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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Asa Gray   7 July 1857

Summary

Believes, with CD, that extinction may be an important factor in explaining plant distributions, but sees no reason why the several species of a genus must ever have had a common or continuous area. "Convince me of that, or show me any good grounds for it … and I think you would carry me a good way with you". It is just such people as AG that CD has to satisfy and convince.

Feels that the crossing of individuals is important in repressing variation and perhaps in perpetuating the species, but instances some plants in which it cannot, apparently, take place.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1857
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 381; DAR 165: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2120

Matches: 2 hits

  • … See letter from H.  C. Watson, 10 March 1857 , letter from H.  C. Watson to Asa Gray, 13  …
  • … page was placed in portfolio 22 (see n.  10, above) and the second page (paragraph six …

To Asa Gray   23 November [1862]

Summary

Recommends H. W. Bates’s paper on butterflies of Amazonia ["Insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Lyell’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)] is eagerly awaited.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3820

Matches: 3 hits

  • … he sent them with his letter to CD of 10 November 1862. CD made this statement under a …
  • … to his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), CD prepared a draft of the part …
  • … 1862. The material formed chapters 9 and 10 of the published work ( Variation 1: 305–72). …

From Asa Gray   7 August 1866

Summary

Appleton’s will not print a new edition of Origin.

AG has read sheets of new English edition [4th] and is much pleased by the passage on Richard Owen in the historical sketch.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1866
Classmark:  DAR 165: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5184

Matches: 3 hits

  • … home, and next week I go into the country for 10 days. When I return I must set down to a …
  • … of Cypripedium (see Correspondence vols.  10 and 11). Brace was a nephew of Gray’s wife, …
  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, 22 June [1866] and n.  10. On the dispute between Henry James Clark and …

From Asa Gray   [c. 24 May 1857]

Summary

Discusses difficulties involved in deciding which genera are protean in the light of some comments by H. C. Watson.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 24 May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2104

Matches: 2 hits

  • … March 1857). See letter from H.  C. Watson, 10 March 1857 . Francis Boott was a specialist …
  • … to Gray (see letters from H.  C. Watson, 10 March 1857 and from H.  C. Watson to Asa Gray, …

To Asa Gray   11 August [1860]

Summary

Agassiz is strongly opposed to Origin, but CD thinks K. E. von Baer may come out in support.

Discusses the possibility of favourable monstrosities in the light of Theophilus Parsons’ essay ["On the origin of species", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 1–13].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2896

Matches: 2 hits

  • … from Jeffries Wyman, [ c . 15] September 1860. See letter from Asa Gray, [10 July 1860] . …
  • … I wrote last I received your note of July 10 th , in which you confirm the capital pig …

From Asa Gray   21 July 1862

Summary

Encloses stamps for Leonard Darwin.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3661

Matches: 2 hits

  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD had told Gray that Leonard Darwin was …
  • … Gray, 18 May 1862 , letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letters to John Murray, …

To Asa Gray   4 April [1858]

Summary

Discusses the variation of species in large and small genera.

Thanks AG for his list of close species.

Laments the slow progress he makes with his book [Natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2252

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Hooker (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 April [1858] ), has not been found. However, CD …
  • … 67. CD recorded having completed chapter 10, on the ‘Mental powers and the instincts of …

From Asa Gray   16 February 1864

Summary

Is sending his monograph ["A revision and arrangement of the North American species of Astragalus and Oxytropis", Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6 (1863): 188–236].

Death of Francis Boott.

U. S. is now determined to do away with slavery.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1864
Classmark:  DAR 165: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4409

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of a butterfly; see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862  and …
  • … Boott. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 and 12 January 1864] and n.  3. Gray refers to …

From Asa Gray   14 April 1871

Summary

Is reading Descent.

Encloses some answers to CD’s queries about expressions of Laura Bridgman.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 165: 175, 175/2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7683

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Dewey Bridgman (see letter from Asa Gray, 10 and 14 March [1871] and n.  3). Gray probably …
  • … in April 1871 (see letter from Asa Gray, 10 and 14 March [1871] and n.  5. Jane Loring …

To Asa Gray   18 May [1860]

Summary

Bitter and incessant attacks on the Origin.

Any truth in it has been saved only by a small body of men like Lyell, AG, Hooker, and Huxley.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 May [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2808

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter from J.  S.  Henslow to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 May 1860 . Murray 1860a. Dawson 1860b. [ …
  • … Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston on 10 April 1860. Bowen, Agassiz, and Lowell had …

To Asa Gray   28 January 1876

Summary

Thanks for reviews of Insectivorous plants and of Climbing plants in Nation and American Journal Science [see 10329].

AG’s essay on seed dispersal ["Burs in the borage family", Am. Nat. 10 (1876): 1–4].

Preparing book on advantages of crossing [Cross and self-fertilisation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10370

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Burs in the borage family", Am. Nat. 10 (1876): 1–4]. Preparing book on advantages of …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   [after 6 July 1867]

thumbnail

Summary

Sends W. M. Canby’s observations on the carnivorous powers of Dionaea. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 301, 310, 313.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 6 July 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 16–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5580

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1860 and 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10). He decided to postpone further work until …
  • … of Variation (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Edward Cresy, 15 September [1862] ); …

From Asa Gray   6 November 1865

Summary

Discusses "Climbing plants" and his own abstract of it.

CD should publish results of self-fertilising dimorphic plants.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Nov 1865
Classmark:  DAR 165: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4930

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Learned Societies. 20 vols. , index, and 10 supplements. New York: Charles Scribner’s …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 19 October [1865] and n.  10. See also letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29  …

From Joseph Trimble Rothrock to Asa Gray   31 March 1867

Summary

Answers to CD’s questions on expressions among the Atnah and Espyox Indians of Nass River [see Expression, pp. 22, 232, 252, 260].

Discusses the debate in America over the relationship among Indian tribes. JTR does not believe Indians are all of one race; they are as varied as Europeans.

[Forwarded to CD by Asa Gray.]

Author:  Joseph Trimble Rothrock
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  31 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 176: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5478

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Learned Societies. 20 vols. , index, and 10 supplements. New York: Charles Scribner’s …
  • … Atnahs Question 8 Yes, decidedly "  9 — "  10 — "  11 Exactly So. "  12 Laughter is often …

To Asa Gray   15 April [1867]

Summary

Thanks AG for his trouble about expression queries; wishes he had thought earlier of having them printed.

Is "plodding on" correcting Variation

and getting "a little amusement" from plant experiments. Oxalis is trimorphic like Lythrum.

Is continuing his experiments on seedling vigour.

Has heard hybrid potatoes can be produced by joining halves of different tubers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  15 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (97)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5442

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Lythrum salicaria ’ and Correspondence vols.  10–12. For CD’s report of the start of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  14, letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1866] . In Cross and self …

From Asa Gray   24 February 1868

Summary

AG is writing notice of American edition of Variation [Nation 6 (1868): 234–6].

Pangenesis is "as good an hypothesis as one can now make".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 165: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5921

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and n.  4). For CD’s interest in carnivorous plants, see Correspondence vols.  8–10). …

From Asa Gray   24 November 1862

Summary

Gives reference to his observations on tendrils [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 4: 98–9].

Notes cases in which the pollen of the fertilising plant affects the form of the fruit of the fertilised plant, e.g., gourds and maize.

Discusses the Civil War and the attitudes of the English press.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3823

Matches: 2 hits

  • … postscript, now missing, to his letter of 10 November 1862 (see letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn.  9 and 10. See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] …

To Asa Gray   25 February [1864]

Summary

Has not worked for six months due to illness.

Has been looking at climbing plants.

Hermann Crüger’s paper shows that CD was right about Catasetum pollination. Crüger’s account of pollination of Coryanthes "beats everything".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  25 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (80)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4415

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in December 1864 (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1864] and n.  6. ). ‘Climbing …
  • … Oliver, 17 February [1864] and nn.  6–10. See letter to Daniel Oliver, 17 February [1864] …

To Asa Gray   9 May [1857]

Summary

Thanks for new part of "Statistics".

Interested in disjoined species; do they tend to belong to large or small genera, and are they generally members of small families?

Is glad AG will tackle introduced plants; has noticed that the proportion of a particular family to the whole flora tends to be similar in introduced and indigenous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 May [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2089

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Cybele diag Introduced——Indigenous Compositæ 1 10 1 9 Umbelliferæ 1 22 1 23 Labiatæ 1 28 1 …
  • … these first and second heads, as many as 10 belong to monotypic genera, and 21 to genera …

To Asa Gray   19 October [1860]

Summary

Is thinking of publishing AG’s three-part Origin review [from Atlantic Monthly] in England.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2955

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Theology or Design. —   I daresay it is 10 to 1 against my succeeding; but, as it will …
  • … 6 (1860): 373–86). See letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] . The extract from Gray’s …
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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