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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To W. D. Fox   31 January [1858]

Summary

Thanks WDF for information on blackbirds’ nests [see Natural selection, p. 505].

Problem of choosing from among the load of curious facts for chapter on "Instinct" [Natural selection, ch. 10; Origin, ch. 7] perplexes him.

Asks about behaviour of chicks in danger and whether crossed animals are wilder than either parent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  31 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 109)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2208

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on "Instinct" [ Natural selection , ch. 10; Origin , ch. 7] perplexes him. Asks about …
  • … from B.  P. Brent, 23 October 1857). Chapter 10 of CD’s manuscript on species, entitled ‘ …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   8 September [1858]

Summary

Has finished with and is disposing of his pigeons.

Invites WBT to Down; would like to see his bees’ cells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  8 Sept [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Tegetmeier, W. B. ser.2: 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2325

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Leaves London Bridge (N.  Kent Division) at 10 o . 30’: you must get out at Mason’s Hill …
  • … engaged. — Your train had better always be 10 o . 30’. — P.S. | I have just received your …
  • … American [ interl ] Apiarians says that 10 lb of Honey *go to [ interl ] make one lb [ …

From G. R. Waterhouse   13 February 1858

Summary

GRW’s observations of and ideas on bees’ and wasps’ cells.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Feb 1858
Classmark:  DAR 181: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2216

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Hexagonal Comb is sub-genus of Polistes’. Letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858. …
  • … vol.  6, letter from Frederick Smith, 10 November 1857 ). Smith had exhibited the nests of …

To Asa Gray   4 April [1858]

Summary

Discusses the variation of species in large and small genera.

Thanks AG for his list of close species.

Laments the slow progress he makes with his book [Natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2252

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Hooker (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 April [1858] ), has not been found. However, CD …
  • … 67. CD recorded having completed chapter 10, on the ‘Mental powers and the instincts of …

To William Hallowes Miller   [15 April 1858]

Summary

A set of questions CD prepared for his meeting with WHM to discuss the geometry of bees’ cells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Hallowes Miller
Date:  [15 Apr 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 24a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2255A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … about the geometry of bees’ cells (see also n.  10, below). The date is inferred from CD’s …
  • … statement in his letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 April [1858] , that he was going to London on …

To W. E. Darwin   [26 April 1858]

Summary

Has been at Moor Park since Tuesday. Is passing his time watching ants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [26 Apr 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2265

Matches: 2 hits

  • … recognised by them. The note was marked ‘Ch. 10’, the chapter of CD’s species book on the …
  • … at a meeting of the Royal Society on 10 March 1858 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of …

To Charles Lyell   18 July [1858]

Summary

Thanks for abstract of Etna paper [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 148 (1858): 703–86]. Never expected to see Élie de Beaumont’s theory ["craters of elevation"] so completely upset. "He must have picked out favourable cases for measurement."

More than satisfied by what was done at Linnean Society [joint reading of CD’s and Wallace’s papers: "Tendency of species to form varieties", Collected papers 2: 3–19]. Intends to prepare longer abstract.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 July [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.155)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2309

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the theory of ‘craters of elevation’. [Read 10 June 1858. ] Philosophical Transactions of …
  • … paper at a meeting of the Royal Society on 10 June 1858. Jean Baptiste Armand Louis Léonce …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 March 1858]

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Summary

Summary of JDH’s objections to CD’s survey of floras and conclusion that large genera vary more than small.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 182–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2240

Matches: 2 hits

  • … asked to borrow (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [March 1858] ). Weddell 1856 . See the …
  • … thus come under the genera with more than 10 species, & materially alter the result. I …

To J. D. Hooker   5 July [1858]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for his report on the reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society [read 1 July 1858; Collected papers 2: 3–19]. Considers how to publish his work. Offers to forward a note from JDH to Wallace.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 July [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 241
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2303

Matches: 2 hits

  • … address. If you do not go till August 7 th –10 th I sh d . prefer it left with you. I hope …
  • … Society (see L.  Huxley ed. 1918,1: 407–10). CD refers to the fair copy of his essay of …

From Andrew Crombie Ramsay   29 December 1858

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Summary

Responds to CD’s queries about the thickness of various geological formations. [See Origin, p. 284.]

Author:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1858
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 398
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2387

Matches: 2 hits

  • … CD was preparing chapters 9 and 10 of his ‘abstract’ ( Origin , pp.  279–311, 312–45) on …
  • … Correspondence vol.  3, letter to A.  C. Ramsay, 10 October [1846] . These strata in Wales …

From J. D. Hooker   [25] February 1858

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Summary

Botanical practice can confuse CD’s compilations. Many small genera would have been species had the whole natural order [family] been known.

JDH’s low opinion of Buckle;

high opinion of Mrs Farrer.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25] Feb 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115a–d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2225

Matches: 2 hits

  • … case are that the 20 are varieties of 8 or 10, & being variable have varieties made of …
  • … therefore cancel them—but in 9 cases out of 10 we group the Asiatic species as best we can …

From J. D. Hooker   13–15 July 1858

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Summary

Sends proofs [of "On the tendency of species to form varieties … ", read 1 July 1858, Collected papers 2: 3–19]. CD could publish his abstract [later the Origin] as a separate supplemental number of [Journal of the Linnean Society].

JDH has studied in detail CD’s manuscript on variable species in large and small genera and concurs with its consequences. Discusses methodological idiosyncrasies of systematists, e.g., Bentham, Robert Brown, and C. C. Babington, which complicate CD’s tabulations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 or 15] July 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 116–19, 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2307

Matches: 2 hits

  • … enclosure of the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 April [1858] ). This was returned with the …
  • … 1856 . See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [March 1858] and 11 March [1858], and letter from …

To John Lubbock   [August–September 1858]

Summary

Variations in the structure of Pelargonium flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [Aug–Sept 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 24 (EH 88206473)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2390

Matches: 1 hit

  • … paper was received by the Royal Society on 10 November 1858 and read at the meeting of 9  …

From J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1858]

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Summary

At work on the introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

Discusses the effects of climate and geography on "vegetable strife".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2367

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Lyell (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9[–10] November [1858] , and letter from J.   …

To J. D. Hooker   11 March [1858]

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Summary

JDH’s "objection" that small local genera do not vary and mundane ones do, is exactly CD’s point. Local floras useful to test idea that varieties are incipient species. Same genus in different countries cannot be lumped.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Mar [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2239

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Weddell 1856 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [March 1858] ). Weddell 1856  is a monograph …

To W. E. Darwin   14 [May 1858]

Summary

Relates events at home;

hopes WED gets the scholarship.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  14 [May 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2273

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1858; the full quarter rate had been £52 10 s . (CD’s Account book (Down House MS)). …

To William Darwin Fox   14 January [1858]

Summary

Asks to borrow W. C. Hewitson’s book [British oology, 2 vols. (1831–44)].

CD is searching for reliable information on slight variations in the degree of perfection of nests of the same species of birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  14 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 108)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2202

Matches: 1 hit

  • … this work on several occasions in chapter 10 of his species book, on the ‘Mental powers …

To Charles Lyell   26 April [1858]

Summary

Comments on letter from Georg Hartung to CL dealing with erratic boulders.

Discusses migration of plants and animals.

A letter from Thomas Thomson on heat endured by temperate plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  26 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.151)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2262

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  6). See the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 April [1858] , in which similar topics are …

To J. D. Hooker   6 May [1858]

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Summary

Sends MS on large and small genera.

Observed slave-making ants at Moor Park.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 May [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 234
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2269

Matches: 1 hit

  • … enclosed with the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 April [1858] . The notes are in DAR 15.1. CD …

To Frederick Smith   [before 9 March 1858]

Summary

Four queries regarding the habits of bees and ants with answers by FS interlined between each query.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Smith
Date:  [before 9 Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR Pamphlet collection (bound with Smith, Frederick (a) 1854)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2235A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … information from the memorandum in chapter 10 of CD’s species book (see n.  4, below). CD …
Document type
letter (69)
Date
1858
01 (3)
02 (5)
03 (10)
04 (11)
05 (2)
06 (7)
07 (5)
08 (5)
09 (4)
10 (4)
11 (9)
12 (4)
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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