functional.

Can DO comment on disagreement between Robert Brown and John Lindley over the number of Acropera carpels?

O. Heer’s Atlantis theory vs CD’s hypothesis of a migration north during warm periods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  30 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 2 (EH 88205986)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3333

Matches: 1 hit

  • … flower was a male form, in Orchids , pp.  207–10. See Lindley 1853 , p.  174, Link 1849 , …

From Asa Gray   11 October 1861

Summary

Notes several cases of "dioecio-dimorphism" in different genera; feels the discovery of pollen that will act only on the pistil of another flower is most important. Believes CD should next turn his attention to investigating cases of "precocious fertilisation".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1861
Classmark:  DAR 109: 82–3, DAR 110 (ser. 2): 117, DAR 111: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3282

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter from Asa Gray, [10 July 1860] . CD had subsequently queried …

To Asa Gray   12 March [1861]

Summary

Has received Chauncey Wright’s article.

Reports on favourable response to AG’s pamphlet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  12 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (52)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3087

Matches: 1 hit

  • … received before this the Bill for £ 7 . s 10 . d 0. — Your pamphlet will do the subject …

To J. D. Hooker   18 [December 1861]

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Summary

Lindley suggests Gongora may be female Acropera.

CD’s orchid book nearly ready for press.

Discovers trimorphism in Lythrum is in H. Lecoq [Études sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe (1854–8)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3346

Matches: 1 hit

  • … but see the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 November [1861] and 14 November [1861]. CD was …

To H. W. Bates   25 September [1861]

Summary

Recommends publisher for HWB; admires J. van Voorst but suggests Murray.

In reply to HWB’s letter [missing], comments on neuters and mimicry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  25 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3266

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pp.  31–40). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Murray, 28 January [1862] . Bates …

To J. D. Hooker   17 November [1861]

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Summary

JDH’s letter on grounds of generalisation in plant morphology.

Faunal distribution and the glacial period.

Orchid homologies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 131
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3322

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1: 332). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 November [1861] and 14 November [1861]. See …

To J. D. Hooker   4 February [1861]

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Summary

Changes in admission to Athenaeum.

Slowly working at his volume on Variation.

Experiments on insectivorous and "sensitive" plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115.2: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3057

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of crowding & did not like paying £ 3〃 s 10 . d .0 for each luncheons & about 3 . 3 . 0  …

To W. B. Clarke   25 October [1861]

Summary

Thanks WBC for his account of glacial action in Australia. A mundane cooler period would throw a flood of light on geographical distribution. Has sketched a large MS on subject but does not know whether he will live to publish it.

Questions WBC on striated granite boulders.

Asks him to make a botanical experiment on insect fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Branwhite Clarke
Date:  25 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (MLMSS 139 36X, pp. 263–72)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3298

Matches: 1 hit

  • … paper in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from W.  B. Clarke, 16 January 1862), …

To Asa Gray   5 June [1861]

Summary

AG’s review of John Phillips’ book [Life on earth (1860), in Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 31 (1861): 444–9].

Thinks his experiments will explain Primula dimorphism.

Insect fertilisation of orchids.

Wishes that the "greatest curse on Earth", slavery, were abolished.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  5 June [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (60)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3176

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Phillips argued that …

To J. D. Hooker   28 September [1861]

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Summary

Bates agrees with CD on neuter ants.

Orchids.

Repeating experiment of C. F. v. Gärtner to study Huxley’s idea of physiological species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3268

Matches: 1 hit

  • … H.  Huxley, 9 April [1860], to Charles Lyell, 10 April [1860], and to Asa Gray, 25 April [ …

From T. F. Jamieson   3 September 1861

Summary

Observations from a fortnight in Lochaber. Found the entrance to Loch Treig to present the clearest evidence of intense glacial action. States, in contradiction of David Milne-Home, that there is glacial scoring in Glen Spean, as Louis Agassiz described, and moraine around the mouth of Loch Treig. There is little sign of water erosion on the rocks crossed by the lines in Glen Roy. Believes the smoothed rocks at the eastern end of Loch Laggan are due to flow from the lake and not tidal action. The lines in Glen Roy are too neat for a lake shore subject to tides. Given the glacial scoring sweeping round from Glen Spean into Glen Treig, and all the boulders, TFJ is astonished that anyone could deny that there had been glaciers there. [See 3247.]

Author:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept 1861
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 75–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3242A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … papers 1: 92). In Chambers 1848 , pp.  109–10, Robert Chambers outlined Louis Agassiz’s …

To Henry Fawcett   18 September [1861]

Summary

Comments on MS of HF’s address ["On the method of Mr Darwin in his treatise on the origin of species", Rep. BAAS (1861) pt 2: 141–3]. "How odd it is that anyone should not see that all observation must be for or against some view if it is to be of any service."

Describes his health.

The response to his views in Germany, Holland, and Russia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Fawcett
Date:  18 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  Karpeles Library Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3257

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and later). Archives of Natural History 10: 37–43. Trautschold, Hermann Adolfovich. 1861. …
Document type
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Date
1861
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02 (6)
03 (7)
04 (6)
05 (16)
06 (11)
07 (10)
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09 (10)
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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