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From J. D. Hooker   [15 January 1863]

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JDH on Asa Gray’s sanguine view of the Civil War and slavery.

Wishes to discuss variation with CD, a subject that Huxley does not understand.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 101–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3919

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), in which Gray had provided the names of …
  • … to Hooker of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Hooker had started to collect …
  • … Wedgwood ware (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28  …
  • … December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10; see n.  2, above). Gray’s letter is incomplete; …
  • … of Practical Geology in London between 10 November and 15 December 1862. The lectures were …
  • … H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–50). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and nn.   …
  • … 5–9, and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 18 December [1862] and 28  …
  • … of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray replied to CD’s query regarding …
  • … that he could buy pitcher plants for only 10 s. 6 d. Since the death of her father, John …
  • … and ill-health (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). Hooker had been concerned about the …
  • … one thing in life’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December  …

From J. D. Hooker   [10 March 1865]

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Thomas Thomson has gone over Scott’s paper; encloses his conclusions. Not fit for publication in present form. His experiments should have been repeated to resolve his disagreement with Gärtner.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Mar 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4782

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [10 March 1865] …
  • … DAR 102: 13–14 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [10 Mar 1865] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 16 [March 1865] ; the intervening Friday was 10 March. Frederick Currey was botanical …
  • … of natural selection, see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI.  Scott’s experiments on …
  • … 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD also sent Scott a digest of Gärtner’s …

From J. D. Hooker   12 April [1865]

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W. J. Hooker is unwell.

Bentham wrote on Planchon ["The ancient and modern floras of Montpellier", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 202–25],

T. Thomson on subspecies ["Species and subspecies", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 226–42]

and Greene of York on ["The Linnean Society’s transactions", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 189–202].

JDH did the leader in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1865): 267–8, 291–2].

Delighted with CD’s calm opinion of Origin. Has same view of some of his own papers.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4812

Matches: 5 hits

  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] . …
  • … 8 April 1865] , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [April 1865] . The reference is to William …
  • … been identified. Letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] . Hooker refers to the authors …
  • … Reay Greene. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] and n.  7. Hooker refers to his …
  • … 25 March 1865, pp.  267–8; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 [April 1865] and n.  8. …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]

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Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

Matches: 11 hits

  • … to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ; the Saturday following that …
  • … the Linnean Society of London 23: 603– 10. Bonafous, Matthieu. 1836. Histoire naturelle, …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–]12 November [1862] ). Hooker refers to the …
  • … 1862c). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c, …
  • … year (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] , 17 March 1862 , and [23 March  …
  • … was based ( Blanford 1862 , pp.  609–10), he stated: Indeed, accepting the views of Mr.   …
  • … Variability’. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . The second part of …
  • … John Tyndall. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  23. [G.  D.   …
  • … 1862 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  26, and letter to …
  • … 511–12. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker refers to specimens …
  • … 1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  20. The governess …

From J. D. Hooker   [11 June 1864]

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CD’s photograph looks like J. R. Herbert’s Moses in the fresco in the House of Lords.

JDH is delighted about oxlip, but hybridity does not explain some large patches that are uniform and do not vary towards either cowslip or primrose.

Encloses letter from W. H. Harvey discussing Myosotis sylvatica and the common dandelion.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 June 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 225–6; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (letters to J. D. Hooker, vol. 11, no. 178 JDH/2/1/11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4529

Matches: 8 hits

  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] . …
  • … In 1864, the Saturday following 10 June was 11 June. CD enclosed a photograph …
  • … Erasmus, with his letter to Hooker of 10 June [1864]. See frontispiece to this volume, and …
  • … to examine the case in his letter of 10 June [1864] . The common dandelion, Taraxacum …
  • … fl.  heads of the stock, amounting to 8 or 10 were similarly transformed, thus. — —The …
  • … John Scott, 8 June 1864  and letter from John Scott, 10 June [1864] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] and n.  17. Hooker refers to the cowslip, Primula veris , and …
  • … May 1864, and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] . The Hookers visited the Harveys …

From J. D. Hooker   14 December 1866

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Scarlet seed is Adenanthera pavonina. JDH’s suggestion on how disseminated.

On Herbert Spencer, "all oil no bone – a thinking pump", but his paper on sap and wood [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1866): 405–30] is good science. His refusal to bring a specimen for analysis when confronted by JDH.

Bentham and Martin disagreement.

Speculations on New Zealand flora.

Albert Günther’s paper on fishes on each side of Isthmus of Panama [Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1866): 600–4].

On the quantity (bulk and weight) of organic life [matter].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 121–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5305

Matches: 9 hits

  • … M r . Deputy-Wriggler’ in his letter of 10 December [1866] . CD’s annotations are notes …
  • … Brazil. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1866] and n.  2. Adenanthera abrosperma …
  • … s gizzard (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1866] and n.  3). ‘Frugiferous’: …
  • … D.  Hooker, [4 September 1866] and n.   10. Hooker had been a guest of Charles and Mary …
  • … i.e.  frugivorous. In his letter to Hooker of 10 December [1866], CD referred to Herbert …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and nn.  7 and 8, and letter …
  • … of distribution in his letter to Hooker of 10 December [1866]. Hooker had earlier favoured …
  • … and n.  5). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1866] and n.  14. Hooker refers to …
  • … to Variation (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1866] and n.  7). Thomas Henry …

From J. D. Hooker   10 July 1862

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JDH’s trip to Switzerland with his wife.

Has seen Oswald Heer’s fossils, including a leaf, apparently dicotyledonous, from the Lower Lias in Jura.

Value of insect and crustacean fossils for systematic determination.

JDH "impressed with identity of physical features and what wonderful analogy of biological [features] between Alps and Himalayas".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 46–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3651

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   10 July 1862 …
  • … DAR 101: 46–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Samaden 10 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Samaden Enghedien Valley July 10 th . 62. D r Darwin We arrived here last night after a …

From J. D. Hooker   13 July 1865

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Studying moraines.

On Lubbock’s book [see 4860], and Lyell’s apology. Recapitulates whole affair.

W. E. H. Lecky [Rise of rationalism in Europe (1865)] and other reading.

Spencer’s observations are wrong on umbellifers, his reasoning partially right.

Natural History Review is all but defunct.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 July 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 30–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4873

Matches: 10 hits

  • … refers to his sons, Charles Paget Hooker, aged 10, and William Henslow Hooker, aged 12. …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  14. The first page of …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  13. Frances Harriet …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  15). The Hookers had …
  • … ibid. , p.  336). In the letter to Hooker of [10 July 1865], CD made no mention of having …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  5). Tylor’s brother, …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  8). Spencer had argued …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  9). Hooker had been …
  • … Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D.  Hooker, [10 July 1865] , and also commented on the high …
  • … 1: 342–3). In his letter to Hooker of [10 July 1865], CD had asked about Daniel Oliver’s …

From J. D. Hooker   11 March 1869

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Orchids translation should goad [French] Academy into electing CD.

JDH will be sent to St Petersburg congress by Government.

Huxley on protoplasm; his address to Geological Society.

Fertilised an Aucuba with pollen of various species. Reports on results.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 10–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6655

Matches: 4 hits

  • … DAR 103: 10–11 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 11 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … spirituelle” Miss Symonds, who has been 10 days here & has captivated us entirely— Then I …
  • … Chronicle (1869): 553–4, 582, 586–8, 609–10, 614. Hooker did not go as a government …
  • … 1869 (Yaldwyn and Hobbs eds.  1998, pp.   109–10). Hooker refers to Frances Harriet Hooker …

From J. D. Hooker   11 May 1872

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The die is cast on Ayrton affair. Lord Derby has called for all of the correspondence, as a result of pressure by men of science on JDH’s behalf.

Has just had a Greenland collection, which supports his views altogether; "I am ready to do fight for these with you."

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 103: 109–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8317

Matches: 3 hits

  • … DAR 103: 109–10 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 11 May 1872 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and spread north when temperatures rose. See Correspondence vol.  10, letters to J.  D.   …
  • … Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  6, and [10–]12 November [1862] , and letter from J.   …

From J. D. Hooker   10 June 1863

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JDH lays hard treatment of John Scott to J. H. Balfour’s anti-Darwinism.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 149–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4210

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   10 June 1863 …
  • … DAR 101: 149–50 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 10 June 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in tropical areas (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] and …

From J. D. Hooker   4 December 1866

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Lyell’s volume [Principles, 10th ed.] received.

"We must now keep him straight anent origin and development."

Some of Spencer’s new part is interesting but much is dull and ponderous.

Huxley’s Elementary physiology [1866].

Has finished his New Zealand manual [Handbook of New Zealand flora (1864–7)]. New Zealand flora [and past geological conditions] suggest islands were once connected.

Speculates on the total amount of living organised matter on the globe, and whether it varies.

Balfour Stewart on sunspots.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 114–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5294

Matches: 7 hits

  • … vol.  13, letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] . …
  • … 1866] , and letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] and n.  6). CD’s annotation …
  • … Good God fancy a luckless school boy of 10 centuries hence having to translate it into the …
  • … 769–73). Hooker probably refers to chapter 10 of Principles of biology ( Spencer 1864–7 , …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 April [1866] and nn.  5–10. The reference is to Thomas Henry Huxley’s …
  • … Zealand (see Correspondence vols.  5, 6, 10–12). In the introductory essay to the Flora …
  • … vol.  12, letter to Ernst Haeckel, [after 10] August – 8 October [1864] and n.  8. The …

From J. D. Hooker   20 April 1863

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Attacks by Falconer [Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] and Joseph Prestwich on Lyell.

W. B. Carpenter fails to attack Owen.

Welwitschia male cones with useless ovules marvellous example of lost function and retained structure.

JDH evaluates his sons.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 128–31; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Director’s correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900): 281–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4111

Matches: 11 hits

  • … temp.  of the Islands, which are now a good 10 days behind England! A thousand thanks for …
  • … in the paper, see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] . …
  • … answers will be considered triumphant by 9 10 of readers. Please return Haasts letter at …
  • … or were his mind less occupied— he walks 10 miles without knocking up, & is a keen …
  • … J D Hooker Lake Ohau   N.  Zealand December 10 th . 1862. My dear D r . Hooker Having hurt …
  • … published in The Times , 2 April 1863, p.  10, Colenso argued that nothing endangered the …
  • … 7 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Hooker informed CD that Lindley was suffering …
  • … to CD of 20 September 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). The letter from Julius von Haast …
  • … 9 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is reproduced in this volume as an enclosure …
  • … see the letter from Haast to Hooker of 10 August 1862, in the archives of the Royal …
  • … of 9 June 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, enclosure to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …

From Joseph Dalton Hooker   1 January 1865

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Forwards H. T. Stainton letter for reply.

Finds many Cucurbita have tendrils with sticking ends.

The "potentiality of so many organs in plants to play so many parts is one of the most wonderful of your discoveries . . . one day it will itself play a prodigious part in the interpretation of both morphological and physiological facts".

Is disgusted with Sabine’s address [see 4708] because of its mutilation of what JDH wrote.

THH’s slashing leader in Reader ["Science and ""Church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821] – as usual he destroys all in his path.

Encloses letter from G. H. K. Thwaites with a message for CD [see encl].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 1–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Directors’ Correspondence 162: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4734

Matches: 10 hits

  • … English newspapers and periodicals, 1800–1900. 10 vols. Waterloo, Ontario: North Waterloo …
  • … to CD’s research, see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI. CD included Hooker’s comment …
  • … vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1864] and n.  6. As part of his research …
  • … apparent use (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1864] , and ‘Climbing plants’ , …
  • … 1862–83, 1: 816. In his letter to Hooker of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), …
  • … CD had informed Hooker in his letter of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12) that …
  • … pp.  101–3. In his letter to Hooker of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD …
  • … geographical distribution in his letter of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). …
  • … vol.  12, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] and [28 September 1864]). CD …
  • … the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s …

From J. D. Hooker   10 July 1856

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[T. Bell Salter’s?] "hybrid" Epilobium a false claim.

Admires Huxley’s response to Falconer [see 1904].

Tristan da Cunha plant list, requested by CD, supports JDH’s position [on continental extension?].

Chilean plants not exceptional.

JDH considers parallels between Australian Alps and European plants strong evidence for multiple creations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 96–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1923

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   10 July 1856 …
  • … DAR 100: 96–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 10 July 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   [10 March 1862]

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Returns Asa Gray’s letter. Disappointed with Gray. Comments on America. British–American relations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Mar 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 20–2; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3469

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [10 March 1862] …
  • … 2; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [10 Mar 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The only Monday between these dates fell on 10 March 1862. See letter from Asa Gray, 18  …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] and n.  10. Bates 1863 . For Hooker’s letter to H.  W.   …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1863]

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Huxley’s lectures [Man’s place in nature (1863)]; he would be a scientific H. T. Buckle, if he were more careful.

Asks CD what the evidence is for inheritance of acquired characteristics.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3892

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Huxley 1863a. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and n.  2. T.  H.  Huxley  …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and n.  4. In his letter to Hooker of 3  …
  • … freeze in Paris on Saturday with Bentham for 10 days— Ever yours affec | J D Hooker What …
  • … 31 March [1858] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] ). …

From J. D. Hooker   [19 January 1862]

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JDH castigates the Americans after the Trent affair. The value of an aristocracy. How will CD answer Asa Gray’s letter?

His "remarkable plant" [Welwitschia mirabilis] exhibited at Linnean Society.

Genera plantarum is in press.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Jan 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 8–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3395

Matches: 5 hits

  • … name on his presentation list for the volume (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix III). …
  • … de genres différents. Annales des Sciences Naturelles (Botanique) 3d ser. 18: 5–10. …
  • … his paper for Linn: Soc:—was your offer of £10 accepted? — of course the L.S.  will gladly …
  • … 1861] and n.  15). William Borrer died on 10 January 1862 ( DNB ). CD had asked Hooker …
  • … conditions that prove the ruin of 9 10 of the rising statesmen of a lower class of life— …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 December 1864]

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Sabine’s address, printed in the Reader [4 (1864): 708–9], is good on the whole. Sends Huxley’s account of the row.

Praises John Ruskin’s eloquent reply to Jukes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 262–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4708

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Charles Victor Naudin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1864] and nn.  3 and 14. …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 December [1864] and 10 December [1864] ; the intervening Tuesday was …
  • … 166: 265. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [1864] . See letter to J.  D.   …
  • … see also letter from Joseph Beete Jukes, 10 August 1864  and nn.  2–4). Other participants …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1864] and nn.  10 and 11. Ruskin’s interest in glaciers is …

From J. D. Hooker   4 August 1866

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Alexander Beatson mentions a bird in considerable numbers on St Helena which appears to contradict CD’s statement in Journal of researches that only introduced land birds exist there.

The Azores flora and fauna tell heavily against Atlantis joining them with America and against transoceanic migration from America.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 87–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5178

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the task (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January 1866  and nn.   9 and 10). …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 July [1866] and n.  10). In his lecture, Hooker referred to the …
Document type
letter (228)
Author
Hooker, J. D.[X]
Lyell, Charles (1)
Date
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … interesting to the public’ ( letter to Reginald Darwin, 10 April [1879] ). However, even members …
  • … he disagreed with Henrietta, or that Krause had written on 10 July to say that he had derived …
  • … & experiment’ ( letter from J. F. Moulton, 10 December 1879 ). In reply to Darwin’s response …
  • … Leopold Würtenberger fared better. When he wrote on 10 January to ask whether Darwin could find him …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Survival of the fittest: the trouble with terminology Part II

Summary

The most forceful and persistent critic of the term ‘natural selection’ was the co-discoverer of the process itself, Alfred Russel Wallace.  Wallace seized on Herbert Spencer’s term ‘survival of the fittest’, explicitly introduced as an alternative way of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (see Spencer 1872, and the letter to Herbert Spencer, 10 June [1872] ). By this time …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …
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