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1861::08 in date [X]
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To ?   24 August [1861–8]

Summary

Thanks correspondent for a remarkable instance of inheritance [not specified].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Aug [1861-8]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS.7781/28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13880

From William Branwhite Clarke   [August 1861]

Summary

Evidence of glacial action in Australia. [See Origin, 4th ed., p. 443.]

Author:  William Branwhite Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Aug 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 161.2: 171
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3222

To Charles Lyell   [1 August 1861]

Summary

Mentions Dutch translation [of Origin].

Discusses evolutionary origin of sexuality.

Asa Gray’s suggestion that variation was directed by a higher power and Herschel’s view of providential arrangement in nature.

Compares variation in domestic and wild species.

Asks CL for introductions for his son William in Southampton, where he has joined a bank.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [1 Aug 1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.259)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3223

To John Lubbock   1 [and 2] August [1861]

Summary

Has visited T. V. Wollaston, who is working hard but lives too solitary a life.

There are further legal complications with William Darwin’s partnership and CD’s solicitor wants to call on JL.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  1 and 2 Aug 1861
Classmark:  DAR 263: 49 (EH 88206493)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3224

To John Lubbock   [2 August 1861]

Summary

Asks JL’s advice about details of William’s proposed banking partnership. CD’s solicitor is suspicious of Atherley’s long-term intentions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [2 Aug 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 50 (EH 88206494)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3225

To J. D. Hooker   [11 August 1861]

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Summary

Has found function of rostellum: modified stigma guarantees attachment of pollinia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [11 Aug 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: : 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3226

From the University of Breslau   4 August 1861

Summary

CD awarded honorary doctorate of medicine and surgery by the University of Breslau. [See 3194a.]

Author:  University of Breslau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1861
Classmark:  DAR 230: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3226A

To Charles Lyell   6 August [1861]

Summary

Bentham has sent a damaged spurless Orchis pyramidalis; asks CL to send another. Fears they are irregular monsters. [See Orchids, pp. 47–8.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham letters: 698)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3227

To John Lubbock   9 August [1861]

Summary

JL’s kindness has laid William and himself "under an enduring obligation". One clause in the partnership agreement seems harsh but will probably never signify.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  9 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 48 (EH 88206492)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3228

To John Lubbock   10 August [1861]

Summary

With some hesitation CD’s solicitor advises acceptance of partnership offered to William.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  10 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 46 (EH 88206490)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3229

To Charles Lyell   13 [August 1861]

Summary

Thanks CL for orchids acquired from a collector.

Discusses role of Providence in variation. Does CL honestly think it applies to variations in domestication? If not ordained there, sees no reason for it in nature either.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  13 [Aug 1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.260)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3230

To J. D. Hooker   13 [August 1861]

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Summary

Personal regards.

William Darwin will make a botanist.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 [Aug 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3231

To A. G. More   13 August 1861

Summary

Has found hundreds of Spiranthes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Goodman More
Date:  13 Aug 1861
Classmark:  DAR 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3232

To John Lubbock   14 August [1861]

Summary

JL is thinking of moving to Brighton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  14 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 47 (EH 88206491)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3233

To John Obadiah Westwood   15 August [1861]

Summary

As a general rule CD thinks it best to deposit specimens in the British Museum, and "bitterly regrets" he did not send all his specimens there. Nevertheless he agrees to sending his crustaceans to the Oxford Museum.

CD is at work on Orchids. He would be greatly obliged if JOW could send him specimens of pollen-masses attached to head or base of proboscis of moths.

Asks for reference to Morren’s paper that JOW mentioned before [see 2862].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Obadiah Westwood
Date:  15 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum (Hope Entomological collections)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3234

To Charles Lyell   21 August [1861]

Summary

Suggests change in a passage [in MS] of CL’s [Antiquity of man (1863)] dealing with adaptations for travel.

Comments on review of Origin by F. W. Hutton [Geologist (1861): 132–6, 183–8].

Emphasises importance of variability for natural selection.

Discusses possiblity of intelligent causes in variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.261)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3235

To Williams & Norgate   25 August [1861]

Summary

Instructions to a book seller.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  25 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 249: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3235F

From George Maw   27 August [1861]

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter about GM’s review of the Origin.

Sends instances of correlative organisation and functions which he finds difficult to believe could have accumulated by gradual modifications.

[Letter erroneously dated 1862 by GM.]

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3236

To W. B. Tegetmeier   29 August [1861]

Summary

Asks for return of his MS [unspecified].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  29 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  Victoria and Albert Museum (Baillie collection, MSL/1959/3736/16, Pressmark 86.QQ.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3237

To Neil Arnott   29 August [1861]

Summary

Found NA’s A survey of human progress [1861] on his return home after two months’ absence. Is glad to see NA kept his intention of publishing on this subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Neil Arnott
Date:  29 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  Remember When Antiquities (Catalogue 28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3237F
Document type
letter[X]
Date
1861
08
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