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To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 23 hits

  • … 1862 and 9 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD reported feeling unwell in …
  • … late December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December …
  • … him very uncomf—’. See Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  …
  • … steamer Africa (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and …
  • … of 15 July [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD’s experimental notes on M.  repens , made …
  • … the previous year (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). …
  • … pp.  274–5. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 17 November 1862 , letter …
  • … December 1861] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] ). His …
  • … of the Rubiaceae (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to G.  H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 June [ …
  • … Dana, 4 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In 1859, James Dwight Dana had suffered …
  • … stamps for Leonard’s collection (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). …
  • … of 24 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10) had been sent using a ‘peculiar stamp … for …
  • … in October 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), he had twice asked Gray about …
  • … been cultivated (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and …
  • … of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), which CD received later in January. CD …
  • … 25 November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), and the annotated articles on strawberries …
  • … December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), soliciting examples from several …
  • … Falconer (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). Joseph Dalton Hooker had been working on …
  • … 1861] and n.  4, and Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August  …
  • … D.  Hooker 1863a). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December …
  • … Francis Boott (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). …
  • … at Down House (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] ). …

To Asa Gray   10 September [1866]

Summary

L. Agassiz’s evidence [for glaciation of America] is very weak.

Thanks AG for arranging for American edition of Variation, but doubts that the book will be successful.

Has found no differences in pollen of Rhamnus so cannot conjecture whether it is dimorphic.

The common oxlip of England is certainly a hybrid between the primrose and the cowslip whereas Primula elatior is a good species.

Reports experiments on the relative vigour of seedlings from cross- and self-fertilised plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (92)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5210

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   10 September [1866] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (92) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Sept [1866] Asa Gray …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Sep 10 My dear Gray Perhaps you will remember when one of my …
  • … of American postage stamps for his collection (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and 28 July [1862]). See letter from Asa Gray, 27 August  …
  • … Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 437–54. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … flowers , pp.  295–6, CD noted a ratio of 10 to 9 in the diameter of pollen-grains in the …
  • … the Bardfield oxlip), are in DAR 108: 8–10; the bulk of CD’s notes on Primula are in DAR …

To Asa Gray   19 January [1863]

Summary

Comments on his own review of Bates’s butterfly paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thanks AG for information on Platanthera.

Has been wasting more time with Melastomataceae; can find no nectar in Monochaetum; is there any in Rhexia?

Hopes Lincoln’s "fiat against Slavery" will have some effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3927

Matches: 10 hits

  • … letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). Letter from Asa Gray, …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , and letter to Asa Gray, …
  • … of Learned Societies. 20 vols. , index, and 10 supplements. New York: Charles Scribner’s …
  • … 100). A.  Gray 1862b. A.  Gray 1862a and 1862b. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 , and letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Sprengel  …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD completed his paper, ‘Two forms in species …
  • … to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and nn.  9 and 10. CD was interested in what he considered …
  • … 1863] and n.  22). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862  and …
  • … Infantry ( DAB ; see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 and …

To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862]

Summary

Thanks AG for praise of Orchids and his notes on several American species of orchid. Comments on AG’s observations.

Is experimenting [on dimorphism] with Rhexia and Melastoma.

Asks AG’s opinion of a paper by Thomas Meehan ["On the uniformity of relative characters between allied species of European and American trees", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently direct action of the conditions of life CD has seen.

Requests postage stamp for his ill son [Leonard].

Thanks AG for observations on Cypripedium and gives recent observations of his own.

Arethusa is very pretty; structure seems like that of Vanilla.

Finds the little (so-called imperfect) flowers of Viola and Oxalis curious: the pollen-grains emit their tubes whilst within the anthers, and they travel in straight lines right to the stigmas.

Sympathises with events in the U. S.

Reports on French translation of Origin by Mlle C. Royer, "one of the cleverest & oddest women in Europe".

Alphonse de Candolle says he wants direct proof of natural selection; "he will have to wait a long time for that".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10–20 June [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3595

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (66) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10–20 June [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently …
  • … Down Bromley Kent June 10 th . My dear Gray, Your generous sympathy makes you overestimate …
  • … of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14: 10–13. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances …
  • … degree “Blood’s 1. Penny Envelope, 1, 3, & 10 cents”. If you will make him this present …
  • … having noticed that ( Meehan 1862 , pp.  10–11): European willows, oaks and other trees …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  10. Orchids , pp.  346–51. In the table of …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 9 hits

  • … he never read them (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December  …
  • … summer of 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). The reference is to a stamp issued by the …
  • … vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and 26[–7] November [1862], and letters from Asa Gray, 18–19  …
  • … A.  Gray 1861a. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 . The …
  • … 26[–7] November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD objected to Gray’s use of the term ‘ …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray drew on CD’s account of the functional …
  • … on the species (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , and …
  • … crossing experiments (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , …

To Asa Gray   10 September [1860]

Summary

Has received second part of AG’s Atlantic Monthly article ["Darwin on the origin of species", 6 (1860): 109–16, 229–39], and would like to have it reprinted in England with the first part.

Regrets no reviewer has touched upon embryology, which he feels provides one of his strongest arguments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2910

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   10 September [1860] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (34) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Sept [1860] Asa Gray …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Sept 10 th My dear Gray On receipt (through Hooker) of your letter of …

To Asa Gray   26[–7] November [1862]

Summary

Discusses AG’s article ["Dimorphism", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 419–20]. Does not like the terms "dioecio-dimorphism" or "precocious fertilisation". Discusses the separation of sexes in plants; cannot doubt that hermaphroditism is the aboriginal state.

Discusses AG’s observations on orchids and his review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26[–7] Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3830

Matches: 10 hits

  • … day after my last letter yours of Nov r . 10 th & the Review in Silliman, which I feared …
  • … the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 . CD refers in his second …
  • … see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II)). In his account of strawberries ( …
  • … been treated separately. In his letter of 10 November 1862, Gray had enclosed proof-sheets …
  • … a postscript to the letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 , that is now missing. In his …
  • … 2: 38–9). See also letters from Asa Gray, [10 July 1860] ( Correspondence vol.  8) and 11  …
  • … p.  170 ( Collected papers 2: 106). See n.  10, above. See also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] …
  • … 31 May 1862] , and letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . Gray wrote on CD’s letter ‘But …
  • … October 1862] ). See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.  24. CD had cultivated …
  • … 5 September 1862, and letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862], 23[–4] July [1862], and [3–] …

To Asa Gray   13 September [1864]

Summary

Has finished Climbing plants;

resuming work on Variation.

Sends abstract of John Scott’s paper [see 4332].

Has received review of Herbert Spencer but cannot believe AG wrote it unless he has muddled his brains with metaphysics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  13 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4611

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. McPherson, James M. 1988. …
  • … by this challenge. See Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI, and Correspondence vol.  11, …
  • … letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 January [1863]. CD refers to Scott’s crossing experiments …
  • … Gray, 29 October [1864] , and letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 4  December [1864] and n.  10, …
  • … and 10 December [1864] and n.  6). ‘Climbing plants’ was read at the Linnean Society on 2  …
  • … in March 1864 (see letter from John Scott, 10 March 1864 ). Joseph Dalton Hooker had …
  • … War in The Times see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] , and …

To Asa Gray   26 June [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for references about phyllotaxy

and information on marriage laws.

Has been looking for dimorphism in Phlox and Euonymus.

Has observed the irritability of tendrils of Echinocystis with great interest. Was also struck by the rotating movements of the leading shoots, which he proposes to investigate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26 June [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (82)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4222

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 26 May 1863 . Letters from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863 and [10–16] June [1863]. Joseph Dalton …
  • … Hooker. See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] and n.  2. CD refers to his work on …
  • … of correspondents and published sources. See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] and n.  13. CD refers to his letter to Gray …
  • … 19 June [1863] . See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] and n.  4. There are …

To Asa Gray   11 May [1863]

Summary

CD despairs when men like AG and Lyell consider themselves incapable of judging on change of species by descent.

Is confused over phyllotaxy.

Has been looking at Plantago lanceolata.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4153

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 1863] . In DAR 51: A30 there is a note, dated 10 May 1863, in which CD declared himself ‘ …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [ 9 May 1863] and n.  10, and memorandum from G.  H.  Darwin, [before …
  • … Peirce 1849 ). See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] . According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … since January 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). Horace is referred to as the ‘Natural …
  • … of natural selection (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [ …
  • … still closed (see Correspondence vol.   10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , …

To Asa Gray   14 July [1862]

Summary

Adaptations of orchid flowers. Believes the structure of all irregular flowers is adaptation to insect fertilisation.

Linum grandiflorum distinguishes its own pollen so that when placed on stigma of same flower the pollen-tube is not even exserted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  14 July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (70)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3656

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of own-form crosses in dimorphic plants, see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI. …
  • … the death of Heinrich Georg Bronn (see n.  10, below). The enclosure has not been found, …
  • … 9 July [1862]. In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD had asked Gray to provide …
  • … species mentioned in the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . In DAR 70: 80, there is a …
  • … 1862], 28 June 1862, 2 July 1862, and 10 July 1862). See letter from E.  Schweizerbart’ …

To Asa Gray   1 June [1869]

Summary

Thanks for answers about expression.

Is going to N. Wales to recover after his riding accident.

New edition of Origin.

French edition of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 June [1869]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (86a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6767

Matches: 5 hits

  • … and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 and n. 10. On ‘grief muscles’, see the letter to James …
  • … is going to take me, nolens volens, on the 10 th to a house, which we have hired in N.   …
  • … 8 and 9 May 1869. The Darwins left on 10 June 1869 for Caerdeon, Barmouth, and returned on …
  • … CD finished the fifth edition of Origin on 10 February 1869 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … n. 5, and the letter from Louis Rérolle, 10 May 1869 . For CD’s quotations from Gray in …

To Asa Gray   4 August [1863]

Summary

Anticipated AG’s attitude on design in orchids. Does he not think that the variations that gave rise to fancy pigeon varieties were accidental?

Has been working hard at Lythrum

and spontaneous movements of tendrils.

Defends Drosera as a "sagacious animal" but does not know whether he will ever publish on it.

Comments on political situation in U. S.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (83)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4262

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the riots resulted in the deaths of at least 105 people ( McPherson 1988 , pp.  609–10). …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. Insectivorous plants. By …
  • … 1: 3– 14; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Edouard Claparède, 6 September  …
  • … 27 October 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). Like Lythrum salicaria , Nesaea verticillata , …
  • … rotundifolia (see Correspondence vols.  8–10). Insectivorous plants , in which CD reported …

To Asa Gray   30 May [1875]

Summary

Wants seeds of Nesaea verticillata for crossing experiments to see whether seedlings from "illegitimate unions" are sterile like true hybrids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  30 May [1875]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (121)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10002

Matches: 3 hits

  • … trimorphic plants’ (see Correspondence vol. 10). He was considering carrying out further …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … Nesaea seeds in 1862 (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from Asa Gray, 27 October 1862 ). …

To Asa Gray   6 November [1862]

Summary

Agrees Max Müller’s book [see 3752] is interesting but cannot see how it will further his "cause".

A book by J. W. Colenso [The Pentateuch and book of Joshua critically examined, pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise".

Would like some observations made on Cypripedium.

Will not publish yet on Lythrum as he must make many more crosses; the mid-styled is fertile with half of its own stamens.

Would like to try a few experiments on tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  6 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3796

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of Learned Societies. 20 vols. , index, and 10 supplements. New York: Charles Scribner’s …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). The reference is to …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] , n.  10. Gray had reiterated a promise to send CD …
  • … see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II)). A.  Gray 1858b. CD’s annotated …
  • … of Plants’ (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II)); he discussed maize in …

To Asa Gray   11 April [1861]

Summary

Huxley and CD fear Chauncey Wright’s review is too general.

Reports the praise for AG’s pamphlet.

J. S. Henslow is dying.

Francis Bowen strikes CD as weak and unobservant; presumes he is a metaphysician, which accounts for his "entire want of common sense".

Does wild Apocynum catch flies in U. S.?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (53)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3115

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Academy of Arts and Sciences. 5 (1860–2): 102–10. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Andrew Murray, 3 March 1861 ). According to CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II), he received £10
  • 10 s .  from D.  Appleton and Co.  in May 1861 as his share of the profits on the American …
  • … 31 March [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray informed CD about this transaction: ‘I …

To Asa Gray   15 August [1865]

Summary

Gratified by AG’s praise of "Climbing plants".

Thanks for Specularia seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  15 Aug [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4882

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). He consulted Henry Bence Jones …
  • … to Asa Gray, 13 September [1864] and n.  10. Reports in The Times had suggested that …
  • … these books (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  5, and [29 July 1865] …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 24 July 1865  and n.  10). CD had evidently abandoned John Chapman’s …

To Asa Gray   23 February [1863]

Summary

Recommends Lyell’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Quotes praise of AG’s pamphlet [see 2938].

Comments on U. S. politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (55)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4006

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD refers to John Scott at the Royal Botanic …
  • … Appendix III). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] . In …
  • … 1863a, pp.  454–70). See Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October  …
  • … 1977 ; see also Correspondence vols.  9 and 10. CD refers to John Elliot Cairnes’s book, …
  • … against slavery’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] ). …

To Asa Gray   28 May [1864]

Summary

Is slowly writing Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Thanks for [Charles?] Wright’s observations on orchids

– could he note what attracts insects to Begonia and Melastoma? H. Crüger, who was going to observe Melastomataceae, has died.

Describes the climbing habits of Bignonia capreolata and Eccremocarpus scaber.

How does AG know the perfect flowers of Voandzeia are quite sterile?

He has a case of dimorphism in holly; asks AG to report on American hollies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 May [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4511

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to CD of 27 October 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), and Mitchella plants by way of James …
  • … Anderson (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and letter …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] and nn.  9–10, and letter from William Bennett, 29 April  …
  • … 1864a; see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 May 1864  and n.  8). CD refers to Wallace  …
  • … 1864b. See letters from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 May 1864 and nn.  5–7, and 29 May [1864], and …

To Asa Gray   22 January [1862]

Summary

Dimorphism: "new cases are tumbling in almost daily".

U. S. politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3404

Matches: 4 hits

  • … list for the paper (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix III). Orchids was published on …
  • … to Charles Lyell, 29 [December 1859] and n.  10). In his letter of 31 December 1861 ( …
  • … of which were reported in The Times , 10 December 1861, p.  9. Several speeches were made, …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] and n.  10. This is a reference to the suggestion made …
Document type
letter (75)
Addressee
Gray, Asa[X]
Correspondent
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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