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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 25 July 1857]

Summary

CD has saved an enormous amount of labour since he replaced the chain on his deep well with wire rope. He now asks readers whether they have had experience of saving on the weight of the bucket by using some material other than oak.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 25 July 1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 25 July 1857, p. 518
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2127

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to Gardeners’ Chronicle , [before 10 January 1852]). …

To J. D. Hooker   1 August [1857]

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Summary

Important issue at stake with new flora calculations: evidence that species are only strongly marked varieties. Planning large-scale survey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 206, 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2130

Matches: 2 hits

  • … fourth child, Marie Elizabeth Hooker, was born on 10 August 1857. For CD’s earlier remarks …
  • … its use. See letters to J.  S. Henslow, 10 August [1857], and to John Lubbock, 11 August [ …

From Williams & Norgate   17 November 1857

Summary

CD is informed that a certain work [unspecified] is not available separately.

Author:  Williams & Norgate
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1857
Classmark:  DAR 91: 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2172

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Erdkunde, which contain this treatise—publ. in 1834. Vol I pt 1–4 cost about 10/–11/— …

To William Sharpey   22 May [1857]

Summary

Agrees with Thomas Henry Huxley that Albany Hancock has a good claim on a Royal Society medal. Thinks that geology has not been sufficiently honoured by the Royal Society, and suggests Joseph Prestwich. Expresses his strong opinion that Charles Lyell would be a worthy recipient of the Copley Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharpey
Date:  22 May [1857]
Classmark:  D. and E. Lake Ltd (dealers) (June 2016)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2093F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Read 7 June 1854. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 10: 435–54. …

To Asa Gray   9 May [1857]

Summary

Thanks for new part of "Statistics".

Interested in disjoined species; do they tend to belong to large or small genera, and are they generally members of small families?

Is glad AG will tackle introduced plants; has noticed that the proportion of a particular family to the whole flora tends to be similar in introduced and indigenous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 May [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2089

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Cybele diag Introduced——Indigenous Compositæ 1 10 1 9 Umbelliferæ 1 22 1 23 Labiatæ 1 28 1 …
  • … these first and second heads, as many as 10 belong to monotypic genera, and 21 to genera …

To Charles Lyell   13 April [1857]

Summary

CD returns a letter from Wollaston.

Although opposed to the Forbesian doctrine [of continental extension] as a general rule, CD would have no objection to its being proved in some cases. Does not think Wollaston has proved it; nor can anyone until more is known about the means of distribution of insects – but the identity of the two faunas is certainly interesting.

His health is very poor and his "everlasting species-Book" quite overwhelms him with work. It is beyond his powers, but he hopes to live to finish it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  13 Apr [1857]
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.109/702)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2077

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 27 June 1856]. See letter to Charles Lyell, 10 November [1856] , n.  4. CD left for Edward …

To T. C. Eyton   2 November [1857]

Summary

Has TCE observed whether hybrids of Chinese and common forms [of geese] were wilder, or less tame, than both parents?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  2 Nov [1857]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2164

Matches: 1 hit

  • … given in this letter was used by CD in chapter 10 of his species book, completed in March …

To W. E. Darwin   [November 1857]

Summary

Is trying to find a tutor for WED.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [Nov 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2095

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to W.  E. Darwin, 25 [November 1856] and 10 [December 1856]. Emily Catherine Darwin, CD’s …

To T. H. Huxley   [before 12 November 1857]

Summary

Glad THH has taken up aphid question versus Owen ["On the agamic reproduction and morphology of Aphis", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 22 (1858): 193–236].

Fertilisation and inheritance discussed. Speculates that fertilisation may be a mixture rather than a fusion. Can understand in no other way why crossed forms tend to go back to ancestral forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [before 12 Nov 1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2166

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  5, letter to G.  H. K. Thwaites, 10 December 1855). CD developed his theory of …

To W. E. Darwin   [before 11 September 1857]

Summary

Writes of the extension to Down House.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [before 11 Sept 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1619

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1857 for ‘Laslett Repairs’ and one on 10 September for ‘Laslett Advanced for Dining Room’. …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   6 February [1857]

Summary

Would welcome eggs of any rumpless fowl so that he can investigate how early in development rudimentary organs are rudimentary.

Has not noticed much difference between skeletons of ducks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  6 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Tegetmeier, W. B. ser.2: 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2048

Matches: 1 hit

  • … reported to him by Edward Hewitt, in part 10 of Tegetmeier 1856 –7, which had appeared in …

To J. D. Hooker   15 March [1857]

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Summary

Separation of sexes in trees [U. S.].

Do plants offer positive evidence for "continuous land" theory?

Protean genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Mar [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2066

Matches: 1 hit

  • … genera. See letter from H.  C. Watson, 10 March 1857  and letter from H.  C. Watson to Asa …

To T. H. Huxley   16 December [1857]

Summary

THH’s catalogue [THH and R. Etheridge, A catalogue of the collection of fossils in the Museum of Practical Geology (1865), part published in 1857] best résumé he has seen of science of natural history. On classification he is not quite sure that he wholly goes along with THH. Encloses a few criticisms of THH’s preface.[enclosure survives as copy only].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  16 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 151); DAR 145: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2185

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Les métamorphoses. Revue des deux Mondes 10 (1855): 90–116, 275–314; 3 (1856): 496– 519, …

To James Buckman   4 October [1857]

Summary

Asks JB to obtain information about pigeons.

Inquires where his article has been published ["On the discovery of Cnicus tuberosus at Avebury, Wilts.", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 20 (1857): 337–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Buckman
Date:  4 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Dorset County Museum (tipped into Origin 1st ed.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2151

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 7, and 8, below). CD recorded a payment of 10 s . for smiters on 12 September 1857 (CD’s …

From William Henry Harvey   3 January 1857

Summary

Sexes of algae.

Author:  William Henry Harvey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1857
Classmark:  DAR 166: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2035

Matches: 1 hit

  • … found, but see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] , in which CD mentioned his …

From Richard Hill   12 March 1857

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Summary

Comments on transport of ducks to Jamaica by hurricanes,

fish feeding on seeds,

and sterility of birds in captivity.

Author:  Richard Hill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1857
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 238
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2064

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a response to the letter from Richard Hill, 10 January 1857 . P.  H. Gosse 1847 , to which …

To J. D. Hooker   [23 October 1857]

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Summary

Return of books.

JDH coming to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [23 Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2157

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the Hookers’ fourth child, Marie Elizabeth, on 10 August 1857. Bartholomew James Sulivan. …

To Charles Lyell   11 February [1857]

Summary

Discusses a proposed expedition to Australia. Urges collecting and investigating productions of isolated islands. Recommends dredging the sea-bottom.

Mentions keeping Helix pomatia alive in sea-water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.145)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2050

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the globe was announced in the Athenæum , 10 January 1857, p.  53. The leader of the …

From Henry Coe   4 November 1857

Summary

Responds to CD’s article on kidney beans [Collected papers 1: 275–7]. Sends beans as evidence of crossing.

Author:  Henry Coe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1857
Classmark:  DAR 161: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2165

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and a Dwarf entirely “Brown”, thus about 10 rows Haricot “White” -’- 4 -’- Negro “Black” …

To J. D. Hooker   16 [May 1857]

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Summary

Asks JDH’s opinion, and botanical evidence, on important law: parts that are highly developed in comparison to other allied species are very variable.

Interest in hairiness of alpine plants revived by reading A. Moquin-Tandon [Éléments de tératologie végétale (1841)]; correlation with dryness. CD seeks interpretation independent of direct environmental effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 [May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2092

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 5, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [April 1852] , n.  10). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 June [ …
Document type
letter (54)
Date
1857
01 (3)
02 (5)
03 (6)
04 (7)
05 (6)
06 (2)
07 (4)
08 (4)
09 (2)
10 (4)
11 (9)
12 (2)
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

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  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

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  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

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  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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